Calendar.AddMonths(DateTime, Int32) Metoda

Definicja

Gdy jest zastępowany w klasie pochodnej, zwraca DateTime określoną liczbę miesięcy w stosunku do określonego DateTime .When overridden in a derived class, returns a DateTime that is the specified number of months away from the specified DateTime.

public:
 abstract DateTime AddMonths(DateTime time, int months);
public abstract DateTime AddMonths (DateTime time, int months);
abstract member AddMonths : DateTime * int -> DateTime
Public MustOverride Function AddMonths (time As DateTime, months As Integer) As DateTime

Parametry

time
DateTime

DateTimeDo którego mają zostać dodane miesiące.The DateTime to which to add months.

months
Int32

liczba miesięcy do dodania.The number of months to add.

Zwraca

DateTime

W DateTime wyniku dodania określonej liczby miesięcy do określonego DateTime .The DateTime that results from adding the specified number of months to the specified DateTime.

Wyjątki

Wynikiem DateTime jest spoza obsługiwanego zakresu tego kalendarza.The resulting DateTime is outside the supported range of this calendar.

months jest poza obsługiwanym zakresem DateTime wartości zwracanej.months is outside the supported range of the DateTime return value.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu demonstruje składowe Calendar klasy.The following code example demonstrates the members of the Calendar class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void DisplayValues( Calendar^ myCal, DateTime myDT )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "   Era: {0}", myCal->GetEra( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Year: {0}", myCal->GetYear( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Month: {0}", myCal->GetMonth( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfYear: {0}", myCal->GetDayOfYear( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfMonth: {0}", myCal->GetDayOfMonth( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfWeek: {0}", myCal->GetDayOfWeek( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Hour: {0}", myCal->GetHour( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Minute: {0}", myCal->GetMinute( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Second: {0}", myCal->GetSecond( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Milliseconds: {0}", myCal->GetMilliseconds( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
   DateTime myDT = DateTime(2002,4,3,gcnew GregorianCalendar);
   
   // Uses the default calendar of the InvariantCulture.
   Calendar^ myCal = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->Calendar;
   
   // Displays the values of the DateTime.
   Console::WriteLine( "April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:" );
   DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );
   
   // Adds 5 to every component of the DateTime.
   myDT = myCal->AddYears( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddMonths( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddWeeks( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddDays( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddHours( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddMinutes( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddSeconds( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddMilliseconds( myDT, 5 );
   
   // Displays the values of the DateTime.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:" );
   DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:
Era:          1
Year:         2002
Month:        4
DayOfYear:    93
DayOfMonth:   3
DayOfWeek:    Wednesday
Hour:         0
Minute:       0
Second:       0
Milliseconds: 0

After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:
Era:          1
Year:         2007
Month:        10
DayOfYear:    286
DayOfMonth:   13
DayOfWeek:    Saturday
Hour:         5
Minute:       5
Second:       5
Milliseconds: 5

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCalendar  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
      DateTime myDT = new DateTime( 2002, 4, 3, new GregorianCalendar() );

      // Uses the default calendar of the InvariantCulture.
      Calendar myCal = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.Calendar;

      // Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine( "April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:" );
      DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );

      // Adds 5 to every component of the DateTime.
      myDT = myCal.AddYears( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddMonths( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddWeeks( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddDays( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddHours( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddMinutes( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddSeconds( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddMilliseconds( myDT, 5 );

      // Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:" );
      DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );
   }

   public static void DisplayValues( Calendar myCal, DateTime myDT )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   Era:          {0}", myCal.GetEra( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Year:         {0}", myCal.GetYear( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Month:        {0}", myCal.GetMonth( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfYear:    {0}", myCal.GetDayOfYear( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfMonth:   {0}", myCal.GetDayOfMonth( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfWeek:    {0}", myCal.GetDayOfWeek( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Hour:         {0}", myCal.GetHour( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Minute:       {0}", myCal.GetMinute( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Second:       {0}", myCal.GetSecond( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Milliseconds: {0}", myCal.GetMilliseconds( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}


/*
This code produces the following output.

