BindingExpressionBase.ValidateWithoutUpdate 메서드

정의

ValidationRule 속성이 Binding 또는 ValidationStep로 설정된 모든 RawProposedValue 개체를 연결된 ConvertedProposedValue에서 실행합니다.Runs any ValidationRule objects on the associated Binding that have the ValidationStep property set to RawProposedValue or ConvertedProposedValue. 그러나 소스는 업데이트되지 않습니다.This method does not update the source.

public:
 bool ValidateWithoutUpdate();
public bool ValidateWithoutUpdate ();
member this.ValidateWithoutUpdate : unit -> bool
Public Function ValidateWithoutUpdate () As Boolean

반환

유효성 검사 규칙이 성공하면 true이고, 그렇지 않으면 false입니다.true if the validation rules succeed; otherwise, false.

예제

다음 예에서는 주의 섹션에서 설명 하는 시나리오를 보여 줍니다.The following example demonstrates the scenario that is discussed in the Remarks section. 예제 사용자를 데이터를 입력 하는 라이브러리 항목에 대 한 데이터를 전송할 수 있습니다.The example enables a user to enter data for a library item and submit the data. 에 대 한 바인딩을 합니다 TextBox 라는 callNumValidationRule 연관입니다.The binding for the TextBox named callNum has a ValidationRule associated with it. 경우는 TextBox 예제에서는 호출 하 여 포커스를 잃을 ValidateWithoutUpdate합니다.When the TextBox loses focus, the example calls ValidateWithoutUpdate. 예제를 호출 하는 사용자가 제출 단추를 클릭 하면 UpdateSource 에 변경 내용을 커밋합니다.When the user clicks the submit button, the example calls UpdateSource to commit the changes. 다음 XAML 애플리케이션에 대 한 사용자 인터페이스를 만듭니다.The following XAML creates the user interface for the application.

<StackPanel>
    <StackPanel.Resources>
        <Style TargetType="HeaderedContentControl">
            <Setter Property="Margin" Value="2"/>
            <Setter Property="Focusable" Value="False"/>
            <Setter Property="Template">
                <Setter.Value>
                    <ControlTemplate TargetType="HeaderedContentControl">
                        <DockPanel LastChildFill="False">
                            <ContentPresenter ContentSource="Header" DockPanel.Dock="Left" 
                              Focusable="False" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                            <ContentPresenter ContentSource="Content" Margin="5,0,0,0" 
                              DockPanel.Dock="Right" VerticalAlignment="Center"/>
                        </DockPanel>

                    </ControlTemplate>
                </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
        </Style>

</StackPanel.Resources>
    <HeaderedContentControl Header="Title">
        <TextBox Width="150" Text="{Binding Path=Title, Mode=TwoWay}"/>
    </HeaderedContentControl>
    <HeaderedContentControl Header="Due Date">
        <TextBox Width="150" Text="{Binding Path=DueDate, StringFormat=d, Mode=TwoWay}">

        </TextBox>
    </HeaderedContentControl>
    
    <HeaderedContentControl Header="Call Number">
        <TextBox Name="CallNum" Width="150"
                 LostFocus="CallNum_LostFocus"
                 Validation.Error="CallNum_Error">
            <TextBox.Text>
                <Binding xmlns:src="clr-namespace:BindingExpressionBaseValidateWithoutUpdating"
                    Path="CallNumber" Mode="TwoWay"
                    NotifyOnValidationError="True"
                    UpdateSourceTrigger="Explicit">
                    <Binding.ValidationRules>
                        <src:CallNumberRule ValidationStep="ConvertedProposedValue"/>
                    </Binding.ValidationRules>
                </Binding>
            </TextBox.Text>
        </TextBox>
    </HeaderedContentControl>

    <Button Click="Button_Click">Submit</Button>
    
    <HeaderedContentControl Header="Title">
        <TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=Title, Mode=TwoWay}"/>
    </HeaderedContentControl>
    
    <HeaderedContentControl Header="Due Date">
        <TextBlock Text="{Binding Path=DueDate, StringFormat=d, Mode=TwoWay}"/>
    </HeaderedContentControl>
    
    <HeaderedContentControl Header="Call Number">
        <TextBlock Text="{Binding CallNumber}"/>
    </HeaderedContentControl>

</StackPanel>

다음 예제에서는 사용자 인터페이스에 대 한 논리를 보여 줍니다.The following example shows the logic for the user interface.

