SortedList Konstruktory

Definicja

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class.

Przeciążenia

SortedList()

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która jest pusta, ma domyślną pojemność początkową i jest sortowane zgodnie z interfejsem IComparable zaimplementowanym przez każdy klucz dodany do obiektu SortedList.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and is sorted according to the IComparable interface implemented by each key added to the SortedList object.

SortedList(IComparer)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która jest pusta, ma domyślną pojemność początkową i jest sortowane zgodnie z określonym interfejsem IComparer.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and is sorted according to the specified IComparer interface.

SortedList(IDictionary)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która zawiera elementy skopiowane z określonego słownika, ma taką samą początkową pojemność jak liczba skopiowanych elementów i jest sortowana zgodnie z interfejsem IComparable zaimplementowanym przez każdy klucz.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that contains elements copied from the specified dictionary, has the same initial capacity as the number of elements copied, and is sorted according to the IComparable interface implemented by each key.

SortedList(Int32)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która jest pusta, ma określoną pojemność początkową i jest sortowane zgodnie z interfejsem IComparable zaimplementowanym przez każdy klucz dodany do obiektu SortedList.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that is empty, has the specified initial capacity, and is sorted according to the IComparable interface implemented by each key added to the SortedList object.

SortedList(IComparer, Int32)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która jest pusta, ma określoną pojemność początkową i jest sortowane zgodnie z określonym interfejsem IComparer.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that is empty, has the specified initial capacity, and is sorted according to the specified IComparer interface.

SortedList(IDictionary, IComparer)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która zawiera elementy skopiowane z określonego słownika, ma taką samą początkową pojemność jak liczba skopiowanych elementów i jest sortowana zgodnie z określonym interfejsem IComparer.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that contains elements copied from the specified dictionary, has the same initial capacity as the number of elements copied, and is sorted according to the specified IComparer interface.

SortedList()

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która jest pusta, ma domyślną pojemność początkową i jest sortowane zgodnie z interfejsem IComparable zaimplementowanym przez każdy klucz dodany do obiektu SortedList.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and is sorted according to the IComparable interface implemented by each key added to the SortedList object.

public:
 SortedList();
public SortedList ();
Public Sub New ()

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu tworzy kolekcje przy użyciu różnych konstruktorów SortedList i demonstruje różnice w zachowaniu kolekcji.The following code example creates collections using different SortedList constructors and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the collections.


// The following code example creates SortedList instances using different constructors
// and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the SortedList instances.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Globalization;

void PrintKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "        -KEY-   -VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "        {0,-6}: {1}", myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL1 = gcnew SortedList;
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL1 (default):" );
   mySL1->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL1->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL1->Add( "THIRD", "!" );

   try   { mySL1->Add( "first", "Ola!" ); }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) { Console::WriteLine( e ); }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL1 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL2 = gcnew SortedList( gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):" );
   mySL2->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL2->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL2->Add( "THIRD", "!" );

   try   { mySL2->Add( "first", "Ola!" ); }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) { Console::WriteLine( e ); }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL2 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the specified KeyComparer.
   // The KeyComparer uses a case-insensitive hash code provider and a case-insensitive comparer,
   // which are based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not the uppercase version of "i".
   CultureInfo^ myCul = gcnew CultureInfo( "tr-TR" );
   SortedList^ mySL3 = gcnew SortedList( gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer( myCul ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):" );
   mySL3->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL3->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL3->Add( "THIRD", "!" );

   try   { mySL3->Add( "first", "Ola!" ); }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) { Console::WriteLine( e ); }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL3 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the ComparisonType.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
   SortedList^ mySL4 = gcnew SortedList( StringComparer::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):" );
   mySL4->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL4->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL4->Add( "THIRD", "!" );

   try   { mySL4->Add( "first", "Ola!" ); }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) { Console::WriteLine( e ); }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL4 );

    Console::WriteLine("\n\nHit ENTER to return");
    Console::ReadLine();
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesSortedList
{

    public static void Main()
    {

        // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        SortedList mySL1 = new SortedList();
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):");
        mySL1.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL1.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL1.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        SortedList mySL2 = new SortedList(new CaseInsensitiveComparer());
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):");
        mySL2.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL2.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL2.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        // the uppercase version of "i".
        CultureInfo myCul = new CultureInfo("tr-TR");
        SortedList mySL3 = new SortedList(new CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul));
        Console.WriteLine(
            "mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):");

        mySL3.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL3.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL3.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3);

