ListView.OwnerDraw ListView.OwnerDraw ListView.OwnerDraw ListView.OwnerDraw Property

정의

나타내는 값을 가져오거나 여부는 ListView 운영 체제 또는 사용자가 제공한 코드 컨트롤을 그리면 합니다.Gets or sets a value indicating whether the ListView control is drawn by the operating system or by code that you provide.

public:
 property bool OwnerDraw { bool get(); void set(bool value); };
public bool OwnerDraw { get; set; }
member this.OwnerDraw : bool with get, set
Public Property OwnerDraw As Boolean

속성 값

true 경우는 ListView 사용자가 제공 하는 코드에서 컨트롤을 그리면 false 경우는 ListView 운영 체제에서 컨트롤을 그리면 합니다.true if the ListView control is drawn by code that you provide; false if the ListView control is drawn by the operating system. 기본값은 false입니다.The default is false.

예제

다음 코드 예제에 대 한 사용자 지정 그리기를 제공 하는 방법에 설명 된 ListView 제어 합니다.The following code example demonstrates how to provide custom drawing for a ListView control. ListView 배경이 그라데이션 예제에서 컨트롤입니다.The ListView control in the example has a gradient background. 음수 값을 사용 하 여 하위 항목에 빨간 전경 및 검은색 배경 있습니다.Subitems with negative values have a red foreground and a black background.

에 대 한 처리기를 DrawItem 이벤트 전체 항목의 배경을 그립니다.A handler for the DrawItem event draws the background for entire items. 에 대 한 처리기를 DrawSubItem 이벤트 텍스트 값 및 텍스트와 음수 값이 있는 하위 항목의 배경을 그립니다.A handler for the DrawSubItem event draws the text values and both the text and background for subitems that have negative values. 에 대 한 처리기를 DrawColumnHeader 이벤트 각 열 머리글을 그립니다.A handler for the DrawColumnHeader event draws each column header.

ContextMenu 구성 요소는 세부 정보 보기 및 목록 보기 간에 전환 하는 방법을 제공 합니다.A ContextMenu component provides a way to switch between the details view and the list view. 목록 뷰에서 DrawItem 이벤트가 발생 합니다.In the list view, only the DrawItem event is raised. 이 경우 텍스트와 배경 둘 다에서 그려지는 DrawItem 이벤트 처리기입니다.In this case, the text and background are both drawn in the DrawItem event handler.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class ListViewOwnerDraw : Form
{
    private ListView listView1 = new ListView();
    private ContextMenu contextMenu1 = new ContextMenu();

    public ListViewOwnerDraw()
    {
        // Initialize the ListView control.
        listView1.BackColor = Color.Black;
        listView1.ForeColor = Color.White;
        listView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        listView1.View = View.Details;
        listView1.FullRowSelect = true;

        // Add columns to the ListView control.
        listView1.Columns.Add("Name", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("First", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("Second", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("Third", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);

        // Create items and add them to the ListView control.
        ListViewItem listViewItem1 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "One", "20", "30", "-40" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem2 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Two", "-250", "145", "37" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem3 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Three", "200", "800", "-1,001" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem4 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Four", "not available", "-2", "100" }, -1);
        listView1.Items.AddRange(new ListViewItem[] { listViewItem1, listViewItem2, listViewItem3, listViewItem4 });

        // Initialize the shortcut menu and 
        // assign it to the ListView control.
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.Add("List",
            new EventHandler(menuItemList_Click));
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.Add("Details",
            new EventHandler(menuItemDetails_Click));
        listView1.ContextMenu = contextMenu1;

        // Configure the ListView control for owner-draw and add 
        // handlers for the owner-draw events.
        listView1.OwnerDraw = true;
        listView1.DrawItem += new
            DrawListViewItemEventHandler(listView1_DrawItem);
        listView1.DrawSubItem += new
            DrawListViewSubItemEventHandler(listView1_DrawSubItem);
        listView1.DrawColumnHeader += new
            DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventHandler(listView1_DrawColumnHeader);

        // Add a handler for the MouseUp event so an item can be 
        // selected by clicking anywhere along its width.
        listView1.MouseUp += new MouseEventHandler(listView1_MouseUp);

        // Add handlers for various events to compensate for an 
        // extra DrawItem event that occurs the first time the mouse 
        // moves over each row. 
        listView1.MouseMove += new MouseEventHandler(listView1_MouseMove);
        listView1.ColumnWidthChanged += new ColumnWidthChangedEventHandler(listView1_ColumnWidthChanged);
        listView1.Invalidated += new InvalidateEventHandler(listView1_Invalidated);

        // Initialize the form and add the ListView control to it.
        this.ClientSize = new Size(450, 150);
        this.FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.MaximizeBox = false;
        this.Text = "ListView OwnerDraw Example";
        this.Controls.Add(listView1);
    }

