StackTrace StackTrace StackTrace StackTrace Class

정의

여러 스택 프레임의 정렬된 컬렉션에 해당하는 스택 추적을 나타냅니다.Represents a stack trace, which is an ordered collection of one or more stack frames.

public ref class StackTrace
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public class StackTrace
type StackTrace = class
Public Class StackTrace
상속
StackTraceStackTraceStackTraceStackTrace
특성

예제

다음 콘솔 애플리케이션에 간단한을 만드는 방법을 보여 줍니다 StackTrace 디버깅 및 진단 정보를 얻으려면 해당 프레임을 거치 며 반복 합니다.The following console application demonstrates how to create a simple StackTrace and iterate through its frames to obtain debugging and diagnostic information.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
ref class StackTraceSample
{
private:
   ref class MyInternalClass
   {
   public:
      void ThrowsException()
      {
         try
         {
            throw gcnew Exception( "A problem was encountered." );
         }
         catch ( Exception^ e ) 
         {
            
            // Create a StackTrace that captures
            // filename, line number, and column
            // information for the current thread.
            StackTrace^ st = gcnew StackTrace( true );
            String^ stackIndent = "";
            for ( int i = 0; i < st->FrameCount; i++ )
            {
               
               // Note that at this level, there are five
               // stack frames, one for each method invocation.
               StackFrame^ sf = st->GetFrame( i );
               Console::WriteLine();
               Console::WriteLine( "{0}Method: {1}", stackIndent, sf->GetMethod() );
               Console::WriteLine( "{0}File: {1}", stackIndent, sf->GetFileName() );
               Console::WriteLine( "{0}Line Number: {1}", stackIndent, sf->GetFileLineNumber().ToString() );
               stackIndent = String::Concat( stackIndent, "  " );

            }
            throw e;
         }

      }

   };


protected:
   void MyProtectedMethod()
   {
      MyInternalClass^ mic = gcnew MyInternalClass;
      mic->ThrowsException();
   }


public:
   void MyPublicMethod()
   {
      MyProtectedMethod();
   }

};

int main()
{
   StackTraceSample^ sample = gcnew StackTraceSample;
   try
   {
      sample->MyPublicMethod();
   }
   catch ( Exception^ ) 
   {
      
      // Create a StackTrace that captures
      // filename, line number, and column
      // information for the current thread.
      StackTrace^ st = gcnew StackTrace( true );
      for ( int i = 0; i < st->FrameCount; i++ )
      {
         
         // For an executable built from C++, there
         // are two stack frames here: one for main,
         // and one for the _mainCRTStartup stub. 
         StackFrame^ sf = st->GetFrame( i );
         Console::WriteLine();
         Console::WriteLine( "High up the call stack, Method: {0}", sf->GetMethod()->ToString() );
         Console::WriteLine( "High up the call stack, Line Number: {0}", sf->GetFileLineNumber().ToString() );

      }
   }

}

/*
This console application produces the following output when
compiled with the Debug configuration.

  Method: Void ThrowsException()
  File: c:\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.cpp
  Line Number: 20

    Method: Void MyProtectedMethod()
    File: c:\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.cpp
    Line Number: 45

      Method: Void MyPublicMethod()
      File: c:\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.cpp
      Line Number: 50
 
        Method: Int32 main()
        File: c:\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.cpp
        Line Number: 56

          Method: UInt32 _mainCRTStartup()
          File:
          Line Number: 0

  High up the call stack, Method: Int32 main()
  High up the call stack, Line Number: 62

  High up the call stack, Method: UInt32 _mainCRTStartup()
  High up the call stack, Line Number: 0

This console application produces the following output when
compiled with the Release configuration.

  Method: Void ThrowsException()
  File:
  Line Number: 0

    Method: Int32 main()
    File:
    Line Number: 0

      Method: UInt32 _mainCRTStartup()
      File:
      Line Number: 0

  High up the call stack, Method: Int32 main()
  High up the call stack, Line Number: 0

  High up the call stack, Method: UInt32 _mainCRTStartup()
  High up the call stack, Line Number: 0

*/
using System;
using System.Diagnostics;

class StackTraceSample
{
    [STAThread]
    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
        StackTraceSample sample = new StackTraceSample();
        try
        {
            sample.MyPublicMethod();
        }
        catch (Exception)
        {
            // Create a StackTrace that captures
            // filename, line number, and column
            // information for the current thread.
            StackTrace st = new StackTrace(true);
            for(int i =0; i< st.FrameCount; i++ )
            {
                // Note that high up the call stack, there is only
                // one stack frame.
                StackFrame sf = st.GetFrame(i);
                Console.WriteLine();
                Console.WriteLine("High up the call stack, Method: {0}",
                    sf.GetMethod());

