X509IssuerSerial.IssuerName Właściwość

Definicja

Pobiera lub ustawia nazwę wyróżniającą wystawcy certyfikatu X. 509.Gets or sets an X.509 certificate issuer's distinguished name.

public:
 property System::String ^ IssuerName { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
public string IssuerName { get; set; }
member this.IssuerName : string with get, set
Public Property IssuerName As String

Wartość właściwości

Nazwa wyróżniająca wystawcy certyfikatu X. 509.An X.509 certificate issuer's distinguished name.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład kodu demonstruje sposób podpisywania i weryfikowania dokumentu XML przy użyciu certyfikatu X. 509 z magazynu certyfikatów.The following code example demonstrates how to sign and verify an XML document using an X.509 certificate from a certificate store. Ten przykład zapisuje informacje o kluczu do podpisanego dokumentu przy użyciu obiektu X509IssuerSerial.This example saves key information to the signed document using the X509IssuerSerial object.

//
// This example signs an XML file using an
// envelope signature. It then verifies the 
// signed XML.
//
// You must have a certificate with a subject name
// of "CN=XMLDSIG_Test" in the "My" certificate store. 
//
// Run the following command to create a certificate
// and place it in the store.
// makecert -r -pe -n "CN=XMLDSIG_Test" -b 01/01/2005 -e 01/01/2010 -sky signing -ss my

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;
using System.Text;
using System.Xml;

public class SignVerifyEnvelope
{

    public static void Main(String[] args)
    {

        string Certificate = "CN=XMLDSIG_Test";

        try
        {

            // Create an XML file to sign.
            CreateSomeXml("Example.xml");
            Console.WriteLine("New XML file created.");

            // Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
            // new file.
            SignXmlFile("Example.xml", "SignedExample.xml", Certificate);
            Console.WriteLine("XML file signed.");

            if (VerifyXmlFile("SignedExample.xml", Certificate))
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is valid.");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is not valid.");
            }
        }
        catch (CryptographicException e)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
        }
    }

    // Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
    public static void SignXmlFile(string FileName, string SignedFileName, string SubjectName)
    {
        if (null == FileName)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("FileName");
        if (null == SignedFileName)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("SignedFileName");
        if (null == SubjectName)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("SubjectName");

        // Load the certificate from the certificate store.
        X509Certificate2 cert = GetCertificateBySubject(SubjectName);

        // Create a new XML document.
        XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();

        // Format the document to ignore white spaces.
        doc.PreserveWhitespace = false;

        // Load the passed XML file using it's name.
        doc.Load(new XmlTextReader(FileName));

        // Create a SignedXml object.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(doc);

        // Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
        signedXml.SigningKey = cert.PrivateKey;

        // Create a reference to be signed.
        Reference reference = new Reference();
        reference.Uri = "";

        // Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
        XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform env = new XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform();
        reference.AddTransform(env);

        // Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.AddReference(reference);

        // Create a new KeyInfo object.
        KeyInfo keyInfo = new KeyInfo();

        // Load the certificate into a KeyInfoX509Data object
        // and add it to the KeyInfo object.
        // Create an X509IssuerSerial object and add it to the
        // KeyInfoX509Data object.
        
        KeyInfoX509Data kdata = new KeyInfoX509Data(cert);

        X509IssuerSerial xserial;

        xserial.IssuerName = cert.IssuerName.ToString();
        xserial.SerialNumber = cert.SerialNumber;

        kdata.AddIssuerSerial(xserial.IssuerName, xserial.SerialNumber);

        keyInfo.AddClause(kdata);

        // Add the KeyInfo object to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.KeyInfo = keyInfo;

        // Compute the signature.
        signedXml.ComputeSignature();

        // Get the XML representation of the signature and save
        // it to an XmlElement object.
        XmlElement xmlDigitalSignature = signedXml.GetXml();

        // Append the element to the XML document.
        doc.DocumentElement.AppendChild(doc.ImportNode(xmlDigitalSignature, true));

        if (doc.FirstChild is XmlDeclaration)
        {
            doc.RemoveChild(doc.FirstChild);
        }

        // Save the signed XML document to a file specified
        // using the passed string.
        using (XmlTextWriter xmltw = new XmlTextWriter(SignedFileName, new UTF8Encoding(false)))
        {
            doc.WriteTo(xmltw);
            xmltw.Close();
        }

    }

    // Verify the signature of an XML file against an asymetric 
    // algorithm and return the result.
    public static Boolean VerifyXmlFile(String FileName, String CertificateSubject)
    {
        // Check the args.
        if (null == FileName)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("FileName");
        if (null == CertificateSubject)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("CertificateSubject");

        // Load the certificate from the store.
        X509Certificate2 cert = GetCertificateBySubject(CertificateSubject);

        // Create a new XML document.
        XmlDocument xmlDocument = new XmlDocument();

