DrawListViewItemEventArgs DrawListViewItemEventArgs DrawListViewItemEventArgs DrawListViewItemEventArgs Class

정의

DrawItem 이벤트에 대한 데이터를 제공합니다.Provides data for the DrawItem event.

public ref class DrawListViewItemEventArgs : EventArgs
public class DrawListViewItemEventArgs : EventArgs
type DrawListViewItemEventArgs = class
    inherit EventArgs
Public Class DrawListViewItemEventArgs
Inherits EventArgs
상속
DrawListViewItemEventArgsDrawListViewItemEventArgsDrawListViewItemEventArgsDrawListViewItemEventArgs

예제

다음 코드 예제에 대 한 사용자 지정 그리기를 제공 하는 방법에 설명 된 ListView 제어 합니다.The following code example demonstrates how to provide custom drawing for a ListView control. ListView 배경이 그라데이션 예제에서 컨트롤입니다.The ListView control in the example has a gradient background. 음수 값을 사용 하 여 하위 항목에 빨간 전경 및 검은색 배경 있습니다.Subitems with negative values have a red foreground and a black background.

에 대 한 처리기를 ListView.DrawItem 이벤트 전체 항목의 배경을 그립니다.A handler for the ListView.DrawItem event draws the background for entire items. 에 대 한 처리기를 ListView.DrawSubItem 이벤트 텍스트 값 및 텍스트와 음수 값이 있는 하위 항목의 배경을 그립니다.A handler for the ListView.DrawSubItem event draws the text values and both the text and background for subitems that have negative values. 에 대 한 처리기를 DrawColumnHeader 이벤트 각 열 머리글을 그립니다.A handler for the DrawColumnHeader event draws each column header.

ContextMenu 구성 요소는 세부 정보 보기 및 목록 보기 간에 전환 하는 방법을 제공 합니다.A ContextMenu component provides a way to switch between the details view and the list view. 목록 뷰에서 ListView.DrawItem 이벤트가 발생 합니다.In the list view, only the ListView.DrawItem event is fired. 이 경우 텍스트와 배경 둘 다에서 그려지는 ListView.DrawItem 이벤트 처리기입니다.In this case, the text and background are both drawn in the ListView.DrawItem event handler.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class ListViewOwnerDraw : Form
{
    private ListView listView1 = new ListView();
    private ContextMenu contextMenu1 = new ContextMenu();

    public ListViewOwnerDraw()
    {
        // Initialize the ListView control.
        listView1.BackColor = Color.Black;
        listView1.ForeColor = Color.White;
        listView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        listView1.View = View.Details;
        listView1.FullRowSelect = true;

        // Add columns to the ListView control.
        listView1.Columns.Add("Name", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("First", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("Second", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("Third", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);

        // Create items and add them to the ListView control.
        ListViewItem listViewItem1 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "One", "20", "30", "-40" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem2 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Two", "-250", "145", "37" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem3 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Three", "200", "800", "-1,001" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem4 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Four", "not available", "-2", "100" }, -1);
        listView1.Items.AddRange(new ListViewItem[] { listViewItem1, listViewItem2, listViewItem3, listViewItem4 });

        // Initialize the shortcut menu and 
        // assign it to the ListView control.
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.Add("List",
            new EventHandler(menuItemList_Click));
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.Add("Details",
            new EventHandler(menuItemDetails_Click));
        listView1.ContextMenu = contextMenu1;

        // Configure the ListView control for owner-draw and add 
        // handlers for the owner-draw events.
        listView1.OwnerDraw = true;
        listView1.DrawItem += new
            DrawListViewItemEventHandler(listView1_DrawItem);
        listView1.DrawSubItem += new
            DrawListViewSubItemEventHandler(listView1_DrawSubItem);
        listView1.DrawColumnHeader += new
            DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventHandler(listView1_DrawColumnHeader);

        // Add a handler for the MouseUp event so an item can be 
        // selected by clicking anywhere along its width.
        listView1.MouseUp += new MouseEventHandler(listView1_MouseUp);