        // Create a SortedList using the
        // StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        SortedList mySL4 = new SortedList(
            StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):");
        mySL4.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL4.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL4.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4);
    }

    public static void PrintKeysAndValues(SortedList myList)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-");
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("        {0,-6}: {1}",
                myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i));
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.
Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesSortedList

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        Dim mySL1 As New SortedList()
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):")
        mySL1.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL1.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL1.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        Dim mySL2 As New SortedList(New CaseInsensitiveComparer())
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):")
        mySL2.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL2.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL2.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        ' which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        ' the uppercase version of "i".
        Dim myCul As New CultureInfo("tr-TR")
        Dim mySL3 As New SortedList(New CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul))
        Console.WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):")
        mySL3.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL3.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL3.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3)

        ' Create a SortedList using the
        ' StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        Dim mySL4 As New SortedList( _
            StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase)

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):")
        mySL4.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL4.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL4.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(ByVal myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("     {0,-6}: {1}", _
               myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.
'
'mySL1 (default):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        first : Ola!
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        first : Ola!
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !

Uwagi

Każdy klucz musi implementować interfejs IComparable, aby można było porównań z każdym innym kluczem w obiekcie SortedList.Each key must implement the IComparable interface to be capable of comparisons with every other key in the SortedList object. Elementy są sortowane zgodnie z implementacją IComparable każdego klucza dodanego do SortedList.The elements are sorted according to the IComparable implementation of each key added to the SortedList.

Pojemność obiektu SortedList to liczba elementów, które mogą być przechowywane przez SortedList.The capacity of a SortedList object is the number of elements that the SortedList can hold. Po dodaniu elementów do SortedListpojemność jest automatycznie zwiększana zgodnie z wymaganiami przez ponowną alokację tablicy wewnętrznej.As elements are added to a SortedList, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

Jeśli rozmiar kolekcji można oszacować, określenie początkowej pojemności eliminuje konieczność wykonywania wielu operacji zmiany rozmiaru podczas dodawania elementów do obiektu SortedList.If the size of the collection can be estimated, specifying the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the SortedList object.

Ten konstruktor jest operacją O(1).This constructor is an O(1) operation.

Zobacz też

SortedList(IComparer)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która jest pusta, ma domyślną pojemność początkową i jest sortowane zgodnie z określonym interfejsem IComparer.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that is empty, has the default initial capacity, and is sorted according to the specified IComparer interface.

public:
 SortedList(System::Collections::IComparer ^ comparer);
public SortedList (System.Collections.IComparer comparer);
new System.Collections.SortedList : System.Collections.IComparer -> System.Collections.SortedList
Public Sub New (comparer As IComparer)

Parametry

comparer
IComparer

Implementacja IComparer do użycia podczas porównywania kluczy.The IComparer implementation to use when comparing keys.

— lub —-or- null użyć implementacji IComparable dla każdego klucza.null to use the IComparable implementation of each key.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu tworzy kolekcje przy użyciu różnych konstruktorów SortedList i demonstruje różnice w zachowaniu kolekcji.The following code example creates collections using different SortedList constructors and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the collections.


// The following code example creates SortedList instances using different constructors
// and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the SortedList instances.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Globalization;

void PrintKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "        -KEY-   -VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "        {0,-6}: {1}", myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL1 = gcnew SortedList;
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL1 (default):" );
   mySL1->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL1->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL1->Add( "THIRD", "!" );

   try   { mySL1->Add( "first", "Ola!" ); }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) { Console::WriteLine( e ); }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL1 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL2 = gcnew SortedList( gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):" );
   mySL2->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL2->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL2->Add( "THIRD", "!" );

   try   { mySL2->Add( "first", "Ola!" ); }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) { Console::WriteLine( e ); }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL2 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the specified KeyComparer.
   // The KeyComparer uses a case-insensitive hash code provider and a case-insensitive comparer,
   // which are based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not the uppercase version of "i".
   CultureInfo^ myCul = gcnew CultureInfo( "tr-TR" );
   SortedList^ mySL3 = gcnew SortedList( gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer( myCul ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):" );
   mySL3->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL3->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL3->Add( "THIRD", "!" );

   try   { mySL3->Add( "first", "Ola!" ); }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) { Console::WriteLine( e ); }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL3 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the ComparisonType.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
   SortedList^ mySL4 = gcnew SortedList( StringComparer::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):" );
   mySL4->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL4->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL4->Add( "THIRD", "!" );

   try   { mySL4->Add( "first", "Ola!" ); }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) { Console::WriteLine( e ); }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL4 );

