Process.BeginErrorReadLine 메서드

정의

애플리케이션의 리디렉션된 StandardError 스트림에 대해 비동기 읽기 작업을 시작합니다.Begins asynchronous read operations on the redirected StandardError stream of the application.

public:
 void BeginErrorReadLine();
public void BeginErrorReadLine ();
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)]
public void BeginErrorReadLine ();
member this.BeginErrorReadLine : unit -> unit
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(false)>]
member this.BeginErrorReadLine : unit -> unit
Public Sub BeginErrorReadLine ()
특성

예외

RedirectStandardError 속성은 false입니다.The RedirectStandardError property is false.

또는-or- StandardError 스트림에서 비동기 읽기 작업이 이미 진행 중입니다.An asynchronous read operation is already in progress on the StandardError stream.

또는-or- StandardError 스트림이 동기적 읽기 작업에 사용되었습니다.The StandardError stream has been used by a synchronous read operation.

예제

다음 예에서는 명령을 사용 하 여 net view 원격 컴퓨터에서 사용 가능한 네트워크 리소스를 나열 합니다.The following example uses the net view command to list the available network resources on a remote computer. 사용자는 명령줄 인수로 대상 컴퓨터 이름을 제공 합니다.The user supplies the target computer name as a command-line argument. 사용자는 오류 출력에 대 한 파일 이름을 제공할 수도 있습니다.The user can also supply a file name for error output. 이 예제에서는 net 명령의 출력을 수집 하 고 프로세스가 완료 될 때까지 대기한 다음 출력 결과를 콘솔에 씁니다.The example collects the output of the net command, waits for the process to finish, and then writes the output results to the console. 사용자가 선택적 오류 파일을 제공 하는 경우이 예제에서는 파일에 오류를 기록 합니다.If the user supplies the optional error file, the example writes errors to the file.

// Define the namespaces used by this sample.
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Globalization;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;

ref class ProcessNetStreamRedirection
{
private:
   // Define static variables shared by class methods.
   static StreamWriter^ streamError = nullptr;
   static String^ netErrorFile = "";
   static StringBuilder^ netOutput = nullptr;
   static bool errorRedirect = false;
   static bool errorsWritten = false;

public:
   static void RedirectNetCommandStreams()
   {
      String^ netArguments;
      Process^ netProcess;
      
      // Get the input computer name.
      Console::WriteLine( "Enter the computer name for the net view command:" );
      netArguments = Console::ReadLine()->ToUpper( CultureInfo::InvariantCulture );
      if ( String::IsNullOrEmpty( netArguments ) )
      {
         // Default to the help command if there is not an input argument.
         netArguments = "/?";
      }
      
      // Check if errors should be redirected to a file.
      errorsWritten = false;
      Console::WriteLine( "Enter a fully qualified path to an error log file" );
      Console::WriteLine( "  or just press Enter to write errors to console:" );
      netErrorFile = Console::ReadLine()->ToUpper( CultureInfo::InvariantCulture );
      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( netErrorFile ) )
      {
         errorRedirect = true;
      }
      
      // Note that at this point, netArguments and netErrorFile
      // are set with user input.  If the user did not specify
      // an error file, then errorRedirect is set to false.

      // Initialize the process and its StartInfo properties.
      netProcess = gcnew Process;
      netProcess->StartInfo->FileName = "Net.exe";
      
      // Build the net command argument list.
      netProcess->StartInfo->Arguments = String::Format( "view {0}", netArguments );
      
      // Set UseShellExecute to false for redirection.
      netProcess->StartInfo->UseShellExecute = false;
      
      // Redirect the standard output of the net command.  
      // This stream is read asynchronously using an event handler.
      netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardOutput = true;
      netProcess->OutputDataReceived += gcnew DataReceivedEventHandler( NetOutputDataHandler );
      netOutput = gcnew StringBuilder;
      if ( errorRedirect )
      {
         
         // Redirect the error output of the net command. 
         netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardError = true;
         netProcess->ErrorDataReceived += gcnew DataReceivedEventHandler( NetErrorDataHandler );
      }
      else
      {
         
         // Do not redirect the error output.
         netProcess->StartInfo->RedirectStandardError = false;
      }

      Console::WriteLine( "\nStarting process: net {0}",
         netProcess->StartInfo->Arguments );
      if ( errorRedirect )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Errors will be written to the file {0}", netErrorFile );
      }
      