        // Add handlers for various events to compensate for an 
        // extra DrawItem event that occurs the first time the mouse 
        // moves over each row. 
        listView1.MouseMove += new MouseEventHandler(listView1_MouseMove);
        listView1.ColumnWidthChanged += new ColumnWidthChangedEventHandler(listView1_ColumnWidthChanged);
        listView1.Invalidated += new InvalidateEventHandler(listView1_Invalidated);

        // Initialize the form and add the ListView control to it.
        this.ClientSize = new Size(450, 150);
        this.FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.MaximizeBox = false;
        this.Text = "ListView OwnerDraw Example";
        this.Controls.Add(listView1);
    }

    // Clean up any resources being used.        
    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing)
        {
            contextMenu1.Dispose();
        }
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main()
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new ListViewOwnerDraw());
    }

    // Sets the ListView control to the List view.
    private void menuItemList_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.View = View.List;
        listView1.Invalidate();
    }

    // Sets the ListView control to the Details view.
    private void menuItemDetails_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.View = View.Details;

        // Reset the tag on each item to re-enable the workaround in
        // the MouseMove event handler.
        foreach (ListViewItem item in listView1.Items)
        {
            item.Tag = null;
        }
    }

    // Selects and focuses an item when it is clicked anywhere along 
    // its width. The click must normally be on the parent item text.
    private void listView1_MouseUp(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        ListViewItem clickedItem = listView1.GetItemAt(5, e.Y);
        if (clickedItem != null)
        {
            clickedItem.Selected = true;
            clickedItem.Focused = true;
        }
    }

    // Draws the backgrounds for entire ListView items.
    private void listView1_DrawItem(object sender,
        DrawListViewItemEventArgs e)
    {
        if ((e.State & ListViewItemStates.Selected) != 0)
        {
            // Draw the background and focus rectangle for a selected item.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Maroon, e.Bounds);
            e.DrawFocusRectangle();
        }
        else
        {
            // Draw the background for an unselected item.
            using (LinearGradientBrush brush =
                new LinearGradientBrush(e.Bounds, Color.Orange,
                Color.Maroon, LinearGradientMode.Horizontal))
            {
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(brush, e.Bounds);
            }
        }

        // Draw the item text for views other than the Details view.
        if (listView1.View != View.Details)
        {
            e.DrawText();
        }
    }

    // Draws subitem text and applies content-based formatting.
    private void listView1_DrawSubItem(object sender,
        DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs e)
    {
        TextFormatFlags flags = TextFormatFlags.Left;

        using (StringFormat sf = new StringFormat())
        {
            // Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            // to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            switch (e.Header.TextAlign)
            {
                case HorizontalAlignment.Center:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.HorizontalCenter;
                    break;
                case HorizontalAlignment.Right:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.Right;
                    break;
            }

            // Draw the text and background for a subitem with a 
            // negative value. 
            double subItemValue;
            if (e.ColumnIndex > 0 && Double.TryParse(
                e.SubItem.Text, NumberStyles.Currency,
                NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo, out subItemValue) &&
                subItemValue < 0)
            {
                // Unless the item is selected, draw the standard 
                // background to make it stand out from the gradient.
                if ((e.ItemState & ListViewItemStates.Selected) == 0)
                {
                    e.DrawBackground();
                }

                // Draw the subitem text in red to highlight it. 
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.SubItem.Text,
                    listView1.Font, Brushes.Red, e.Bounds, sf);

                return;
            }

            // Draw normal text for a subitem with a nonnegative 
            // or nonnumerical value.
            e.DrawText(flags);
        }
    }

    // Draws column headers.
    private void listView1_DrawColumnHeader(object sender,
        DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs e)
    {
        using (StringFormat sf = new StringFormat())
        {
            // Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            // to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            switch (e.Header.TextAlign)
            {
                case HorizontalAlignment.Center:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
                    break;
                case HorizontalAlignment.Right:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
                    break;
            }

            // Draw the standard header background.
            e.DrawBackground();

            // Draw the header text.
            using (Font headerFont =
                        new Font("Helvetica", 10, FontStyle.Bold))
            {
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Header.Text, headerFont,
                    Brushes.Black, e.Bounds, sf);
            }
        }
        return;
    }

