String.Equals Metoda

Definicja

Określa, czy dwa String obiekty mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether two String objects have the same value.

Przeciążenia

Equals(String, StringComparison)

Określa, czy ten ciąg i określony obiekt String mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether this string and a specified String object have the same value. Parametr określa kulturę, wielkość liter i reguły sortowania używane w porównaniu.A parameter specifies the culture, case, and sort rules used in the comparison.

Equals(String, String)

Określa, czy dwa określone String obiekty mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether two specified String objects have the same value.

Equals(String, String, StringComparison)

Określa, czy dwa określone String obiekty mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether two specified String objects have the same value. Parametr określa kulturę, wielkość liter i reguły sortowania używane w porównaniu.A parameter specifies the culture, case, and sort rules used in the comparison.

Equals(Object)

Określa, czy to wystąpienie i określony obiekt, który również musi być obiektem String, mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether this instance and a specified object, which must also be a String object, have the same value.

Equals(String)

Określa, czy to wystąpienie i inne określone String obiektu mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether this instance and another specified String object have the same value.

Equals(String, StringComparison)

Określa, czy ten ciąg i określony obiekt String mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether this string and a specified String object have the same value. Parametr określa kulturę, wielkość liter i reguły sortowania używane w porównaniu.A parameter specifies the culture, case, and sort rules used in the comparison.

public:
 bool Equals(System::String ^ value, StringComparison comparisonType);
public bool Equals (string value, StringComparison comparisonType);
override this.Equals : string * StringComparison -> bool
Public Function Equals (value As String, comparisonType As StringComparison) As Boolean

Parametry

value
String

Ciąg, który ma zostać porównany z tym wystąpieniem.The string to compare to this instance.

comparisonType
StringComparison

Jedna z wartości wyliczenia, która określa sposób porównywania ciągów.One of the enumeration values that specifies how the strings will be compared.

Zwraca

true, jeśli wartość parametru value jest taka sama jak ten ciąg; w przeciwnym razie false.true if the value of the value parameter is the same as this string; otherwise, false.

Wyjątki

comparisonType nie jest wartością StringComparison.comparisonType is not a StringComparison value.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład tworzy tablicę ciągów składającą się z wielkich liter "I", litery "i" i z kropką "ı".The following example creates a string array that consists of an uppercase "I", a lowercase "i", and a dotless "ı". Następnie wywołuje metodę Equals(String, StringComparison), aby porównać je przy użyciu każdej możliwej StringComparison wartości wyliczenia.It then calls the Equals(String, StringComparison) method to compare them by using each possible StringComparison enumeration value.

using System;

class Sample 
{
   public static void Main() 
   {
      // Define a string array with the following three "I" characters:
      //      U+0069, U+0131, and U+0049.  
      string[] threeIs = { "i", "ı", "I" };
      // Define Type object representing StringComparison type.
      Type scType = typeof(StringComparison);  
      
      // Show the current culture (for culture-sensitive string comparisons).
      Console.WriteLine("The current culture is {0}.\n", 
                        System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Name);
        
      // Perform comparisons using each StringComparison member. 
      foreach (string scName in Enum.GetNames(scType))
      {
         StringComparison sc = (StringComparison) Enum.Parse(scType, scName);
         Console.WriteLine("Comparisons using {0}:", sc);
         // Compare each character in character array.
         for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= 1; ctr++)
         {
            string instanceChar = threeIs[ctr];
            for (int innerCtr = ctr + 1; innerCtr <= threeIs.GetUpperBound(0); innerCtr++)
            {
               string otherChar = threeIs[innerCtr];
               Console.WriteLine("{0} (U+{1}) = {2} (U+{3}): {4}", 
                                 instanceChar, Convert.ToInt16(Char.Parse(instanceChar)).ToString("X4"), 
                                 otherChar, Convert.ToInt16(Char.Parse(otherChar)).ToString("X4"), 
                                 instanceChar.Equals(otherChar, sc));
            }
            Console.WriteLine();
         }
      }   
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       The current culture is en-US.
//       
//       Comparisons using CurrentCulture:
//       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
//       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): False
//       
//       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
//       
//       Comparisons using CurrentCultureIgnoreCase:
//       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
//       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): True
//       
//       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
//       
//       Comparisons using InvariantCulture:
//       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
//       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): False
//       
//       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
//       
//       Comparisons using InvariantCultureIgnoreCase:
//       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
//       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): True
//       
//       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
//       
//       Comparisons using Ordinal:
//       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
//       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): False
//       
//       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
//       
//       Comparisons using OrdinalIgnoreCase:
//       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
//       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): True
//       
//       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main() 
      ' Define a string array with the following three "I" characters:
      '      U+0069, U+0131, and U+0049.  
      Dim threeIs() As String = { "i", "ı", "I" }
      ' Define Type object representing StringComparison type.
      Dim scType As Type = GetType(StringComparison)  
      
