방법: 동적 파티션 구현How to: Implement Dynamic Partitions

다음 예제는 동적 파티셔닝을 구현하고 특정 오버로드 ForEach 및 PLINQ에서 사용할 수 있는 사용자 지정 System.Collections.Concurrent.OrderablePartitioner<TSource>를 구현하는 방법을 보여줍니다.The following example shows how to implement a custom System.Collections.Concurrent.OrderablePartitioner<TSource> that implements dynamic partitioning and can be used from certain overloads ForEach and from PLINQ.

예제Example

파티션이 열거자에 대해 MoveNext를 호출할 때마다 열거자는 하나의 목록 요소가 있는 파티션을 제공합니다.Each time a partition calls MoveNext on the enumerator, the enumerator provides the partition with one list element. PLINQ 및 ForEach의 경우 파티션은 Task 인스턴스입니다.In the case of PLINQ and ForEach, the partition is a Task instance. 요청이 여러 스레드에서 동시에 발생하므로 현재 인덱스에 대한 액세스가 동기화됩니다.Because requests are happening concurrently on multiple threads, access to the current index is synchronized.

//
// An orderable dynamic partitioner for lists
//
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Concurrent;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using System.Xml.Linq;
using System.Numerics;

class OrderableListPartitioner<TSource> : OrderablePartitioner<TSource>
{
    private readonly IList<TSource> m_input;

    // Must override to return true.
    public override bool SupportsDynamicPartitions => true;

    public OrderableListPartitioner(IList<TSource> input) : base(true, false, true) =>
        m_input = input;

    public override IList<IEnumerator<KeyValuePair<long, TSource>>> GetOrderablePartitions(int partitionCount)
    {
        var dynamicPartitions = GetOrderableDynamicPartitions();
        var partitions =
            new IEnumerator<KeyValuePair<long, TSource>>[partitionCount];

        for (int i = 0; i < partitionCount; i++)
        {
            partitions[i] = dynamicPartitions.GetEnumerator();
        }
        return partitions;
    }

    public override IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<long, TSource>> GetOrderableDynamicPartitions() =>
        new ListDynamicPartitions(m_input);

    private class ListDynamicPartitions : IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<long, TSource>>
    {
        private IList<TSource> m_input;
        private int m_pos = 0;

        internal ListDynamicPartitions(IList<TSource> input) =>
            m_input = input;

        public IEnumerator<KeyValuePair<long, TSource>> GetEnumerator()
        {
            while (true)
            {
                // Each task gets the next item in the list. The index is
                // incremented in a thread-safe manner to avoid races.
                int elemIndex = Interlocked.Increment(ref m_pos) - 1;

                if (elemIndex >= m_input.Count)
                {
                    yield break;
                }

                yield return new KeyValuePair<long, TSource>(
                    elemIndex, m_input[elemIndex]);
            }
        }

        IEnumerator IEnumerable.GetEnumerator() =>
            ((IEnumerable<KeyValuePair<long, TSource>>)this).GetEnumerator();
    }
}

class ConsumerClass
{
    static void Main()
    {
        var nums = Enumerable.Range(0, 10000).ToArray();
        OrderableListPartitioner<int> partitioner = new OrderableListPartitioner<int>(nums);

        // Use with Parallel.ForEach
        Parallel.ForEach(partitioner, (i) => Console.WriteLine(i));

        // Use with PLINQ
        var query = from num in partitioner.AsParallel()
                    where num % 2 == 0
                    select num;

        foreach (var v in query)
            Console.WriteLine(v);
    }
}
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Threading.Tasks
Imports System.Collections.Concurrent

Module Module1
    Public Class OrderableListPartitioner(Of TSource)
        Inherits OrderablePartitioner(Of TSource)


        Private ReadOnly m_input As IList(Of TSource)

        Public Sub New(ByVal input As IList(Of TSource))
            MyBase.New(True, False, True)
            m_input = input
        End Sub

        ' Must override to return true.
        Public Overrides ReadOnly Property SupportsDynamicPartitions As Boolean
            Get
                Return True
            End Get
        End Property

        Public Overrides Function GetOrderablePartitions(ByVal partitionCount As Integer) As IList(Of IEnumerator(Of KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource)))
            Dim dynamicPartitions = GetOrderableDynamicPartitions()
            Dim partitions(partitionCount - 1) As IEnumerator(Of KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource))

