DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle 속성

정의

다른 셀 스타일 속성이 설정되어 있지 않은 경우 DataGridView의 셀에 적용될 기본 셀 스타일을 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the default cell style to be applied to the cells in the DataGridView if no other cell style properties are set.

public:
 property System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ DefaultCellStyle { System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ get(); void set(System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellStyle ^ value); };
public System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellStyle DefaultCellStyle { get; set; }
member this.DefaultCellStyle : System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellStyle with get, set
Public Property DefaultCellStyle As DataGridViewCellStyle

속성 값

기본 스타일로 적용할 DataGridViewCellStyle입니다.The DataGridViewCellStyle to be applied as the default style.

예제

다음 코드 예제에서이 속성을 사용 하는 DataGridView 표시 데 주로 합니다.The following code example illustrates the use of this property in a DataGridView control intended primarily for display. 이 예제에서는 여러 가지 방법으로 사용자 지정 된 컨트롤의 시각적 모양 및 제한적된으로 상호 작용에 대 한 구성 합니다.In this example, the visual appearance of the control is customized in several ways and the control is configured for limited interactivity. 이 예제는에서 사용할 수 있는 보다 큰 예제의 일부는 DataGridViewCellStyle 클래스 개요입니다.This example is part of a larger example available in the DataGridViewCellStyle class overview.

// Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control.
private void InitializeDataGridView()
{
    // Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray;
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D;

    // Set property values appropriate for read-only display and 
    // limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = false;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = false;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = true;
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = true;
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect;
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = false;
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = false;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = 
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing;
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = false;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = 
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing;

    // Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White;
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black;

    // Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default
    // value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty;

    // Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows. 
    // The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray;
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray;

    // Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White;
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black;
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black;

    // Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause
    // the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns["Last Prepared"].DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y";

    // Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column. 
    using (Font font = new Font(
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold))
    {
        dataGridView1.Columns["Rating"].DefaultCellStyle.Font = font;
    }

    // Attach a handler to the CellFormatting event.
    dataGridView1.CellFormatting += new
        DataGridViewCellFormattingEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellFormatting);
}
' Configures the appearance and behavior of a DataGridView control.
Private Sub InitializeDataGridView()

    ' Initialize basic DataGridView properties.
    dataGridView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill
    dataGridView1.BackgroundColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.BorderStyle = BorderStyle.Fixed3D

    ' Set property values appropriate for read-only display and 
    ' limited interactivity. 
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToAddRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = False
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToOrderColumns = True
    dataGridView1.ReadOnly = True
    dataGridView1.SelectionMode = DataGridViewSelectionMode.FullRowSelect
    dataGridView1.MultiSelect = False
    dataGridView1.AutoSizeRowsMode = DataGridViewAutoSizeRowsMode.None
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeColumns = False
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewColumnHeadersHeightSizeMode.DisableResizing
    dataGridView1.AllowUserToResizeRows = False
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersWidthSizeMode = _
        DataGridViewRowHeadersWidthSizeMode.DisableResizing

    ' Set the selection background color for all the cells.
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionForeColor = Color.Black

    ' Set RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor so that its default
    ' value won't override DataGridView.DefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor.
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.SelectionBackColor = Color.Empty

    ' Set the background color for all rows and for alternating rows. 
    ' The value for alternating rows overrides the value for all rows. 
    dataGridView1.RowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.LightGray
    dataGridView1.AlternatingRowsDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.DarkGray

    ' Set the row and column header styles.
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.ForeColor = Color.White
    dataGridView1.ColumnHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black
    dataGridView1.RowHeadersDefaultCellStyle.BackColor = Color.Black

    ' Set the Format property on the "Last Prepared" column to cause
    ' the DateTime to be formatted as "Month, Year".
    dataGridView1.Columns("Last Prepared").DefaultCellStyle.Format = "y"

    ' Specify a larger font for the "Ratings" column. 
    Dim font As New Font( _
        dataGridView1.DefaultCellStyle.Font.FontFamily, 25, FontStyle.Bold)
    Try
        dataGridView1.Columns("Rating").DefaultCellStyle.Font = font
    Finally
        font.Dispose()
    End Try

End Sub

설명

DataGridView 셀에 의해 지정 된 스타일을 사용 하 여 셀을 표시 하는 컨트롤 InheritedStyle 형식의 다른 속성에서 스타일을 상속 하는 속성인 DataGridViewCellStyle합니다.The DataGridView control displays its cells using the styles indicated by the cell InheritedStyle property, which inherits styles from other properties of type DataGridViewCellStyle. 통해 지정 된 스타일을 DefaultCellStyle 속성에 다음 속성을 통해 지정 된 스타일에 의해 재정의 된 경우를 제외한 모든 셀에 영향을 합니다.The styles specified through the DefaultCellStyle property affect all cells except when overridden by the styles specified through the following properties:

자세한 내용은 Windows Forms DataGridView 컨트롤의 셀 스타일합니다.For more information, see Cell Styles in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

이 속성을 가져올 때를 DataGridViewCellStyle 기본값은 값이 생성 됩니다 속성이 아직 액세스 하지 않은 경우.When getting this property, a DataGridViewCellStyle with default values will be created if the property has not already been accessed. 여러 행에 대 한이 속성을 가져올 때 성능에 주는 영향이 발생할 수 있습니다.This can cause a performance impact when getting this property for many rows. 가능 하면 단일 사용 DataGridViewCellStyle 여러 행에 대해이 속성을 설정 합니다.Whenever possible, use a single DataGridViewCellStyle to set this property for multiple rows. 자세한 내용은 Windows Forms DataGridView 컨트롤의 크기 조정에 대 한 모범 사례합니다.For more information, see Best Practices for Scaling the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

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