AsyncCallback 대리자를 사용하여 비동기 작업 종료Using an AsyncCallback Delegate to End an Asynchronous Operation

비동기 작업의 결과를 기다리는 동안 다른 작업을 수행할 수 있는 애플리케이션은 작업이 완료될 때까지 차단되면 안 됩니다.Applications that can do other work while waiting for the results of an asynchronous operation should not block waiting until the operation completes. 다음 옵션 중 하나를 사용하여 비동기 작업이 완료될 때까지 대기하는 동안 명령을 계속 실행합니다.Use one of the following options to continue executing instructions while waiting for an asynchronous operation to complete:

  • AsyncCallback 대리자를 사용하여 비동기 작업 결과를 별도의 스레드에서 처리합니다.Use an AsyncCallback delegate to process the results of the asynchronous operation in a separate thread. 이 항목에서 이 방법을 설명합니다.This approach is demonstrated in this topic.

  • 비동기 작업의 BeginOperationName 메서드에서 반환된 IAsyncResultIsCompleted 속성을 사용하여 작업이 완료되었는지 확인합니다.Use the IsCompleted property of the IAsyncResult returned by the asynchronous operation's BeginOperationName method to determine whether the operation has completed. 이 방법을 설명하는 예제는 비동기 작업의 상태에 대한 폴링을 참조하세요.For an example that demonstrates this approach, see Polling for the Status of an Asynchronous Operation.

Example

다음 코드 예제는 Dns 클래스에서 비동기 메서드를 사용하여 사용자가 지정한 컴퓨터의 DNS(Domain Name System) 정보를 검색하는 방법을 보여줍니다.The following code example demonstrates using asynchronous methods in the Dns class to retrieve Domain Name System (DNS) information for user-specified computers. 이 예제에서는 ProcessDnsInformation 메서드를 참조하는 AsyncCallback 대리자를 만듭니다.This example creates an AsyncCallback delegate that references the ProcessDnsInformation method. 이 메서드는 DNS 정보에 대한 각 비동기 요청에 대해 한 번 호출됩니다.This method is called once for each asynchronous request for DNS information.

사용자 지정 호스트는 BeginGetHostByName Object 매개 변수에 전달됩니다.Note that the user-specified host is passed to the BeginGetHostByNameObject parameter. 보다 복잡한 상태 개체를 정의하고 사용하는 방법을 보여주는 예제는 AsyncCallback 대리자 및 상태 개체 사용을 참조하세요.For an example that demonstrates defining and using a more complex state object, see Using an AsyncCallback Delegate and State Object.

/*
The following example demonstrates using asynchronous methods to
get Domain Name System information for the specified host computers.
This example uses a delegate to obtain the results of each asynchronous 
operation.
*/

using System;
using System.Net;
using System.Net.Sockets;
using System.Threading;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Collections;

namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
{
    public class UseDelegateForAsyncCallback
    {
        static int requestCounter;
        static ArrayList hostData = new ArrayList();
        static StringCollection hostNames = new StringCollection();
        static void UpdateUserInterface()
        {
            // Print a message to indicate that the application
            // is still working on the remaining requests.
            Console.WriteLine("{0} requests remaining.", requestCounter);
        }
        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create the delegate that will process the results of the 
            // asynchronous request.
            AsyncCallback callBack = new AsyncCallback(ProcessDnsInformation);
            string host;
            do
            {
                Console.Write(" Enter the name of a host computer or <enter> to finish: ");
                host = Console.ReadLine();
                if (host.Length > 0)
                {
                    // Increment the request counter in a thread safe manner.
                    Interlocked.Increment(ref requestCounter);
                    // Start the asynchronous request for DNS information.
                    Dns.BeginGetHostEntry(host, callBack, host);
                 }
            } while (host.Length > 0);
            // The user has entered all of the host names for lookup.
            // Now wait until the threads complete.
            while (requestCounter > 0)
            {
                UpdateUserInterface();
            }
            // Display the results.
            for (int i = 0; i< hostNames.Count; i++)
            {
                object data = hostData [i];
                string message = data as string;
                // A SocketException was thrown.
                if (message != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Request for {0} returned message: {1}", 
                        hostNames[i], message);
                    continue;
                }
                // Get the results.
                IPHostEntry h = (IPHostEntry) data;
                string[] aliases = h.Aliases;
                IPAddress[] addresses = h.AddressList;
                if (aliases.Length > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Aliases for {0}", hostNames[i]);
                    for (int j = 0; j < aliases.Length; j++)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("{0}", aliases[j]);
                    }
                }
                if (addresses.Length > 0)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Addresses for {0}", hostNames[i]);
                    for (int k = 0; k < addresses.Length; k++)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("{0}",addresses[k].ToString());
                    }
                }
            }
       }

