OverflowAction Wyliczenie

Definicja

Określa sposób obsługi wpisów w dzienniku zdarzeń, który osiągnął maksymalny rozmiar pliku.Specifies how to handle entries in an event log that has reached its maximum file size.

public enum class OverflowAction
public enum OverflowAction
type OverflowAction = 
Public Enum OverflowAction
Dziedziczenie
OverflowAction

Pola

DoNotOverwrite -1

Wskazuje, że istniejące wpisy są zachowywane po zapełnieniu dziennika zdarzeń, a nowe wpisy są odrzucane.Indicates that existing entries are retained when the event log is full and new entries are discarded.

OverwriteAsNeeded 0

Wskazuje, że każdy nowy wpis zastępuje najstarszą pozycję w momencie zapełnienia dziennika zdarzeń.Indicates that each new entry overwrites the oldest entry when the event log is full.

OverwriteOlder 1

Wskazuje, że nowe zdarzenia zastępują zdarzenia starsze niż określone przez MinimumRetentionDays wartość właściwości po zapełnieniu dziennika zdarzeń.Indicates that new events overwrite events older than specified by the MinimumRetentionDays property value when the event log is full. Nowe zdarzenia są odrzucane, jeśli dziennik zdarzeń jest pełny i nie ma zdarzeń starszych niż określone przez MinimumRetentionDays wartość właściwości.New events are discarded if the event log is full and there are no events older than specified by the MinimumRetentionDays property value.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład wylicza dzienniki zdarzeń zdefiniowane na komputerze lokalnym i wyświetla szczegóły konfiguracji dla każdego dziennika zdarzeń.The following example enumerates the event logs defined on the local computer and displays configuration details for each event log.

void DisplayEventLogProperties()
{
   
   // Iterate through the current set of event log files,
   // displaying the property settings for each file.
   array<EventLog^>^eventLogs = EventLog::GetEventLogs();
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = eventLogs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      EventLog^ e = safe_cast<EventLog^>(myEnum->Current);
      Int64 sizeKB = 0;
      Console::WriteLine();
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}:", e->LogDisplayName );
      Console::WriteLine( "  Log name = \t\t {0}", e->Log );
      Console::WriteLine( "  Number of event log entries = {0}", e->Entries->Count );
      
      // Determine if there is a file for this event log.
      RegistryKey ^ regEventLog = Registry::LocalMachine->OpenSubKey( String::Format( "System\\CurrentControlSet\\Services\\EventLog\\{0}", e->Log ) );
      if ( regEventLog )
      {
         Object^ temp = regEventLog->GetValue( "File" );
         if ( temp != nullptr )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "  Log file path = \t {0}", temp );
            FileInfo^ file = gcnew FileInfo( temp->ToString() );
            
            // Get the current size of the event log file.
            if ( file->Exists )
            {
               sizeKB = file->Length / 1024;
               if ( (file->Length % 1024) != 0 )
               {
                  sizeKB++;
               }
               Console::WriteLine( "  Current size = \t {0} kilobytes", sizeKB );
            }
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "  Log file path = \t <not set>" );
         }
      }
      
      // Display the maximum size and overflow settings.
      sizeKB = e->MaximumKilobytes;
      Console::WriteLine( "  Maximum size = \t {0} kilobytes", sizeKB );
      Console::WriteLine( "  Overflow setting = \t {0}", e->OverflowAction );
      switch ( e->OverflowAction )
      {
         case OverflowAction::OverwriteOlder:
            Console::WriteLine( "\t Entries are retained a minimum of {0} days.", e->MinimumRetentionDays );
            break;

         case OverflowAction::DoNotOverwrite:
            Console::WriteLine( "\t Older entries are not overwritten." );
            break;

         case OverflowAction::OverwriteAsNeeded:
            Console::WriteLine( "\t If number of entries equals max size limit, a new event log entry overwrites the oldest entry." );
            break;

         default:
            break;
      }
   }
}


static void DisplayEventLogProperties()
{
    // Iterate through the current set of event log files,
    // displaying the property settings for each file.

    EventLog[] eventLogs = EventLog.GetEventLogs();
    foreach (EventLog e in eventLogs)
    {
        Int64 sizeKB = 0;

        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine("{0}:", e.LogDisplayName);
        Console.WriteLine("  Log name = \t\t {0}", e.Log);

        Console.WriteLine("  Number of event log entries = {0}", e.Entries.Count.ToString());

        // Determine if there is an event log file for this event log.
        RegistryKey regEventLog = Registry.LocalMachine.OpenSubKey("System\\CurrentControlSet\\Services\\EventLog\\" + e.Log);
        if (regEventLog != null)
        {
            Object temp = regEventLog.GetValue("File");
            if (temp != null)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("  Log file path = \t {0}", temp.ToString());
                FileInfo file = new FileInfo(temp.ToString());

