Char.IsSurrogatePair Metoda

Definicja

Wskazuje, czy dwa określone Char obiekty tworzą parę zastępczą.Indicates whether two specified Char objects form a surrogate pair.

Przeciążenia

IsSurrogatePair(String, Int32)

Wskazuje, czy dwa sąsiadujące Char obiekty w określonej pozycji w ciągu tworzą parę zastępczą.Indicates whether two adjacent Char objects at a specified position in a string form a surrogate pair.

IsSurrogatePair(Char, Char)

Wskazuje, czy dwa określone Char obiekty tworzą parę zastępczą.Indicates whether the two specified Char objects form a surrogate pair.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu demonstruje IsHighSurrogate IsLowSurrogate metody,, i IsSurrogatePair .The following code example demonstrates the IsHighSurrogate, IsLowSurrogate, and IsSurrogatePair methods.

// This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
//                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
//                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
using namespace System;
int main()
{
   Char cHigh = L'\xD800';
   Char cLow = L'\xDC00';
   array<Char>^temp0 = {L'a',L'\xD800',L'\xDC00',L'z'};
   String^ s1 = gcnew String( temp0 );
   String^ divider = String::Concat( Environment::NewLine, gcnew String( '-',70 ), Environment::NewLine );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {0:X4}", (int)cHigh );
   Console::WriteLine( "Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {0:X4}", (int)cLow );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'" );
   Console::WriteLine( "Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: " );
   for ( int i = 0; i < s1->Length; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "s1[{0}] = {1:X4} ", i, (int)s1[ i ] );
   }
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?" );
   Console::WriteLine( "A1) cLow?  - {0}", Char::IsHighSurrogate( cLow ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A2) cHigh? - {0}", Char::IsHighSurrogate( cHigh ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char::IsHighSurrogate( s1, 0 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "A4) s1[1]? - {0}", Char::IsHighSurrogate( s1, 1 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?" );
   Console::WriteLine( "B1) cLow?  - {0}", Char::IsLowSurrogate( cLow ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "B2) cHigh? - {0}", Char::IsLowSurrogate( cHigh ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "B3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char::IsLowSurrogate( s1, 0 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "B4) s1[2]? - {0}", Char::IsLowSurrogate( s1, 2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
   Console::WriteLine( "Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?" );
   Console::WriteLine( "C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {0}", Char::IsSurrogatePair( cHigh, cLow ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - {0}", Char::IsSurrogatePair( s1, 0 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - {0}", Char::IsSurrogatePair( s1, 1 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - {0}", Char::IsSurrogatePair( s1, 2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine( divider );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00

Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
s1[0] = 0061
s1[1] = D800
s1[2] = DC00
s1[3] = 007A

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
A1) cLow?  - False
A2) cHigh? - True
A3) s1[0]? - False
A4) s1[1]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
B1) cLow?  - True
B2) cHigh? - False
B3) s1[0]? - False
B4) s1[2]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - False
C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - True
C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - False

----------------------------------------------------------------------

*/
// This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
//                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
//                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
using System;

class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
    char cHigh = '\uD800';
    char cLow  = '\uDC00';
    string s1  = new String(new char[] {'a', '\uD800', '\uDC00', 'z'});
    string divider = String.Concat( Environment.NewLine, new String('-', 70),
                                    Environment.NewLine);

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {0:X4}", (int)cHigh);
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {0:X4}", (int)cLow);
    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'");
    Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: ");
    for(int i = 0; i < s1.Length; i++)
        {
        Console.WriteLine("s1[{0}] = {1:X4} ", i, (int)s1[i]);
        }
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?");
    Console.WriteLine("A1) cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("A2) cHigh? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(cHigh));
    Console.WriteLine("A3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("A4) s1[1]? - {0}", Char.IsHighSurrogate(s1, 1));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?");
    Console.WriteLine("B1) cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("B2) cHigh? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(cHigh));
    Console.WriteLine("B3) s1[0]? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("B4) s1[2]? - {0}", Char.IsLowSurrogate(s1, 2));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);

    Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?");
    Console.WriteLine("C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(cHigh, cLow));
    Console.WriteLine("C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 0));
    Console.WriteLine("C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 1));
    Console.WriteLine("C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - {0}", Char.IsSurrogatePair(s1, 2));
    Console.WriteLine(divider);
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00

Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
s1[0] = 0061
s1[1] = D800
s1[2] = DC00
s1[3] = 007A

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
A1) cLow?  - False
A2) cHigh? - True
A3) s1[0]? - False
A4) s1[1]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
B1) cLow?  - True
B2) cHigh? - False
B3) s1[0]? - False
B4) s1[2]? - True

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
C2) s1[0] and s1[1]? - False
C3) s1[1] and s1[2]? - True
C4) s1[2] and s1[3]? - False

----------------------------------------------------------------------

*/
' This example demonstrates the Char.IsLowSurrogate() method
'                                    IsHighSurrogate() method
'                                    IsSurrogatePair() method
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim cHigh As Char = ChrW(&HD800)
      Dim cLow  As Char = ChrW(&HDC00)
      Dim s1 = New [String](New Char() {"a"c, ChrW(&HD800), ChrW(&HDC00), "z"c})
      Dim divider As String = [String].Concat(Environment.NewLine, _
                                              New [String]("-"c, 70), _
                                              Environment.NewLine)
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: {0:X4}", AscW(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  {0:X4}", AscW(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'")
      Console.WriteLine("Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1: ")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To s1.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("s1({0}) = {1:X4} ", i, AscW(s1.Chars(i)))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?")
      Console.WriteLine("A1) cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("A2) cHigh? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("A3) s1(0)? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("A4) s1(1)? - {0}", [Char].IsHighSurrogate(s1, 1))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?")
      Console.WriteLine("B1) cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("B2) cHigh? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(cHigh))
      Console.WriteLine("B3) s1(0)? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("B4) s1(2)? - {0}", [Char].IsLowSurrogate(s1, 2))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?")
      Console.WriteLine("C1) cHigh and cLow?  - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(cHigh, cLow))
      Console.WriteLine("C2) s1(0) and s1(1)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 0))
      Console.WriteLine("C3) s1(1) and s1(2)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 1))
      Console.WriteLine("C4) s1(2) and s1(3)? - {0}", [Char].IsSurrogatePair(s1, 2))
      Console.WriteLine(divider)
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'Hexadecimal code point of the character, cHigh: D800
'Hexadecimal code point of the character, cLow:  DC00
'
'Characters in string, s1: 'a', high surrogate, low surrogate, 'z'
'Hexadecimal code points of the characters in string, s1:
's1(0) = 0061
's1(1) = D800
's1(2) = DC00
's1(3) = 007A
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following characters a high surrogate?
'A1) cLow?  - False
'A2) cHigh? - True
'A3) s1(0)? - False
'A4) s1(1)? - True
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following characters a low surrogate?
'B1) cLow?  - True
'B2) cHigh? - False
'B3) s1(0)? - False
'B4) s1(2)? - True
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'
'Is each of the following pairs of characters a surrogate pair?
'C1) cHigh and cLow?  - True
'C2) s1(0) and s1(1)? - False
'C3) s1(1) and s1(2)? - True
'C4) s1(2) and s1(3)? - False
'
'----------------------------------------------------------------------
'

IsSurrogatePair(String, Int32)

Wskazuje, czy dwa sąsiadujące Char obiekty w określonej pozycji w ciągu tworzą parę zastępczą.Indicates whether two adjacent Char objects at a specified position in a string form a surrogate pair.

public:
 static bool IsSurrogatePair(System::String ^ s, int index);
public static bool IsSurrogatePair (string s, int index);
static member IsSurrogatePair : string * int -> bool
Public Shared Function IsSurrogatePair (s As String, index As Integer) As Boolean

Parametry

s
String

Ciąg.A string.

index
Int32

Pozycja początkowa pary znaków do obliczenia w obrębie s .The starting position of the pair of characters to evaluate within s.

Zwraca

Boolean

true Jeśli s parametr zawiera przylegające znaki w pozycjach index i index + 1, a wartość liczbowa znaku w zakresie pozycji index od U + D800 do u + DBFF, a wartość liczbowa znaku w pozycji index + 1 obejmuje zakres od u + DC00 do u + DFFF; w przeciwnym razie false .true if the s parameter includes adjacent characters at positions index and index + 1, and the numeric value of the character at position index ranges from U+D800 through U+DBFF, and the numeric value of the character at position index+1 ranges from U+DC00 through U+DFFF; otherwise, false.