      // Start the process.
      netProcess->Start();
      
      // Start the asynchronous read of the standard output stream.
      netProcess->BeginOutputReadLine();

      if ( errorRedirect )
      {
         // Start the asynchronous read of the standard
         // error stream.
         netProcess->BeginErrorReadLine();
      }
      
      // Let the net command run, collecting the output.
      netProcess->WaitForExit();

      if ( streamError != nullptr )
      {
         // Close the error file.
         streamError->Close();
      }
      else
      {
         // Set errorsWritten to false if the stream is not
         // open.   Either there are no errors, or the error
         // file could not be opened.
         errorsWritten = false;
      }

      if ( netOutput->Length > 0 )
      {
         // If the process wrote more than just
         // white space, write the output to the console.
         Console::WriteLine( "\nPublic network shares from net view:\n{0}\n",
            netOutput->ToString() );
      }

      if ( errorsWritten )
      {
         // Signal that the error file had something 
         // written to it.
         array<String^>^errorOutput = File::ReadAllLines( netErrorFile );
         if ( errorOutput->Length > 0 )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "\nThe following error output was appended to {0}.",
               netErrorFile );
            System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = errorOutput->GetEnumerator();
            while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
            {
               String^ errLine = safe_cast<String^>(myEnum->Current);
               Console::WriteLine( "  {0}", errLine );
            }
         }
         Console::WriteLine();
      }

      netProcess->Close();

   }

private:
   static void NetOutputDataHandler( Object^ /*sendingProcess*/,
      DataReceivedEventArgs^ outLine )
   {
      // Collect the net view command output.
      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( outLine->Data ) )
      {
         // Add the text to the collected output.
         netOutput->AppendFormat(  "\n  {0}", outLine->Data );
      }
   }

   static void NetErrorDataHandler( Object^ /*sendingProcess*/,
      DataReceivedEventArgs^ errLine )
   {
      // Write the error text to the file if there is something to 
      // write and an error file has been specified.

      if (  !String::IsNullOrEmpty( errLine->Data ) )
      {
         if (  !errorsWritten )
         {
            if ( streamError == nullptr )
            {
               // Open the file.
               try
               {
                  streamError = gcnew StreamWriter( netErrorFile,true );
               }
               catch ( Exception^ e ) 
               {
                  Console::WriteLine(  "Could not open error file!" );
                  Console::WriteLine( e->Message->ToString() );
               }
            }

            if ( streamError != nullptr )
            {
               // Write a header to the file if this is the first
               // call to the error output handler.
               streamError->WriteLine();
               streamError->WriteLine( DateTime::Now.ToString() );
               streamError->WriteLine(  "Net View error output:" );
            }
            errorsWritten = true;
         }

         if ( streamError != nullptr )
         {
            // Write redirected errors to the file.
            streamError->WriteLine( errLine->Data );
            streamError->Flush();
         }
      }
   }
};
// Define the namespaces used by this sample.
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Globalization;
using System.IO;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Threading;
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace ProcessAsyncStreamSamples
{

    class ProcessNetStreamRedirection
    {
        // Define static variables shared by class methods.
        private static StreamWriter streamError =null;
        private static String netErrorFile = "";
        private static StringBuilder netOutput = null;
        private static bool errorRedirect = false;
        private static bool errorsWritten = false;

        public static void RedirectNetCommandStreams()
        {
            String netArguments;
            Process netProcess;

            // Get the input computer name.
            Console.WriteLine("Enter the computer name for the net view command:");
            netArguments = Console.ReadLine().ToUpper(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
            if (String.IsNullOrEmpty(netArguments))
            {
                // Default to the help command if there is not an input argument.
                netArguments = "/?";
            }

            // Check if errors should be redirected to a file.
            errorsWritten = false;
            Console.WriteLine("Enter a fully qualified path to an error log file");
            Console.WriteLine("  or just press Enter to write errors to console:");
            netErrorFile = Console.ReadLine().ToUpper(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture);
            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(netErrorFile))
            {
                errorRedirect = true;
            }

            // Note that at this point, netArguments and netErrorFile
            // are set with user input.  If the user did not specify
            // an error file, then errorRedirect is set to false.

