MessageQuery MessageQuery MessageQuery MessageQuery Class

정의

메시지에서 특정 상호 관련 데이터를 검색하는 데 사용되는 클래스의 핵심 동작을 정의합니다.Defines the core behavior of classes used to search for specific correlating data in a message.

public ref class MessageQuery abstract
public abstract class MessageQuery
type MessageQuery = class
Public MustInherit Class MessageQuery
상속
MessageQueryMessageQueryMessageQueryMessageQuery
파생

예제

다음 예제에서는 메시지와 XPath 메시지 쿼리를 만듭니다.The following example creates a message and XPath message queries. 쿼리는 XPathMessageQuery 개체에 포함된 XPathMessageQueryCollection 개체를 통해 실행됩니다.The queries are evaluated by the XPathMessageQuery objects contained in an XPathMessageQueryCollection object. 각 쿼리의 결과는 ResultType 클래스의 XPathResult 속성을 사용하여 테스트됩니다.The results of each query are tested using the ResultType property of the XPathResult class.

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.ServiceModel.Dispatcher;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Channels;
using System.Xml.XPath;

namespace MessageQueryExamples
{
    
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // The XPathMessageQueryCollection inherits from MessageQueryCollection.
            XPathMessageQueryCollection queryCollection = MessageHelper.SetupQueryCollection();


            // Create a message and a copy of the message. You must create a buffered copy to access the message body.
            Message mess = MessageHelper.CreateMessage();
            MessageBuffer mb = mess.CreateBufferedCopy(int.MaxValue);


            // Evaluate every query in the collection. 
            foreach (XPathMessageQuery q in queryCollection)
            {
                // Evaluate the query. Note the result type is an XPathResult.
                XPathResult qPathResult = q.Evaluate<XPathResult>(mb);

                // Use the XPathResult to determine the result type.
                Console.WriteLine("Result type: {0}", qPathResult.ResultType);

                // The following code prints the result according to the result type.

                if (qPathResult.ResultType == XPathResultType.String)
                    Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", q.Expression, qPathResult.GetResultAsString());

                if (qPathResult.ResultType == XPathResultType.NodeSet)
                {
                    // Iterate through the node set.
                    XPathNodeIterator ns = qPathResult.GetResultAsNodeset();
                    foreach (XPathNavigator n in ns)
                        Console.WriteLine("\t{0} = {1}", q.Expression, n.Value);
                }
                if (qPathResult.ResultType == XPathResultType.Number)
                    Console.WriteLine("\t{0} = {1}", q.Expression, qPathResult.GetResultAsNumber());

                if (qPathResult.ResultType == XPathResultType.Boolean)
                    Console.WriteLine("\t{0} ={1}", q.Expression, qPathResult.GetResultAsBoolean());

                if (qPathResult.ResultType == XPathResultType.Error)
                    Console.WriteLine("\tError!");
            }

            Console.WriteLine();

            // The alternate code below demonstrates similar funcionality using a MessageQueryTable.
            // The difference is the KeyValuePair that requires a key to index each value.
            // The code uses the expression as the key, and an arbitrary value for the value.           

            //MessageQueryTable<string> mq = MessageHelper.SetupTable();
            //foreach (KeyValuePair<MessageQuery, string> kv in mq)
            //{
            //    XPathMessageQuery xp = (XPathMessageQuery)kv.Key;
            //    Console.WriteLine("Value = {0}", kv.Value);
            //    Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", xp.Expression, xp.Evaluate<string>(mb));
            //}

            Console.ReadLine();
        }
    }

    public class MessageHelper
    {
        static string messageBody =
              "<PurchaseOrder date='today'>" +
                  "<Number>ABC-2009-XYZ</Number>" +
                  "<Department>OnlineSales</Department>" +
                  "<Items>" +
                      "<Item product='nail' quantity='1'>item1</Item>" +
                      "<Item product='screw' quantity='2'>item2</Item>" +
                      "<Item product='brad' quantity='3'>" +
                          "<SpecialOffer/>" +
                          "Special item4" +
                      "</Item>" +
                      "<Item product='SpecialNails' quantity='9'>item5</Item>" +
                      "<Item product='SpecialBrads' quantity='11'>" +
                          "<SpecialOffer/>" +
                          "Special item6" +
                      "</Item>" +
                      "<Item product='hammer' quantity='1'>item7</Item>" +
                      "<Item product='wrench' quantity='2'>item8</Item>" +
                  "</Items>" +
                "<Comments>" +
                "Rush order" +
                "</Comments>" +
              "</PurchaseOrder>";

        public static string xpath = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item[@quantity = 1]";
        public static string xpath2 = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item[@product = 'nail']";
        public static string xpath3 = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Comments";
        public static string xpath4 = "count(/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item)";
        public static string xpath5 = "substring(string(/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Number),5,4)";
        public static string xpath6 = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Department='OnlineSales'";
        public static string xpath7 = "//PurchaseOrder/@date";
        public static string xpath8 = "//SpecialOffer/ancestor::Item[@product = 'brad']";