                Console.WriteLine("High up the call stack, Line Number: {0}",
                    sf.GetFileLineNumber());
            }
        }
    }

    public void MyPublicMethod () 
    { 
        MyProtectedMethod(); 
    }

    protected void MyProtectedMethod ()
    {
        MyInternalClass mic = new MyInternalClass();
        mic.ThrowsException();
    }

    class MyInternalClass
    {
        public void ThrowsException()
        {
            try
            {
                throw new Exception("A problem was encountered.");
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // Create a StackTrace that captures filename,
                // line number and column information.
                StackTrace st = new StackTrace(true);
                string stackIndent = "";
                for(int i =0; i< st.FrameCount; i++ )
                {
                    // Note that at this level, there are four
                    // stack frames, one for each method invocation.
                    StackFrame sf = st.GetFrame(i);
                    Console.WriteLine();
                    Console.WriteLine(stackIndent + " Method: {0}",
                        sf.GetMethod() );
                    Console.WriteLine(  stackIndent + " File: {0}", 
                        sf.GetFileName());
                    Console.WriteLine(  stackIndent + " Line Number: {0}",
                        sf.GetFileLineNumber());
                    stackIndent += "  ";
                }
                throw e;
            }
        }
    }
}

/*
This console application produces the following output when
compiled with the Debug configuration.
  
   Method: Void ThrowsException()
   File: c:\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.cs
   Line Number: 59

     Method: Void MyProtectedMethod()
     File: c:\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.cs
     Line Number: 45

       Method: Void MyPublicMethod()
       File: c:\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.cs
       Line Number: 39

         Method: Void Main(System.String[])
         File: c:\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.cs
         Line Number: 13

  High up the call stack, Method: Void Main(System.String[])
  High up the call stack, Line Number: 20


This console application produces the following output when
compiled with the Release configuration.

   Method: Void ThrowsException()
   File:
   Line Number: 0

     Method: Void Main(System.String[])
     File:
     Line Number: 0

  High up the call stack, Method: Void Main(System.String[])
  High up the call stack, Line Number: 0

*/
Imports System.Diagnostics

Class StackTraceSample
   
    <STAThread()>  _
    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim sample As New StackTraceSample()
        Try
   
            sample.MyPublicMethod()
        Catch
            ' Create a StackTrace that captures
            ' filename, line number, and column
            ' information for the current thread.
            Dim st As New StackTrace(True)
            Dim i As Integer

            For i = 0 To st.FrameCount - 1

                ' Note that high up the call stack, there is only
                ' one stack frame.
                Dim sf As StackFrame = st.GetFrame(i)
                Console.WriteLine()
                Console.WriteLine("High up the call stack, Method: {0}", _
                    sf.GetMethod())
            
                Console.WriteLine("High up the call stack, Line Number: {0}", _
                    sf.GetFileLineNumber())
            Next i
        End Try
    End Sub
   
   Public Sub MyPublicMethod()
      MyProtectedMethod()
   End Sub
    
   Protected Sub MyProtectedMethod()
      Dim mic As New MyInternalClass()
      mic.ThrowsException()
   End Sub
   
   
   Class MyInternalClass
      
      Public Sub ThrowsException()
         Try
            Throw New Exception("A problem was encountered.")
         Catch e As Exception

            ' Create a StackTrace that captures filename,
            ' line number and column information.
            Dim st As New StackTrace(True)

            Dim stackIndent As String = ""
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To st.FrameCount - 1
               ' Note that at this level, there are four
               ' stack frames, one for each method invocation.
               Dim sf As StackFrame = st.GetFrame(i)
               Console.WriteLine()
               Console.WriteLine(stackIndent + " Method: {0}", _
                   sf.GetMethod())
               Console.WriteLine(stackIndent + " File: {0}", _
                   sf.GetFileName())
               Console.WriteLine(stackIndent + " Line Number: {0}", _
                   sf.GetFileLineNumber())
               stackIndent += "  "
            Next i
            Throw e
         End Try
      End Sub
   End Class
End Class


' This console application produces the following output when
' compiled with the Debug configuration.
'   
'    Method: Void ThrowsException()
'    File: c:\pp\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.vb
'    Line Number: 55
' 
'      Method: Void MyProtectedMethod()
'      File: c:\pp\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.vb
'      Line Number: 42
' 
'        Method: Void MyPublicMethod()
'        File: c:\pp\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.vb
'        Line Number: 37
' 
'          Method: Void Main(System.String[])
'          File: c:\pp\samples\stacktraceframe\myclass.vb
'          Line Number: 13
' 
'   High up the call stack, Method: Void Main(System.String[])
'   High up the call stack, Line Number: 18
' 
' 
' This console application produces the following output when
' compiled with the Release configuration.
' 
'    Method: Void ThrowsException()
'    File:
'    Line Number: 0
' 
'      Method: Void Main(System.String[])
'      File:
'      Line Number: 0
' 
'   High up the call stack, Method: Void Main()
'   High up the call stack, Line Number: 0
'

설명

StackTrace 정보는 디버그 빌드 구성을 사용 하 여 풍부한 정보를 제공 되지 것입니다.StackTrace information will be most informative with Debug build configurations. 기본적으로 디버그 빌드는 디버그 기호를 포함 하지만 릴리스 빌드는 그렇지 않습니다.By default, Debug builds include debug symbols, while Release builds do not. 디버그 기호를 포함할 파일, 메서드 이름, 줄 번호 및 열 정보를 생성할 때 사용 되는 대부분 StackFrameStackTrace 개체입니다.The debug symbols contain most of the file, method name, line number, and column information used in constructing StackFrame and StackTrace objects.

