AsyncResult.AsyncWaitHandle Właściwość

Definicja

Pobiera obiekt WaitHandle , który hermetyzuje obsługę synchronizacji systemu Win32 i umożliwia implementację różnych schematów synchronizacji.Gets a WaitHandle that encapsulates Win32 synchronization handles, and allows the implementation of various synchronization schemes.

public:
 virtual property System::Threading::WaitHandle ^ AsyncWaitHandle { System::Threading::WaitHandle ^ get(); };
public virtual System.Threading.WaitHandle AsyncWaitHandle { get; }
member this.AsyncWaitHandle : System.Threading.WaitHandle
Public Overridable ReadOnly Property AsyncWaitHandle As WaitHandle

Wartość właściwości

WaitHandle

Obiekt, WaitHandle który hermetyzuje obsługę synchronizacji systemu Win32, i umożliwia implementację różnych schematów synchronizacji.A WaitHandle that encapsulates Win32 synchronization handles, and allows the implementation of various synchronization schemes.

Implementuje

Przykłady

W poniższym przykładzie pokazano, jak użyć AsyncWaitHandle właściwości w celu uzyskania WaitHandle i jak czekać na wywołanie asynchroniczne na delegatze.The following example demonstrates how to use the AsyncWaitHandle property to get a WaitHandle, and how to wait for an asynchronous call on a delegate. WaitHandleJest sygnalizowane sygnałem, gdy wywołanie asynchroniczne zostanie zakończone, i można go oczekiwać przez wywołanie WaitOne metody.The WaitHandle is signaled when the asynchronous call completes, and you can wait for it by calling the WaitOne method.

Przykład składa się z dwóch klas, klasy, która zawiera metodę, która jest wywoływana asynchronicznie, oraz klasy zawierającej Main metodę, która wywołuje wywołanie.The example consists of two classes, the class that contains the method which is called asynchronously, and the class that contains the Main method that makes the call.

Aby uzyskać więcej informacji i więcej przykładów wywoływania metod asynchronicznie za pomocą delegatów, zobacz Asynchroniczne wywoływanie metod synchronicznych.For more information and more examples of calling methods asynchronously by using delegates, see Calling Synchronous Methods Asynchronously.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices; 

namespace Examples {
namespace AdvancedProgramming {
namespace AsynchronousOperations
{
    public ref class AsyncDemo 
    {
    public:
        // The method to be executed asynchronously.
        String^ TestMethod(int callDuration, [OutAttribute] int% threadId) 
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Test method begins.");
            Thread::Sleep(callDuration);
            threadId = Thread::CurrentThread->ManagedThreadId;
            return String::Format("My call time was {0}.", callDuration);
        }
    };

    // The delegate must have the same signature as the method
    // it will call asynchronously.
    public delegate String^ AsyncMethodCaller(int callDuration, [OutAttribute] int% threadId);
}}}
using System;
using System.Threading;

namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
{
    public class AsyncDemo
    {
        // The method to be executed asynchronously.
        public string TestMethod(int callDuration, out int threadId)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Test method begins.");
            Thread.Sleep(callDuration);
            threadId = Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId;
            return String.Format("My call time was {0}.", callDuration.ToString());
        }
    }
    // The delegate must have the same signature as the method
    // it will call asynchronously.
    public delegate string AsyncMethodCaller(int callDuration, out int threadId);
}
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices 

Namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
    Public Class AsyncDemo 
        ' The method to be executed asynchronously.
        Public Function TestMethod(ByVal callDuration As Integer, _
                <Out> ByRef threadId As Integer) As String
            Console.WriteLine("Test method begins.")
            Thread.Sleep(callDuration)
            threadId = Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId()
            return String.Format("My call time was {0}.", callDuration.ToString())
        End Function
    End Class

    ' The delegate must have the same signature as the method
    ' it will call asynchronously.
    Public Delegate Function AsyncMethodCaller(ByVal callDuration As Integer, _
        <Out> ByRef threadId As Integer) As String
End Namespace
#using <TestMethod.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace Examples::AdvancedProgramming::AsynchronousOperations;

void main() 
{
    // The asynchronous method puts the thread id here.
    int threadId;

    // Create an instance of the test class.
    AsyncDemo^ ad = gcnew AsyncDemo();

    // Create the delegate.
    AsyncMethodCaller^ caller = gcnew AsyncMethodCaller(ad, &AsyncDemo::TestMethod);
       
    // Initiate the asychronous call.
    IAsyncResult^ result = caller->BeginInvoke(3000, 
        threadId, nullptr, nullptr);

    Thread::Sleep(0);
    Console::WriteLine("Main thread {0} does some work.",
        Thread::CurrentThread->ManagedThreadId);

    // Wait for the WaitHandle to become signaled.
    result->AsyncWaitHandle->WaitOne();

    // Perform additional processing here.
    // Call EndInvoke to retrieve the results.
    String^ returnValue = caller->EndInvoke(threadId, result);

