ListControl.DataSource ListControl.DataSource ListControl.DataSource ListControl.DataSource Property

정의

ListControl의 데이터 소스를 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the data source for this ListControl.

public:
 property System::Object ^ DataSource { System::Object ^ get(); void set(System::Object ^ value); };
[System.ComponentModel.TypeConverter("System.Windows.Forms.Design.DataSourceConverter, System.Design, Version=1.0.5000.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=b03f5f7f11d50a3a")]
public object DataSource { get; set; }
member this.DataSource : obj with get, set
Public Property DataSource As Object

속성 값

IList, IListSource 등과 같은 DataSet 또는 Array 인터페이스를 구현하는 개체입니다.An object that implements the IList or IListSource interfaces, such as a DataSet or an Array. 기본값은 null입니다.The default is null.

예외

할당된 값이 IList 또는 IListSource 인터페이스를 구현하지 않는 경우The assigned value does not implement the IList or IListSource interfaces.

예제

다음 코드 예제는 사용 하는 방법을 보여 주는 완전 한 애플리케이션 DataSource, DisplayMemberValueMember, 및 SelectedValue 의 멤버는 ListControl 에 의해 구현 된 클래스는 ListBox 클래스입니다.The following code example is a complete application that shows how you can use DataSource, DisplayMember, ValueMember, and SelectedValue members of the ListControl class as implemented by the ListBox class. 이 예제에서는 로드는 ArrayList 와 목록 상자입니다.The example loads an ArrayList and the list box. 사용자가 목록 상자에서 항목을 선택 하면 선택한 항목과 연결 된 데이터를 반환 하도록 선택한 값이 사용 됩니다.When the user selects an item in the list box, the selected value is used to return the data associated with the selected item.

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Collections;
public ref class USState
{
private:
   String^ myShortName;
   String^ myLongName;

public:
   USState( String^ strLongName, String^ strShortName )
   {
      this->myShortName = strShortName;
      this->myLongName = strLongName;
   }

   property String^ ShortName 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return myShortName;
      }
   }

   property String^ LongName 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return myLongName;
      }

   }
};

public ref class ListBoxSample3: public Form
{
private:
   ListBox^ ListBox1;
   Label^ label1;
   TextBox^ textBox1;

public:
   ListBoxSample3()
   {
      ListBox1 = gcnew ListBox;
      label1 = gcnew Label;
      textBox1 = gcnew TextBox;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size(307, 206 );
      this->Text = "ListBox Sample3";
      ListBox1->Location = Point(54,16);
      ListBox1->Name = "ListBox1";
      ListBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 240, 130 );
      label1->Location = Point(14,150);
      label1->Name = "label1";
      label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size(40, 24);
      label1->Text = "Value";
      textBox1->Location = Point(54,150);
      textBox1->Name = "textBox1";
      textBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 240, 24 );
      array<Control^>^temp2 = {ListBox1,label1, textBox1};
      this->Controls->AddRange( temp2 );

      // Populate the list box using an array as DataSource. 
      // DisplayMember is used to display just the long name of each state.
      ArrayList^ USStates = gcnew ArrayList;
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Alabama","AL" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Washington","WA" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "West Virginia","WV" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Wisconsin","WI" ) );
      USStates->Add( gcnew USState( "Wyoming","WY" ) );
      ListBox1->DataSource = USStates;
      ListBox1->DisplayMember = "LongName";
      ListBox1->ValueMember = "ShortName";
      ListBox1->SelectedValueChanged += gcnew EventHandler( this, &ListBoxSample3::ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged );
      ListBox1->SetSelected(0, false);
   }

   void InitializeComponent(){}

private:
   void ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      textBox1->Text="";
      if ( ListBox1->SelectedIndex != -1 )
            textBox1->Text = ListBox1->SelectedValue->ToString();
   }
};

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew ListBoxSample3 );
}
using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Collections;

namespace MyListControlSample
{
    public class ListBoxSample3 : Form
    {
        private ListBox ListBox1 = new ListBox();
        private Label label1 = new Label();
        private TextBox textBox1 = new TextBox();

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.Run(new ListBoxSample3());
        }

        public ListBoxSample3()
        {
            this.ClientSize = new Size(307, 206);
            this.Text = "ListBox Sample3";

            ListBox1.Location = new Point(54, 16);
            ListBox1.Name = "ListBox1";
            ListBox1.Size = new Size(240, 130);

            label1.Location = new Point(14, 150);
            label1.Name = "label1";
            label1.Size = new Size(40, 24);
            label1.Text = "Value";

            textBox1.Location = new Point(54, 150);
            textBox1.Name = "textBox1";
            textBox1.Size = new Size(240, 24);
            
            this.Controls.AddRange(new Control[] { ListBox1, label1, textBox1 });

            // Populate the list box using an array as DataSource.
            ArrayList USStates = new ArrayList();
            USStates.Add(new USState("Alabama", "AL"));
            USStates.Add(new USState("Washington", "WA"));
            USStates.Add(new USState("West Virginia", "WV"));
            USStates.Add(new USState("Wisconsin", "WI"));
            USStates.Add(new USState("Wyoming", "WY"));
            ListBox1.DataSource = USStates;