April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:
   Era:          1
   Year:         2002
   Month:        4
   DayOfYear:    93
   DayOfMonth:   3
   DayOfWeek:    Wednesday
   Hour:         0
   Minute:       0
   Second:       0
   Milliseconds: 0

After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:
   Era:          1
   Year:         2007
   Month:        10
   DayOfYear:    286
   DayOfMonth:   13
   DayOfWeek:    Saturday
   Hour:         5
   Minute:       5
   Second:       5
   Milliseconds: 5

*/
Imports System.Globalization


Public Class SamplesCalendar   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
      Dim myDT As New DateTime(2002, 4, 3, New GregorianCalendar())

      ' Uses the default calendar of the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myCal As Calendar = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.Calendar

      ' Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine("April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:")
      DisplayValues(myCal, myDT)

      ' Adds 5 to every component of the DateTime.
      myDT = myCal.AddYears(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddMonths(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddWeeks(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddDays(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddHours(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddMinutes(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddSeconds(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddMilliseconds(myDT, 5)

      ' Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine("After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:")
      DisplayValues(myCal, myDT)

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub DisplayValues(myCal As Calendar, myDT As DateTime)
      Console.WriteLine("   Era:          {0}", myCal.GetEra(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Year:         {0}", myCal.GetYear(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Month:        {0}", myCal.GetMonth(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfYear:    {0}", myCal.GetDayOfYear(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfMonth:   {0}", myCal.GetDayOfMonth(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfWeek:    {0}", myCal.GetDayOfWeek(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Hour:         {0}", myCal.GetHour(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Minute:       {0}", myCal.GetMinute(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Second:       {0}", myCal.GetSecond(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Milliseconds: {0}", myCal.GetMilliseconds(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:
'   Era:          1
'   Year:         2002
'   Month:        4
'   DayOfYear:    93
'   DayOfMonth:   3
'   DayOfWeek:    Wednesday
'   Hour:         0
'   Minute:       0
'   Second:       0
'   Milliseconds: 0
'
'After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:
'   Era:          1
'   Year:         2007
'   Month:        10
'   DayOfYear:    286
'   DayOfMonth:   13
'   DayOfWeek:    Saturday
'   Hour:         5
'   Minute:       5
'   Second:       5
'   Milliseconds: 5

Uwagi

monthsWartość zostanie dodana do określonego DateTime .The months value is added to the specified DateTime. Jeśli months jest ujemna, wynik DateTime jest wcześniejszy niż określony DateTime .If months is negative, the resulting DateTime is earlier than the specified DateTime.

DateTimeJest to naruszone, jeśli dzień wynikający z tego okresu nie jest prawidłowym dniem w wynikającym z danego miesiąca roku.The day part of the resulting DateTime is affected if the resulting day is not a valid day in the resulting month of the resulting year. Jest on zmieniany na ostatni prawidłowy dzień w wydanym miesiącu roku.It is changed to the last valid day in the resulting month of the resulting year. Ten rok DateTime zostanie naruszony, jeśli miesiąc wynikający z danego miesiąca jest poza rokiem określonego DateTime .The year part of the resulting DateTime is affected if the resulting month is outside the year of the specified DateTime. Część działania w ramach oceny ERA ma DateTime oddziaływać, jeśli rok wynikający z danego roku jest poza era DateTime .The era part of the resulting DateTime is affected if the resulting year is outside the era of the specified DateTime. Część godziny wynikająca z wyniku DateTime pozostaje taka sama jak określona DateTime .The time-of-day part of the resulting DateTime remains the same as the specified DateTime.

Załóżmy na przykład, że bieżący kalendarz ma 12 miesięcy, gdzie czwarty miesiąc ma 30 dni, a dziesiąty miesiąc ma 31 dni.For example, suppose that the current calendar has 12 months, where the fourth month has 30 days and the tenth month has 31 days. Jeśli określony miesiąc jest dziesiątym miesiącem, określony dzień jest 31 dnia tego miesiąca, a wartość months parametru to 6, rok, w którym wypada, jest większy niż określony rok, miesiąc, w którym występuje, jest czwarty miesiąc, a otrzymany dzień to 30 dzień, który jest ostatnim dniem miesiąca.If the specified month is the tenth month, the specified day is the 31st day of that month, and the value of the months parameter is 6, the resulting year is one more than the specified year, the resulting month is the fourth month, and the resulting day is the 30th day, which is the last day of the resulting month.

Jeśli wartość months parametru jest ujemna, wynik DateTime jest wcześniejszy niż określony DateTime .If the value of the months parameter is negative, the resulting DateTime is earlier than the specified DateTime.

KindWłaściwość zwracanej DateTime wartości zawsze jest równa DateTimeKind.Unspecified .The Kind property of the returned DateTime value always equals DateTimeKind.Unspecified. Właściwość parametru można zachować Kind time DateTime.SpecifyKind , wywołując metodę, jak pokazano w poniższym przykładzie.You can preserve the Kind property of the time parameter by calling the DateTime.SpecifyKind method, as the following example shows.

returnTime = DateTime.SpecifyKind(cal.AddMonths(time, months), time.Kind);
returnTime = DateTime.SpecifyKind(cal.AddMonths(time, months), time.Kind)

Dotyczy

Zobacz też