            // Initialize the process and its StartInfo properties.
            netProcess = new Process();
            netProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "Net.exe";

            // Build the net command argument list.
            netProcess.StartInfo.Arguments = String.Format("view {0}",
                netArguments);

            // Set UseShellExecute to false for redirection.
            netProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = false;

            // Redirect the standard output of the net command.
            // This stream is read asynchronously using an event handler.
            netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
            netProcess.OutputDataReceived += new DataReceivedEventHandler(NetOutputDataHandler);
            netOutput = new StringBuilder();

            if (errorRedirect)
            {
                // Redirect the error output of the net command.
                netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = true;
                netProcess.ErrorDataReceived += new DataReceivedEventHandler(NetErrorDataHandler);
            }
            else
            {
                // Do not redirect the error output.
                netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = false;
            }

            Console.WriteLine("\nStarting process: net {0}",
                netProcess.StartInfo.Arguments);
            if (errorRedirect)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Errors will be written to the file {0}",
                    netErrorFile);
            }

            // Start the process.
            netProcess.Start();

            // Start the asynchronous read of the standard output stream.
            netProcess.BeginOutputReadLine();

            if (errorRedirect)
            {
                // Start the asynchronous read of the standard
                // error stream.
                netProcess.BeginErrorReadLine();
            }

            // Let the net command run, collecting the output.
            netProcess.WaitForExit();

            if (streamError != null)
            {
                // Close the error file.
                streamError.Close();
            }
            else
            {
                // Set errorsWritten to false if the stream is not
                // open.   Either there are no errors, or the error
                // file could not be opened.
                errorsWritten = false;
            }

            if (netOutput.Length > 0)
            {
                // If the process wrote more than just
                // white space, write the output to the console.
                Console.WriteLine("\nPublic network shares from net view:\n{0}\n",
                    netOutput);
            }

            if (errorsWritten)
            {
                // Signal that the error file had something
                // written to it.
                String [] errorOutput = File.ReadAllLines(netErrorFile);
                if (errorOutput.Length > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("\nThe following error output was appended to {0}.",
                        netErrorFile);
                    foreach (String errLine in errorOutput)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("  {0}", errLine);
                    }
                }
                Console.WriteLine();
            }

            netProcess.Close();
        }

        private static void NetOutputDataHandler(object sendingProcess,
            DataReceivedEventArgs outLine)
        {
            // Collect the net view command output.
            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(outLine.Data))
            {
                // Add the text to the collected output.
                netOutput.Append(Environment.NewLine + "  " + outLine.Data);
            }
        }

        private static void NetErrorDataHandler(object sendingProcess,
            DataReceivedEventArgs errLine)
        {
            // Write the error text to the file if there is something
            // to write and an error file has been specified.

            if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(errLine.Data))
            {
                if (!errorsWritten)
                {
                    if (streamError == null)
                    {
                        // Open the file.
                        try
                        {
                            streamError = new StreamWriter(netErrorFile, true);
                        }
                        catch (Exception e)
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine("Could not open error file!");
                            Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString());
                        }
                    }

                    if (streamError != null)
                    {
                        // Write a header to the file if this is the first
                        // call to the error output handler.
                        streamError.WriteLine();
                        streamError.WriteLine(DateTime.Now.ToString());
                        streamError.WriteLine("Net View error output:");
                    }
                    errorsWritten = true;
                }

                if (streamError != null)
                {
                    // Write redirected errors to the file.
                    streamError.WriteLine(errLine.Data);
                    streamError.Flush();
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
' Define the namespaces used by this sample.
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Diagnostics
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.ComponentModel

Namespace ProcessAsyncStreamSamples
   
   Class ProcessAsyncErrorRedirection
      ' Define static variables shared by class methods.
      Private Shared streamError As StreamWriter = Nothing
      Private Shared netErrorFile As String = ""
      Private Shared netOutput As StringBuilder = Nothing
      Private Shared errorRedirect As Boolean = False
      Private Shared errorsWritten As Boolean = False
      
      Public Shared Sub RedirectNetCommandStreams()
         Dim netArguments As String
         Dim netProcess As Process
         
         ' Get the input computer name.
         Console.WriteLine("Enter the computer name for the net view command:")
         netArguments = Console.ReadLine().ToUpper(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture)
         If String.IsNullOrEmpty(netArguments) Then
            ' Default to the help command if there is 
            ' not an input argument.
            netArguments = "/?"
         End If
         
         ' Check if errors should be redirected to a file.
         errorsWritten = False
         Console.WriteLine("Enter a fully qualified path to an error log file")
         Console.WriteLine("  or just press Enter to write errors to console:")
         netErrorFile = Console.ReadLine().ToUpper(CultureInfo.InvariantCulture)
         If Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(netErrorFile) Then
            errorRedirect = True
         End If
         
         ' Note that at this point, netArguments and netErrorFile
         ' are set with user input.  If the user did not specify
         ' an error file, then errorRedirect is set to false.