    // Clean up any resources being used.        
    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing)
        {
            contextMenu1.Dispose();
        }
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main()
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new ListViewOwnerDraw());
    }

    // Sets the ListView control to the List view.
    private void menuItemList_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.View = View.List;
        listView1.Invalidate();
    }

    // Sets the ListView control to the Details view.
    private void menuItemDetails_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.View = View.Details;

        // Reset the tag on each item to re-enable the workaround in
        // the MouseMove event handler.
        foreach (ListViewItem item in listView1.Items)
        {
            item.Tag = null;
        }
    }

    // Selects and focuses an item when it is clicked anywhere along 
    // its width. The click must normally be on the parent item text.
    private void listView1_MouseUp(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        ListViewItem clickedItem = listView1.GetItemAt(5, e.Y);
        if (clickedItem != null)
        {
            clickedItem.Selected = true;
            clickedItem.Focused = true;
        }
    }

    // Draws the backgrounds for entire ListView items.
    private void listView1_DrawItem(object sender,
        DrawListViewItemEventArgs e)
    {
        if ((e.State & ListViewItemStates.Selected) != 0)
        {
            // Draw the background and focus rectangle for a selected item.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Maroon, e.Bounds);
            e.DrawFocusRectangle();
        }
        else
        {
            // Draw the background for an unselected item.
            using (LinearGradientBrush brush =
                new LinearGradientBrush(e.Bounds, Color.Orange,
                Color.Maroon, LinearGradientMode.Horizontal))
            {
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(brush, e.Bounds);
            }
        }

        // Draw the item text for views other than the Details view.
        if (listView1.View != View.Details)
        {
            e.DrawText();
        }
    }

    // Draws subitem text and applies content-based formatting.
    private void listView1_DrawSubItem(object sender,
        DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs e)
    {
        TextFormatFlags flags = TextFormatFlags.Left;

        using (StringFormat sf = new StringFormat())
        {
            // Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            // to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            switch (e.Header.TextAlign)
            {
                case HorizontalAlignment.Center:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.HorizontalCenter;
                    break;
                case HorizontalAlignment.Right:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.Right;
                    break;
            }

            // Draw the text and background for a subitem with a 
            // negative value. 
            double subItemValue;
            if (e.ColumnIndex > 0 && Double.TryParse(
                e.SubItem.Text, NumberStyles.Currency,
                NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo, out subItemValue) &&
                subItemValue < 0)
            {
                // Unless the item is selected, draw the standard 
                // background to make it stand out from the gradient.
                if ((e.ItemState & ListViewItemStates.Selected) == 0)
                {
                    e.DrawBackground();
                }

                // Draw the subitem text in red to highlight it. 
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.SubItem.Text,
                    listView1.Font, Brushes.Red, e.Bounds, sf);

                return;
            }

            // Draw normal text for a subitem with a nonnegative 
            // or nonnumerical value.
            e.DrawText(flags);
        }
    }

    // Draws column headers.
    private void listView1_DrawColumnHeader(object sender,
        DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs e)
    {
        using (StringFormat sf = new StringFormat())
        {
            // Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            // to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            switch (e.Header.TextAlign)
            {
                case HorizontalAlignment.Center:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
                    break;
                case HorizontalAlignment.Right:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
                    break;
            }

            // Draw the standard header background.
            e.DrawBackground();

            // Draw the header text.
            using (Font headerFont =
                        new Font("Helvetica", 10, FontStyle.Bold))
            {
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Header.Text, headerFont,
                    Brushes.Black, e.Bounds, sf);
            }
        }
        return;
    }

    // Forces each row to repaint itself the first time the mouse moves over 
    // it, compensating for an extra DrawItem event sent by the wrapped 
    // Win32 control. This issue occurs each time the ListView is invalidated.
    private void listView1_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        ListViewItem item = listView1.GetItemAt(e.X, e.Y);
        if (item != null && item.Tag == null)
        {
            listView1.Invalidate(item.Bounds);
            item.Tag = "tagged";
        }
    }

    // Resets the item tags. 
    void listView1_Invalidated(object sender, InvalidateEventArgs e)
    {
        foreach (ListViewItem item in listView1.Items)
        {
            if (item == null) return;
            item.Tag = null;
        }
    }

    // Forces the entire control to repaint if a column width is changed.
    void listView1_ColumnWidthChanged(object sender, 
        ColumnWidthChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.Invalidate();
    }

}
Imports System
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Drawing.Drawing2D
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class ListViewOwnerDraw
    Inherits Form
    Private WithEvents listView1 As New ListView()
    Private WithEvents contextMenu1 As New ContextMenu()
    Private WithEvents listMenuItem As New MenuItem("List")
    Private WithEvents detailsMenuItem As New MenuItem("Details")