      ' Show the current culture (for culture-sensitive string comparisons).
      Console.WriteLine("The current culture is {0}." & vbCrLf, _
                        System.Globalization.CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Name)
        
      ' Perform comparisons using each StringComparison member. 
      For Each scName As String In [Enum].GetNames(scType)
         Dim sc As StringComparison = [Enum].Parse(scType, scName)
         Console.WriteLine("Comparisons using {0}:", sc)
         ' Compare each character in character array.
         For ctr As Integer = 0 To 1
            Dim instanceChar As String = threeIs(ctr)
            For innerCtr As Integer = ctr + 1 To threeIs.GetUpperBound(0)
               Dim otherChar As STring = threeIs(innerCtr)
               Console.WriteLine("{0} (U+{1}) = {2} (U+{3}): {4}", _
                                 instanceChar, Convert.ToInt16(Char.Parse(instanceChar)).ToString("X4"), _
                                 otherChar, Convert.ToInt16(Char.Parse(otherChar)).ToString("X4"), _
                                 instanceChar.Equals(otherChar, sc))
            Next
            Console.WriteLine()
         Next
      Next              
   End Sub
End Class
' The example displays the following output:
'       The current culture is en-US.
'       
'       Comparisons using CurrentCulture:
'       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
'       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): False
'       
'       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
'       
'       Comparisons using CurrentCultureIgnoreCase:
'       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
'       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): True
'       
'       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
'       
'       Comparisons using InvariantCulture:
'       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
'       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): False
'       
'       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
'       
'       Comparisons using InvariantCultureIgnoreCase:
'       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
'       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): True
'       
'       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
'       
'       Comparisons using Ordinal:
'       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
'       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): False
'       
'       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False
'       
'       Comparisons using OrdinalIgnoreCase:
'       i (U+0069) = i (U+0131): False
'       i (U+0069) = I (U+0049): True
'       
'       i (U+0131) = I (U+0049): False

Poniższy przykład porównuje cztery zestawy wyrazów za pomocą każdego elementu członkowskiego wyliczenia StringComparison.The following example compares four sets of words by using each member of the StringComparison enumeration. W porównaniach używane są konwencje angielskiej (Stany Zjednoczone) i Lapoński (Wielka Szwecja).The comparisons use the conventions of the English (United States) and Sami (Upper Sweden) cultures. Należy zauważyć, że ciągi "Encyclopædia" i "Encyclopaedia" są uważane za równoważne w kulturze en-US, ale nie w kulturze sami (Północna Szwecja).Note that the strings "encyclopædia" and "encyclopaedia" are considered equivalent in the en-US culture but not in the Sami (Northern Sweden) culture.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      String[] cultureNames = { "en-US", "se-SE" };
      String[] strings1 = { "case",  "encyclopædia",  
                            "encyclopædia", "Archæology" };
      String[] strings2 = { "Case", "encyclopaedia", 
                            "encyclopedia" , "ARCHÆOLOGY" };
      StringComparison[] comparisons = (StringComparison[]) Enum.GetValues(typeof(StringComparison));
      
      foreach (var cultureName in cultureNames) {
         Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture(cultureName);
         Console.WriteLine("Current Culture: {0}", CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Name);
         for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= strings1.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++) {
            foreach (var comparison in comparisons) 
               Console.WriteLine("   {0} = {1} ({2}): {3}", strings1[ctr],
                                 strings2[ctr], comparison, 
                                 strings1[ctr].Equals(strings2[ctr], comparison));

            Console.WriteLine();         
         }
         Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Current Culture: en-US
//       case = Case (CurrentCulture): False
//       case = Case (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       case = Case (InvariantCulture): False
//       case = Case (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       case = Case (Ordinal): False
//       case = Case (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
//    
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCulture): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCulture): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (Ordinal): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
//    
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (Ordinal): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
//    
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCulture): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCulture): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (Ordinal): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
//    
//    
//    Current Culture: se-SE
//       case = Case (CurrentCulture): False
//       case = Case (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       case = Case (InvariantCulture): False
//       case = Case (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       case = Case (Ordinal): False
//       case = Case (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
//    
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCulture): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (Ordinal): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
//    
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (Ordinal): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
//    
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCulture): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCulture): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (Ordinal): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim cultureNames() As String = { "en-US", "se-SE" }
      Dim strings1() As String = { "case",  "encyclopædia",  
                                   "encyclopædia", "Archæology" }
      Dim strings2() As String = { "Case", "encyclopaedia", 
                                   "encyclopedia" , "ARCHÆOLOGY" }
      Dim comparisons() As StringComparison = CType([Enum].GetValues(GetType(StringComparison)),
                                           StringComparison())
      
