ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler Delegate

정의

Selecting 컨트롤의 Updating, Inserting, Deleting 또는 ObjectDataSource 이벤트를 처리할 메서드를 나타냅니다.Represents the method that will handle the Selecting, Updating, Inserting, or Deleting event of the ObjectDataSource control.

public delegate void ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler(object sender, ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs e);
type ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler = delegate of obj * ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler(sender As Object, e As ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs)

매개 변수

sender
Object Object Object Object

ObjectDataSource는 이벤트의 소스입니다.The source of the event, the ObjectDataSource.

상속
ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandlerObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandlerObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandlerObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler

예제

이 섹션에는 두 코드 예제가 있습니다.This section contains two code examples. 첫 번째 코드 예제에 사용 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.는 ObjectDataSource 비즈니스 개체를 사용 하 여 컨트롤 및 DetailsView 데이터 삽입을 제어 합니다.The first code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a DetailsView control to insert data. 두 번째 코드 예제에서는 첫 번째 코드 예제에서 사용 되는 예제에서는 중간 계층 비즈니스 개체를 제공 합니다.The second code example provides an example middle-tier business object that is used by the first code example.

다음 코드 예제에 사용 하는 방법을 보여 줍니다.는 ObjectDataSource 비즈니스 개체를 사용 하 여 컨트롤 및 DetailsView 데이터 삽입을 제어 합니다.The following code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a DetailsView control to insert data. 처음에 DetailsView 새 표시 NorthwindEmployee 와 함께 자동으로 생성 된 레코드 삽입 단추입니다.Initially, the DetailsView displays a new NorthwindEmployee record, along with an automatically generated Insert button. 데이터의 필드에 입력 한 후는 DetailsView 컨트롤을 클릭 합니다 삽입 단추 및 InsertMethod 속성에서 수행 하는 메서드를 식별 합니다를 Insert 작업.After you enter data into the fields of the DetailsView control, click the Insert button, and the InsertMethod property will identify which method performs the Insert action.

이 예제에서는 합니다 UpdateEmployeeInfo 그러나; 메서드는 삽입을 수행 하는 NorthwindEmployee 데이터를 삽입 하려면 매개 변수입니다.In this example, the UpdateEmployeeInfo method is used to perform an insert; however, it requires a NorthwindEmployee parameter to insert the data. 따라서 컬렉션 하는 문자열을 DetailsView 컨트롤 전달 자동으로 충분 하지 않습니다.For this reason, the collection of strings that the DetailsView control passes automatically is not sufficient. NorthwindEmployeeInserting 대리자가는 ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler 처리 하는 개체를 Inserting 이벤트 이전 입력된 매개 변수를 조작할 수 있습니다는 Insert 작업 진행 합니다.The NorthwindEmployeeInserting delegate is an ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler object that handles the Inserting event and enables you to manipulate the input parameters before the Insert operation proceeds. 때문에 합니다 UpdateEmployeeInfo 메서드를 사용 하려면를 NorthwindEmployee 개체를 매개 변수로 하나 문자열의 컬렉션을 사용 하 여 추가할를 InputParameters 컬렉션입니다.Because the UpdateEmployeeInfo method requires a NorthwindEmployee object as a parameter, one is created using the collection of strings and is added to the InputParameters collection.

<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
private void NorthwindEmployeeInserting(object source, ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs e)
{
  // The business object expects a custom type. Build it
  // and add it to the parameters collection.
  
  IDictionary paramsFromPage = e.InputParameters;

  NorthwindEmployee ne = new NorthwindEmployee();

  ne.FirstName  = paramsFromPage["FirstName"].ToString();
  ne.LastName   = paramsFromPage["LastName"].ToString();
  ne.Title      = paramsFromPage["Title"].ToString();
  ne.Courtesy   = paramsFromPage["Courtesy"].ToString();
  ne.Supervisor = Int32.Parse(paramsFromPage["Supervisor"].ToString());

  paramsFromPage.Clear();
  paramsFromPage.Add("ne", ne);
}

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:detailsview
          id="DetailsView1"
          runat="server"
          autogenerateinsertbutton="True"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1">
        </asp:detailsview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetEmployee"
          insertmethod="UpdateEmployeeInfo"
          oninserting="NorthwindEmployeeInserting"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic"
          >
          <selectparameters>
            <asp:parameter name="anID" defaultvalue="-1" />
          </selectparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Register TagPrefix="aspSample" Namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" Assembly="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Page language="vb" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
Private Sub NorthwindEmployeeInserting(source As Object, e As ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs)