        // Invoke the correlation data function.


        public static string xpath9 = "sm:correlation-data('CorrelationData1')";
        public static string xpath10 = "sm:correlation-data('CorrelationData2')";

        public static string xpath11 = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item[@quantity = 2]";


        public static Message CreateMessage()
        {
            StringReader stringReader = new StringReader(messageBody);
            XmlTextReader xmlReader = new XmlTextReader(stringReader);
            Message message = Message.CreateMessage(MessageVersion.Soap12WSAddressing10, "http://purchaseorder", xmlReader);

            // Add two correlation properties using lambda expressions. The property names are
            // CorrelationData1 and CorrelationData2. The first goes to "value1" and the
            // second to "value2". You can use your own property names and values.
            CorrelationDataMessageProperty data = new CorrelationDataMessageProperty();

            data.Add("CorrelationData1", () => "value1");
            data.Add("CorrelationData2", () => "value2");
            message.Properties[CorrelationDataMessageProperty.Name] = data;

            return message;
        }



        public static XPathMessageQueryCollection SetupQueryCollection()
        {
            // Create the query collection and add the XPath queries to it. To create
            // the query, you must also use a new XPathMessageContext.

            XPathMessageQueryCollection queryCollection = new XPathMessageQueryCollection();

            XPathMessageContext context = new XPathMessageContext();
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath2, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath3, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath4, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath5, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath6, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath7, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath8, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath9, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath10, context));
            queryCollection.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath11, context));

            return queryCollection;
        }

        public static MessageQueryTable<string> SetupTable()
        {
            // This is optional code to demonstrate using a MessageQueryTable.
            // Compare this to the MessageQueryCollection.
            MessageQueryTable<string> table = new MessageQueryTable<string>();
            XPathMessageContext context = new XPathMessageContext();


            // The code adds a KeyValuePair to the table. Each pair requires
            // a query used as the Key, and a value that is paired to the key.
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath, context), "value10");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath2, context), "value20");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath3, context), "value30");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath4, context), "value40");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath5, context), "value50");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath6, context), "value60");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath7, context), "value70");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath8, context), "value80");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath9, context), "value90");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath10, context), "value100");
            table.Add(new XPathMessageQuery(xpath11, context), "value110");
            return table;
        }
    }    
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.ServiceModel.Dispatcher
Imports System.ServiceModel
Imports System.ServiceModel.Channels
Imports System.Xml.XPath

Namespace MessageQueryExamples


    Public Class Program

        Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args As String())

            ' The XPathMessageQueryCollection inherits from MessageQueryCollection.
            Dim queryCollection As XPathMessageQueryCollection = MessageHelper.SetupQueryCollection()


            ' Create a message and a copy of the message. You must create a buffered copy to access the message body.
            Dim mess As Message = MessageHelper.CreateMessage()
            Dim mb As MessageBuffer = mess.CreateBufferedCopy(Integer.MaxValue)


            ' Evaluate every query in the collection. 
            Dim q As XPathMessageQuery
            For Each q In queryCollection

                ' Evaluate the query. Note the result type is an XPathResult.
                Dim qPathResult As XPathResult = q.Evaluate(Of XPathResult)(mb)

                ' Use the XPathResult to determine the result type.
                Console.WriteLine("Result type: {0}", qPathResult.ResultType)

                ' The following code prints the result according to the result type.

                If qPathResult.ResultType = XPathResultType.String Then
                    Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", q.Expression, qPathResult.GetResultAsString())
                End If
                If (qPathResult.ResultType = XPathResultType.NodeSet) Then

                    ' Iterate through the node set.
                    Dim ns As XPathNodeIterator = qPathResult.GetResultAsNodeset()
                    Dim n As XPathNavigator
                    For Each n In ns
                        Console.WriteLine("     {0} = {1}", q.Expression, n.Value)
                    Next
                End If
                If qPathResult.ResultType = XPathResultType.Number Then
                    Console.WriteLine("    {0} = {1}", q.Expression, qPathResult.GetResultAsNumber())
                End If
                If qPathResult.ResultType = XPathResultType.Boolean Then
                    Console.WriteLine("    {0} ={1}", q.Expression, qPathResult.GetResultAsBoolean())
                End If

                If qPathResult.ResultType = XPathResultType.Error Then
                    Console.WriteLine("    Error!")
                End If

            Next

            Console.WriteLine()

            ' The alternate code below demonstrates similar funcionality using a MessageQueryTable.
            ' The difference is the KeyValuePair that requires a key to index each value.
            ' The code uses the expression as the key, and an arbitrary value for the value.           