      For Each cultureName In cultureNames
         Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture(cultureName)
         Console.WriteLine("Current Culture: {0}", CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Name)
         For ctr As Integer = 0 To strings1.GetUpperBound(0)
            For Each comparison In comparisons
               Console.WriteLine("   {0} = {1} ({2}): {3}", strings1(ctr),
                                 strings2(ctr), comparison, 
                                 strings1(ctr).Equals(strings2(ctr), comparison))
            Next
            Console.WriteLine()         
         Next
         Console.WriteLine()
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    Current Culture: en-US
'       case = Case (CurrentCulture): False
'       case = Case (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       case = Case (InvariantCulture): False
'       case = Case (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       case = Case (Ordinal): False
'       case = Case (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
'    
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCulture): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCulture): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (Ordinal): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
'    
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (Ordinal): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
'    
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCulture): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCulture): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (Ordinal): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
'    
'    
'    Current Culture: se-SE
'       case = Case (CurrentCulture): False
'       case = Case (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       case = Case (InvariantCulture): False
'       case = Case (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       case = Case (Ordinal): False
'       case = Case (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
'    
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCulture): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (Ordinal): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
'    
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (Ordinal): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
'    
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCulture): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCulture): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (Ordinal): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True

Uwagi

Parametr comparisonType wskazuje, czy porównanie ma korzystać z bieżącej lub niezmiennej kultury, czy ma być uznawany czy ignorowany wielkości liter dwóch porównywanych ciągów lub użyć reguł sortowania programu Word lub porządkowego.The comparisonType parameter indicates whether the comparison should use the current or invariant culture, honor or ignore the case of the two strings being compared, or use word or ordinal sort rules.

Zobacz też

Equals(String, String)

Określa, czy dwa określone String obiekty mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether two specified String objects have the same value.

public:
 static bool Equals(System::String ^ a, System::String ^ b);
public static bool Equals (string a, string b);
static member Equals : string * string -> bool
Public Shared Function Equals (a As String, b As String) As Boolean

Parametry

a
String

Pierwszy ciąg do porównania lub null.The first string to compare, or null.

b
String

Drugi ciąg do porównania lub null.The second string to compare, or null.

Zwraca

true, jeśli wartość a jest taka sama jak wartość b; w przeciwnym razie false.true if the value of a is the same as the value of b; otherwise, false. Jeśli zarówno a, jak i bnull, metoda zwraca true.If both a and b are null, the method returns true.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład demonstruje metodę Equals.The following example demonstrates the Equals method.

// Sample for String::Equals(Object)
//            String::Equals(String)
//            String::Equals(String, String)
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
int main()
{
   StringBuilder^ sb = gcnew StringBuilder( "abcd" );
   String^ str1 = "abcd";
   String^ str2 = nullptr;
   Object^ o2 = nullptr;
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( " *  The value of String str1 is '{0}'.", str1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " *  The value of StringBuilder sb is '{0}'.", sb );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "1a) String::Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String." );
   Console::WriteLine( "    Is str1 equal to sb?: {0}", str1->Equals( sb ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "1b) String::Equals(Object). Object is a String." );
   str2 = sb->ToString();
   o2 = str2;
   Console::WriteLine( " *  The value of Object o2 is '{0}'.", o2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "    Is str1 equal to o2?: {0}", str1->Equals( o2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( " 2) String::Equals(String)" );
   Console::WriteLine( " *  The value of String str2 is '{0}'.", str2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", str1->Equals( str2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( " 3) String::Equals(String, String)" );
   Console::WriteLine( "    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", String::Equals( str1, str2 ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

 *  The value of String str1 is 'abcd'.
 *  The value of StringBuilder sb is 'abcd'.

1a) String::Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.
    Is str1 equal to sb?: False

1b) String::Equals(Object). Object is a String.
 *  The value of Object o2 is 'abcd'.
    Is str1 equal to o2?: True

 2) String::Equals(String)
 *  The value of String str2 is 'abcd'.
    Is str1 equal to str2?: True

 3) String::Equals(String, String)
    Is str1 equal to str2?: True
*/
// Sample for String.Equals(Object)
//            String.Equals(String)
//            String.Equals(String, String)
using System;
using System.Text;

class Sample {
    public static void Main() {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("abcd");
    String      str1 = "abcd";
    String      str2 = null;
    Object	o2   = null;

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of String str1 is '{0}'.", str1);
    Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of StringBuilder sb is '{0}'.", sb.ToString());

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("1a) String.Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.");
    Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to sb?: {0}", str1.Equals(sb));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("1b) String.Equals(Object). Object is a String.");
    str2 = sb.ToString();
    o2   = str2;
    Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of Object o2 is '{0}'.", o2);
    Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to o2?: {0}", str1.Equals(o2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine(" 2) String.Equals(String)");
    Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of String str2 is '{0}'.", str2);
    Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", str1.Equals(str2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine(" 3) String.Equals(String, String)");
    Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", String.Equals(str1, str2));
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

 *  The value of String str1 is 'abcd'.
 *  The value of StringBuilder sb is 'abcd'.

