Math.DivRem 메서드

정의

두 수의 몫을 계산하고 나머지를 출력 매개 변수로 반환합니다.Calculates the quotient of two numbers and also returns the remainder in an output parameter.

오버로드

DivRem(Int32, Int32, Int32)

부호 있는 두 32비트 정수의 몫을 계산하고 나머지를 출력 매개 변수로 반환합니다.Calculates the quotient of two 32-bit signed integers and also returns the remainder in an output parameter.

DivRem(Int64, Int64, Int64)

부호 있는 두 64비트 정수의 몫을 계산하고 나머지를 출력 매개 변수로 반환합니다.Calculates the quotient of two 64-bit signed integers and also returns the remainder in an output parameter.

DivRem(Int32, Int32, Int32)

부호 있는 두 32비트 정수의 몫을 계산하고 나머지를 출력 매개 변수로 반환합니다.Calculates the quotient of two 32-bit signed integers and also returns the remainder in an output parameter.

public:
 static int DivRem(int a, int b, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] int % result);
public static int DivRem (int a, int b, out int result);
static member DivRem : int * int * int -> int
Public Shared Function DivRem (a As Integer, b As Integer, ByRef result As Integer) As Integer

매개 변수

a
Int32

피제수입니다.The dividend.

b
Int32

제수입니다.The divisor.

result
Int32

나머지입니다.The remainder.

반환

Int32

지정된 수의 몫입니다.The quotient of the specified numbers.

예외

b가 0입니다.b is zero.

예제

다음 예제는 DivRem(Int32, Int32, Int32) 메서드.The following example demonstrates the DivRem(Int32, Int32, Int32) method.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Define several positive and negative dividends.
      int[] dividends = { Int32.MaxValue, 13952, 0, -14032,
                                     Int32.MinValue };
      // Define one positive and one negative divisor.
      int[] divisors = { 2000, -2000 };

      foreach (int divisor in divisors)
      {
         foreach (int dividend in dividends)
         {
            int remainder;
            int quotient = Math.DivRem(dividend, divisor, out remainder);
            Console.WriteLine(@"{0:N0} \ {1:N0} = {2:N0}, remainder {3:N0}",
                              dividend, divisor, quotient, remainder);
         }
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       2,147,483,647 \ 2,000 = 1,073,741, remainder 1,647
//       13,952 \ 2,000 = 6, remainder 1,952
//       0 \ 2,000 = 0, remainder 0
//       -14,032 \ 2,000 = -7, remainder -32
//       -2,147,483,648 \ 2,000 = -1,073,741, remainder -1,648
//       2,147,483,647 \ -2,000 = -1,073,741, remainder 1,647
//       13,952 \ -2,000 = -6, remainder 1,952
//       0 \ -2,000 = 0, remainder 0
//       -14,032 \ -2,000 = 7, remainder -32
//       -2,147,483,648 \ -2,000 = 1,073,741, remainder -1,648
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Define several positive and negative dividends.
      Dim dividends() As Integer = { Int32.MaxValue, 13952, 0, -14032, _
                                     Int32.MinValue }
      ' Define one positive and one negative divisor.
      Dim divisors() As Integer = { 2000, -2000 }
      
      For Each divisor As Integer In divisors
         For Each dividend As Integer In dividends
            Dim remainder As Integer 
            Dim quotient As Integer = Math.DivRem(dividend, divisor, remainder)
            Console.WriteLine("{0:N0} \ {1:N0} = {2:N0}, remainder {3:N0}", _
                              dividend, divisor, quotient, remainder)
         Next
      Next                                
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       2,147,483,647 \ 2,000 = 1,073,741, remainder 1,647
'       13,952 \ 2,000 = 6, remainder 1,952
'       0 \ 2,000 = 0, remainder 0
'       -14,032 \ 2,000 = -7, remainder -32
'       -2,147,483,648 \ 2,000 = -1,073,741, remainder -1,648
'       2,147,483,647 \ -2,000 = -1,073,741, remainder 1,647
'       13,952 \ -2,000 = -6, remainder 1,952
'       0 \ -2,000 = 0, remainder 0
'       -14,032 \ -2,000 = 7, remainder -32
'       -2,147,483,648 \ -2,000 = 1,073,741, remainder -1,648

설명

나머지 값은 나머지 연산자의 결과와 같습니다.The remainder value equals the result of the remainder operator.

