SortedList.RemoveAt(Int32) Metoda

Definicja

Usuwa element w określonym indeksie obiektu SortedList.Removes the element at the specified index of a SortedList object.

public:
 virtual void RemoveAt(int index);
public virtual void RemoveAt (int index);
abstract member RemoveAt : int -> unit
override this.RemoveAt : int -> unit
Public Overridable Sub RemoveAt (index As Integer)

Parametry

index
Int32

Liczony od zera indeks elementu do usunięcia.The zero-based index of the element to remove.

Wyjątki

index znajduje się poza zakresem prawidłowych indeksów dla obiektu SortedList.index is outside the range of valid indexes for the SortedList object.

SortedList jest tylko do odczytu.The SortedList is read-only.

— lub —-or- SortedList ma stały rozmiar.The SortedList has a fixed size.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu pokazuje, jak usunąć elementy z obiektu SortedList.The following code example shows how to remove elements from a SortedList object.

#using <system.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "\t{0}:\t{1}", myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
   SortedList^ mySL = gcnew SortedList;
   mySL->Add( "3c", "dog" );
   mySL->Add( "2c", "over" );
   mySL->Add( "1c", "brown" );
   mySL->Add( "1a", "The" );
   mySL->Add( "1b", "quick" );
   mySL->Add( "3a", "the" );
   mySL->Add( "3b", "lazy" );
   mySL->Add( "2a", "fox" );
   mySL->Add( "2b", "jumps" );
   
   // Displays the SortedList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The SortedList initially contains the following:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL );
   
   // Removes the element with the key "3b".
   mySL->Remove( "3b" );
   
   // Displays the current state of the SortedList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL );
   
   // Removes the element at index 5.
   mySL->RemoveAt( 5 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the SortedList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues( mySL );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList initially contains the following:
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        1a:     The
        1b:     quick
        1c:     brown
        2a:     fox
        2b:     jumps
        2c:     over
        3a:     the
        3b:     lazy
        3c:     dog

After removing "lazy":
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        1a:     The
        1b:     quick
        1c:     brown
        2a:     fox
        2b:     jumps
        2c:     over
        3a:     the
        3c:     dog

After removing the element at index 5:
        -KEY-   -VALUE-
        1a:     The
        1b:     quick
        1c:     brown
        2a:     fox
        2b:     jumps
        3a:     the
        3c:     dog
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesSortedList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
      SortedList mySL = new SortedList();
      mySL.Add( "3c", "dog" );
      mySL.Add( "2c", "over" );
      mySL.Add( "1c", "brown" );
      mySL.Add( "1a", "The" );
      mySL.Add( "1b", "quick" );
      mySL.Add( "3a", "the" );
      mySL.Add( "3b", "lazy" );
      mySL.Add( "2a", "fox" );
      mySL.Add( "2b", "jumps" );

      // Displays the SortedList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The SortedList initially contains the following:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( mySL );

      // Removes the element with the key "3b".
      mySL.Remove( "3b" );

      // Displays the current state of the SortedList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( mySL );

      // Removes the element at index 5.
      mySL.RemoveAt( 5 );

      // Displays the current state of the SortedList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues( mySL );
   }

   public static void PrintKeysAndValues( SortedList myList )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "\t{0}:\t{1}", myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i) );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/*
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList initially contains the following:
    -KEY-    -VALUE-
    1a:    The
    1b:    quick
    1c:    brown
    2a:    fox
    2b:    jumps
    2c:    over
    3a:    the
    3b:    lazy
    3c:    dog

After removing "lazy":
    -KEY-    -VALUE-
    1a:    The
    1b:    quick
    1c:    brown
    2a:    fox
    2b:    jumps
    2c:    over
    3a:    the
    3c:    dog

After removing the element at index 5:
    -KEY-    -VALUE-
    1a:    The
    1b:    quick
    1c:    brown
    2a:    fox
    2b:    jumps
    3a:    the
    3c:    dog
*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesSortedList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
        Dim mySL As New SortedList()
        mySL.Add("3c", "dog")
        mySL.Add("2c", "over")
        mySL.Add("1c", "brown")
        mySL.Add("1a", "The")
        mySL.Add("1b", "quick")
        mySL.Add("3a", "the")
        mySL.Add("3b", "lazy")
        mySL.Add("2a", "fox")
        mySL.Add("2b", "jumps")
        
        ' Displays the SortedList.
        Console.WriteLine("The SortedList initially contains the following:")
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL)
        
        ' Removes the element with the key "3b".
        mySL.Remove("3b")
        
        ' Displays the current state of the SortedList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing ""lazy"":")
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL)
        
        ' Removes the element at index 5.
        mySL.RemoveAt(5)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the SortedList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing the element at index 5:")
        PrintKeysAndValues(mySL)
    End Sub
    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues(myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "-KEY-" & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "-VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "{0}:" & ControlChars.Tab & _
               "{1}", myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The SortedList initially contains the following:
'     -KEY-    -VALUE-
'     1a:    The
'     1b:    quick
'     1c:    brown
'     2a:    fox
'     2b:    jumps
'     2c:    over
'     3a:    the
'     3b:    lazy
'     3c:    dog
' 
' After removing "lazy":
'     -KEY-    -VALUE-
'     1a:    The
'     1b:    quick
'     1c:    brown
'     2a:    fox
'     2b:    jumps
'     2c:    over
'     3a:    the
'     3c:    dog
' 
' After removing the element at index 5:
'     -KEY-    -VALUE-
'     1a:    The
'     1b:    quick
'     1c:    brown
'     2a:    fox
'     2b:    jumps
'     3a:    the
'     3c:    dog 

Uwagi

Sekwencja indeksów jest oparta na sekwencji sortowania.The index sequence is based on the sort sequence. Gdy element zostanie dodany, zostanie wstawiony do SortedList w poprawnej kolejności sortowania, a indeksowanie odpowiednio dostosowuje.When an element is added, it is inserted into SortedList in the correct sort order, and the indexing adjusts accordingly. Po usunięciu elementu indeksowanie również odpowiednio dostosowuje.When an element is removed, the indexing also adjusts accordingly. W związku z tym indeks określonej pary klucz/wartość może ulec zmianie po dodaniu lub usunięciu elementów z obiektu SortedList.Therefore, the index of a specific key/value pair might change as elements are added or removed from the SortedList object.

W kolekcjach elementów sąsiadujących, takich jak listy, elementy znajdujące się po usuniętym elemencie są przenoszone do opuszczone.In collections of contiguous elements, such as lists, the elements that follow the removed element move up to occupy the vacated spot. Jeśli kolekcja jest indeksowana, indeksy przeniesionych elementów również są aktualizowane.If the collection is indexed, the indexes of the elements that are moved are also updated. To zachowanie nie dotyczy kolekcji, w których elementy są pod względem koncepcyjnym pogrupowane w przedziały, np. tablic skrótów.This behavior does not apply to collections where elements are conceptually grouped into buckets, such as a hash table.

Ta metoda jest operacją parametru O(n), gdzie parametr n jest obiektem Count.This method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

Dotyczy

Zobacz też