        // Load the passed XML file into the document. 
        xmlDocument.Load(FileName);

        // Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
        // the XML document class.
        SignedXml signedXml = new SignedXml(xmlDocument);

        // Find the "Signature" node and create a new
        // XmlNodeList object.
        XmlNodeList nodeList = xmlDocument.GetElementsByTagName("Signature");

        // Load the signature node.
        signedXml.LoadXml((XmlElement)nodeList[0]);

        // Check the signature and return the result.
        return signedXml.CheckSignature(cert, true);

    }

    public static X509Certificate2 GetCertificateBySubject(string CertificateSubject)
    {
        // Check the args.
        if (null == CertificateSubject)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("CertificateSubject");

        // Load the certificate from the certificate store.
        X509Certificate2 cert = null;

        X509Store store = new X509Store("My", StoreLocation.CurrentUser);

        try
        {
            // Open the store.
            store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);

            // Get the certs from the store.
            X509Certificate2Collection CertCol = store.Certificates;

            // Find the certificate with the specified subject.
            foreach (X509Certificate2 c in CertCol)
            {
                if (c.Subject == CertificateSubject)
                {
                    cert = c;
                    break;
                }
            }

            // Throw an exception of the certificate was not found.
            if (cert == null)
            {
                throw new CryptographicException("The certificate could not be found.");
            }
        }
        finally
        {
            // Close the store even if an exception was thrown.
            store.Close();
        }
        
        return cert;
    }

    // Create example data to sign.
    public static void CreateSomeXml(string FileName)
    {
        // Check the args.
        if (null == FileName)
            throw new ArgumentNullException("FileName");

        // Create a new XmlDocument object.
        XmlDocument document = new XmlDocument();

        // Create a new XmlNode object.
        XmlNode node = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "MyElement", "samples");

        // Add some text to the node.
        node.InnerText = "Example text to be signed.";

        // Append the node to the document.
        document.AppendChild(node);

        // Save the XML document to the file name specified.
        using (XmlTextWriter xmltw = new XmlTextWriter(FileName, new UTF8Encoding(false)))
        {
            document.WriteTo(xmltw);

            xmltw.Close();
        }
    }
}
// This code example displays the following to the console:
//
// New XML file created.
// XML file signed.
// The XML signature is valid.
'
' This example signs an XML file using an
' envelope signature. It then verifies the 
' signed XML.
'
' You must have a certificate with a subject name
' of "CN=XMLDSIG_Test" in the "My" certificate store. 
'
' Run the following command to create a certificate
' and place it in the store.
' makecert -r -pe -n "CN=XMLDSIG_Test" -b 01/01/2005 -e 01/01/2010 -sky signing -ss my
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Xml



Module SignVerifyEnvelope


    Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

        Dim Certificate As String = "CN=XMLDSIG_Test"

        Try

            ' Create an XML file to sign.
            CreateSomeXml("Example.xml")
            Console.WriteLine("New XML file created.")

            ' Sign the XML that was just created and save it in a 
            ' new file.
            SignXmlFile("Example.xml", "SignedExample.xml", Certificate)
            Console.WriteLine("XML file signed.")

            If VerifyXmlFile("SignedExample.xml", Certificate) Then
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is valid.")
            Else
                Console.WriteLine("The XML signature is not valid.")
            End If
        Catch e As CryptographicException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
        End Try

    End Sub


    ' Sign an XML file and save the signature in a new file.
    Sub SignXmlFile(ByVal FileName As String, ByVal SignedFileName As String, ByVal SubjectName As String)
        If Nothing = FileName Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("FileName")
        End If
        If Nothing = SignedFileName Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("SignedFileName")
        End If
        If Nothing = SubjectName Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("SubjectName")
        End If
        ' Load the certificate from the certificate store.
        Dim cert As X509Certificate2 = GetCertificateBySubject(SubjectName)

        ' Create a new XML document.
        Dim doc As New XmlDocument()

        ' Format the document to ignore white spaces.
        doc.PreserveWhitespace = False

        ' Load the passed XML file using it's name.
        doc.Load(New XmlTextReader(FileName))

        ' Create a SignedXml object.
        Dim signedXml As New SignedXml(doc)

        ' Add the key to the SignedXml document. 
        signedXml.SigningKey = cert.PrivateKey

        ' Create a reference to be signed.
        Dim reference As New Reference()
        reference.Uri = ""

        ' Add an enveloped transformation to the reference.
        Dim env As New XmlDsigEnvelopedSignatureTransform()
        reference.AddTransform(env)

        ' Add the reference to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.AddReference(reference)

        ' Create a new KeyInfo object.
        Dim keyInfo As New KeyInfo()

        ' Load the certificate into a KeyInfoX509Data object
        ' and add it to the KeyInfo object.
        ' Create an X509IssuerSerial object and add it to the
        ' KeyInfoX509Data object.