    // Forces each row to repaint itself the first time the mouse moves over 
    // it, compensating for an extra DrawItem event sent by the wrapped 
    // Win32 control. This issue occurs each time the ListView is invalidated.
    private void listView1_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        ListViewItem item = listView1.GetItemAt(e.X, e.Y);
        if (item != null && item.Tag == null)
        {
            listView1.Invalidate(item.Bounds);
            item.Tag = "tagged";
        }
    }

    // Resets the item tags. 
    void listView1_Invalidated(object sender, InvalidateEventArgs e)
    {
        foreach (ListViewItem item in listView1.Items)
        {
            if (item == null) return;
            item.Tag = null;
        }
    }

    // Forces the entire control to repaint if a column width is changed.
    void listView1_ColumnWidthChanged(object sender, 
        ColumnWidthChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.Invalidate();
    }

}
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Drawing.Drawing2D
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class ListViewOwnerDraw
    Inherits Form
    Private WithEvents listView1 As New ListView()
    Private WithEvents contextMenu1 As New ContextMenu()
    Private WithEvents listMenuItem As New MenuItem("List")
    Private WithEvents detailsMenuItem As New MenuItem("Details")

    Public Sub New()

        ' Initialize the shortcut menu. 
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.AddRange(New MenuItem() _
            {Me.listMenuItem, Me.detailsMenuItem})

        ' Initialize the ListView control.
        With Me.listView1
            .BackColor = Color.Black
            .ForeColor = Color.White
            .Dock = DockStyle.Fill
            .View = View.Details
            .FullRowSelect = True
            .OwnerDraw = True
            .ContextMenu = Me.contextMenu1
        End With

        ' Add columns to the ListView control.
        With Me.listView1.Columns
            .Add("Name", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("First", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("Second", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("Third", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
        End With

        ' Create items and add them to the ListView control.
        Dim listViewItem1 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"One", "20", "30", "-40"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem2 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Two", "-250", "145", "37"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem3 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Three", "200", "800", "-1,001"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem4 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Four", "not available", "-2", "100"}, -1)
        Me.listView1.Items.AddRange(New ListViewItem() _
            {listViewItem1, listViewItem2, listViewItem3, listViewItem4})

        ' Initialize the form and add the ListView control to it.
        With Me
            .ClientSize = New Size(450, 150)
            .FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle
            .MaximizeBox = False
            .Text = "ListView OwnerDraw Example"
            .Controls.Add(Me.listView1)
        End With

    End Sub

    ' Clean up any resources being used.        
    Protected Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        If disposing Then
            contextMenu1.Dispose()
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New ListViewOwnerDraw())
    End Sub

    ' Sets the ListView control to the List view.
    Private Sub menuItemList_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles listMenuItem.Click

        Me.listView1.View = View.List

    End Sub

    ' Sets the ListView control to the Details view.
    Private Sub menuItemDetails_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles detailsMenuItem.Click

        Me.listView1.View = View.Details

        ' Reset the tag on each item to re-enable the workaround 
        ' in the MouseMove event handler.
        For Each item As ListViewItem In listView1.Items
            item.Tag = Nothing
        Next

    End Sub

    ' Selects and focuses an item when it is clicked anywhere along 
    ' its width. The click must normally be on the parent item text.
    Private Sub listView1_MouseUp(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As MouseEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.MouseUp

        Dim clickedItem As ListViewItem = Me.listView1.GetItemAt(5, e.Y)
        If (clickedItem IsNot Nothing) Then
            clickedItem.Selected = True
            clickedItem.Focused = True
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Draws the backgrounds for entire ListView items.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewItemEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawItem

        If Not (e.State And ListViewItemStates.Selected) = 0 Then

            ' Draw the background for a selected item.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Maroon, e.Bounds)
            e.DrawFocusRectangle()

        Else

            ' Draw the background for an unselected item.
            Dim brush As New LinearGradientBrush(e.Bounds, Color.Orange, _
                Color.Maroon, LinearGradientMode.Horizontal)
            Try
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(brush, e.Bounds)
            Finally
                brush.Dispose()
            End Try