    Console::WriteLine("\n\nHit ENTER to return");
    Console::ReadLine();
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesSortedList
{

    public static void Main()
    {

        // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        SortedList mySL1 = new SortedList();
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):");
        mySL1.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL1.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL1.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        SortedList mySL2 = new SortedList(new CaseInsensitiveComparer());
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):");
        mySL2.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL2.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL2.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        // the uppercase version of "i".
        CultureInfo myCul = new CultureInfo("tr-TR");
        SortedList mySL3 = new SortedList(new CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul));
        Console.WriteLine(
            "mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):");

        mySL3.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL3.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL3.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3);

        // Create a SortedList using the
        // StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        SortedList mySL4 = new SortedList(
            StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):");
        mySL4.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL4.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL4.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4);
    }

    public static void PrintKeysAndValues(SortedList myList)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-");
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("        {0,-6}: {1}",
                myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i));
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.
Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesSortedList

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        Dim mySL1 As New SortedList()
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):")
        mySL1.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL1.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL1.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        Dim mySL2 As New SortedList(New CaseInsensitiveComparer())
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):")
        mySL2.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL2.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL2.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        ' which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        ' the uppercase version of "i".
        Dim myCul As New CultureInfo("tr-TR")
        Dim mySL3 As New SortedList(New CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul))
        Console.WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):")
        mySL3.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL3.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL3.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3)

        ' Create a SortedList using the
        ' StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        Dim mySL4 As New SortedList( _
            StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase)

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):")
        mySL4.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL4.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL4.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(ByVal myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("     {0,-6}: {1}", _
               myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.
'
'mySL1 (default):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        first : Ola!
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        first : Ola!
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !

Uwagi

Elementy są sortowane zgodnie z określoną implementacją IComparer.The elements are sorted according to the specified IComparer implementation. Jeśli parametr comparer jest null, zostanie użyta implementacja IComparable każdego klucza; w związku z tym każdy klucz musi implementować interfejs IComparable, aby można było porównań z każdym innym kluczem w obiekcie SortedList.If the comparer parameter is null, the IComparable implementation of each key is used; therefore, each key must implement the IComparable interface to be capable of comparisons with every other key in the SortedList object.

Pojemność obiektu SortedList to liczba elementów, które mogą być przechowywane przez SortedList.The capacity of a SortedList object is the number of elements that the SortedList can hold. Po dodaniu elementów do SortedListpojemność jest automatycznie zwiększana zgodnie z wymaganiami przez ponowną alokację tablicy wewnętrznej.As elements are added to a SortedList, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

Jeśli rozmiar kolekcji można oszacować, określenie początkowej pojemności eliminuje konieczność wykonywania wielu operacji zmiany rozmiaru podczas dodawania elementów do obiektu SortedList.If the size of the collection can be estimated, specifying the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the SortedList object.

Ten konstruktor jest operacją O(1).This constructor is an O(1) operation.

Zobacz też

SortedList(IDictionary)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która zawiera elementy skopiowane z określonego słownika, ma taką samą początkową pojemność jak liczba skopiowanych elementów i jest sortowana zgodnie z interfejsem IComparable zaimplementowanym przez każdy klucz.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that contains elements copied from the specified dictionary, has the same initial capacity as the number of elements copied, and is sorted according to the IComparable interface implemented by each key.

public:
 SortedList(System::Collections::IDictionary ^ d);
public SortedList (System.Collections.IDictionary d);
new System.Collections.SortedList : System.Collections.IDictionary -> System.Collections.SortedList
Public Sub New (d As IDictionary)

Parametry

d
IDictionary

Implementacja IDictionary, która ma zostać skopiowana do nowego obiektu SortedList.The IDictionary implementation to copy to a new SortedList object.

Wyjątki

Parametr d ma wartość null.d is null.

Co najmniej jeden element w d nie implementuje interfejsu IComparable.One or more elements in d do not implement the IComparable interface.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu tworzy kolekcje przy użyciu różnych konstruktorów SortedList i demonstruje różnice w zachowaniu kolekcji.The following code example creates collections using different SortedList constructors and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the collections.



using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "        -KEY-   -VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "        {0,-6}: {1}", myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create the dictionary.
   Hashtable^ myHT = gcnew Hashtable;
   myHT->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   myHT->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   myHT->Add( "THIRD", "!" );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL1 = gcnew SortedList( myHT );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL1 (default):" );
   try
   {
      mySL1->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL1 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL2 = gcnew SortedList( myHT,gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):" );
   try
   {
      mySL2->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL2 );
   
    // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
    // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
    // the uppercase version of "i".
   CultureInfo^ myCul = gcnew CultureInfo( "tr-TR" );
   SortedList^ mySL3 = gcnew SortedList( myHT, gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer( myCul ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):" );
   try
   {
      mySL3->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL3 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the ComparisonType.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
   SortedList^ mySL4 = gcnew SortedList( myHT, StringComparer::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):" );
   try
   {
      mySL4->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL4 );
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesSortedList
{

    public static void Main()
    {

        // Create the dictionary.
        Hashtable myHT = new Hashtable();
        myHT.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        myHT.Add("SECOND", "World");
        myHT.Add("THIRD", "!");

        // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        SortedList mySL1 = new SortedList(myHT);
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):");
        try
        {
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        SortedList mySL2 = new SortedList(myHT, new CaseInsensitiveComparer());
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):");
        try
        {
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        // the uppercase version of "i".
        CultureInfo myCul = new CultureInfo("tr-TR");
        SortedList mySL3 = new SortedList(myHT, new CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul));
        Console.WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):");
        try
        {
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3);

        // Create a SortedList using the
        // StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        SortedList mySL4 = new SortedList(
            myHT, StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):");
        try
        {
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4);
    }

    public static void PrintKeysAndValues(SortedList myList)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-");
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("        {0,-6}: {1}",
                myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i));
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesSortedList

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create the dictionary.
        Dim myHT As New Hashtable()
        myHT.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        myHT.Add("SECOND", "World")
        myHT.Add("THIRD", "!")

        ' Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        Dim mySL1 As New SortedList(myHT)
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):")
        Try
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        Dim mySL2 As New SortedList(myHT, New CaseInsensitiveComparer())
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):")
        Try
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        ' which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        ' the uppercase version of "i".
        Dim myCul As New CultureInfo("tr-TR")
        Dim mySL3 As New SortedList(myHT, New CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul))
        Console.WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):")
        Try
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3)

        ' Create a SortedList using the 
        ' StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        Dim mySL4 As New SortedList(myHT, StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase)
        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):")
        Try
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(ByVal myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("        {0,-6}: {1}", _
                myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.
'
'mySL1 (default):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        first : Ola!
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        first : Ola!
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !

Uwagi

Każdy klucz musi implementować interfejs IComparable, aby można było porównań z każdym innym kluczem w obiekcie SortedList.Each key must implement the IComparable interface to be capable of comparisons with every other key in the SortedList object. Elementy są sortowane zgodnie z implementacją IComparable każdego klucza dodanego do SortedList.The elements are sorted according to the IComparable implementation of each key added to the SortedList.

Obiekt Hashtable jest przykładem implementacji IDictionary, która może zostać przeniesiona do tego konstruktora.A Hashtable object is an example of an IDictionary implementation that can be passed to this constructor. Nowy obiekt SortedList zawiera kopię kluczy i wartości przechowywanych w Hashtable.The new SortedList object contains a copy of the keys and values stored in the Hashtable.

Pojemność obiektu SortedList to liczba elementów, które mogą być przechowywane przez SortedList.The capacity of a SortedList object is the number of elements that the SortedList can hold. Po dodaniu elementów do SortedListpojemność jest automatycznie zwiększana zgodnie z wymaganiami przez ponowną alokację tablicy wewnętrznej.As elements are added to a SortedList, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

Jeśli rozmiar kolekcji można oszacować, określenie początkowej pojemności eliminuje konieczność wykonywania wielu operacji zmiany rozmiaru podczas dodawania elementów do obiektu SortedList.If the size of the collection can be estimated, specifying the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the SortedList object.

Ten konstruktor jest operacją O(n), gdzie n jest liczbą elementów w d.This constructor is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements in d.

Zobacz też

SortedList(Int32)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która jest pusta, ma określoną pojemność początkową i jest sortowane zgodnie z interfejsem IComparable zaimplementowanym przez każdy klucz dodany do obiektu SortedList.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that is empty, has the specified initial capacity, and is sorted according to the IComparable interface implemented by each key added to the SortedList object.

public:
 SortedList(int initialCapacity);
public SortedList (int initialCapacity);
new System.Collections.SortedList : int -> System.Collections.SortedList
Public Sub New (initialCapacity As Integer)

Parametry

initialCapacity
Int32

Początkowa liczba elementów, które może zawierać obiekt SortedList.The initial number of elements that the SortedList object can contain.

Wyjątki

Parametr initialCapacity ma wartość niższą niż zero.initialCapacity is less than zero.