        // The following method is called when each asynchronous operation completes.
        static void ProcessDnsInformation(IAsyncResult result)
        {
            string hostName = (string) result.AsyncState;
            hostNames.Add(hostName);
            try 
            {
                // Get the results.
                IPHostEntry host = Dns.EndGetHostEntry(result);
                hostData.Add(host);
            }
            // Store the exception message.
            catch (SocketException e)
            {
                hostData.Add(e.Message);
            }
            finally 
            {
                // Decrement the request counter in a thread-safe manner.
                Interlocked.Decrement(ref requestCounter);
            }
        }
    }
}

'The following example demonstrates using asynchronous methods to
'get Domain Name System information for the specified host computers.
'This example uses a delegate to obtain the results of each asynchronous 
'operation.

Imports System.Net
Imports System.Net.Sockets
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Collections

Namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations

    Public Class UseDelegateForAsyncCallback
    
        Dim Shared requestCounter as Integer
        Dim Shared hostData as ArrayList = new ArrayList()
        Dim Shared hostNames as StringCollection = new StringCollection()
        Shared Sub UpdateUserInterface()
        
            ' Print a message to indicate that the application
            ' is still working on the remaining requests.
            Console.WriteLine("{0} requests remaining.", requestCounter)
        End Sub
        Public Shared Sub Main()
            ' Create the delegate that will process the results of the 
            ' asynchronous request.
            Dim callBack as AsyncCallback
            Dim host as string
            Dim i, j, k as Integer
            callback = AddressOf ProcessDnsInformation
            Do
                Console.Write(" Enter the name of a host computer or <enter> to finish: ")
                host = Console.ReadLine()
                If host.Length > 0
                    ' Increment the request counter in a thread safe manner.
                    Interlocked.Increment(requestCounter)
                    ' Start the asynchronous request for DNS information.
                    Dns.BeginGetHostEntry(host, callBack, host)
                End If
            Loop While (host.Length > 0)
            
            ' The user has entered all of the host names for lookup.
            ' Now wait until the threads complete.
            Do While requestCounter > 0
            
                UpdateUserInterface()
            Loop
            
            ' Display the results.
            For i = 0 To hostNames.Count -1
                Dim dataObject as Object = hostData (i)
                Dim message as String 
                
                ' Was a SocketException was thrown?
                If TypeOf dataObject is String
                    message = CType(dataObject, String)
                    Console.WriteLine("Request for {0} returned message: {1}", _ 
                        hostNames(i), message)
                Else
                    ' Get the results.
                    Dim h as IPHostEntry = CType(dataObject, IPHostEntry) 
                    Dim aliases() as String = h.Aliases
                    Dim addresses() as IPAddress = h.AddressList
                    If aliases.Length > 0
                        Console.WriteLine("Aliases for 0}", hostNames(i))
                        For j = 0 To aliases.Length -1
                            Console.WriteLine("{0}", aliases(j))
                        Next j
                    End If
                    If addresses.Length > 0
                        Console.WriteLine("Addresses for {0}", hostNames(i))
                        For k = 0 To addresses.Length -1
                            Console.WriteLine("{0}",addresses(k).ToString())
                        Next k
                    End If
                End If
            Next i
       End Sub

        ' The following method is called when each asynchronous operation completes.
        Shared Sub ProcessDnsInformation(result as IAsyncResult)
        
            Dim hostName as String = CType(result.AsyncState, String)
            hostNames.Add(hostName)
            Try 
                ' Get the results.
                Dim host as IPHostEntry = Dns.EndGetHostEntry(result)
                hostData.Add(host)
            ' Store the exception message.
            Catch e as SocketException
                hostData.Add(e.Message)
            Finally 
                ' Decrement the request counter in a thread-safe manner.
                Interlocked.Decrement(requestCounter)
            End Try
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

참고 항목See also