  ' The GridView control passes an array of strings in the parameters
  ' collection because that is the type it knows how to work with.
  ' However, the business object expects a custom type. Build it
  ' and add it to the parameters collection.
  Dim paramsFromPage As IDictionary = e.InputParameters

  Dim ne As New NorthwindEmployee()
  ne.FirstName  = paramsFromPage("FirstName").ToString()
  ne.LastName   = paramsFromPage("LastName").ToString()
  ne.Title      = paramsFromPage("Title").ToString()
  ne.Courtesy   = paramsFromPage("Courtesy").ToString()
  ne.Supervisor = Int32.Parse(paramsFromPage("Supervisor").ToString())
  
  paramsFromPage.Clear()
  paramsFromPage.Add("ne", ne)
End Sub ' NorthwindEmployeeInserting

</script>
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - VB Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:detailsview
          id="DetailsView1"
          runat="server"
          autogenerateinsertbutton="True"
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1">
        </asp:detailsview>

        <asp:objectdatasource
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"
          selectmethod="GetEmployee"
          insertmethod="UpdateEmployeeInfo"
          oninserting="NorthwindEmployeeInserting"
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic" >
          <selectparameters>
            <asp:parameter name="anID" defaultvalue="-1" />
          </selectparameters>
        </asp:objectdatasource>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

다음 코드 예제에서는 앞의 코드 예제를 사용 하는 예제에서는 중간 계층 비즈니스 개체를 제공 합니다.The following code example provides the example middle-tier business object that the preceding code example uses. 코드 예제에서는 다음 두 기본 클래스와 클래스도 구성 됩니다.The code example consists of the following two basic classes and one additional class:

  • EmployeeLogic 비즈니스 논리를 캡슐화 하는 상태 비저장 클래스 클래스.The EmployeeLogic class, which is a stateless class that encapsulates business logic.

  • NorthwindEmployee 클래스를 로드 하 고 데이터 계층에서 데이터를 유지 하는 데 필요한 기본적인 기능만 포함 하는 모델 클래스입니다.The NorthwindEmployee class, which is a model class that contains only the basic functionality that is required to load and persist data from the data tier.

  • 추가 NorthwindDataException 편의 위해 제공 되는 클래스입니다.An additional NorthwindDataException class, which is provided as a convenience.

이 예제에서는 클래스이 집합을 Microsoft SQL Server 및 Microsoft Access를 사용 하 여 사용할 수 있는 예제 데이터베이스는 Northwind 데이터베이스를 사용 하 여 작동 합니다.This set of example classes works with the Northwind Traders database, which is an example database that is available with Microsoft SQL Server and Microsoft Access. 전체 작업 예제를 보려면 애플리케이션 루트의 App_Code 디렉터리에 배치 하 여 또는 라이브러리로 컴파일하는 Bin 디렉터리에서 결과 DLL을 추가 하 여 이러한 클래스를 사용 합니다.For a complete working example, use these classes by placing them in the App_Code directory under the application root or by compiling them into a library and placing the resulting DLL in the Bin directory. UpdateEmployeeInfo 메서드 구현 되지 않은 완전히 하지 삽입할 데이터 Northwind Traders 데이터베이스이 예제를 테스트할 때 있도록 합니다.The UpdateEmployeeInfo method is not completely implemented, so you will not insert data into the Northwind Traders database when you experiment with this example.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
  // the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public static ICollection GetAllEmployees () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

      ConnectionStringSettings cts = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"];

      SqlDataSource sds
        = new SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString,
                            "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees");
      try {
        IEnumerable IDs = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty);

        // Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
        // NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
        IEnumerator enumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator();
        while (enumerator.MoveNext()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          DataRowView row = enumerator.Current as DataRowView;
          string id = row["EmployeeID"].ToString();
          NorthwindEmployee nwe = new NorthwindEmployee(id);
          // Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
          al.Add(nwe);
        }
      }
      finally {
        // If anything strange happens, clean up.
        sds.Dispose();
      }

      return al;
    }

    public static NorthwindEmployee GetEmployee(object anID) {
      if (anID.Equals("-1") ||
          anID.Equals(DBNull.Value) ) {
        return new NorthwindEmployee();
      }
      else {
        return new NorthwindEmployee(anID);
      }
    }

    public static void UpdateEmployeeInfo(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Save();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("UpdateEmployee failed."); }
    }

    public static void DeleteEmployee(NorthwindEmployee ne) {
      bool retval = ne.Delete();
      if (! retval) { throw new NorthwindDataException("DeleteEmployee failed."); }
    }