            'Dim mq As MessageQueryTable(Of String) = MessageHelper.SetupTable()
            'Dim kv As KeyValuePair(Of MessageQuery, String)
            'For Each kv In mq
            '    '
            '    Dim xp As XPathMessageQuery = CType(kv.Key, XPathMessageQuery)
            '    Console.WriteLine("Value = {0}", kv.Value)
            '    Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", xp.Expression, xp.Evaluate(Of String)(mb))
            'Next

            Console.ReadLine()
        End Sub
        Private Shared Sub Evaluate(ByVal p1 As Object)
            Throw New NotImplementedException
        End Sub
    End Class

    Public Class MessageHelper

        Shared messageBody As String = _
              "<PurchaseOrder date='today'>" + _
                  "<Number>ABC-2009-XYZ</Number>" + _
                  "<Department>OnlineSales</Department>" + _
                  "<Items>" + _
                      "<Item product='nail' quantity='1'>item1</Item>" + _
                      "<Item product='screw' quantity='2'>item2</Item>" + _
                      "<Item product='brad' quantity='3'>" + _
                          "<SpecialOffer/>" + _
                          "Special item4" + _
                      "</Item>" + _
                      "<Item product='SpecialNails' quantity='9'>item5</Item>" + _
                      "<Item product='SpecialBrads' quantity='11'>" + _
                          "<SpecialOffer/>" + _
                          "Special item6" + _
                      "</Item>" + _
                      "<Item product='hammer' quantity='1'>item7</Item>" + _
                      "<Item product='wrench' quantity='2'>item8</Item>" + _
                  "</Items>" + _
                "<Comments>" + _
                "Rush order" + _
                "</Comments>" + _
              "</PurchaseOrder>"

        Public Shared xpath As String = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item[@quantity = 1]"
        Public Shared xpath2 As String = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item[@product = 'nail']"
        Public Shared xpath3 As String = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Comments"
        Public Shared xpath4 As String = "count(/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item)"
        Public Shared xpath5 As String = "substring(string(/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Number),5,4)"
        Public Shared xpath6 As String = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Department='OnlineSales'"
        Public Shared xpath7 As String = "//PurchaseOrder/@date"
        Public Shared xpath8 As String = "//SpecialOffer/ancestor::Item[@product = 'brad']"

        ' Invoke the correlation data function.


        Public Shared xpath9 As String = "sm:correlation-data('CorrelationData1')"
        Public Shared xpath10 As String = "sm:correlation-data('CorrelationData2')"

        Public Shared xpath11 As String = "/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item[@quantity = 2]"


        Public Shared Function CreateMessage() As Message

            Dim stringReader As New StringReader(messageBody)
            Dim xmlReader As New XmlTextReader(stringReader)
            Dim message As Message = message.CreateMessage( _
                MessageVersion.Soap12WSAddressing10, "http://purchaseorder", xmlReader)

            ' Add two correlation properties using lambda expressions. The property names are
            ' CorrelationData1 and CorrelationData2. The first goes to "value1" and the
            ' second to "value2". You can use your own property names and values.
            Dim data As New CorrelationDataMessageProperty()

            data.Add("CorrelationData1", Function() "value1")
            data.Add("CorrelationData2", Function() "value2")
            message.Properties(CorrelationDataMessageProperty.Name) = data


            Return message
        End Function


        Public Shared Function SetupQueryCollection() As XPathMessageQueryCollection

            ' Create the query collection and add the XPath queries to it. To create
            ' the query, you must also use a new XPathMessageContext.

            Dim queryCollection As New XPathMessageQueryCollection()

            Dim context As XPathMessageContext = New XPathMessageContext()
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath2, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath3, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath4, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath5, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath6, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath7, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath8, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath9, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath10, context))
            queryCollection.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath11, context))

            Return queryCollection
        End Function

        Public Shared Function SetupTable() As MessageQueryTable(Of String)

            ' This is optional code to demonstrate using a MessageQueryTable.
            ' Compare this to the MessageQueryCollection.
            Dim table As MessageQueryTable(Of String) = New MessageQueryTable(Of String)()
            Dim context As XPathMessageContext = New XPathMessageContext()


            ' The code adds a KeyValuePair to the table. Each pair requires
            ' a query used as the Key, and a value that is paired to the key.
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath, context), "value10")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath2, context), "value20")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath3, context), "value30")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath4, context), "value40")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath5, context), "value50")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath6, context), "value60")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath7, context), "value70")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath8, context), "value80")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath9, context), "value90")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath10, context), "value100")
            table.Add(New XPathMessageQuery(xpath11, context), "value110")
            Return table
        End Function
    End Class
End Namespace