Za mało dostępnej pamięci, aby utworzyć obiekt SortedList o określonym initialCapacity.There is not enough available memory to create a SortedList object with the specified initialCapacity.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu tworzy kolekcje przy użyciu różnych konstruktorów SortedList i demonstruje różnice w zachowaniu kolekcji.The following code example creates collections using different SortedList constructors and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the collections.

// The following code example creates SortedList instances using different constructors
// and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the SortedList instances.



using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "        Capacity is {0}.", myList->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "        -KEY-   -VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "        {0,-6}: {1}", myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL1 = gcnew SortedList( 3 );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL1 (default):" );
   mySL1->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL1->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL1->Add( "THIRD", "!" );
   try
   {
      mySL1->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL1 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL2 = gcnew SortedList( gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer,3 );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):" );
   mySL2->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL2->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL2->Add( "THIRD", "!" );
   try
   {
      mySL2->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL2 );
   
    // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
    // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
    // the uppercase version of "i".
    CultureInfo^ myCul = gcnew CultureInfo("tr-TR");
    SortedList^ mySL3 = gcnew SortedList(gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul), 3);

    Console::WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):");

    mySL3->Add("FIRST", "Hello");
    mySL3->Add("SECOND", "World");
    mySL3->Add("THIRD", "!");
    try
    {
        mySL3->Add("first", "Ola!");
    }
    catch (ArgumentException^ e)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(e);
    }
    PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3);

    // Create a SortedList using the
    // StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
   SortedList^ mySL4 = gcnew SortedList( StringComparer::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, 3 );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):" );
   mySL4->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL4->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL4->Add( "THIRD", "!" );
   try
   {
      mySL4->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL4 );
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        Capacity is 6.
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        Capacity is 3.
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        Capacity is 6.
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        Capacity is 3.
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesSortedList
{

    public static void Main()
    {

        // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        SortedList mySL1 = new SortedList( 3 );
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):");
        mySL1.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL1.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL1.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        SortedList mySL2 = new SortedList(new CaseInsensitiveComparer(), 3);
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):");
        mySL2.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL2.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL2.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        // the uppercase version of "i".
        CultureInfo myCul = new CultureInfo("tr-TR");
        SortedList mySL3 =
            new SortedList(new CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul), 3);

        Console.WriteLine(
            "mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):");

        mySL3.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL3.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL3.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3);

        // Create a SortedList using the
        // StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        SortedList mySL4 = new SortedList(
            StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, 3);

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):");
        mySL4.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL4.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL4.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4);
    }

    public static void PrintKeysAndValues(SortedList myList)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-");
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("        {0,-6}: {1}",
                myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i));
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.
Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesSortedList

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        Dim mySL1 As New SortedList( 3 )
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):")
        mySL1.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL1.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL1.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        Dim mySL2 As New SortedList(New CaseInsensitiveComparer(), 3)
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):")
        mySL2.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL2.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL2.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        ' which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        ' the uppercase version of "i".
        Dim myCul As New CultureInfo("tr-TR")
        Dim mySL3 As New SortedList(New CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul), 3)
        Console.WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):")
        mySL3.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL3.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL3.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3)

        ' Create a SortedList using the
        ' StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        Dim mySL4 As New SortedList( _
            StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, 3)

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):")
        mySL4.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL4.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL4.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(ByVal myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("     {0,-6}: {1}", _
               myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.
'
'mySL1 (default):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        first : Ola!
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        first : Ola!
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !

Uwagi

Każdy klucz musi implementować interfejs IComparable, aby można było porównań z każdym innym kluczem w obiekcie SortedList.Each key must implement the IComparable interface to be capable of comparisons with every other key in the SortedList object. Elementy są sortowane zgodnie z implementacją IComparable każdego klucza dodanego do SortedList.The elements are sorted according to the IComparable implementation of each key added to the SortedList.

Pojemność obiektu SortedList to liczba elementów, które mogą być przechowywane przez SortedList.The capacity of a SortedList object is the number of elements that the SortedList can hold. Po dodaniu elementów do SortedListpojemność jest automatycznie zwiększana zgodnie z wymaganiami przez ponowną alokację tablicy wewnętrznej.As elements are added to a SortedList, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

Jeśli rozmiar kolekcji można oszacować, określenie początkowej pojemności eliminuje konieczność wykonywania wielu operacji zmiany rozmiaru podczas dodawania elementów do obiektu SortedList.If the size of the collection can be estimated, specifying the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the SortedList object.

Ten konstruktor jest operacją O(n), gdzie n jest initialCapacity.This constructor is an O(n) operation, where n is initialCapacity.