Wyjątki

s to null.s is null.

index nie jest pozycją w obrębie s .index is not a position within s.

Uwagi

Zwykle pojedynczy znak jest reprezentowany przez pojedynczą 16-bitową jednostkę kodu Unicode.Ordinarily, a single character is represented by a single 16-bit Unicode code unit. Kodowanie UTF-16 obsługuje również pary surogatów, które pozwalają na reprezentowanie pojedynczego znaku abstrakcyjnego przez 2 16-bitowe jednostki kodu.UTF-16 encoding also supports surrogate pairs, which allow a single abstract character to be represented by two 16-bit code units. Pierwsza jednostka kodu, której wartość może być z zakresu od U + D800 do U + DBFF, jest dużym surogatem.The first code unit, whose value can range from U+D800 to U+DBFF, is the high surrogate. Druga jednostka kodu, której wartość może być z zakresu od U + DC00 do U + DFFF, jest dolnym surogatem.The second code unit, whose value can range from U+DC00 to U+DFFF, is the low surrogate. Poszczególne zastępcze punkty kodowe nie mają swoich własnych interpretacji.Individual surrogate code points have no interpretation of their own. Aby uzyskać więcej informacji na temat surogatów i standardu Unicode, zobacz stronę główną Unicode.For more information about surrogates and the Unicode Standard, see the Unicode home page.

Zobacz też

Dotyczy

IsSurrogatePair(Char, Char)

Wskazuje, czy dwa określone Char obiekty tworzą parę zastępczą.Indicates whether the two specified Char objects form a surrogate pair.

public:
 static bool IsSurrogatePair(char highSurrogate, char lowSurrogate);
public static bool IsSurrogatePair (char highSurrogate, char lowSurrogate);
static member IsSurrogatePair : char * char -> bool
Public Shared Function IsSurrogatePair (highSurrogate As Char, lowSurrogate As Char) As Boolean

Parametry

highSurrogate
Char

Znak do obliczenia jako górny Surogat pary dwuskładnikowej.The character to evaluate as the high surrogate of a surrogate pair.

lowSurrogate
Char

Znak do obliczenia jako dolny Surogat pary dwuskładnikowej.The character to evaluate as the low surrogate of a surrogate pair.

Zwraca

Boolean

true Jeśli wartość liczbowa highSurrogate parametrów mieści się w zakresie od u + D800 do u + DBFF, a wartość liczbowa lowSurrogate parametrów jest z zakresu od u + DC00 do u + DFFF; w przeciwnym razie false .true if the numeric value of the highSurrogate parameter ranges from U+D800 through U+DBFF, and the numeric value of the lowSurrogate parameter ranges from U+DC00 through U+DFFF; otherwise, false.

Uwagi

Zwykle pojedynczy znak jest reprezentowany przez pojedynczą 16-bitową jednostkę kodu Unicode.Ordinarily, a single character is represented by a single 16-bit Unicode code unit. Kodowanie UTF-16 obsługuje również pary surogatów, które pozwalają na reprezentowanie pojedynczego znaku abstrakcyjnego przez 2 16-bitowe jednostki kodu.UTF-16 encoding also supports surrogate pairs, which allow a single abstract character to be represented by two 16-bit code units. Pierwsza jednostka kodu, której wartość może być z zakresu od U + D800 do U + DBFF, jest dużym surogatem.The first code unit, whose value can range from U+D800 to U+DBFF, is the high surrogate. Druga jednostka kodu, której wartość może być z zakresu od U + DC00 do U + DFFF, jest dolnym surogatem.The second code unit, whose value can range from U+DC00 to U+DFFF, is the low surrogate. Poszczególne zastępcze punkty kodowe nie mają swoich własnych interpretacji.Individual surrogate code points have no interpretation of their own. Aby uzyskać więcej informacji na temat surogatów i standardu Unicode, zobacz stronę główną Unicode.For more information about surrogates and the Unicode Standard, see the Unicode home page.

Zobacz też

Dotyczy