    // And so on...
  }

  public class NorthwindEmployee {

    public NorthwindEmployee () {
      ID = DBNull.Value;
      lastName = "";
      firstName = "";
      title="";
      titleOfCourtesy = "";
      reportsTo = -1;
    }

    public NorthwindEmployee (object anID) {
      this.ID = anID;

      SqlConnection conn
        = new SqlConnection (ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["NorthwindConnection"].ConnectionString);
      SqlCommand sc =
        new SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Title,TitleOfCourtesy,ReportsTo " +
                       " FROM Employees " +
                       " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId",
                       conn);
      // Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(new SqlParameter("@empId",SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString());
      SqlDataReader sdr = null;

      try {
        conn.Open();
        sdr = sc.ExecuteReader();

        // Only loop once.
        if (sdr != null && sdr.Read()) {
          // The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
          this.firstName        = sdr["FirstName"].ToString();
          this.lastName         = sdr["LastName"].ToString();
          this.title            = sdr["Title"].ToString();
          this.titleOfCourtesy  = sdr["TitleOfCourtesy"].ToString();
          if (! sdr.IsDBNull(4)) {
            this.reportsTo        = sdr.GetInt32(4);
          }
        }
        else {
          throw new NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.");
        }
      }
      finally {
        try {
          if (sdr != null) sdr.Close();
          conn.Close();
        }
        catch (SqlException) {
          // Log an event in the Application Event Log.
          throw;
        }
      }
    }

    private object ID;
    public string EmpID {
      get { return ID.ToString();  }
    }

    private string lastName;
    public string LastName {
      get { return lastName; }
      set { lastName = value; }
    }

    private string firstName;
    public string FirstName {
      get { return firstName; }
      set { firstName = value;  }
    }

    public string FullName {
      get { return FirstName + " " + LastName; }
    }

    private string title;
    public String Title {
      get { return title; }
      set { title = value; }
    }

    private string titleOfCourtesy;
    public string Courtesy {
      get { return titleOfCourtesy; }
      set { titleOfCourtesy = value; }
    }

    private int    reportsTo;
    public int Supervisor {
      get { return reportsTo; }
      set { reportsTo = value; }
    }

    public bool Save () {
      // Implement persistence logic.
      return true;
    }

    public bool Delete () {
      // Implement delete logic.
      return true;
    }
  }

  internal class NorthwindDataException: Exception {
    public NorthwindDataException(string msg) : base (msg) { }
  }
}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Configuration
Imports System.Data
Imports System.Data.SqlClient
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB

'
' EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
' the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
'
Public Class EmployeeLogic

   ' Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
   Public Shared Function GetAllEmployees() As ICollection

      Dim al As New ArrayList()

      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")

      Dim sds As New SqlDataSource(cts.ConnectionString, "SELECT EmployeeID FROM Employees")

      Try
         Dim IDs As IEnumerable = sds.Select(DataSourceSelectArguments.Empty)

         ' Iterate through the Enumeration and create a
         ' NorthwindEmployee object for each ID.
         Dim enumerator As IEnumerator = IDs.GetEnumerator()
         While enumerator.MoveNext()
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Dim row As DataRowView = CType(enumerator.Current,DataRowView)
            Dim id As String = row("EmployeeID").ToString()
            Dim nwe As New NorthwindEmployee(id)
            ' Add the NorthwindEmployee object to the collection.
            al.Add(nwe)
         End While
      Finally
         ' If anything strange happens, clean up.
         sds.Dispose()
      End Try

      Return al
   End Function 'GetAllEmployees


   Public Shared Function GetEmployee(anID As Object) As NorthwindEmployee
      If anID.Equals("-1") OrElse anID.Equals(DBNull.Value) Then
         Return New NorthwindEmployee()
      Else
         Return New NorthwindEmployee(anID)
      End If
   End Function 'GetEmployee


   Public Shared Sub UpdateEmployeeInfo(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
      Dim retval As Boolean = ne.Save()
      If Not retval Then
         Throw New NorthwindDataException("UpdateEmployee failed.")
      End If
   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub DeleteEmployee(ne As NorthwindEmployee)
      Dim retval As Boolean = ne.Delete()
      If Not retval Then
         Throw New NorthwindDataException("DeleteEmployee failed.")
      End If
   End Sub

   ' And so on...