        Dim kdata As New KeyInfoX509Data(cert)

        Dim xserial As X509IssuerSerial

        xserial.IssuerName = cert.IssuerName.ToString()
        xserial.SerialNumber = cert.SerialNumber

        kdata.AddIssuerSerial(xserial.IssuerName, xserial.SerialNumber)

        keyInfo.AddClause(kdata)

        ' Add the KeyInfo object to the SignedXml object.
        signedXml.KeyInfo = keyInfo

        ' Compute the signature.
        signedXml.ComputeSignature()

        ' Get the XML representation of the signature and save
        ' it to an XmlElement object.
        Dim xmlDigitalSignature As XmlElement = signedXml.GetXml()

        ' Append the element to the XML document.
        doc.DocumentElement.AppendChild(doc.ImportNode(xmlDigitalSignature, True))


        If TypeOf doc.FirstChild Is XmlDeclaration Then
            doc.RemoveChild(doc.FirstChild)
        End If

        ' Save the signed XML document to a file specified
        ' using the passed string.
        Dim xmltw As New XmlTextWriter(SignedFileName, New UTF8Encoding(False))
        Try
            doc.WriteTo(xmltw)

        Finally
            xmltw.Close()
        End Try

    End Sub

    ' Verify the signature of an XML file against an asymetric 
    ' algorithm and return the result.
    Function VerifyXmlFile(ByVal FileName As String, ByVal CertificateSubject As String) As [Boolean]
        ' Check the args.
        If Nothing = FileName Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("FileName")
        End If
        If Nothing = CertificateSubject Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("CertificateSubject")
        End If
        ' Load the certificate from the store.
        Dim cert As X509Certificate2 = GetCertificateBySubject(CertificateSubject)

        ' Create a new XML document.
        Dim xmlDocument As New XmlDocument()

        ' Load the passed XML file into the document. 
        xmlDocument.Load(FileName)

        ' Create a new SignedXml object and pass it
        ' the XML document class.
        Dim signedXml As New SignedXml(xmlDocument)

        ' Find the "Signature" node and create a new
        ' XmlNodeList object.
        Dim nodeList As XmlNodeList = xmlDocument.GetElementsByTagName("Signature")

        ' Load the signature node.
        signedXml.LoadXml(CType(nodeList(0), XmlElement))

        ' Check the signature and return the result.
        Return signedXml.CheckSignature(cert, True)

    End Function



    Function GetCertificateBySubject(ByVal CertificateSubject As String) As X509Certificate2
        ' Check the args.
        If Nothing = CertificateSubject Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("CertificateSubject")
        End If

        ' Load the certificate from the certificate store.
        Dim cert As X509Certificate2 = Nothing

        Dim store As New X509Store("My", StoreLocation.CurrentUser)

        Try
            ' Open the store.
            store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly Or OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly)

            ' Get the certs from the store.
            Dim CertCol As X509Certificate2Collection = store.Certificates

            ' Find the certificate with the specified subject.
            Dim c As X509Certificate2
            For Each c In CertCol
                If c.Subject = CertificateSubject Then
                    cert = c
                    Exit For
                End If
            Next c

            ' Throw an exception of the certificate was not found.
            If cert Is Nothing Then
                Throw New CryptographicException("The certificate could not be found.")
            End If
        Finally
            ' Close the store even if an exception was thrown.
            store.Close()
        End Try

        Return cert

    End Function


    ' Create example data to sign.
    Sub CreateSomeXml(ByVal FileName As String)
        ' Check the args.
        If Nothing = FileName Then
            Throw New ArgumentNullException("FileName")
        End If
        ' Create a new XmlDocument object.
        Dim document As New XmlDocument()

        ' Create a new XmlNode object.
        Dim node As XmlNode = document.CreateNode(XmlNodeType.Element, "", "MyElement", "samples")

        ' Add some text to the node.
        node.InnerText = "Example text to be signed."

        ' Append the node to the document.
        document.AppendChild(node)

        ' Save the XML document to the file name specified.
        Dim xmltw As New XmlTextWriter(FileName, New UTF8Encoding(False))
        Try
            document.WriteTo(xmltw)

        Finally
            xmltw.Close()
        End Try

    End Sub
End Module
' This code example displays the following to the console:
'
' New XML file created.
' XML file signed.
' The XML signature is valid.

Uwagi

Właściwość IssuerName reprezentuje nazwę wyróżniającą wystawcy certyfikatu X. 509 określoną w elemencie <X509IssuerSerial>.The IssuerName property represents an X.509 certificate issuer's distinguished name specified in the <X509IssuerSerial> element.

Aby uzyskać więcej informacji na temat elementu <X509IssuerSerial>, zobacz specyfikacja organizacja World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).For more information about the <X509IssuerSerial> element, see the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specification.

Dotyczy