XmlSerializer.UnknownElement Event


XmlSerializer가 deserialization을 수행하는 동안 알 수 없는 형식의 XML 요소를 발견하면 발생합니다.Occurs when the XmlSerializer encounters an XML element of unknown type during deserialization.

 event System::Xml::Serialization::XmlElementEventHandler ^ UnknownElement;
public event System.Xml.Serialization.XmlElementEventHandler UnknownElement;
member this.UnknownElement : System.Xml.Serialization.XmlElementEventHandler 
Public Custom Event UnknownElement As XmlElementEventHandler 


다음 예제에서는 UnknownElements 이라는 파일에서 Group 라는 클래스를 deserialize 합니다.The following example deserializes a class named Group from a file named UnknownElements.xml. 클래스에 해당 멤버가 없는 요소를 파일에서 찾을 때마다 UnknownElement 이벤트가 발생 합니다.Whenever an element is found in the file that has no corresponding member in the class, the UnknownElement event occurs. 이 예제를 실행 하려면 UnknownElements.xml 라는 파일에 다음 XML 코드를 붙여 넣습니다.To try the example, paste the following XML code into a file named UnknownElements.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>  
<Group xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">  
#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::IO;
using namespace System::Xml::Serialization;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Xml::Schema;

public ref class Group
   String^ GroupName;

public ref class Test
   void Serializer_UnknownElement( Object^ sender, XmlElementEventArgs^ e )
      Console::WriteLine( "Unknown Element" );
      Console::Write( "\t {0}", e->Element->Name );
      Console::WriteLine( " {0}", e->Element->InnerXml );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t LineNumber: {0}", e->LineNumber );
      Console::WriteLine( "\t LinePosition: {0}", e->LinePosition );
      Group^ x = dynamic_cast<Group^>(e->ObjectBeingDeserialized);
      Console::WriteLine( x->GroupName );
      Console::WriteLine( sender );

   void DeserializeObject( String^ filename )
      XmlSerializer^ ser = gcnew XmlSerializer( Group::typeid );

      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser->UnknownElement += gcnew XmlElementEventHandler( this, &Test::Serializer_UnknownElement );

      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
      FileStream^ fs = gcnew FileStream( filename,FileMode::Open );
      Group^ g = dynamic_cast<Group^>(ser->Deserialize( fs ));

int main()
   Test^ t = gcnew Test;

   // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
   t->DeserializeObject( "UnknownElements.xml" );
using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Schema;

public class Group{
   public string GroupName;

public class Test{
   static void Main(){
      Test t = new Test();
      // Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
   private void Serializer_UnknownElement(object sender, XmlElementEventArgs e){
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Element");
      Console.WriteLine("\t" + e.Element.Name + " " + e.Element.InnerXml);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LineNumber: " + e.LineNumber);
      Console.WriteLine("\t LinePosition: " + e.LinePosition);
      Group x  = (Group) e.ObjectBeingDeserialized;
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName);
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString());
   private void DeserializeObject(string filename){
      XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(typeof(Group));
      // Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      ser.UnknownElement+=new XmlElementEventHandler(Serializer_UnknownElement);
      // A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     FileStream fs = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open);
     Group g = (Group) ser.Deserialize(fs);
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Xml.Serialization
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Xml.Schema

Public Class Group
   Public GroupName As String 
End Class

Public Class Test
   Shared Sub Main()
      Dim t As Test = new Test()
      ' Deserialize the file containing unknown elements.
   End Sub

   Private Sub Serializer_UnknownElement _
   (sender As Object , e As XmlElementEventArgs)
      Console.WriteLine("Unknown Element")
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.Element.Name + " " & e.Element.InnerXml)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LineNumber & ":"  & e.LineNumber)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & e.LinePosition & ":"   & e.LinePosition)
      Dim x As Group = CType( e.ObjectBeingDeserialized, Group)
      Console.WriteLine (x.GroupName)
      Console.WriteLine (sender.ToString())
   End Sub
   Private Sub DeserializeObject(filename As String)
      Dim ser As XmlSerializer = new XmlSerializer(GetType(Group))
      ' Add a delegate to handle unknown element events.
      AddHandler ser.UnknownElement, _
      AddressOf Serializer_UnknownElement 
      ' A FileStream is needed to read the XML document.
     Dim fs As FileStream  = new FileStream(filename, FileMode.Open)
     Dim g  As Group = CType(ser.Deserialize(fs),Group)
   End Sub
End Class


기본적으로 Deserialize 메서드를 호출한 후 XmlSerializer은 알 수 없는 형식의 XML 특성을 무시 합니다.By default, after calling the Deserialize method, the XmlSerializer ignores XML attributes of unknown types. 그러나 이러한 노드 유형을 처리 하도록이 이벤트를 사용할 수 있습니다.However, you can use this event to handle such node types.


XmlAnyElementAttribute XmlElement 개체의 배열을 반환 하는 필드에 적용 되는 경우 모든 알 수 없는 요소가 배열에 수집 됩니다.If the XmlAnyElementAttribute is applied to a field that returns an array of XmlElement objects, all unknown elements are collected in the array. 이 경우 UnknownElement 이벤트는 발생 하지 않습니다.In that case, the UnknownElement event does not occur.

Applies to

See also