    Public Sub New()

        ' Initialize the shortcut menu. 
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.AddRange(New MenuItem() _
            {Me.listMenuItem, Me.detailsMenuItem})

        ' Initialize the ListView control.
        With Me.listView1
            .BackColor = Color.Black
            .ForeColor = Color.White
            .Dock = DockStyle.Fill
            .View = View.Details
            .FullRowSelect = True
            .OwnerDraw = True
            .ContextMenu = Me.contextMenu1
        End With

        ' Add columns to the ListView control.
        With Me.listView1.Columns
            .Add("Name", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("First", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("Second", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
            .Add("Third", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center)
        End With

        ' Create items and add them to the ListView control.
        Dim listViewItem1 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"One", "20", "30", "-40"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem2 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Two", "-250", "145", "37"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem3 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Three", "200", "800", "-1,001"}, -1)
        Dim listViewItem4 As New ListViewItem(New String() _
            {"Four", "not available", "-2", "100"}, -1)
        Me.listView1.Items.AddRange(New ListViewItem() _
            {listViewItem1, listViewItem2, listViewItem3, listViewItem4})

        ' Initialize the form and add the ListView control to it.
        With Me
            .ClientSize = New Size(450, 150)
            .FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle
            .MaximizeBox = False
            .Text = "ListView OwnerDraw Example"
            .Controls.Add(Me.listView1)
        End With

    End Sub

    ' Clean up any resources being used.        
    Protected Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        If disposing Then
            contextMenu1.Dispose()
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New ListViewOwnerDraw())
    End Sub

    ' Sets the ListView control to the List view.
    Private Sub menuItemList_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles listMenuItem.Click

        Me.listView1.View = View.List

    End Sub

    ' Sets the ListView control to the Details view.
    Private Sub menuItemDetails_Click(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As EventArgs) _
        Handles detailsMenuItem.Click

        Me.listView1.View = View.Details

        ' Reset the tag on each item to re-enable the workaround 
        ' in the MouseMove event handler.
        For Each item As ListViewItem In listView1.Items
            item.Tag = Nothing
        Next

    End Sub

    ' Selects and focuses an item when it is clicked anywhere along 
    ' its width. The click must normally be on the parent item text.
    Private Sub listView1_MouseUp(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As MouseEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.MouseUp

        Dim clickedItem As ListViewItem = Me.listView1.GetItemAt(5, e.Y)
        If (clickedItem IsNot Nothing) Then
            clickedItem.Selected = True
            clickedItem.Focused = True
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Draws the backgrounds for entire ListView items.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewItemEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawItem

        If Not (e.State And ListViewItemStates.Selected) = 0 Then

            ' Draw the background for a selected item.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Maroon, e.Bounds)
            e.DrawFocusRectangle()

        Else

            ' Draw the background for an unselected item.
            Dim brush As New LinearGradientBrush(e.Bounds, Color.Orange, _
                Color.Maroon, LinearGradientMode.Horizontal)
            Try
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(brush, e.Bounds)
            Finally
                brush.Dispose()
            End Try

        End If

        ' Draw the item text for views other than the Details view.
        If Not Me.listView1.View = View.Details Then
            e.DrawText()
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Draws subitem text and applies content-based formatting.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawSubItem(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawSubItem

        Dim flags As TextFormatFlags = TextFormatFlags.Left

        Dim sf As New StringFormat()
        Try

            ' Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            ' to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            Select Case e.Header.TextAlign
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Center
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.HorizontalCenter
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Right
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.Right
            End Select

            ' Draw the text and background for a subitem with a 
            ' negative value. 
            Dim subItemValue As Double
            If e.ColumnIndex > 0 AndAlso _
                Double.TryParse(e.SubItem.Text, NumberStyles.Currency, _
                NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo, subItemValue) AndAlso _
                subItemValue < 0 Then

                ' Unless the item is selected, draw the standard 
                ' background to make it stand out from the gradient.
                If (e.ItemState And ListViewItemStates.Selected) = 0 Then
                    e.DrawBackground()
                End If

                ' Draw the subitem text in red to highlight it. 
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.SubItem.Text, _
                    Me.listView1.Font, Brushes.Red, e.Bounds, sf)

                Return

            End If

            ' Draw normal text for a subitem with a nonnegative 
            ' or nonnumerical value.
            e.DrawText(flags)

        Finally
            sf.Dispose()
        End Try

    End Sub

    ' Draws column headers.
    Private Sub listView1_DrawColumnHeader(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.DrawColumnHeader

        Dim sf As New StringFormat()
        Try

            ' Store the column text alignment, letting it default
            ' to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right.
            Select Case e.Header.TextAlign
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Center
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center
                Case HorizontalAlignment.Right
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far
            End Select

