Reference 클래스

정의

XML 서명의 <reference> 요소를 나타냅니다.Represents the <reference> element of an XML signature.

public ref class Reference
public class Reference
type Reference = class
Public Class Reference
상속
Reference

예제

다음 코드 예제에는 생성 하 고 사용 하 여 봉투를 XML 서명을 확인 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.는 Reference 개체입니다.The following code example demonstrates how to generate and verify an enveloped XML signature using the Reference object.

//
// This example signs an XML file using an
// envelope signature. It then verifies the 
// signed XML.
//
#using <System.Security.dll>
#using <System.Xml.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::Xml;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Xml;

// Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
void SignXmlFile( String^ FileName, String^ SignedFileName, RSA^ Key )
{
   
   // Create a new XML document.
   XmlDocument^ doc = gcnew XmlDocument;
   
   // Format the document to ignore white spaces.
   doc->PreserveWhitespace = false;
   
   // Load the passed XML file using its name.
   doc->Load( gcnew XmlTextReader( FileName ) );
   
   // Create a SignedXml object.
   SignedXml^ signedXml = gcnew SignedXml( doc );
   
   // Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
   signedXml->SigningKey = Key;
   
   // Create a reference to be signed.
   Reference^ reference = gcnew Reference;
   reference->Uri = "";
   
   // Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
   XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform^ env = gcnew XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform;
   reference->AddTransform( env );
   
   // Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
   signedXml->AddReference( reference );
   
   // Add an RSAKeyValue KeyInfo (optional; helps recipient find key to validate).
   KeyInfo^ keyInfo = gcnew KeyInfo;
   keyInfo->AddClause( gcnew RSAKeyValue( safe_cast<RSA^>(Key) ) );
   signedXml->KeyInfo = keyInfo;
   
   // Compute the signature.
   signedXml->ComputeSignature();
   
   // Get the XML representation of the signature and save
   // it to an XmlElement object.
   XmlElement^ xmlDigitalSignature = signedXml->GetXml();
   
   // Append the element to the XML document.
   doc->DocumentElement->AppendChild( doc->ImportNode( xmlDigitalSignature, true ) );
   if ( (doc->FirstChild)->GetType() == XmlDeclaration::typeid )
   {
      doc->RemoveChild( doc->FirstChild );
   }

   
   // Save the signed XML document to a file specified
   // using the passed string.
   XmlTextWriter^ xmltw = gcnew XmlTextWriter( SignedFileName,gcnew UTF8Encoding( false ) );
   doc->WriteTo( xmltw );
   xmltw->Close();
}


// Verify the signature of an XML file and return the result.
Boolean VerifyXmlFile( String^ Name )
{
   
   // Create a new XML document.
   XmlDocument^ xmlDocument = gcnew XmlDocument;
   
   // Format using white spaces.
   xmlDocument->PreserveWhitespace = true;
   
   // Load the passed XML file into the document. 
   xmlDocument->Load( Name );
   
   // Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
   // the XML document class.
   SignedXml^ signedXml = gcnew SignedXml( xmlDocument );
   
   // Find the "Signature" node and create a new
   // XmlNodeList object.
   XmlNodeList^ nodeList = xmlDocument->GetElementsByTagName( "Signature" );
   
   // Load the signature node.
   signedXml->LoadXml( safe_cast<XmlElement^>(nodeList->Item( 0 )) );
   
   // Check the signature and return the result.
   return signedXml->CheckSignature();
}


// Create example data to sign.
void CreateSomeXml( String^ FileName )
{
   
   // Create a new XmlDocument object.
   XmlDocument^ document = gcnew XmlDocument;
   
   // Create a new XmlNode object.
   XmlNode^ node = document->CreateNode( XmlNodeType::Element, "", "MyElement", "samples" );
   
   // Add some text to the node.
   node->InnerText = "Example text to be signed.";
   
   // Append the node to the document.
   document->AppendChild( node );
   