        End If

        ' Draw the item text for views other than the Details view.
        If Not Me.listView1.View = View.Details Then
            e.DrawText()
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Draws subitem text and applies content-based formatting.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawSubItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawSubItem

        Dim flags As TextFormatFlags = TextFormatFlags.Left

        Dim sf As New StringFormat()
        Try

            ' Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            ' to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            Select Case e.Header.TextAlign
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Center
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.HorizontalCenter
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Right
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.Right
            End Select

            ' Draw the text and background for a subitem with a 
            ' negative value. 
            Dim subItemValue As Double
            If e.ColumnIndex > 0 AndAlso _
                Double.TryParse(e.SubItem.Text, NumberStyles.Currency, _
                NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo, subItemValue) AndAlso _
                subItemValue < 0 Then

                ' Unless the item is selected, draw the standard 
                ' background to make it stand out from the gradient.
                If (e.ItemState And ListViewItemStates.Selected) = 0 Then
                    e.DrawBackground()
                End If

                ' Draw the subitem text in red to highlight it. 
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.SubItem.Text, _
                    Me.listView1.Font, Brushes.Red, e.Bounds, sf)

                Return

            End If

            ' Draw normal text for a subitem with a nonnegative 
            ' or nonnumerical value.
            e.DrawText(flags)

        Finally
            sf.Dispose()
        End Try

    End Sub

    ' Draws column headers.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawColumnHeader(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawColumnHeader

        Dim sf As New StringFormat()
        Try

            ' Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            ' to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            Select Case e.Header.TextAlign
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Center
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Right
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
            End Select

            ' Draw the standard header background.
            e.DrawBackground()

            ' Draw the header text.
            Dim headerFont As New Font("Helvetica", 10, FontStyle.Bold)
            Try
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Header.Text, headerFont, _
                    Brushes.Black, e.Bounds, sf)
            Finally
                headerFont.Dispose()
            End Try

        Finally
            sf.Dispose()
        End Try

    End Sub

    ' Forces each row to repaint itself the first time the mouse moves over 
    ' it, compensating for an extra DrawItem event sent by the wrapped 
    ' Win32 control.
    Private Sub listView1_MouseMove(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As MouseEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.MouseMove

        Dim item As ListViewItem = listView1.GetItemAt(e.X, e.Y)
        If item IsNot Nothing AndAlso item.Tag Is Nothing Then
            listView1.Invalidate(item.Bounds)
            item.Tag = "tagged"
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Resets the item tags. 
    Private Sub listView1_Invalidated(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As InvalidateEventArgs) Handles listView1.Invalidated

        For Each item As ListViewItem In listView1.Items
            If item Is Nothing Then Return
            item.Tag = Nothing
        Next

    End Sub

    ' Forces the entire control to repaint if a column width is changed.
    Private Sub listView1_ColumnWidthChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As ColumnWidthChangedEventArgs) Handles listView1.ColumnWidthChanged

        listView1.Invalidate()

    End Sub

End Class

설명

합니다 ListView.DrawItem 이벤트의 모양을 사용자 지정할 수 있습니다는 ListView 소유자 그리기를 사용 하 여 제어 합니다.The ListView.DrawItem event enables you to customize the appearance of a ListView control using owner drawing.

ListView.DrawItem 이벤트를 발생를 ListView 시기를 제어 합니다 ListView.OwnerDraw 속성 true.The ListView.DrawItem event is raised by a ListView control when the ListView.OwnerDraw property is set to true. DrawListViewItemEventArgs 전달 된 이벤트 처리기에 대 한 정보를 포함 합니다 ListViewItem 그릴 항목을 그리는 데는 메서드도 제공 합니다.The DrawListViewItemEventArgs passed to the event handler contains information about the ListViewItem to draw and also provides methods to help you draw the item.

사용 된 State 또는 Item 그릴 항목에 대 한 정보를 검색 하는 속성입니다.Use the State or Item properties to retrieve information about the item to draw. 사용 된 DrawListViewItemEventArgs.ItemIndex 항목의 인덱스를 검색 하는 속성입니다.Use the DrawListViewItemEventArgs.ItemIndex property to retrieve the index of the item.

