BinaryFormatter.Serialize 메서드

정의

개체나 연결된 개체의 그래프를 지정된 스트림으로 serialize합니다.

오버로드

Serialize(Stream, Object)
사용되지 않습니다.

개체나 지정된 최상위(루트)를 가진 개체의 그래프를 해당 스트림으로 serialize합니다.

Serialize(Stream, Object, Header[])

개체나 지정된 최상위(루트)를 가진 개체의 그래프를 제공된 헤더가 첨부된 해당 스트림으로 serialize합니다.

Serialize(Stream, Object)

주의

BinaryFormatter serialization is obsolete and should not be used. See https://aka.ms/binaryformatter for more information.", DiagnosticId="SYSLIB0011", UrlFormat="https://aka.ms/dotnet-warnings/{0}

개체나 지정된 최상위(루트)를 가진 개체의 그래프를 해당 스트림으로 serialize합니다.

public:
 virtual void Serialize(System::IO::Stream ^ serializationStream, System::Object ^ graph);
[System.Obsolete("BinaryFormatter serialization is obsolete and should not be used. See https://aka.ms/binaryformatter for more information.", DiagnosticId="SYSLIB0011", UrlFormat="https://aka.ms/dotnet-warnings/{0}")]
public void Serialize (System.IO.Stream serializationStream, object graph);
public void Serialize (System.IO.Stream serializationStream, object graph);
[<System.Obsolete("BinaryFormatter serialization is obsolete and should not be used. See https://aka.ms/binaryformatter for more information.", DiagnosticId="SYSLIB0011", UrlFormat="https://aka.ms/dotnet-warnings/{0}")>]
abstract member Serialize : System.IO.Stream * obj -> unit
override this.Serialize : System.IO.Stream * obj -> unit
abstract member Serialize : System.IO.Stream * obj -> unit
override this.Serialize : System.IO.Stream * obj -> unit
Public Sub Serialize (serializationStream As Stream, graph As Object)

매개 변수

serializationStream
Stream

그래프가 serialize될 스트림입니다.

graph
Object

그래프의 루트에 있는 serialize할 개체입니다.

구현

특성

예외

serializationStreamnull인 경우

또는 graph가 null인 경우

graph 매개 변수의 개체가 serializable로 표시되지 않은 경우처럼 serialization을 수행하는 동안 오류가 발생한 경우

호출자에게 필요한 권한이 없는 경우

ASP.NET Core 5 이상: 프로젝트 파일에서 기능을 다시 사용하도록 설정하지 않으면 BinaryFormatter 항상 throw됩니다. 자세한 내용은 Resolving BinaryFormatter obsoletion and disablement errors(BinaryFormatter 사용 중지 및 비활성화 오류 해결)를 참조하세요.

예제

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Runtime::Serialization::Formatters::Binary;
using namespace System::Runtime::Serialization;
ref class App
{
public:
   static void Serialize()
   {
      
      // Create a hashtable of values that will eventually be serialized.
      Hashtable^ addresses = gcnew Hashtable;
      addresses->Add( "Jeff", "123 Main Street, Redmond, WA 98052" );
      addresses->Add( "Fred", "987 Pine Road, Phila., PA 19116" );
      addresses->Add( "Mary", "PO Box 112233, Palo Alto, CA 94301" );
      
      // To serialize the hashtable (and its keys/values),  
      // you must first open a stream for writing. 
      // In this case we will use a file stream.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( "DataFile.dat",FileMode::Create );
      
      // Construct a BinaryFormatter and use it to serialize the data to the stream.
      BinaryFormatter^ formatter = gcnew BinaryFormatter;
      try
      {
         formatter->Serialize( fs, addresses );
      }
      catch ( SerializationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Failed to serialize. Reason: {0}", e->Message );
         throw;
      }
      finally
      {
         fs->Close();
      }

   }

   static void Deserialize()
   {
      
      // Declare the hashtable reference.
      Hashtable^ addresses = nullptr;
      
      // Open the file containing the data that we want to deserialize.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( "DataFile.dat",FileMode::Open );
      try
      {
         BinaryFormatter^ formatter = gcnew BinaryFormatter;
         
         // Deserialize the hashtable from the file and 
         // assign the reference to our local variable.
         addresses = dynamic_cast<Hashtable^>(formatter->Deserialize( fs ));
      }
      catch ( SerializationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "Failed to deserialize. Reason: {0}", e->Message );
         throw;
      }
      finally
      {
         fs->Close();
      }

      
      // To prove that the table deserialized correctly, display the keys/values.
      IEnumerator^ myEnum = addresses->GetEnumerator();
      while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
      {
         DictionaryEntry ^ de = safe_cast<DictionaryEntry ^>(myEnum->Current);
         Console::WriteLine( " {0} lives at {1}.", de->Key, de->Value );
      }
   }

};