    // Close the wait handle.
    result->AsyncWaitHandle->Close();

    Console::WriteLine("The call executed on thread {0}, with return value \"{1}\".",
        threadId, returnValue);
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

Main thread 1 does some work.
Test method begins.
The call executed on thread 3, with return value "My call time was 3000.".
 */
using System;
using System.Threading;

namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
{
    public class AsyncMain
    {
        static void Main()
        {
            // The asynchronous method puts the thread id here.
            int threadId;

            // Create an instance of the test class.
            AsyncDemo ad = new AsyncDemo();

            // Create the delegate.
            AsyncMethodCaller caller = new AsyncMethodCaller(ad.TestMethod);

            // Initiate the asychronous call.
            IAsyncResult result = caller.BeginInvoke(3000,
                out threadId, null, null);

            Thread.Sleep(0);
            Console.WriteLine("Main thread {0} does some work.",
                Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId);

            // Wait for the WaitHandle to become signaled.
            result.AsyncWaitHandle.WaitOne();

            // Perform additional processing here.
            // Call EndInvoke to retrieve the results.
            string returnValue = caller.EndInvoke(out threadId, result);

            // Close the wait handle.
            result.AsyncWaitHandle.Close();

            Console.WriteLine("The call executed on thread {0}, with return value \"{1}\".",
                threadId, returnValue);
        }
    }
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

Main thread 1 does some work.
Test method begins.
The call executed on thread 3, with return value "My call time was 3000.".
 */
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices 

Namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations

    Public Class AsyncMain 
        Shared Sub Main() 
            ' The asynchronous method puts the thread id here.
            Dim threadId As Integer

            ' Create an instance of the test class.
            Dim ad As New AsyncDemo()

            ' Create the delegate.
            Dim caller As New AsyncMethodCaller(AddressOf ad.TestMethod)
       
            ' Initiate the asynchronous call.
            Dim result As IAsyncResult = caller.BeginInvoke(3000, _
                threadId, Nothing, Nothing)

            Thread.Sleep(0)
            Console.WriteLine("Main thread {0} does some work.", _
                Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId)
            ' Perform additional processing here and then
            ' wait for the WaitHandle to be signaled.
            result.AsyncWaitHandle.WaitOne()

            ' Call EndInvoke to retrieve the results.
            Dim returnValue As String = caller.EndInvoke(threadId, result)

            ' Close the wait handle.
            result.AsyncWaitHandle.Close()

            Console.WriteLine("The call executed on thread {0}, with return value ""{1}"".", _
                threadId, returnValue)
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

'This example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Main thread 1 does some work.
'Test method begins.
'The call executed on thread 3, with return value "My call time was 3000.".

Uwagi

WaitHandleZwracana przez tę metodę jest automatycznie sygnalizowane po zakończeniu operacji asynchronicznej.The WaitHandle returned by this method is automatically signaled when the asynchronous operation has completed.

Dojście oczekiwania nie jest zamykane automatycznie po wywołaniu EndInvoke delegata, który został użyty do wywołania metody asynchronicznej.The wait handle is not closed automatically when you call EndInvoke on the delegate that was used to make the asynchronous method call. Jeśli zostaną wydane wszystkie odwołania do dojścia oczekiwania, zasoby systemowe są zwalniane, gdy odzyskiwanie pamięci zostanie odzyskane w dojściem oczekiwania.If you release all references to the wait handle, system resources are freed when garbage collection reclaims the wait handle. Aby zwolnić zasoby systemowe zaraz po zakończeniu korzystania z dojścia oczekiwania, wywołaj WaitHandle.Close metodę.To free the system resources as soon as you are finished using the wait handle, call the WaitHandle.Close method. Wyrzucanie elementów bezużytecznych działa wydajniej, gdy obiekty jednorazowe są jawnie zamknięte lub usunięte.Garbage collection works more efficiently when disposable objects are explicitly closed or disposed.

Przestroga

WaitHandleZawarta w AsyncWaitHandle właściwości może służyć do blokowania bieżącego wątku do momentu ukończenia wywołania asynchronicznego.The WaitHandle contained in the AsyncWaitHandle property can be used to block the current thread until the asynchronous call is complete. Jednak program WaitHandle zignoruje AsyncCallback , jeśli został określony podczas BeginInvoke wywołania.However the WaitHandle will ignore the AsyncCallback, if one was specified during the BeginInvoke call. W związku z tym może wystąpić sytuacja, w której aplikacja jest zamykana przed ukończeniem AsyncCallback wykonywania, nawet jeśli WaitHandle jest używana do blokowania wywołań asynchronicznych.Therefore, a situation can occur where the application shuts down before the AsyncCallback has finished executing, even if a WaitHandle is used to block until the asynchronous call completion. Przykład takiej sytuacji, zobacz przykład dla AsyncResult klasy, i Usuń Thread.Sleep instrukcję.For an example of such a situation, see the example for the AsyncResult class, and remove the Thread.Sleep statement.

Dotyczy

Zobacz też