   // Save the XML document to the file name specified.
   XmlTextWriter^ xmltw = gcnew XmlTextWriter( FileName,gcnew UTF8Encoding( false ) );
   document->WriteTo( xmltw );
   xmltw->Close();
}

int main()
{
   try
   {
      
      // Generate a signing key.
      RSACryptoServiceProvider^ Key = gcnew RSACryptoServiceProvider;
      
      // Create an XML file to sign.
      CreateSomeXml( "Example.xml" );
      Console::WriteLine( "New XML file created." );
      
      // Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
      // new file.
      SignXmlFile( "Example.xml", "SignedExample.xml", Key );
      Console::WriteLine( "XML file signed." );
      
      // Verify the signature of the signed XML.
      Console::WriteLine( "Verifying signature..." );
      bool result = VerifyXmlFile( "SignedExample.xml" );
      
      // Display the results of the signature verification to
      // the console.
      if ( result )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "The XML signature is valid." );
      }
      else
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "The XML signature is not valid." );
      }
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
   }

}

//
// This example signs an XML file using an
// envelope signature. It then verifies the 
// signed XML.
//
using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;
using System.Text;
using System.Xml;

public class SignVerifyEnvelope
{

    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {
        try
        {
            // Generate a signing key.
            RSACryptoServiceProvider Key = new RSACryptoServiceProvider();

            // Create an XML file to sign.
            CreateSomeXml("Example.xml");
            Console.WriteLine("New XML file created."); 

            // Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
            // new file.
            SignXmlFile("Example.xml", "SignedExample.xml", Key);
            Console.WriteLine("XML file signed."); 

            // Verify the signature of the signed XML.
            Console.WriteLine("Verifying signature...");
            bool result = VerifyXmlFile("SignedExample.xml");

            // Display the results of the signature verification to \
            // the console.
            if(result)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is valid.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is not valid.");
            }
        }
        catch(CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    // Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
    public static void SignXmlFile(string FileName, string SignedFileName, RSA Key)
    {
        // Create a new XML document.
        XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();

        // Format the document to ignore white spaces.
        doc.PreserveWhitespace = false;

        // Load the passed XML file using it's name.
        doc.Load(new XmlTextReader(FileName));

        // Create a SignedXml object.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(doc);

        // Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
        signedXml.SigningKey = Key;

        // Create a reference to be signed.
        Reference reference = new Reference();
        reference.Uri = "";

        // Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
        XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform env = new XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform();
        reference.AddTransform(env);

        // Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.AddReference(reference);

        
        // Add an RSAKeyValue KeyInfo (optional; helps recipient find key to validate).
        KeyInfo keyInfo = new KeyInfo();
        keyInfo.AddClause(new RSAKeyValue((RSA)Key));
        signedXml.KeyInfo = keyInfo;

        // Compute the signature.
        signedXml.ComputeSignature();

        // Get the XML representation of the signature and save
        // it to an XmlElement object.
        XmlElement xmlDigitalSignature = signedXml.GetXml();

        // Append the element to the XML document.
        doc.DocumentElement.AppendChild(doc.ImportNode(xmlDigitalSignature, true));
        
        
        if (doc.FirstChild is XmlDeclaration)  
        {
            doc.RemoveChild(doc.FirstChild);
        }

        // Save the signed XML document to a file specified
        // using the passed string.
        XmlTextWriter xmltw = new XmlTextWriter(SignedFileName, new UTF8Encoding(false));
        doc.WriteTo(xmltw);
        xmltw.Close();
    }
    // Verify the signature of an XML file and return the result.
    public static Boolean VerifyXmlFile(String Name)
    {
        // Create a new XML document.
        XmlDocument xmlDocument = new XmlDocument();

        // Format using white spaces.
        xmlDocument.PreserveWhitespace = true;

        // Load the passed XML file into the document. 
        xmlDocument.Load(Name);

        // Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
        // the XML document class.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(xmlDocument);

        // Find the "Signature" node and create a new
        // XmlNodeList object.
        XmlNodeList nodeList = xmlDocument.GetElementsByTagName("Signature");

        // Load the signature node.
        signedXml.LoadXml((XmlElement)nodeList[0]);

        // Check the signature and return the result.
        return signedXml.CheckSignature();
    }

