Object.GetType Metoda

Definicja

Type Pobiera bieżące wystąpienie.Gets the Type of the current instance.

public:
 Type ^ GetType();
public Type GetType ();
member this.GetType : unit -> Type
Public Function GetType () As Type

Zwraca

Dokładny typ środowiska uruchomieniowego bieżącego wystąpienia.The exact runtime type of the current instance.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu pokazuje, że GetType zwraca typ środowiska uruchomieniowego bieżącego wystąpienia.The following code example demonstrates that GetType returns the runtime type of the current instance.

using namespace System;

public ref class MyBaseClass {};

public ref class MyDerivedClass: MyBaseClass{};

int main()
{
   MyBaseClass^ myBase = gcnew MyBaseClass;
   MyDerivedClass^ myDerived = gcnew MyDerivedClass;
   Object^ o = myDerived;
   MyBaseClass^ b = myDerived;
   Console::WriteLine( "mybase: Type is {0}", myBase->GetType() );
   Console::WriteLine( "myDerived: Type is {0}", myDerived->GetType() );
   Console::WriteLine( "object o = myDerived: Type is {0}", o->GetType() );
   Console::WriteLine( "MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is {0}", b->GetType() );
}

/*

This code produces the following output.

mybase: Type is MyBaseClass
myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
object o = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass 

*/
using System;

public class MyBaseClass {
}

public class MyDerivedClass: MyBaseClass {
}

public class Test 
{
   public static void Main() 
   {
      MyBaseClass myBase = new MyBaseClass();
      MyDerivedClass myDerived = new MyDerivedClass();
      object o = myDerived;
      MyBaseClass b = myDerived;

      Console.WriteLine("mybase: Type is {0}", myBase.GetType());
      Console.WriteLine("myDerived: Type is {0}", myDerived.GetType());
      Console.WriteLine("object o = myDerived: Type is {0}", o.GetType());
      Console.WriteLine("MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is {0}", b.GetType());
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    mybase: Type is MyBaseClass
//    myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
//    object o = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass
//    MyBaseClass b = myDerived: Type is MyDerivedClass 
' Define a base and a derived class.
Public Class MyBaseClass
End Class 

Public Class MyDerivedClass : Inherits MyBaseClass
End Class 

Public Class Test
    Public Shared Sub Main() 
        Dim base As New MyBaseClass()
        Dim derived As New MyDerivedClass()
        Dim o As Object = derived
        Dim b As MyBaseClass = derived
        
        Console.WriteLine("base.GetType returns {0}", base.GetType())
        Console.WriteLine("derived.GetType returns {0}", derived.GetType())
        Console.WriteLine("Dim o As Object = derived; o.GetType returns {0}", o.GetType())
        Console.WriteLine("Dim b As MyBaseClass = derived; b.Type returns {0}", b.GetType())
    End Sub 
End Class 
' The example displays the following output:
'    base.GetType returns MyBaseClass
'    derived.GetType returns MyDerivedClass
'    Dim o As Object = derived; o.GetType returns MyDerivedClass
'    Dim b As MyBaseClass = derived; b.Type returns MyDerivedClass

Uwagi

Ponieważ System.Object jest klasą bazową dla wszystkich typów w systemie typu .NET GetType , Metoda może być używana do zwracania Type obiektów, które reprezentują wszystkie typy .NET.Because System.Object is the base class for all types in the .NET type system, the GetType method can be used to return Type objects that represent all .NET types. Platforma .NET rozpoznaje następujące pięć kategorii typów:.NET recognizes the following five categories of types:

Dla dwóch obiektów x i y , które mają identyczne typy środowiska Object.ReferenceEquals(x.GetType(),y.GetType()) uruchomieniowego, zwraca true.For two objects x and y that have identical runtime types, Object.ReferenceEquals(x.GetType(),y.GetType()) returns true. Poniższy przykład używa GetType metody z metodą, ReferenceEquals aby określić, czy jedna wartość liczbowa jest tego samego typu co dwie inne wartości liczbowe.The following example uses the GetType method with the ReferenceEquals method to determine whether one numeric value is the same type as two other numeric values.