using System;
using System.Windows;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Windows.Data;

namespace BindingExpressionBaseValidateWithoutUpdating
{

    public partial class Window1 : Window
    {
        public Window1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            // Create an object and set it to the window's DataContext.
            LibraryItem item = new LibraryItem("Enter the title",
                    "Enter the call number",  DateTime.Now + new TimeSpan(14, 0, 0, 0));

            this.DataContext = item;
        }

        // Check whether the call number is valid when the
        // TextBox loses foces.
        private void CallNum_LostFocus(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            BindingExpression be = CallNum.GetBindingExpression(TextBox.TextProperty);

            be.ValidateWithoutUpdate();
        }


        // Show the validation error when one occurs.
        private void CallNum_Error(object sender, ValidationErrorEventArgs e)
        {
            if (e.Action == ValidationErrorEventAction.Added)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(e.Error.ErrorContent.ToString());
            }

        }

        // Update the source data object when the user clicks
        // the submit button.
        private void Button_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            BindingExpression be = CallNum.GetBindingExpression(TextBox.TextProperty);

            be.UpdateSource();
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Windows
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Windows.Data


Partial Public Class Window1
    Inherits Window
    Public Sub New()
        InitializeComponent()

        ' Create an object and set it to the window's DataContext.
        Dim item As New LibraryItem("Enter the title", "Enter the call number", DateTime.Now + New TimeSpan(14, 0, 0, 0))

        Me.DataContext = item
    End Sub

    ' Check whether the call number is valid when the
    ' TextBox loses foces.
    Private Sub CallNum_LostFocus(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As RoutedEventArgs)
        Dim be As BindingExpression = CallNum.GetBindingExpression(TextBox.TextProperty)

        be.ValidateWithoutUpdate()
    End Sub


    ' Show the validation error when one occurs.
    Private Sub CallNum_Error(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As ValidationErrorEventArgs)
        If e.Action = ValidationErrorEventAction.Added Then
            MessageBox.Show(e.[Error].ErrorContent.ToString())

        End If
    End Sub

    ' Update the source data object when the user clicks
    ' the submit button.
    Private Sub Button_Click(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As RoutedEventArgs)
        Dim be As BindingExpression = CallNum.GetBindingExpression(TextBox.TextProperty)

        be.UpdateSource()
    End Sub
End Class

다음 예제에서는 데이터 개체 및 ValidationRule 애플리케이션에 대 한 합니다.The following example shows the data object and ValidationRule for the application.

using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Windows.Controls;
using System.Globalization;

namespace BindingExpressionBaseValidateWithoutUpdating
{
    // LibraryItem implements INotifyPropertyChanged so that the 
    // application is notified when a property changes.  It 
    // implements IEditableObject so that pending changes can be discarded.
    // In this example, the application does not discard changes.
    public class LibraryItem : INotifyPropertyChanged, IEditableObject
    {
        struct ItemData
        {
            internal string Title;
            internal string CallNumber;
            internal DateTime DueDate;
        }

        ItemData copyData;
        ItemData currentData;

        public LibraryItem(string title, string callNum, DateTime dueDate)
        {
            Title = title;
            CallNumber = callNum;
            DueDate = dueDate;
        }

        public string Title
        {
            get { return currentData.Title; }
            set
            {
                if (currentData.Title != value)
                {
                    currentData.Title = value;
                    NotifyPropertyChanged("Title");
                }
            }
        }

        public string CallNumber
        {
            get { return currentData.CallNumber; }
            set
            {
                if (currentData.CallNumber != value)
                {
                    currentData.CallNumber = value;
                    NotifyPropertyChanged("CallNumber");
                }
            }
        }

        public DateTime DueDate
        {
            get { return currentData.DueDate; }
            set
            {
                if (value != currentData.DueDate)
                {
                    currentData.DueDate = value;
                    NotifyPropertyChanged("DueDate");
                }
            }
        }

        #region INotifyPropertyChanged Members

        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

        protected void NotifyPropertyChanged(String info)
        {
            if (PropertyChanged != null)
            {
                PropertyChanged(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(info));
            }
        }

        #endregion

        #region IEditableObject Members

        public virtual void BeginEdit()
        {
            copyData = currentData;
        }

        public virtual void CancelEdit()
        {
            currentData = copyData;
            NotifyPropertyChanged("");

        }

        public virtual void EndEdit()
        {
            copyData = new ItemData();

        }

        #endregion

    }

    public class CallNumberRule : ValidationRule
    {
        // A valid call number contains a period (.)
        // and 6 characters after the period.
        public override ValidationResult Validate(object value, 
                                         CultureInfo cultureInfo)
        {
            string callNum = (string)value;

            int dotIndex = callNum.IndexOf(".");
            if (dotIndex == -1 || dotIndex == 0)
            {
                return new ValidationResult(false, 
                    "There must be characters followed by a period (.) in the call number.");
            }

            string substr = callNum.Substring(dotIndex + 1);

            if (substr.Length != 6)
            {
                return new ValidationResult(false, 
                    "The call number must have 6 characters after the period (.).");