            For i = 0 To partitionCount - 1
                partitions(i) = dynamicPartitions.GetEnumerator()
            Next

            Return partitions
        End Function

        Public Overrides Function GetOrderableDynamicPartitions() As IEnumerable(Of KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource))
            Return New ListDynamicPartitions(m_input)
        End Function

        Private Class ListDynamicPartitions
            Implements IEnumerable(Of KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource))

            Private m_input As IList(Of TSource)

            Friend Sub New(ByVal input As IList(Of TSource))
                m_input = input
            End Sub

            Public Function GetEnumerator() As IEnumerator(Of KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource)) Implements IEnumerable(Of KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource)).GetEnumerator
                Return New ListDynamicPartitionsEnumerator(m_input)
            End Function

            Public Function GetEnumerator1() As IEnumerator Implements IEnumerable.GetEnumerator
                Return CType(Me, IEnumerable).GetEnumerator()
            End Function
        End Class

        Private Class ListDynamicPartitionsEnumerator
            Implements IEnumerator(Of KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource))

            Private m_input As IList(Of TSource)
            Shared m_pos As Integer = 0
            Private m_current As KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource)

            Public Sub New(ByVal input As IList(Of TSource))
                m_input = input
                m_pos = 0
                Me.disposedValue = False
            End Sub

            Public ReadOnly Property Current As KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource) Implements IEnumerator(Of KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource)).Current
                Get
                    Return m_current
                End Get
            End Property

            Public ReadOnly Property Current1 As Object Implements IEnumerator.Current
                Get
                    Return Me.Current
                End Get
            End Property

            Public Function MoveNext() As Boolean Implements IEnumerator.MoveNext
                Dim elemIndex = Interlocked.Increment(m_pos) - 1
                If elemIndex >= m_input.Count Then
                    Return False
                End If

                m_current = New KeyValuePair(Of Long, TSource)(elemIndex, m_input(elemIndex))
                Return True
            End Function

            Public Sub Reset() Implements IEnumerator.Reset
                m_pos = 0
            End Sub

            Private disposedValue As Boolean ' To detect redundant calls

            Protected Overridable Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
                If Not Me.disposedValue Then
                    m_input = Nothing
                    m_current = Nothing
                End If
                Me.disposedValue = True
            End Sub

            Public Sub Dispose() Implements IDisposable.Dispose
                Dispose(True)
                GC.SuppressFinalize(Me)
            End Sub

        End Class

    End Class

    Class ConsumerClass

        Shared Sub Main()

            Console.BufferHeight = 20000
            Dim nums = Enumerable.Range(0, 2000).ToArray()

            Dim partitioner = New OrderableListPartitioner(Of Integer)(nums)

            ' Use with Parallel.ForEach
            Parallel.ForEach(partitioner, Sub(i) Console.Write("{0}:{1}  ", i, Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId))

            Console.WriteLine("PLINQ -----------------------------------")


            ' create a new partitioner, since Enumerators are not reusable.
            Dim partitioner2 = New OrderableListPartitioner(Of Integer)(nums)
            ' Use with PLINQ
            Dim query = From num In partitioner2.AsParallel()
                        Where num Mod 8 = 0
                        Select num

            For Each v In query
                Console.Write("{0}  ", v)
            Next

            Console.WriteLine("press any key")
            Console.ReadKey()
        End Sub
    End Class

End Module

이는 청크 파티셔닝에 대한 예제이며, 각 청크는 하나의 요소로 구성됩니다.This is an example of chunk partitioning, with each chunk consisting of one element. 많은 요소를 한 번에 제공하여 잠금에 대한 경합을 줄이고 이론적으로 성능을 빠르게 달성할 수 있습니다.By providing more elements at a time, you could reduce the contention over the lock and theoretically achieve faster performance. 그러나 특정 지점에서는, 보다 큰 청크의 경우 모든 작업이 수행될 때까지 모든 스레드를 사용하려면 추가 로드 밸런싱 논리가 필요할 수 있습니다.However, at some point, larger chunks might require additional load-balancing logic in order to keep all threads busy until all the work is done.

참조See also