설명

MessageQuery 클래스는 MessageFilter 클래스와 유사합니다.The MessageQuery class is similar to the MessageFilter class. 그러나 Evaluate 메서드는 일치 항목을 반환하는 대신 메시지에 대해 쿼리를 실행한 결과를 반환합니다.However, instead of returning matches, the Evaluate method returns the results of evaluating a query against a message. 쿼리 결과는 메시지에 있는 값입니다.The result of the query is a value in the message. 이 값을 키로 사용하여 메시지를 다른 메시지와 상호 연결할 수 있습니다.Use the value as a key to correlate the message to other messages. 데이터에 대한 새 속성을 추가하려면 Add 클래스의 CorrelationDataMessageProperty 메서드를 사용합니다.To add a new property for the data, use the Add method of the CorrelationDataMessageProperty class.

참고

MessageQuery의 구체적 구현은 XPathMessageQuery 클래스를 참조하십시오.For a concrete implementation of the MessageQuery, see the XPathMessageQuery class.

XPathMessageQuery 및 MessageQueryCollection 클래스 사용Using the XPathMessageQuery and MessageQueryCollection classes

쿼리 개체 집합을 만든 후 MessageQueryCollection 클래스의 인스턴스에 삽입하여 쿼리 프로세스를 최적화할 수 있습니다.You can optimize the query process by creating a set of query objects and inserting them into an instance of the MessageQueryCollection class.

참고

MessageQueryCollection의 구체적 구현은 XPathMessageQueryCollection 클래스를 참조하십시오.For a concrete implementation of the MessageQueryCollection, see the XPathMessageQueryCollection class.

일반적으로는 XPath 조건자가 같고 마지막 리프 값만 다른 쿼리로 컬렉션을 채우는 방법을 사용합니다.A common usage is to populate the collection with queries that have the same XPath predicate, but that differ only in the final leaf value. 예를 들어 다음 XPath 쿼리는 마지막 절만 제외하고는 모두 동일합니다.For example, the following XPath queries are identical except for the final clause. 첫 번째 XPath 쿼리는 수량 특성이 1로 설정된 모든 요소를 쿼리하고, 두 번째 XPath 쿼리는 제품 특성이 'Contoso'로 설정된 요소를 쿼리합니다.The first queries for all elements that have the quantity attribute set to 1, and the second queries for elements with the product attribute set to 'Contoso'):

"/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item[@quantity = 1]"  
"/s12:Envelope/s12:Body/PurchaseOrder/Items/Item[@product = 'Contoso']"  

MessageQueryCollection 클래스를 사용하면 조금씩만 다른 쿼리 테이블을 만들어 보다 효율적인 처리가 가능합니다.The MessageQueryCollection class allows you to create tables of queries that differ only slightly, enabling more efficient processing.

또는 MessageQueryTable<TItem> 클래스를 사용하여 메시지 쿼리를 저장하고 실행할 수 있습니다.Alternatively, you can use the MessageQueryTable<TItem> class to store and evaluate message queries.

생성자

MessageQuery() MessageQuery() MessageQuery() MessageQuery()

MessageQuery 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the MessageQuery class.

메서드

CreateMessageQueryCollection() CreateMessageQueryCollection() CreateMessageQueryCollection() CreateMessageQueryCollection()

연결된 특정 형식의 데이터를 반환하는 쿼리 컬렉션을 만듭니다.Creates a collection of queries that returns a specific type of data associated with it.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

지정한 개체와 현재 개체가 같은지 여부를 확인합니다.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
Evaluate<TResult>(Message) Evaluate<TResult>(Message) Evaluate<TResult>(Message) Evaluate<TResult>(Message)

파생 클래스에서 재정의된 경우 메시지에 대해 쿼리를 실행한 후 결과를 반환합니다.When overridden in a derived class, runs a query against the message and returns a result. 본문은 쿼리할 수 없습니다.The body cannot be queried.

Evaluate<TResult>(MessageBuffer) Evaluate<TResult>(MessageBuffer) Evaluate<TResult>(MessageBuffer) Evaluate<TResult>(MessageBuffer)

파생 클래스에서 재정의된 경우 메시지에 대해 쿼리를 실행한 후 결과를 반환합니다.When overridden in a derived class, runs a query against the message and returns a result.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

기본 해시 함수로 작동합니다.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

현재 인스턴스의 Type을 가져옵니다.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

현재 Object의 단순 복사본을 만듭니다.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

현재 개체를 나타내는 문자열을 반환합니다.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

적용 대상

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