            ' Draw the standard header background.
            e.DrawBackground()

            ' Draw the header text.
            Dim headerFont As New Font("Helvetica", 10, FontStyle.Bold)
            Try
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Header.Text, headerFont, _
                    Brushes.Black, e.Bounds, sf)
            Finally
                headerFont.Dispose()
            End Try

        Finally
            sf.Dispose()
        End Try

    End Sub

    ' Forces each row to repaint itself the first time the mouse moves over 
    ' it, compensating for an extra DrawItem event sent by the wrapped 
    ' Win32 control.
    Private Sub listView1_MouseMove(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As MouseEventArgs) _
        Handles listView1.MouseMove

        Dim item As ListViewItem = listView1.GetItemAt(e.X, e.Y)
        If item IsNot Nothing AndAlso item.Tag Is Nothing Then
            listView1.Invalidate(item.Bounds)
            item.Tag = "tagged"
        End If

    End Sub

    ' Resets the item tags. 
    Private Sub listView1_Invalidated(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As InvalidateEventArgs) Handles listView1.Invalidated

        For Each item As ListViewItem In listView1.Items
            If item Is Nothing Then Return
            item.Tag = Nothing
        Next

    End Sub

    ' Forces the entire control to repaint if a column width is changed.
    Private Sub listView1_ColumnWidthChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As ColumnWidthChangedEventArgs) Handles listView1.ColumnWidthChanged

        listView1.Invalidate()

    End Sub

End Class

설명

ListView 컨트롤 운영 체제에서 일반적으로 그려집니다.A ListView control is normally drawn by the operating system. 모양을 사용자 지정 하기 위해 ListView 항목, 하위 항목 및 열 헤더를 설정 합니다 OwnerDraw 속성을 true 다음 이벤트 중 하나 이상에 대 한 처리기를 제공 하 고: DrawItem, DrawSubItem, DrawColumnHeader합니다.In order to customize the appearance of ListView items, subitems, and column headers, set the OwnerDraw property to true and provide a handler for one or more of the following events: DrawItem, DrawSubItem, DrawColumnHeader. 소유자 그리기 호출 됩니다.This is called owner drawing. 경우는 View 속성이 View.Details, 모든 세 가지 이벤트가 발생 합니다;이 고, 그렇지만 DrawItem 이벤트가 발생 합니다.When the View property is set to View.Details, all three events occur; otherwise, only the DrawItem event occurs.

참고

하위 항목 정보 일반적으로 바둑판식 뷰에서 뿐만 아니라 세부 정보를 보려면 나타나지만 바둑판식 뷰에서 해당 그려야에 대 한 처리기를 DrawItem 이벤트입니다.Subitem information typically appears in the tile view as well as the details view, but in the tile view, it must be drawn in a handler for the DrawItem event. 합니다 DrawSubItem 되지 않은 모든 하위 항목에 대 한 이벤트가 발생 하지 않습니다 ColumnHeader 개체에 추가 되었습니다는 Columns 컬렉션입니다.The DrawSubItem event does not occur for any subitems for which no ColumnHeader object has been added to the Columns collection. 또한 각각의 첫 번째 하위 ListViewItem 개체 부모 항목 자체를 나타내며 첫 번째 열에 표시 됩니다.Note also that the first subitem of each ListViewItem object represents the parent item itself, and is displayed in the first column.

자세히 보기에서 처리할 수 있습니다는 DrawItem 백그라운드 등의 모든 하위 항목에 공통 되는 요소를 그리기를 처리 해야 하는 이벤트를 DrawSubItem 텍스트 값과 같은 개별 하위 항목에 대 한 요소를 그리려면 이벤트입니다.In the details view, you can handle the DrawItem event to draw elements common to all subitems, such as the background, and handle the DrawSubItem event to draw elements for individual subitems, such as text values. 모든 항목을 그릴 수도 있습니다는 ListView 하기가 다소 불편 수도 있지만 두 이벤트 중 하나만 사용 하 여 제어 합니다.You can also draw all items in the ListView control using only one of the two events, although this may be less convenient. 세부 정보 뷰에서 열 머리글을 그리려면, 처리 해야 합니다는 DrawColumnHeader 이벤트입니다.To draw column headers in the details view, you must handle the DrawColumnHeader event.

참고

소유자 그리기를 재정의 하는 경우 그래픽 깜박임 문제를 방지 하려면 합니다 ListView 제어 하 고 설정 합니다 DoubleBuffered 속성을 true.To avoid issues with graphics flickering when owner drawing, override the ListView control and set the DoubleBuffered property to true.

이벤트 처리에 대한 자세한 내용은 이벤트 처리 및 발생 을 참조하십시오.For more information about handling events, see Handling and Raising Events.

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