사용 합니다 Graphics 속성에서 지정한 영역 내에서 실제 그리기를 수행 하는 Bounds 속성입니다.Use the Graphics property to do the actual drawing within the area specified by the Bounds property. 표준을 그릴 ListView 사용자 지정 필요 하지 않은 요소를 사용 합니다 DrawBackgroundDrawText, 및 DrawFocusRectangle 메서드.To draw standard ListView elements that do not need customization, use the DrawBackground, DrawText, and DrawFocusRectangle methods.

참고

소유자 그리기를 재정의 하는 경우 그래픽 깜박임 문제를 방지 하려면 합니다 ListView 제어 하 고 설정 합니다 DoubleBuffered 속성을 true.To avoid issues with graphics flickering when owner drawing, override the ListView control and set the DoubleBuffered property to true. 이 기능은 Windows XP 및 Windows Server 2003 제품군 에서만 사용할 수 있는 애플리케이션 호출을 Application.EnableVisualStyles 메서드.This feature is available only on Windows XP and the Windows Server 2003 family when your application calls the Application.EnableVisualStyles method.

생성자

DrawListViewItemEventArgs(Graphics, ListViewItem, Rectangle, Int32, ListViewItemStates) DrawListViewItemEventArgs(Graphics, ListViewItem, Rectangle, Int32, ListViewItemStates) DrawListViewItemEventArgs(Graphics, ListViewItem, Rectangle, Int32, ListViewItemStates) DrawListViewItemEventArgs(Graphics, ListViewItem, Rectangle, Int32, ListViewItemStates)

DrawListViewItemEventArgs 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the DrawListViewItemEventArgs class.

속성

Bounds Bounds Bounds Bounds

그릴 ListViewItem의 크기와 위치를 가져옵니다.Gets the size and location of the ListViewItem to draw.

DrawDefault DrawDefault DrawDefault DrawDefault

ListView 컨트롤에서 ListViewItem에 대해 기본 그리기 기능을 사용할 것인지 여부를 나타내는 속성을 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets a property indicating whether the ListView control will use the default drawing for the ListViewItem.

Graphics Graphics Graphics Graphics

Graphics을 그리는 데 사용되는 ListViewItem를 가져옵니다.Gets the Graphics used to draw the ListViewItem.

Item Item Item Item

그릴 ListViewItem을 가져옵니다.Gets the ListViewItem to draw.

ItemIndex ItemIndex ItemIndex ItemIndex

포함하는 ListViewItemItems 컬렉션 내에 있는 ListView의 인덱스를 가져옵니다.Gets the index of the ListViewItem within the Items collection of the containing ListView.

State State State State

그릴 ListViewItem의 현재 상태를 가져옵니다.Gets the current state of the ListViewItem to draw.

메서드

DrawBackground() DrawBackground() DrawBackground() DrawBackground()

현재 배경색을 사용하여 ListViewItem의 배경을 그립니다.Draws the background of the ListViewItem using its current background color.

DrawFocusRectangle() DrawFocusRectangle() DrawFocusRectangle() DrawFocusRectangle()

포커스가 있을 경우 ListViewItem의 포커스 영역을 그립니다.Draws a focus rectangle for the ListViewItem if it has focus.

DrawText() DrawText() DrawText() DrawText()

현재 전경색을 사용하여 ListViewItem의 텍스트를 그립니다.Draws the text of the ListViewItem using its current foreground color.

DrawText(TextFormatFlags) DrawText(TextFormatFlags) DrawText(TextFormatFlags) DrawText(TextFormatFlags)

현재 전경색을 사용하여 ListViewItem의 텍스트를 그리고 지정된 TextFormatFlags 값을 사용하여 서식을 지정합니다.Draws the text of the ListViewItem using its current foreground color and formatting it with the specified TextFormatFlags values.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

지정한 개체와 현재 개체가 같은지 여부를 확인합니다.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

기본 해시 함수로 작동합니다.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

현재 인스턴스의 Type을 가져옵니다.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

현재 Object의 단순 복사본을 만듭니다.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

현재 개체를 나타내는 문자열을 반환합니다.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

적용 대상

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