    // Create example data to sign.
    public static void CreateSomeXml(string FileName)
    {
        // Create a new XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();

        // Create a new XmlNode object.
        XmlNode  node = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "MyElement", "samples");
        
        // Add some text to the node.
        node.InnerText = "Example text to be signed.";

        // Append the node to the document.
        document.AppendChild(node);

        // Save the XML document to the file name specified.
        XmlTextWriter xmltw = new XmlTextWriter(FileName, new UTF8Encoding(false));
        document.WriteTo(xmltw);
        xmltw.Close();
    }
}
'
' This example signs an XML file using an
' envelope signature. It then verifies the 
' signed XML.
'
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Xml



Public Class SignVerifyEnvelope
   
   Overloads Public Shared Sub Main(args() As [String])
      Try
         ' Generate a signing key.
         Dim Key As New RSACryptoServiceProvider()
         
         ' Create an XML file to sign.
         CreateSomeXml("Example.xml")
         Console.WriteLine("New XML file created.")
         
         ' Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
         ' new file.
         SignXmlFile("Example.xml", "SignedExample.xml", Key)
         Console.WriteLine("XML file signed.")
         
         ' Verify the signature of the signed XML.
         Console.WriteLine("Verifying signature...")
         Dim result As Boolean = VerifyXmlFile("SignedExample.xml")
         
         ' Display the results of the signature verification to \
         ' the console.
         If result Then
            Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is valid.")
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is not valid.")
         End If
      Catch e As CryptographicException
         Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
      End Try
   End Sub 
   
   
   ' Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
   Public Shared Sub SignXmlFile(FileName As String, SignedFileName As String, Key As RSA)
      ' Create a new XML document.
      Dim doc As New XmlDocument()
      
      ' Format the document to ignore white spaces.
      doc.PreserveWhitespace = False
      
      ' Load the passed XML file using it's name.
      doc.Load(New XmlTextReader(FileName))
      
      ' Create a SignedXml object.
      Dim signedXml As New SignedXml(doc)
      
      ' Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
      signedXml.SigningKey = Key
      
      ' Create a reference to be signed.
      Dim reference As New Reference()
      reference.Uri = ""
      
      ' Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
      Dim env As New XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform()
      reference.AddTransform(env)
      
      ' Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
      signedXml.AddReference(reference)
      
      
      ' Add an RSAKeyValue KeyInfo (optional; helps recipient find key to validate).
      Dim keyInfo As New KeyInfo()
      keyInfo.AddClause(New RSAKeyValue(CType(Key, RSA)))
      signedXml.KeyInfo = keyInfo
      
      ' Compute the signature.
      signedXml.ComputeSignature()
      
      ' Get the XML representation of the signature and save
      ' it to an XmlElement object.
      Dim xmlDigitalSignature As XmlElement = signedXml.GetXml()
      
      ' Append the element to the XML document.
      doc.DocumentElement.AppendChild(doc.ImportNode(xmlDigitalSignature, True))
      
      
      If TypeOf doc.FirstChild Is XmlDeclaration Then
         doc.RemoveChild(doc.FirstChild)
      End If
      
      ' Save the signed XML document to a file specified
      ' using the passed string.
      Dim xmltw As New XmlTextWriter(SignedFileName, New UTF8Encoding(False))
      doc.WriteTo(xmltw)
      xmltw.Close()
   End Sub 
   ' Verify the signature of an XML file and return the result.
   Public Shared Function VerifyXmlFile(Name As [String]) As [Boolean]
      ' Create a new XML document.
      Dim xmlDocument As New XmlDocument()
      
      ' Format using white spaces.
      xmlDocument.PreserveWhitespace = True
      
      ' Load the passed XML file into the document. 
      xmlDocument.Load(Name)
      
      ' Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
      ' the XML document class.
      Dim signedXml As New SignedXml(xmlDocument)
      
      ' Find the "Signature" node and create a new
      ' XmlNodeList object.
      Dim nodeList As XmlNodeList = xmlDocument.GetElementsByTagName("Signature")
      
      ' Load the signature node.
      signedXml.LoadXml(CType(nodeList(0), XmlElement))
      
      ' Check the signature and return the result.
      Return signedXml.CheckSignature()
   End Function 
   
   
   ' Create example data to sign.
   Public Shared Sub CreateSomeXml(FileName As String)
      ' Create a new XmlDocument object.
      Dim document As New XmlDocument()
      
      ' Create a new XmlNode object.
      Dim node As XmlNode = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "MyElement", "samples")
      
      ' Add some text to the node.
      node.InnerText = "Example text to be signed."
      