int n1 = 12;
int n2 = 82;
long n3 = 12;

Console.WriteLine("n1 and n2 are the same type: {0}",
                  Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n2.GetType()));
Console.WriteLine("n1 and n3 are the same type: {0}",
                  Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n3.GetType()));

// The example displays the following output:
//       n1 and n2 are the same type: True
//       n1 and n3 are the same type: False      
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim n1 As Integer = 12
      Dim n2 As Integer = 82
      Dim n3 As Long = 12
      
      Console.WriteLine("n1 and n2 are the same type: {0}",
                        Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n2.GetType()))
      Console.WriteLine("n1 and n3 are the same type: {0}",
                        Object.ReferenceEquals(n1.GetType(), n3.GetType()))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       n1 and n2 are the same type: True
'       n1 and n3 are the same type: False      

Uwaga

Aby określić, czy obiekt jest określonym typem, można użyć słowa kluczowego porównania typu lub konstrukcji.To determine whether an object is a specific type, you can use your language's type comparison keyword or construct. Na przykład można użyć TypeOf…Is konstrukcji w Visual Basic is lub słowa kluczowego w. C#For example, you can use the TypeOf…Is construct in Visual Basic or the is keyword in C#.

Metoda jest dziedziczona przez wszystkie typy pochodne od Object. GetTypeThe GetType method is inherited by all types that derive from Object. Oznacza to, że oprócz używania słowa kluczowego porównania własnego języka można użyć GetType metody do określenia typu określonego obiektu, jak pokazano w poniższym przykładzie.This means that, in addition to using your own language's comparison keyword, you can use the GetType method to determine the type of a particular object, as the following example shows.

object[] values = { (int) 12, (long) 10653, (byte) 12, (sbyte) -5,
                   16.3, "string" }; 
foreach (var value in values) {
   Type t = value.GetType();
   if (t.Equals(typeof(byte)))
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is an unsigned byte.", value);
   else if (t.Equals(typeof(sbyte)))
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is a signed byte.", value);
   else if (t.Equals(typeof(int)))   
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is a 32-bit integer.", value);
   else if (t.Equals(typeof(long)))   
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is a 32-bit integer.", value);
   else if (t.Equals(typeof(double)))
      Console.WriteLine("{0} is a double-precision floating point.", 
                        value);
   else
      Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is another data type.", value);
}

// The example displays the following output:
//    12 is a 32-bit integer.
//    10653 is a 32-bit integer.
//    12 is an unsigned byte.
//    -5 is a signed byte.
//    16.3 is a double-precision floating point.
//    'string' is another data type.
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim values() As Object = { 12, CLng(10653), CByte(12), 
                                 CSbyte(-5), 16.3, "string" } 
      For Each value In values
         Dim t AS Type = value.GetType()
         If t.Equals(GetType(Byte))
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is an unsigned byte.", value)
         ElseIf t.Equals(GetType(SByte))
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is a signed byte.", value)
         ElseIf t.Equals(GetType(Integer))   
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is a 32-bit integer.", value)
         ElseIf t.Equals(GetType(Long))   
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is a 32-bit integer.", value)
         ElseIf t.Equals(GetType(Double))
            Console.WriteLine("{0} is a double-precision floating point.", 
                              value)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is another data type.", value)
         End If   
      Next      
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       12 is a 32-bit integer.
'       10653 is a 32-bit integer.
'       12 is an unsigned byte.
'       -5 is a signed byte.
'       16.3 is a double-precision floating point.
'       'string' is another data type.

Obiekt ujawnia metadane skojarzone z klasą bieżącej Object. TypeThe Type object exposes the metadata associated with the class of the current Object.

Dotyczy

Zobacz też