Enable password synchronization to Azure Active Directory Domain Services

In preceding tasks, you enabled Azure Active Directory Domain Services for your Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant. The next task is to enable synchronization of credential hashes required for NT LAN Manager (NTLM) and Kerberos authentication to Azure AD Domain Services. After you've set up credential synchronization, users can sign in to the managed domain with their corporate credentials.

The steps involved are different for cloud-only user accounts vs user accounts that are synchronized from your on-premises directory using Azure AD Connect.


Type of user account Steps to perform
Cloud user accounts created in Azure AD Follow the instructions in this article
User accounts synchronized from an on-premises directory Synchronize passwords for user accounts synced from your on-premises AD to your managed domain


Tip

You may need to complete both sets of steps. If your Azure AD tenant has a combination of cloud only users and users from your on-premises AD, you need to complete both sets of steps.

Task 5: enable password synchronization to your managed domain for cloud-only user accounts

To authenticate users on the managed domain, Azure Active Directory Domain Services needs credential hashes in a format that's suitable for NTLM and Kerberos authentication. Azure AD does not generate or store credential hashes in the format that's required for NTLM or Kerberos authentication, until you enable Azure Active Directory Domain Services for your tenant. For obvious security reasons, Azure AD also does not store any password credentials in clear-text form. Therefore, Azure AD does not have a way to automatically generate these NTLM or Kerberos credential hashes based on users' existing credentials.

Note

If your organization has cloud-only user accounts, all users who need to use Azure Active Directory Domain Services must change their passwords. A cloud-only user account is an account that was created in your Azure AD directory using either the Azure portal or Azure AD PowerShell cmdlets. Such user accounts aren't synchronized from an on-premises directory.

This password change process causes the credential hashes that are required by Azure Active Directory Domain Services for Kerberos and NTLM authentication to be generated in Azure AD. You can either expire the passwords for all users in the tenant who need to use Azure Active Directory Domain Services or instruct them to change their passwords.

Enable NTLM and Kerberos credential hash generation for a cloud-only user account

Here are the instructions you need to provide users, so they can change their passwords:

  1. Go to the Azure AD Access Panel page for your organization.

    Launch the Azure AD access panel

  2. In the top right corner, click on your name and select Profile from the menu.

    Select profile

  3. On the Profile page, click on Change password.

    Click on "Change password"

    Tip

    If the Change password option is not displayed in the Access Panel window, ensure that your organization has configured password management in Azure AD.

  4. On the change password page, type your existing (old) password, type a new password, and then confirm it.

    Create a virtual network for Azure AD Domain Services.

  5. Click submit.

A few minutes after you have changed your password, the new password is usable in Azure Active Directory Domain Services. After about 20 minutes, you can sign in to computers joined to the managed domain using the newly changed password.