End Class


Public Class NorthwindEmployee


   Public Sub New()
      ID = DBNull.Value
      lastName = ""
      firstName = ""
      title = ""
      titleOfCourtesy = ""
      reportsTo = - 1
   End Sub


   Public Sub New(anID As Object)
      Me.ID = anID

      Dim cts As ConnectionStringSettings = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings("NorthwindConnection")

      Dim conn As New SqlConnection(cts.ConnectionString)

      Dim sc As New SqlCommand(" SELECT FirstName,LastName,Title,TitleOfCourtesy,ReportsTo " & _
                               " FROM Employees " & _
                               " WHERE EmployeeID = @empId", conn)

      ' Add the employee ID parameter and set its value.
      sc.Parameters.Add(New SqlParameter("@empId", SqlDbType.Int)).Value = Int32.Parse(anID.ToString())
      Dim sdr As SqlDataReader = Nothing

      Try
         conn.Open()
         sdr = sc.ExecuteReader()

         ' Only loop once.
         If Not (sdr Is Nothing) AndAlso sdr.Read() Then
            ' The IEnumerable contains DataRowView objects.
            Me.aFirstName = sdr("FirstName").ToString()
            Me.aLastName = sdr("LastName").ToString()
            Me.aTitle = sdr("Title").ToString()
            Me.titleOfCourtesy = sdr("TitleOfCourtesy").ToString()
            If Not sdr.IsDBNull(4) Then
               Me.reportsTo = sdr.GetInt32(4)
            End If
         Else
            Throw New NorthwindDataException("Data not loaded for employee id.")
         End If
      Finally
         Try
            If Not (sdr Is Nothing) Then
               sdr.Close()
            End If
            conn.Close()
         Catch se As SqlException
            ' Log an event in the Application Event Log.
            Throw
         End Try
      End Try
   End Sub

   Private ID As Object
   Public ReadOnly Property EmpID() As String
      Get
         Return ID.ToString()
      End Get
   End Property

   Private aLastName As String
   Public Property LastName() As String
      Get
         Return aLastName
      End Get
      Set
         aLastName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private aFirstName As String
   Public Property FirstName() As String
      Get
         Return aFirstName
      End Get
      Set
         aFirstName = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public ReadOnly Property FullName() As String
      Get
         Return FirstName & " " & LastName
      End Get
   End Property

   Private aTitle As String
   Public Property Title() As String
      Get
         Return aTitle
      End Get
      Set
         aTitle = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private titleOfCourtesy As String
   Public Property Courtesy() As String
      Get
         Return titleOfCourtesy
      End Get
      Set
         titleOfCourtesy = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Private reportsTo As Integer
   Public Property Supervisor() As Integer
      Get
         Return reportsTo
      End Get
      Set
         reportsTo = value
      End Set
   End Property

   Public Function Save() As Boolean

      ' Implement persistence logic.
      Return True

   End Function 'Save


   Public Function Delete() As Boolean

     ' Implement delete logic.
     Return True

   End Function 'Delete
End Class


Friend Class NorthwindDataException
   Inherits Exception

   Public Sub New(msg As String)
      MyBase.New(msg)
   End Sub
End Class

End Namespace

설명

Selecting, Updating, Inserting, 또는 Deleting 의 이벤트를 ObjectDataSource 컨트롤을 사용 하면 호출 하는 방법을 결정 하는 데 사용 되는 매개 변수를 조작할 수 있습니다는 ObjectDataSource 컨트롤입니다.The Selecting, Updating, Inserting, or Deleting event of the ObjectDataSource control allows you to manipulate the parameters that are used to determine the method that is called by the ObjectDataSource control. 자세한 내용은 ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs을 참조하세요.For more information, see ObjectDataSourceMethodEventArgs.

ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler 대리자를 만드는 경우 이벤트를 처리할 메서드를 결정합니다.When you create an ObjectDataSourceMethodEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. 이벤트를 이벤트 처리기와 연결하려면 대리자의 인스턴스를 해당 이벤트에 추가합니다.To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. 대리자를 제거하지 않는 경우 이벤트가 발생할 때마다 이벤트 처리기가 호출됩니다.The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. 이벤트를 처리 하는 방법에 대 한 자세한 내용은 참조 하세요. 이벤트 처리 및 발생합니다.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

확장 메서드

GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate) GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

지정된 대리자가 나타내는 메서드를 나타내는 개체를 가져옵니다.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

적용 대상

추가 정보