CharacterRange Struktura

Definicja

Określa zakres pozycji znaku w ciągu.Specifies a range of character positions within a string.

public value class CharacterRange
public struct CharacterRange
type CharacterRange = struct
Public Structure CharacterRange
Dziedziczenie
CharacterRange

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu demonstruje sposób tworzenia CharacterRange i używania go do wyróżnienia części ciągu.The following code example demonstrates how to create a CharacterRange and use it to highlight part of a string. Ten przykład jest przeznaczony do użycia z Windows Forms.This example is designed to be used with Windows Forms. Wklej przykład do formularza i Wywołaj metodę HighlightACharacterRange podczas obsługi zdarzenia Paint formularza, przekazując e jako PaintEventArgs.Paste the example into a form and call the HighlightACharacterRange method when handling the form's Paint event, passing e as PaintEventArgs.

void HighlightACharacterRange( PaintEventArgs^ e )
{
   // Declare the string to draw.
   String^ message = "This is the string to highlight a word in.";

   // Declare the word to highlight.
   String^ searchWord = "string";

   // Create a CharacterRange array with the searchWord 
   // location and length.
   array<CharacterRange>^ temp = {CharacterRange( message->IndexOf( searchWord ), searchWord->Length )};
   array<CharacterRange>^ranges = temp;

   // Construct a StringFormat object.
   StringFormat^ stringFormat1 = gcnew StringFormat;

   // Set the ranges on the StringFormat object.
   stringFormat1->SetMeasurableCharacterRanges( ranges );

   // Declare the font to write the message in.
   System::Drawing::Font^ largeFont = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( FontFamily::GenericSansSerif,16.0F,GraphicsUnit::Pixel );

   // Construct a new Rectangle.
   Rectangle displayRectangle = Rectangle(20,20,200,100);

   // Convert the Rectangle to a RectangleF.
   RectangleF displayRectangleF = displayRectangle;

   // Get the Region to highlight by calling the 
   // MeasureCharacterRanges method.
   array<System::Drawing::Region^>^charRegion = e->Graphics->MeasureCharacterRanges( message, largeFont, displayRectangleF, stringFormat1 );

   // Draw the message string on the form.
   e->Graphics->DrawString( message, largeFont, Brushes::Blue, displayRectangleF );

   // Fill in the region using a semi-transparent color.
   e->Graphics->FillRegion( gcnew SolidBrush( Color::FromArgb( 50, Color::Fuchsia ) ), charRegion[ 0 ] );
   delete largeFont;
}
private void HighlightACharacterRange(PaintEventArgs e)
{

    // Declare the string to draw.
    string message = "This is the string to highlight a word in.";

    // Declare the word to highlight.
    string searchWord = "string";

    // Create a CharacterRange array with the searchWord 
    // location and length.
    CharacterRange[] ranges = 
        new CharacterRange[]{new CharacterRange
        (message.IndexOf(searchWord), searchWord.Length)};

    // Construct a StringFormat object.
    StringFormat stringFormat1 = new StringFormat();

    // Set the ranges on the StringFormat object.
    stringFormat1.SetMeasurableCharacterRanges(ranges);

    // Declare the font to write the message in.
    Font largeFont = new Font(FontFamily.GenericSansSerif, 16.0F,
        GraphicsUnit.Pixel);

    // Construct a new Rectangle.
    Rectangle displayRectangle = new Rectangle(20, 20, 200, 100);

    // Convert the Rectangle to a RectangleF.
    RectangleF displayRectangleF = (RectangleF)displayRectangle;

    // Get the Region to highlight by calling the 
    // MeasureCharacterRanges method.
    Region[] charRegion = e.Graphics.MeasureCharacterRanges(message, 
        largeFont, displayRectangleF, stringFormat1);

    // Draw the message string on the form.
    e.Graphics.DrawString(message, largeFont, Brushes.Blue, 
        displayRectangleF);

    // Fill in the region using a semi-transparent color.
    e.Graphics.FillRegion(new SolidBrush(Color.FromArgb(50, Color.Fuchsia)), 
        charRegion[0]);

    largeFont.Dispose();
}
Private Sub HighlightACharacterRange(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)

    ' Declare the string to draw.
    Dim message As String = _
        "This is the string to highlight a word in."

    ' Declare the word to highlight.
    Dim searchWord As String = "string"

    ' Create a CharacterRange array with the searchWord 
    ' location and length.
    Dim ranges() As CharacterRange = _
        New CharacterRange() _
            {New CharacterRange(message.IndexOf(searchWord), _
            searchWord.Length)}

    ' Construct a StringFormat object.
    Dim stringFormat1 As New StringFormat

    ' Set the ranges on the StringFormat object.
    stringFormat1.SetMeasurableCharacterRanges(ranges)

    ' Declare the font to write the message in.
    Dim largeFont As Font = New Font(FontFamily.GenericSansSerif, _
        16.0F, GraphicsUnit.Pixel)

    ' Construct a new Rectangle.
    Dim displayRectangle As New Rectangle(20, 20, 200, 100)

    ' Convert the Rectangle to a RectangleF.
    Dim displayRectangleF As RectangleF = _
        RectangleF.op_Implicit(displayRectangle)

    ' Get the Region to highlight by calling the 
    ' MeasureCharacterRanges method.
    Dim charRegion() As Region = _
        e.Graphics.MeasureCharacterRanges(message, _
        largeFont, displayRectangleF, stringFormat1)

    ' Draw the message string on the form.
    e.Graphics.DrawString(message, largeFont, Brushes.Blue, _
        displayRectangleF)

    ' Fill in the region using a semi-transparent color.
    e.Graphics.FillRegion(New SolidBrush(Color.FromArgb(50, _
        Color.Fuchsia)), charRegion(0))

End Sub

Konstruktory

CharacterRange(Int32, Int32)

Inicjuje nowe wystąpienie struktury CharacterRange, określając zakres pozycji znaku w ciągu.Initializes a new instance of the CharacterRange structure, specifying a range of character positions within a string.

Właściwości

First

Pobiera lub ustawia pozycję w ciągu pierwszego znaku tej CharacterRange.Gets or sets the position in the string of the first character of this CharacterRange.

Length

Pobiera lub ustawia liczbę pozycji w tym CharacterRange.Gets or sets the number of positions in this CharacterRange.

Metody

Equals(Object)

Pobiera wartość wskazującą, czy ten obiekt jest równoważny z określonym obiektem.Gets a value indicating whether this object is equivalent to the specified object.

GetHashCode()

Zwraca kod skrótu dla tego wystąpienia.Returns the hash code for this instance.

Operatory

Equality(CharacterRange, CharacterRange)

Porównuje dwa obiekty CharacterRange.Compares two CharacterRange objects. Pobiera wartość wskazującą, czy First i Length wartości dwóch CharacterRange obiektów są równe.Gets a value indicating whether the First and Length values of the two CharacterRange objects are equal.

Inequality(CharacterRange, CharacterRange)

Porównuje dwa obiekty CharacterRange.Compares two CharacterRange objects. Pobiera wartość wskazującą, czy First lub Length wartości dwóch CharacterRange obiektów nie są równe.Gets a value indicating whether the First or Length values of the two CharacterRange objects are not equal.

Dotyczy