[STAThread]
int main()
{
   App::Serialize();
   App::Deserialize();
   return 0;
}
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Collections;
using System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Binary;
using System.Runtime.Serialization;

public class App
{
    [STAThread]
    static void Main()
    {
        Serialize();
        Deserialize();
    }

    static void Serialize()
    {
        // Create a hashtable of values that will eventually be serialized.
        Hashtable addresses = new Hashtable();
        addresses.Add("Jeff", "123 Main Street, Redmond, WA 98052");
        addresses.Add("Fred", "987 Pine Road, Phila., PA 19116");
        addresses.Add("Mary", "PO Box 112233, Palo Alto, CA 94301");

        // To serialize the hashtable and its key/value pairs,
        // you must first open a stream for writing.
        // In this case, use a file stream.
        FileStream fs = new FileStream("DataFile.dat", FileMode.Create);

        // Construct a BinaryFormatter and use it to serialize the data to the stream.
        BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter();
        try
        {
            formatter.Serialize(fs, addresses);
        }
        catch (SerializationException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Failed to serialize. Reason: " + e.Message);
            throw;
        }
        finally
        {
            fs.Close();
        }
    }

    static void Deserialize()
    {
        // Declare the hashtable reference.
        Hashtable addresses  = null;

        // Open the file containing the data that you want to deserialize.
        FileStream fs = new FileStream("DataFile.dat", FileMode.Open);
        try
        {
            BinaryFormatter formatter = new BinaryFormatter();

            // Deserialize the hashtable from the file and
            // assign the reference to the local variable.
            addresses = (Hashtable) formatter.Deserialize(fs);
        }
        catch (SerializationException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Failed to deserialize. Reason: " + e.Message);
            throw;
        }
        finally
        {
            fs.Close();
        }

        // To prove that the table deserialized correctly,
        // display the key/value pairs.
        foreach (DictionaryEntry de in addresses)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("{0} lives at {1}.", de.Key, de.Value);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Runtime.Serialization.Formatters.Binary
Imports System.Runtime.Serialization


Module App

    Sub Main()
        Serialize()
        Deserialize()
    End Sub

    Sub Serialize()

        ' Create a hashtable of values that will eventually be serialized.
        Dim addresses As New Hashtable
        addresses.Add("Jeff", "123 Main Street, Redmond, WA 98052")
        addresses.Add("Fred", "987 Pine Road, Phila., PA 19116")
        addresses.Add("Mary", "PO Box 112233, Palo Alto, CA 94301")

        ' To serialize the hashtable (and its key/value pairs),  
        ' you must first open a stream for writing. 
        ' In this case, use a file stream.
        Dim fs As New FileStream("DataFile.dat", FileMode.Create)

        ' Construct a BinaryFormatter and use it to serialize the data to the stream.
        Dim formatter As New BinaryFormatter
        Try
            formatter.Serialize(fs, addresses)
        Catch e As SerializationException
            Console.WriteLine("Failed to serialize. Reason: " & e.Message)
            Throw
        Finally
            fs.Close()
        End Try
    End Sub



    Sub Deserialize()
        ' Declare the hashtable reference.
        Dim addresses As Hashtable = Nothing

        ' Open the file containing the data that you want to deserialize.
        Dim fs As New FileStream("DataFile.dat", FileMode.Open)
        Try
            Dim formatter As New BinaryFormatter

            ' Deserialize the hashtable from the file and 
            ' assign the reference to the local variable.
            addresses = DirectCast(formatter.Deserialize(fs), Hashtable)
        Catch e As SerializationException
            Console.WriteLine("Failed to deserialize. Reason: " & e.Message)
            Throw
        Finally
            fs.Close()
        End Try

        ' To prove that the table deserialized correctly, 
        ' display the key/value pairs.
        Dim de As DictionaryEntry
        For Each de In addresses
            Console.WriteLine("{0} lives at {1}.", de.Key, de.Value)
        Next
    End Sub
End Module

적용 대상

Serialize(Stream, Object, Header[])

개체나 지정된 최상위(루트)를 가진 개체의 그래프를 제공된 헤더가 첨부된 해당 스트림으로 serialize합니다.

public:
 virtual void Serialize(System::IO::Stream ^ serializationStream, System::Object ^ graph, cli::array <System::Runtime::Remoting::Messaging::Header ^> ^ headers);
public void Serialize (System.IO.Stream serializationStream, object graph, System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging.Header[] headers);
abstract member Serialize : System.IO.Stream * obj * System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging.Header[] -> unit
override this.Serialize : System.IO.Stream * obj * System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging.Header[] -> unit
Public Sub Serialize (serializationStream As Stream, graph As Object, headers As Header())

매개 변수

serializationStream
Stream

개체가 serialize될 스트림입니다.

graph
Object

그래프의 루트에 있는 serialize할 개체입니다.

headers
Header[]

serialization에 포함할 원격 헤더입니다. null일 수 있습니다.

구현

예외

serializationStreamnull인 경우

graph 매개 변수의 개체가 serializable로 표시되지 않은 경우처럼 serialization을 수행하는 동안 오류가 발생한 경우

호출자에게 필요한 권한이 없는 경우

설명

serialization 프로세스에는 serialize된 스트림의 맨 앞에 있는 headers 매개 변수에 제공된 정보가 포함됩니다.

헤더는 특정 원격 애플리케이션에만 사용 됩니다.

적용 대상