      ' Append the node to the document.
      document.AppendChild(node)
      
      ' Save the XML document to the file name specified.
      Dim xmltw As New XmlTextWriter(FileName, New UTF8Encoding(False))
      document.WriteTo(xmltw)
      xmltw.Close()
   End Sub 
End Class

설명

개체 Reference 는 xml 디지털 <reference> 서명 사양에 정의 된 xml 디지털 서명의 요소를 나타냅니다.The Reference object represents the <reference> element of an XML digital signature defined by the XML digital signature specification.

사용 된 Reference 다음 정보를 지정 하는 개체:Use the Reference object to specify the following information:

  • 데이터 개체의 서명에 사용 되는 다이제스트 알고리즘입니다.The digest algorithm used to sign of the data object. 이 값이 필요 합니다.This value is required.

  • 리소스 URI (Uniform Identifier) 데이터 개체의 로그온 합니다.The Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) of the data object to sign. URI는 XML 문서 내의 특정 요소 또는 파일 경로 지정할 수 있습니다.The URI can specify a file path or specific elements within an XML document. 이 값이 필요 합니다.This value is required.

  • 체인 다이제스트를 생성 하기 전에 적용할 변환입니다.A chain of transforms to apply before generating the digest. 이 값은 선택 사항입니다.This value is optional.

  • 서명할 개체의 형식입니다.The type of object to sign. 이 값은 선택 사항입니다.This value is optional.

  • 현재 참조 하는 데 사용 하는 고유 식별자 <reference> 요소입니다.A unique identifier used to reference the current <reference> element. 이 값은 선택 사항입니다.This value is optional.

<reference> 요소에 대 한 자세한 내용은 W3C 사양을참조 하십시오.For more information about the <reference> element, see the W3C specification.

생성자

Reference()

기본 속성을 사용하여 Reference 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the Reference class with default properties.

Reference(Stream)

지정된 Reference의 해시 값을 사용하여 Stream 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the Reference class with a hash value of the specified Stream.

Reference(String)

지정된 Reference를 사용하여 Uri 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the Reference class with the specified Uri.

속성

DigestMethod

현재 Reference의 다이제스트 메서드 URI(Uniform Resource Identifier)를 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the digest method Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) of the current Reference.

DigestValue

현재 Reference의 다이제스트 값을 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the digest value of the current Reference.

Id

현재 Reference의 ID를 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the ID of the current Reference.

TransformChain

현재 Reference의 변환 체인을 가져옵니다.Gets the transform chain of the current Reference.

Type

서명할 개체의 형식을 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the type of the object being signed.

Uri

현재 ReferenceUri를 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the Uri of the current Reference.

메서드

AddTransform(Transform)

데이터를 다이제스트 알고리즘으로 전달하기 전에 데이터에 수행할 변환 목록에 Transform 개체를 추가합니다.Adds a Transform object to the list of transforms to be performed on the data before passing it to the digest algorithm.

Equals(Object)

지정한 개체와 현재 개체가 같은지 여부를 확인합니다.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
GetHashCode()

기본 해시 함수로 작동합니다.Serves as the default hash function.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
GetType()

현재 인스턴스의 Type을 가져옵니다.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
GetXml()

Reference의 XML 표현을 반환합니다.Returns the XML representation of the Reference.

LoadXml(XmlElement)

XML 요소에서 Reference 상태를 로드합니다.Loads a Reference state from an XML element.

MemberwiseClone()

현재 Object의 단순 복사본을 만듭니다.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
ToString()

현재 개체를 나타내는 문자열을 반환합니다.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)

적용 대상