            }

            return ValidationResult.ValidResult;
        }
    }

}
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Windows.Controls
Imports System.Globalization

' LibraryItem implements INotifyPropertyChanged so that the 
' application is notified when a property changes. It 
' implements IEditableObject so that pending changes can be discarded.
' In this example, the application does not discard changes.
Public Class LibraryItem
    Implements INotifyPropertyChanged
    Implements IEditableObject
    Private Structure ItemData
        Friend Title As String
        Friend CallNumber As String
        Friend DueDate As DateTime
    End Structure

    Private copyData As ItemData
    Private currentData As ItemData

    Public Sub New(ByVal title As String, ByVal callNum As String, ByVal dueDate As DateTime)
        Me.Title = title
        Me.CallNumber = callNum
        Me.DueDate = DueDate
    End Sub

    Public Property Title() As String
        Get
            Return currentData.Title
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            If currentData.Title <> value Then
                currentData.Title = value
                NotifyPropertyChanged("Title")
            End If
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Property CallNumber() As String
        Get
            Return currentData.CallNumber
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As String)
            If currentData.CallNumber <> value Then
                currentData.CallNumber = value
                NotifyPropertyChanged("CallNumber")
            End If
        End Set
    End Property

    Public Property DueDate() As DateTime
        Get
            Return currentData.DueDate
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As DateTime)
            If value <> currentData.DueDate Then
                currentData.DueDate = value
                NotifyPropertyChanged("DueDate")
            End If
        End Set
    End Property

#Region "INotifyPropertyChanged Members"

    Public Event PropertyChanged As PropertyChangedEventHandler _
        Implements INotifyPropertyChanged.PropertyChanged

    Protected Sub NotifyPropertyChanged(ByVal info As [String])
        RaiseEvent PropertyChanged(Me, New PropertyChangedEventArgs(info))
    End Sub

#End Region

#Region "IEditableObject Members"

    Public Overridable Sub BeginEdit() _
        Implements IEditableObject.BeginEdit

        copyData = currentData
    End Sub

    Public Overridable Sub CancelEdit() _
        Implements IEditableObject.CancelEdit

        currentData = copyData

        NotifyPropertyChanged("")
    End Sub

    Public Overridable Sub EndEdit() _
        Implements IEditableObject.EndEdit

        copyData = New ItemData()
    End Sub

#End Region

End Class

Public Class CallNumberRule
    Inherits ValidationRule

    ' A valid call number contains a period (.)
    ' and 6 characters after the period.
    Public Overloads Overrides Function Validate(ByVal value As Object,
                               ByVal cultureInfo As CultureInfo) As ValidationResult

        Dim callNum As String = DirectCast(value, String)

        Dim dotIndex As Integer = callNum.IndexOf(".")

        If dotIndex = -1 OrElse dotIndex = 0 Then
            Return New ValidationResult(False,
                "There must be characters followed by a period (.) in the call number.")
        End If

        Dim substr As String = callNum.Substring(dotIndex + 1)

        If substr.Length <> 6 Then
            Return New ValidationResult(False,
                "The call number must have 6 characters after the period (.).")
        End If

        Return ValidationResult.ValidResult
    End Function
End Class

설명

ValidateWithoutUpdate 메서드를 사용 하면 바인딩에서 바인딩 소스를 업데이트 하지 않고 유효성 검사 규칙을 실행할 수 있습니다.The ValidateWithoutUpdate method enables you to run validation rules on a binding without updating the source of the binding. 사용자 입력의 유효성을 검사 하 고 애플리케이션에서 서로 다른 시간에 소스를 업데이트 하려는 경우에 유용 합니다.This is useful when you want to validate user input and update the source at different times in an application.

예를 들어, 전송 단추를 포함 하는 데이터 소스를 업데이트 하는 폼이 있다고 가정 합니다.For example, suppose you have a form to update a data source that contains a submit button. 사용자 양식을 제출 하기 전에 잘못 된 값을 입력 하는 경우 사용자에 게 피드백을 제공 해야 합니다.You want to provide feedback to the user if an invalid value is entered before the user attempts to submit the form. 바인딩의 설정 하 여 필드의 유효성을 검사할 수 있습니다 UpdateSourceTrigger 속성을 Explicit 호출 ValidateWithoutUpdate 때의 TextBox 포커스를 잃을 합니다.You can check the validity of a field by setting the binding's UpdateSourceTrigger property to Explicit and calling ValidateWithoutUpdate when the TextBox loses focus.

적용 대상