StackTrace 최적화 하는 동안 발생 하는 코드 변환으로 인해 예상 만큼 많은 메서드 호출을 보고할 수 있습니다.StackTrace might not report as many method calls as expected, due to code transformations that occur during optimization.

생성자

StackTrace() StackTrace() StackTrace() StackTrace()

호출자 프레임에서 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class from the caller's frame.

StackTrace(Boolean) StackTrace(Boolean) StackTrace(Boolean) StackTrace(Boolean)

필요에 따라 소스 정보를 캡처하고 호출 프레임에서 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class from the caller's frame, optionally capturing source information.

StackTrace(Exception) StackTrace(Exception) StackTrace(Exception) StackTrace(Exception)

제공된 예외 개체를 사용하여 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class using the provided exception object.

StackTrace(Exception, Boolean) StackTrace(Exception, Boolean) StackTrace(Exception, Boolean) StackTrace(Exception, Boolean)

필요에 따라 소스 정보를 캡처하고 제공된 예외 개체를 사용하여 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class, using the provided exception object and optionally capturing source information.

StackTrace(Exception, Int32) StackTrace(Exception, Int32) StackTrace(Exception, Int32) StackTrace(Exception, Int32)

제공된 예외 개체를 사용하고 지정된 수의 프레임을 건너뛰어 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class using the provided exception object and skipping the specified number of frames.

StackTrace(Exception, Int32, Boolean) StackTrace(Exception, Int32, Boolean) StackTrace(Exception, Int32, Boolean) StackTrace(Exception, Int32, Boolean)

지정된 수의 프레임을 건너뛰고 필요에 따라 소스 정보를 캡처하여 제공된 예외 개체로 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class using the provided exception object, skipping the specified number of frames and optionally capturing source information.

StackTrace(Int32) StackTrace(Int32) StackTrace(Int32) StackTrace(Int32)

지정된 수의 프레임을 건너뛰어 호출자 프레임에서 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class from the caller's frame, skipping the specified number of frames.

StackTrace(Int32, Boolean) StackTrace(Int32, Boolean) StackTrace(Int32, Boolean) StackTrace(Int32, Boolean)

지정된 수의 프레임을 건너뛰고 필요에 따라 소스 정보를 캡처하여 호출자 프레임에서 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class from the caller's frame, skipping the specified number of frames and optionally capturing source information.

StackTrace(StackFrame) StackTrace(StackFrame) StackTrace(StackFrame) StackTrace(StackFrame)

단일 프레임을 포함하는 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class that contains a single frame.

StackTrace(Thread, Boolean) StackTrace(Thread, Boolean) StackTrace(Thread, Boolean) StackTrace(Thread, Boolean)

필요에 따라 소스 정보를 캡처하고 특정 스레드에 대해 StackTrace 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StackTrace class for a specific thread, optionally capturing source information.

이 생성자 오버로드를 사용하지 마십시오.Do not use this constructor overload.

필드

METHODS_TO_SKIP METHODS_TO_SKIP METHODS_TO_SKIP METHODS_TO_SKIP

스택 추적에서 생략할 기본 메서드 수를 정의합니다.Defines the default for the number of methods to omit from the stack trace. 이 필드는 상수입니다.This field is constant.

속성

FrameCount FrameCount FrameCount FrameCount

스택 추적의 프레임 수를 가져옵니다.Gets the number of frames in the stack trace.

메서드

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

지정한 개체와 현재 개체가 같은지 여부를 확인합니다.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetFrame(Int32) GetFrame(Int32) GetFrame(Int32) GetFrame(Int32)

지정된 스택 프레임을 가져옵니다.Gets the specified stack frame.

GetFrames() GetFrames() GetFrames() GetFrames()

현재 스택 추적에 있는 모든 스택 프레임의 복사본을 반환합니다.Returns a copy of all stack frames in the current stack trace.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

기본 해시 함수로 작동합니다.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

현재 인스턴스의 Type을 가져옵니다.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

현재 Object의 단순 복사본을 만듭니다.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

읽을 수 있도록 스택 추적을 만듭니다.Builds a readable representation of the stack trace.

보안

InheritanceDemand
상속자의 비관리 코드에 액세스할 수 있습니다.for the ability of inheritors to access unmanaged code. 연관된 열거형: UnmanagedCodeAssociated enumeration: UnmanagedCode. 이 클래스는 부분적으로 신뢰할 수 있는 코드에서 상속할 수 없습니다.This class cannot be inherited by partially trusted code.

적용 대상

추가 정보