         ' Initialize the process and its StartInfo properties.
         netProcess = New Process()
         netProcess.StartInfo.FileName = "Net.exe"
         
         ' Build the net command argument list.
         netProcess.StartInfo.Arguments = String.Format("view {0}", _
                                                        netArguments)
         
         ' Set UseShellExecute to false for redirection.
         netProcess.StartInfo.UseShellExecute = False
         
         ' Redirect the standard output of the net command.  
         ' Read the stream asynchronously using an event handler.
         netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardOutput = True
         AddHandler netProcess.OutputDataReceived, _
                            AddressOf NetOutputDataHandler
         netOutput = new StringBuilder()
         
         If errorRedirect Then
            ' Redirect the error output of the net command. 
            netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = True
            AddHandler netProcess.ErrorDataReceived, _
                            AddressOf NetErrorDataHandler
         Else
            ' Do not redirect the error output.
            netProcess.StartInfo.RedirectStandardError = False
         End If
         
         Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + "Starting process: NET {0}", _
                           netProcess.StartInfo.Arguments)
         If errorRedirect Then
            Console.WriteLine("Errors will be written to the file {0}", _
                           netErrorFile)
         End If
         
         ' Start the process.
         netProcess.Start()
         
         ' Start the asynchronous read of the standard output stream.
         netProcess.BeginOutputReadLine()
         
         If errorRedirect Then
            ' Start the asynchronous read of the standard
            ' error stream.
            netProcess.BeginErrorReadLine()
         End If
         
         ' Let the net command run, collecting the output.
         netProcess.WaitForExit()
      
         If Not streamError Is Nothing Then
             ' Close the error file.
             streamError.Close()
         Else 
             ' Set errorsWritten to false if the stream is not
             ' open.   Either there are no errors, or the error
             ' file could not be opened.
             errorsWritten = False
         End If
   
         If netOutput.Length > 0 Then
            ' If the process wrote more than just
            ' white space, write the output to the console.
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine("Public network shares from net view:")
            Console.WriteLine()
            Console.WriteLine(netOutput)
            Console.WriteLine()
         End If
         
         If errorsWritten Then
            ' Signal that the error file had something 
            ' written to it.
            Dim errorOutput As String()
            errorOutput = File.ReadAllLines(netErrorFile)
            If errorOutput.Length > 0 Then

                Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + _
                    "The following error output was appended to {0}.", _
                    netErrorFile)
                Dim errLine as String
                For Each errLine in errorOutput
                    Console.WriteLine("  {0}", errLine)
                Next
          
                Console.WriteLine()
            End If
         End If
         
         netProcess.Close()
      End Sub 
      
      
      Private Shared Sub NetOutputDataHandler(sendingProcess As Object, _
          outLine As DataReceivedEventArgs)

         ' Collect the net view command output.
         If Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(outLine.Data) Then
            ' Add the text to the collected output.
            netOutput.Append(Environment.NewLine + "  " + outLine.Data)
         End If
      End Sub 
       
      
      Private Shared Sub NetErrorDataHandler(sendingProcess As Object, _
          errLine As DataReceivedEventArgs)

         ' Write the error text to the file if there is something to
         ' write and an error file has been specified.

         If Not String.IsNullOrEmpty(errLine.Data) Then

            If Not errorsWritten Then
                If streamError Is Nothing Then
                    ' Open the file.
                    Try 
                        streamError = New StreamWriter(netErrorFile, true)
                    Catch e As Exception
                        Console.WriteLine("Could not open error file!")
                        Console.WriteLine(e.Message.ToString())
                    End Try
                End If

                If Not streamError Is Nothing Then

                    ' Write a header to the file if this is the first
                    ' call to the error output handler.
                    streamError.WriteLine()
                    streamError.WriteLine(DateTime.Now.ToString())
                    streamError.WriteLine("Net View error output:")

                End If

                errorsWritten = True
            End If
                     
            If Not streamError Is Nothing Then
                  
                ' Write redirected errors to the file.
                streamError.WriteLine(errLine.Data)
                streamError.Flush()
             End If
          End If
      End Sub 
   End Class  
End Namespace 