                // Get the current size of the event log file.
                if (file.Exists)
                {
                    sizeKB = file.Length / 1024;
                    if ((file.Length % 1024) != 0)
                    {
                        sizeKB++;
                    }
                    Console.WriteLine("  Current size = \t {0} kilobytes", sizeKB.ToString());
                }
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("  Log file path = \t <not set>");
            }
        }

        // Display the maximum size and overflow settings.

        sizeKB = e.MaximumKilobytes;
        Console.WriteLine("  Maximum size = \t {0} kilobytes", sizeKB.ToString());
        Console.WriteLine("  Overflow setting = \t {0}", e.OverflowAction.ToString());

        switch (e.OverflowAction)
        {
            case OverflowAction.OverwriteOlder:
                Console.WriteLine("\t Entries are retained a minimum of {0} days.",
                    e.MinimumRetentionDays);
                break;
            case OverflowAction.DoNotOverwrite:
                Console.WriteLine("\t Older entries are not overwritten.");
                break;
            case OverflowAction.OverwriteAsNeeded:
                Console.WriteLine("\t If number of entries equals max size limit, a new event log entry overwrites the oldest entry.");
                break;
            default:
                break;
        }
    }
}
Shared Sub DisplayEventLogProperties()

   ' Iterate through the current set of event log files,
   ' displaying the property settings for each file.
   Dim eventLogs As EventLog() = EventLog.GetEventLogs()
   
   Dim e As EventLog
   For Each e In  eventLogs
      Dim sizeKB As Int64 = 0
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("{0}:", e.LogDisplayName)
      Console.WriteLine("  Log name = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                          + ControlChars.Tab + " {0}", e.Log)

      Console.WriteLine("  Number of event log entries = {0}", e.Entries.Count.ToString())
      
      ' Determine if there is an event log file for this event log.
      Dim regEventLog As RegistryKey
      regEventLog = Registry.LocalMachine.OpenSubKey( _
             ("System\CurrentControlSet\Services\EventLog\" + e.Log))

      If Not (regEventLog Is Nothing) Then

         Dim temp As Object = regEventLog.GetValue("File")
         If Not (temp Is Nothing) Then

            Console.WriteLine("  Log file path = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                                  + " {0}", temp.ToString())
            Dim file As New FileInfo(temp.ToString())
            
            ' Get the current size of the event log file.
            If file.Exists Then
               sizeKB = file.Length / 1024
               If file.Length Mod 1024 <> 0 Then
                  sizeKB += 1
               End If
               Console.WriteLine("  Current size = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                          + " {0} kilobytes", sizeKB.ToString())
            End If
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("  Log file path = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                             + " <not set>")
         End If
      End If
      
      ' Display the maximum size and overflow settings.
      sizeKB = e.MaximumKilobytes
      Console.WriteLine("  Maximum size = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                         + " {0} kilobytes", sizeKB.ToString())
      Console.WriteLine("  Overflow setting = " + ControlChars.Tab _
                         + " {0}", e.OverflowAction.ToString())
      
      Select Case e.OverflowAction
         Case OverflowAction.OverwriteOlder
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + _
                 " Entries are retained a minimum of {0} days.", _
                 e.MinimumRetentionDays)
         Case OverflowAction.DoNotOverwrite
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + _
                 " Older entries are not overwritten.")
         Case OverflowAction.OverwriteAsNeeded
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab + _
                 " If number of entries equals max size limit, a new event log entry overwrites the oldest entry.")
         Case Else
      End Select

   Next e

End Sub

Uwagi

Dla każdego dziennika zdarzeń obowiązuje limit maksymalnego rozmiaru oraz konfigurowalne ustawienie, które zapewnia regułę do pisania nowych wpisów w tym limicie.Every event log has a maximum size limit and a configurable setting that provides the rule for writing new entries at that limit. Po osiągnięciu maksymalnego rozmiaru dziennika zdarzeń można określić jedną z następujących reguł:When the event log has reached its maximum size, you can specify one of the following rules:

  • Nowe wpisy zostaną odrzucone.New entries will be discarded.

  • Nowe wpisy zastąpią starsze wpisy.New entries will overwrite older entries.

  • Nowe wpisy zostaną odrzucone lub zostaną zastąpione istniejącymi wpisami w zależności od wieku istniejących wpisów.New entries will either be discarded or will overwrite existing entries depending upon the age of the existing entries.

Użyj ModifyOverflowPolicy metody, aby ustawić zachowanie przepełnienia dla EventLog .Use the ModifyOverflowPolicy method to set the overflow behavior for an EventLog. Sprawdź bieżące skonfigurowane zachowanie EventLog za pomocą jego OverflowAction właściwości.Check the current configured behavior of an EventLog through its OverflowAction property.

Dotyczy