추가 정보

적용 대상

DivRem(Int64, Int64, Int64)

부호 있는 두 64비트 정수의 몫을 계산하고 나머지를 출력 매개 변수로 반환합니다.Calculates the quotient of two 64-bit signed integers and also returns the remainder in an output parameter.

public:
 static long DivRem(long a, long b, [Runtime::InteropServices::Out] long % result);
public static long DivRem (long a, long b, out long result);
static member DivRem : int64 * int64 * int64 -> int64
Public Shared Function DivRem (a As Long, b As Long, ByRef result As Long) As Long

매개 변수

a
Int64

피제수입니다.The dividend.

b
Int64

제수입니다.The divisor.

result
Int64

나머지입니다.The remainder.

반환

Int64

지정된 수의 몫입니다.The quotient of the specified numbers.

예외

b가 0입니다.b is zero.

예제

다음 예제는 DivRem(Int64, Int64, Int64) 메서드.The following example demonstrates the DivRem(Int64, Int64, Int64) method.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      // Define several positive and negative dividends.
      long[] dividends = { Int64.MaxValue, 13952, 0, -14032,
                           Int64.MinValue };
      // Define one positive and one negative divisor.
      long[] divisors = { 2000, -2000 };

      foreach (long divisor in divisors)
      {
         foreach (long dividend in dividends)
         {
            long remainder;
            long quotient = Math.DivRem(dividend, divisor, out remainder);
            Console.WriteLine(@"{0:N0} \ {1:N0} = {2:N0}, remainder {3:N0}",
                              dividend, divisor, quotient, remainder);
         }
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    9,223,372,036,854,775,807 \ 2,000 = 4,611,686,018,427,387, remainder 1,807
//    13,952 \ 2,000 = 6, remainder 1,952
//    0 \ 2,000 = 0, remainder 0
//    -14,032 \ 2,000 = -7, remainder -32
//    -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 \ 2,000 = -4,611,686,018,427,387, remainder -1,808
//    9,223,372,036,854,775,807 \ -2,000 = -4,611,686,018,427,387, remainder 1,807
//    13,952 \ -2,000 = -6, remainder 1,952
//    0 \ -2,000 = 0, remainder 0
//    -14,032 \ -2,000 = 7, remainder -32
//    -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 \ -2,000 = 4,611,686,018,427,387, remainder -1,808
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      ' Define several positive and negative dividends.
      Dim dividends() As Long = { Int64.MaxValue, 13952, 0, -14032, _
                                     Int64.MinValue }
      ' Define one positive and one negative divisor.
      Dim divisors() As Long = { 2000, -2000 }
      
      For Each divisor As Long In divisors
         For Each dividend As Long In dividends
            Dim remainder As Long 
            Dim quotient As Long = Math.DivRem(dividend, divisor, remainder)
            Console.WriteLine("{0:N0} \ {1:N0} = {2:N0}, remainder {3:N0}", _
                              dividend, divisor, quotient, remainder)
         Next
      Next                                
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    9,223,372,036,854,775,807 \ 2,000 = 4,611,686,018,427,387, remainder 1,807
'    13,952 \ 2,000 = 6, remainder 1,952
'    0 \ 2,000 = 0, remainder 0
'    -14,032 \ 2,000 = -7, remainder -32
'    -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 \ 2,000 = -4,611,686,018,427,387, remainder -1,808
'    9,223,372,036,854,775,807 \ -2,000 = -4,611,686,018,427,387, remainder 1,807
'    13,952 \ -2,000 = -6, remainder 1,952
'    0 \ -2,000 = 0, remainder 0
'    -14,032 \ -2,000 = 7, remainder -32
'    -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 \ -2,000 = 4,611,686,018,427,387, remainder -1,808

설명

나머지 값은 나머지 연산자의 결과와 같습니다.The remainder value equals the result of the remainder operator.

추가 정보

적용 대상