설명

StandardError스트림을 동기적 또는 비동기적으로 읽을 수 있습니다.The StandardError stream can be read synchronously or asynchronously. , 및와 같은 메서드는 Read ReadLine ReadToEnd 프로세스의 오류 출력 스트림에 대해 동기 읽기 작업을 수행 합니다.Methods such as Read, ReadLine, and ReadToEnd perform synchronous read operations on the error output stream of the process. 이러한 동기 읽기 작업은 관련 된 쓰기 작업을 수행 Process StandardError 하거나 스트림을 닫을 때까지 완료 되지 않습니다.These synchronous read operations do not complete until the associated Process writes to its StandardError stream, or closes the stream.

반대로는 BeginErrorReadLine 스트림에서 비동기 읽기 작업을 시작 StandardError 합니다.In contrast, BeginErrorReadLine starts asynchronous read operations on the StandardError stream. 이 메서드는 스트림 출력에 대해 지정 된 이벤트 처리기를 사용 하도록 설정 하 고 호출자에 게 즉시 반환 하 여 스트림 출력이 이벤트 처리기로 전달 되는 동안 다른 작업을 수행할 수 있습니다.This method enables the designated event handler for the stream output and immediately returns to the caller, which can perform other work while the stream output is directed to the event handler.

에 대해 비동기 읽기 작업을 수행 하려면 다음 단계를 수행 합니다 StandardError Process .Follow these steps to perform asynchronous read operations on StandardError for a Process :

  1. UseShellExecutefalse로 설정합니다.Set UseShellExecute to false.

  2. RedirectStandardErrortrue로 설정합니다.Set RedirectStandardError to true.

  3. 이벤트에 이벤트 처리기를 추가 ErrorDataReceived 합니다.Add your event handler to the ErrorDataReceived event. 이벤트 처리기는 대리자 시그니처와 일치 해야 합니다 System.Diagnostics.DataReceivedEventHandler .The event handler must match the System.Diagnostics.DataReceivedEventHandler delegate signature.

  4. Process를 시작합니다.Start the Process.

  5. BeginErrorReadLine에 대해를 호출 Process 합니다.Call BeginErrorReadLine for the Process. 이 호출은에 대 한 비동기 읽기 작업을 시작 StandardError 합니다.This call starts asynchronous read operations on StandardError.

비동기 읽기 작업을 시작 하면 연결 된에서 Process 텍스트 줄을 스트림에 쓸 때마다 이벤트 처리기가 호출 됩니다 StandardError .When asynchronous read operations start, the event handler is called each time the associated Process writes a line of text to its StandardError stream.

을 호출 하 여 비동기 읽기 작업을 취소할 수 있습니다 CancelErrorRead .You can cancel an asynchronous read operation by calling CancelErrorRead. 호출자 또는 이벤트 처리기에서 읽기 작업을 취소할 수 있습니다.The read operation can be canceled by the caller or by the event handler. 취소 한 후에는를 BeginErrorReadLine 다시 호출 하 여 비동기 읽기 작업을 다시 시작할 수 있습니다.After canceling, you can call BeginErrorReadLine again to resume asynchronous read operations.

참고

리디렉션된 스트림에 비동기 및 동기 읽기 작업을 혼합할 수 없습니다.You cannot mix asynchronous and synchronous read operations on a redirected stream. 의 리디렉션된 스트림이 Process 비동기 또는 동기 모드로 열린 후에는 해당 스트림의 모든 읽기 작업이 동일한 모드에 있어야 합니다.Once the redirected stream of a Process is opened in either asynchronous or synchronous mode, all further read operations on that stream must be in the same mode. 예를 들어, BeginErrorReadLine 스트림에서를 호출 ReadLine 하거나 그 반대의 경우에는 다음을 수행 하지 마십시오 StandardError .For example, do not follow BeginErrorReadLine with a call to ReadLine on the StandardError stream, or vice versa. 그러나 다른 모드에서는 서로 다른 두 스트림을 읽을 수 있습니다.However, you can read two different streams in different modes. 예를 들어를 호출한 BeginErrorReadLine 다음 스트림에 대해를 호출할 수 있습니다 ReadLine StandardOutput .For example, you can call BeginErrorReadLine and then call ReadLine for the StandardOutput stream.

적용 대상

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