Zobacz też

SortedList(IComparer, Int32)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która jest pusta, ma określoną pojemność początkową i jest sortowane zgodnie z określonym interfejsem IComparer.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that is empty, has the specified initial capacity, and is sorted according to the specified IComparer interface.

public:
 SortedList(System::Collections::IComparer ^ comparer, int capacity);
public SortedList (System.Collections.IComparer comparer, int capacity);
new System.Collections.SortedList : System.Collections.IComparer * int -> System.Collections.SortedList
Public Sub New (comparer As IComparer, capacity As Integer)

Parametry

comparer
IComparer

Implementacja IComparer do użycia podczas porównywania kluczy.The IComparer implementation to use when comparing keys.

— lub —-or- null użyć implementacji IComparable dla każdego klucza.null to use the IComparable implementation of each key.

capacity
Int32

Początkowa liczba elementów, które może zawierać obiekt SortedList.The initial number of elements that the SortedList object can contain.

Wyjątki

Parametr capacity ma wartość niższą niż zero.capacity is less than zero.

Za mało dostępnej pamięci, aby utworzyć obiekt SortedList o określonym capacity.There is not enough available memory to create a SortedList object with the specified capacity.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu tworzy kolekcje przy użyciu różnych konstruktorów SortedList i demonstruje różnice w zachowaniu kolekcji.The following code example creates collections using different SortedList constructors and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the collections.

// The following code example creates SortedList instances using different constructors
// and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the SortedList instances.



using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "        Capacity is {0}.", myList->Capacity );
   Console::WriteLine( "        -KEY-   -VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "        {0,-6}: {1}", myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL1 = gcnew SortedList( 3 );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL1 (default):" );
   mySL1->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL1->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL1->Add( "THIRD", "!" );
   try
   {
      mySL1->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL1 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL2 = gcnew SortedList( gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer,3 );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):" );
   mySL2->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL2->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL2->Add( "THIRD", "!" );
   try
   {
      mySL2->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL2 );
   
    // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
    // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
    // the uppercase version of "i".
    CultureInfo^ myCul = gcnew CultureInfo("tr-TR");
    SortedList^ mySL3 = gcnew SortedList(gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul), 3);

    Console::WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):");

    mySL3->Add("FIRST", "Hello");
    mySL3->Add("SECOND", "World");
    mySL3->Add("THIRD", "!");
    try
    {
        mySL3->Add("first", "Ola!");
    }
    catch (ArgumentException^ e)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(e);
    }
    PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3);

    // Create a SortedList using the
    // StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
   SortedList^ mySL4 = gcnew SortedList( StringComparer::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, 3 );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):" );
   mySL4->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   mySL4->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   mySL4->Add( "THIRD", "!" );
   try
   {
      mySL4->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL4 );
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        Capacity is 6.
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        Capacity is 3.
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        Capacity is 6.
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        Capacity is 3.
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesSortedList
{

    public static void Main()
    {

        // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        SortedList mySL1 = new SortedList( 3 );
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):");
        mySL1.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL1.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL1.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        SortedList mySL2 = new SortedList(new CaseInsensitiveComparer(), 3);
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):");
        mySL2.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL2.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL2.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        // the uppercase version of "i".
        CultureInfo myCul = new CultureInfo("tr-TR");
        SortedList mySL3 =
            new SortedList(new CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul), 3);

        Console.WriteLine(
            "mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):");

        mySL3.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL3.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL3.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3);

        // Create a SortedList using the
        // StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        SortedList mySL4 = new SortedList(
            StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, 3);

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):");
        mySL4.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        mySL4.Add("SECOND", "World");
        mySL4.Add("THIRD", "!");
        try
        {
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4);
    }

    public static void PrintKeysAndValues(SortedList myList)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-");
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("        {0,-6}: {1}",
                myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i));
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.
Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesSortedList

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        Dim mySL1 As New SortedList( 3 )
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):")
        mySL1.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL1.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL1.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        Dim mySL2 As New SortedList(New CaseInsensitiveComparer(), 3)
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):")
        mySL2.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL2.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL2.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        ' which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        ' the uppercase version of "i".
        Dim myCul As New CultureInfo("tr-TR")
        Dim mySL3 As New SortedList(New CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul), 3)
        Console.WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):")
        mySL3.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL3.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL3.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3)

        ' Create a SortedList using the
        ' StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        Dim mySL4 As New SortedList( _
            StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase, 3)

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):")
        mySL4.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        mySL4.Add("SECOND", "World")
        mySL4.Add("THIRD", "!")
        Try
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(ByVal myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("     {0,-6}: {1}", _
               myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.
'
'mySL1 (default):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        first : Ola!
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        first : Ola!
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !

Uwagi

Elementy są sortowane zgodnie z określoną implementacją IComparer.The elements are sorted according to the specified IComparer implementation. Jeśli parametr comparer jest null, zostanie użyta implementacja IComparable każdego klucza; w związku z tym każdy klucz musi implementować interfejs IComparable, aby można było porównań z każdym innym kluczem w obiekcie SortedList.If the comparer parameter is null, the IComparable implementation of each key is used; therefore, each key must implement the IComparable interface to be capable of comparisons with every other key in the SortedList object.

Pojemność obiektu SortedList to liczba elementów, które mogą być przechowywane przez SortedList.The capacity of a SortedList object is the number of elements that the SortedList can hold. Po dodaniu elementów do SortedListpojemność jest automatycznie zwiększana zgodnie z wymaganiami przez ponowną alokację tablicy wewnętrznej.As elements are added to a SortedList, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

Jeśli rozmiar kolekcji można oszacować, określenie początkowej pojemności eliminuje konieczność wykonywania wielu operacji zmiany rozmiaru podczas dodawania elementów do obiektu SortedList.If the size of the collection can be estimated, specifying the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the SortedList object.

Ten konstruktor jest operacją O(n), gdzie n jest capacity.This constructor is an O(n) operation, where n is capacity.

Zobacz też

SortedList(IDictionary, IComparer)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie klasy SortedList, która zawiera elementy skopiowane z określonego słownika, ma taką samą początkową pojemność jak liczba skopiowanych elementów i jest sortowana zgodnie z określonym interfejsem IComparer.Initializes a new instance of the SortedList class that contains elements copied from the specified dictionary, has the same initial capacity as the number of elements copied, and is sorted according to the specified IComparer interface.

public:
 SortedList(System::Collections::IDictionary ^ d, System::Collections::IComparer ^ comparer);
public SortedList (System.Collections.IDictionary d, System.Collections.IComparer comparer);
new System.Collections.SortedList : System.Collections.IDictionary * System.Collections.IComparer -> System.Collections.SortedList
Public Sub New (d As IDictionary, comparer As IComparer)

Parametry

d
IDictionary

Implementacja IDictionary, która ma zostać skopiowana do nowego obiektu SortedList.The IDictionary implementation to copy to a new SortedList object.

comparer
IComparer

Implementacja IComparer do użycia podczas porównywania kluczy.The IComparer implementation to use when comparing keys.

— lub —-or- null użyć implementacji IComparable dla każdego klucza.null to use the IComparable implementation of each key.

Wyjątki

Parametr d ma wartość null.d is null.

comparer jest null, a co najmniej jeden element w d nie implementuje interfejsu IComparable.comparer is null, and one or more elements in d do not implement the IComparable interface.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu tworzy kolekcje przy użyciu różnych konstruktorów SortedList i demonstruje różnice w zachowaniu kolekcji.The following code example creates collections using different SortedList constructors and demonstrates the differences in the behavior of the collections.



using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "        -KEY-   -VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "        {0,-6}: {1}", myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Create the dictionary.
   Hashtable^ myHT = gcnew Hashtable;
   myHT->Add( "FIRST", "Hello" );
   myHT->Add( "SECOND", "World" );
   myHT->Add( "THIRD", "!" );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL1 = gcnew SortedList( myHT );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL1 (default):" );
   try
   {
      mySL1->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL1 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
   SortedList^ mySL2 = gcnew SortedList( myHT,gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):" );
   try
   {
      mySL2->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL2 );
   
    // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
    // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
    // the uppercase version of "i".
   CultureInfo^ myCul = gcnew CultureInfo( "tr-TR" );
   SortedList^ mySL3 = gcnew SortedList( myHT, gcnew CaseInsensitiveComparer( myCul ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):" );
   try
   {
      mySL3->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL3 );
   
   // Create a SortedList using the ComparisonType.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
   SortedList^ mySL4 = gcnew SortedList( myHT, StringComparer::InvariantCultureIgnoreCase );
   Console::WriteLine( "mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):" );
   try
   {
      mySL4->Add( "first", "Ola!" );
   }
   catch ( ArgumentException^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL4 );
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesSortedList
{

    public static void Main()
    {

        // Create the dictionary.
        Hashtable myHT = new Hashtable();
        myHT.Add("FIRST", "Hello");
        myHT.Add("SECOND", "World");
        myHT.Add("THIRD", "!");

        // Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        SortedList mySL1 = new SortedList(myHT);
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):");
        try
        {
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        SortedList mySL2 = new SortedList(myHT, new CaseInsensitiveComparer());
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):");
        try
        {
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2);

        // Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        // which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        // the uppercase version of "i".
        CultureInfo myCul = new CultureInfo("tr-TR");
        SortedList mySL3 = new SortedList(myHT, new CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul));
        Console.WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):");
        try
        {
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3);

        // Create a SortedList using the
        // StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        SortedList mySL4 = new SortedList(
            myHT, StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase);

        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):");
        try
        {
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4);
    }

    public static void PrintKeysAndValues(SortedList myList)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-");
        for (int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("        {0,-6}: {1}",
                myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i));
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.

mySL1 (default):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        first : Ola!
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        first : Ola!
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first'
   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        FIRST : Hello
        SECOND: World
        THIRD : !

*/

Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesSortedList

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create the dictionary.
        Dim myHT As New Hashtable()
        myHT.Add("FIRST", "Hello")
        myHT.Add("SECOND", "World")
        myHT.Add("THIRD", "!")

        ' Create a SortedList using the default comparer.
        Dim mySL1 As New SortedList(myHT)
        Console.WriteLine("mySL1 (default):")
        Try
            mySL1.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL1)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified case-insensitive comparer.
        Dim mySL2 As New SortedList(myHT, New CaseInsensitiveComparer())
        Console.WriteLine("mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):")
        Try
            mySL2.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL2)

        ' Create a SortedList using the specified CaseInsensitiveComparer,
        ' which is based on the Turkish culture (tr-TR), where "I" is not
        ' the uppercase version of "i".
        Dim myCul As New CultureInfo("tr-TR")
        Dim mySL3 As New SortedList(myHT, New CaseInsensitiveComparer(myCul))
        Console.WriteLine("mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):")
        Try
            mySL3.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL3)

        ' Create a SortedList using the 
        ' StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase value.
        Dim mySL4 As New SortedList(myHT, StringComparer.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase)
        Console.WriteLine("mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):")
        Try
            mySL4.Add("first", "Ola!")
        Catch e As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine(e)
        End Try
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL4)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(ByVal myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine("        -KEY-   -VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine("        {0,-6}: {1}", _
                myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.  Results vary depending on the system's culture settings.
'
'mySL1 (default):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        first : Ola!
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL2 (case-insensitive comparer):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL3 (case-insensitive comparer, Turkish culture):
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        first : Ola!
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !
'
'mySL4 (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase):
'System.ArgumentException: Item has already been added.  Key in dictionary: 'FIRST'  Key being added: 'first''   at System.Collections.SortedList.Add(Object key, Object value)
'   at SamplesSortedList.Main()
'        -KEY-   -VALUE-
'        FIRST : Hello
'        SECOND: World
'        THIRD : !

Uwagi

Elementy są sortowane zgodnie z określoną implementacją IComparer.The elements are sorted according to the specified IComparer implementation. Jeśli parametr comparer jest null, zostanie użyta implementacja IComparable każdego klucza; w związku z tym każdy klucz musi implementować interfejs IComparable, aby można było porównań z każdym innym kluczem w obiekcie SortedList.If the comparer parameter is null, the IComparable implementation of each key is used; therefore, each key must implement the IComparable interface to be capable of comparisons with every other key in the SortedList object.

Obiekt Hashtable jest przykładem implementacji IDictionary, która może zostać przeniesiona do tego konstruktora.A Hashtable object is an example of an IDictionary implementation that can be passed to this constructor. Nowy obiekt SortedList zawiera kopię kluczy i wartości przechowywanych w Hashtable.The new SortedList object contains a copy of the keys and values stored in the Hashtable.

Pojemność obiektu SortedList to liczba elementów, które mogą być przechowywane przez SortedList.The capacity of a SortedList object is the number of elements that the SortedList can hold. Po dodaniu elementów do SortedListpojemność jest automatycznie zwiększana zgodnie z wymaganiami przez ponowną alokację tablicy wewnętrznej.As elements are added to a SortedList, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

Jeśli rozmiar kolekcji można oszacować, określenie początkowej pojemności eliminuje konieczność wykonywania wielu operacji zmiany rozmiaru podczas dodawania elementów do obiektu SortedList.If the size of the collection can be estimated, specifying the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the SortedList object.

Ten konstruktor jest operacją O(n), gdzie n jest liczbą elementów w d.This constructor is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements in d.

Zobacz też

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