            // Set the long name as the property to be displayed and the short
            // name as the value to be returned when a row is selected.  Here
            // these are properties; if we were binding to a database table or
            // query these could be column names.
            ListBox1.DisplayMember = "LongName";
            ListBox1.ValueMember = "ShortName";

            // Bind the SelectedValueChanged event to our handler for it.
            ListBox1.SelectedValueChanged += 
                new EventHandler(ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged);

            // Ensure the form opens with no rows selected.
            ListBox1.ClearSelected();
        }

        private void InitializeComponent()
        {
        }

        private void ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            if (ListBox1.SelectedIndex != -1)
            {
                textBox1.Text = ListBox1.SelectedValue.ToString();
                // If we also wanted to get the displayed text we could use
                // the SelectedItem item property:
                // string s = ((USState)ListBox1.SelectedItem).LongName;
            }
        }
    }

    public class USState
    {
        private string myShortName;
        private string myLongName;

        public USState(string strLongName, string strShortName)
        {

            this.myShortName = strShortName;
            this.myLongName = strLongName;
        }

        public string ShortName
        {
            get
            {
                return myShortName;
            }
        }

        public string LongName
        {

            get
            {
                return myLongName;
            }
        }

    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Collections

Public Class ListBoxSample3
    Inherits Form

    Private ListBox1 As New ListBox()
    Private label1 As New Label()
    Private textBox1 As New TextBox()

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New ListBoxSample3())
    End Sub 'Main

    Public Sub New()
        Me.ClientSize = New Size(307, 206)
        Me.Text = "ListBox Sample3"

        ListBox1.Location = New Point(54, 16)
        ListBox1.Name = "ListBox1"
        ListBox1.Size = New Size(240, 130)

        label1.Location = New Point(14, 150)
        label1.Name = "label1"
        label1.Size = New Size(40, 24)
        label1.Text = "Value"

        textBox1.Location = New Point(54, 150)
        textBox1.Name = "textBox1"
        textBox1.Size = New Size(240, 24)

        Me.Controls.AddRange(New Control() {ListBox1, label1, textBox1})

        ' Populate the list box using an array as DataSource. 
        Dim USStates As New ArrayList()
        USStates.Add(New USState("Alabama", "AL"))
        USStates.Add(New USState("Washington", "WA"))
        USStates.Add(New USState("West Virginia", "WV"))
        USStates.Add(New USState("Wisconsin", "WI"))
        USStates.Add(New USState("Wyoming", "WY"))
        ListBox1.DataSource = USStates

        ' Set the long name as the property to be displayed and the short
        ' name as the value to be returned when a row is selected.  Here
        ' these are properties; if we were binding to a database table or
        ' query these could be column names.
        ListBox1.DisplayMember = "LongName"
        ListBox1.ValueMember = "ShortName"

        ' Bind the SelectedValueChanged event to our handler for it.
        AddHandler ListBox1.SelectedValueChanged, AddressOf ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged

        ' Ensure the form opens with no rows selected.
        ListBox1.ClearSelected()
    End Sub 'New

    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
    End Sub 'InitializeComponent

    Private Sub ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        If ListBox1.SelectedIndex <> -1 Then
            textBox1.Text = ListBox1.SelectedValue.ToString()
            ' If we also wanted to get the displayed text we could use
            ' the SelectedItem item property:
            ' Dim s = CType(ListBox1.SelectedItem, USState).LongName
        End If
    End Sub 'ListBox1_SelectedValueChanged
End Class 'ListBoxSample3

Public Class USState
    Private myShortName As String
    Private myLongName As String

    Public Sub New(ByVal strLongName As String, ByVal strShortName As String)
        Me.myShortName = strShortName
        Me.myLongName = strLongName
    End Sub 'New

    Public ReadOnly Property ShortName() As String
        Get
            Return myShortName
        End Get
    End Property

    Public ReadOnly Property LongName() As String
        Get
            Return myLongName
        End Get
    End Property

End Class 'USState

설명

두 가지 방법으로 채울 합니다 ComboBoxListBox 컨트롤입니다.There are two ways to fill the ComboBox and ListBox controls.

예를 들어 개체를 추가할 수 있습니다 합니다 ComboBox 를 사용 하 여를 Add 메서드.For example, you can add objects to the ComboBox by using the Add method. 개체를 추가할 수도 있습니다는 ComboBox 를 사용 하 여는 DataSource, DisplayMember, 및 ValueMember 속성을 채우는 ComboBox합니다.You can also add objects to a ComboBox by using the DataSource, DisplayMember, and ValueMember properties to fill the ComboBox.

경우는 DataSource 속성을 설정 하면 사용자는 항목 컬렉션을 수정할 수 없습니다.When the DataSource property is set, a user cannot modify the items collection.

설정 하는 경우는 DataSource 속성을 변경 하려면 데이터 원본으로 인해는 DataSourceChanged 이벤트가 발생 합니다.If setting the DataSource property causes the data source to change, the DataSourceChanged event is raised. 이 속성을 설정 하면 데이터 멤버를 변경 하는 경우는 DisplayMemberChanged 이벤트가 발생 합니다.If setting this property causes the data member to change, the DisplayMemberChanged event is raised.

설정한 경우 DataSourcenull, DisplayMember 빈 문자열로 설정 됩니다 ("").When you set DataSource to null, DisplayMember is set to an empty string ("").

적용 대상