1a) String.Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.
    Is str1 equal to sb?: False

1b) String.Equals(Object). Object is a String.
 *  The value of Object o2 is 'abcd'.
    Is str1 equal to o2?: True

 2) String.Equals(String)
 *  The value of String str2 is 'abcd'.
    Is str1 equal to str2?: True

 3) String.Equals(String, String)
    Is str1 equal to str2?: True
*/
' Sample for String.Equals(Object)
'            String.Equals(String)
'            String.Equals(String, String)
Imports System.Text

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim sb As New StringBuilder("abcd")
      Dim str1 As [String] = "abcd"
      Dim str2 As [String] = Nothing
      Dim o2 As [Object] = Nothing
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of String str1 is '{0}'.", str1)
      Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of StringBuilder sb is '{0}'.", sb.ToString())
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("1a) String.Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.")
      Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to sb?: {0}", str1.Equals(sb))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("1b) String.Equals(Object). Object is a String.")
      str2 = sb.ToString()
      o2 = str2
      Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of Object o2 is '{0}'.", o2)
      Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to o2?: {0}", str1.Equals(o2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine(" 2) String.Equals(String)")
      Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of String str2 is '{0}'.", str2)
      Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", str1.Equals(str2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine(" 3) String.Equals(String, String)")
      Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", [String].Equals(str1, str2))
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
' *  The value of String str1 is 'abcd'.
' *  The value of StringBuilder sb is 'abcd'.
'
'1a) String.Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.
'    Is str1 equal to sb?: False
'
'1b) String.Equals(Object). Object is a String.
' *  The value of Object o2 is 'abcd'.
'    Is str1 equal to o2?: True
'
' 2) String.Equals(String)
' *  The value of String str2 is 'abcd'.
'    Is str1 equal to str2?: True
'
' 3) String.Equals(String, String)
'    Is str1 equal to str2?: True
'

Uwagi

Ta metoda wykonuje porównanie porządkowe (wielkość liter i niewrażliwość na ustawienia kulturowe).This method performs an ordinal (case-sensitive and culture-insensitive) comparison.

Zobacz też

Equals(String, String, StringComparison)

Określa, czy dwa określone String obiekty mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether two specified String objects have the same value. Parametr określa kulturę, wielkość liter i reguły sortowania używane w porównaniu.A parameter specifies the culture, case, and sort rules used in the comparison.

public:
 static bool Equals(System::String ^ a, System::String ^ b, StringComparison comparisonType);
public static bool Equals (string a, string b, StringComparison comparisonType);
static member Equals : string * string * StringComparison -> bool
Public Shared Function Equals (a As String, b As String, comparisonType As StringComparison) As Boolean

Parametry

a
String

Pierwszy ciąg do porównania lub null.The first string to compare, or null.

b
String

Drugi ciąg do porównania lub null.The second string to compare, or null.

comparisonType
StringComparison

Jedna z wartości wyliczenia, która określa reguły dla porównania.One of the enumeration values that specifies the rules for the comparison.

Zwraca

true, jeśli wartość parametru a jest równa wartości parametru b; w przeciwnym razie false.true if the value of the a parameter is equal to the value of the b parameter; otherwise, false.

Wyjątki

comparisonType nie jest wartością StringComparison.comparisonType is not a StringComparison value.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład porównuje cztery zestawy wyrazów za pomocą każdego elementu członkowskiego wyliczenia StringComparison.The following example compares four sets of words by using each member of the StringComparison enumeration. W porównaniach używane są konwencje angielskiej (Stany Zjednoczone) i Lapoński (Wielka Szwecja).The comparisons use the conventions of the English (United States) and Sami (Upper Sweden) cultures. Należy zauważyć, że ciągi "Encyclopædia" i "Encyclopaedia" są uważane za równoważne w kulturze en-US, ale nie w kulturze sami (Północna Szwecja).Note that the strings "encyclopædia" and "encyclopaedia" are considered equivalent in the en-US culture but not in the Sami (Northern Sweden) culture.

using System;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      String[] cultureNames = { "en-US", "se-SE" };
      String[] strings1 = { "case",  "encyclopædia",  
                            "encyclopædia", "Archæology" };
      String[] strings2 = { "Case", "encyclopaedia", 
                            "encyclopedia" , "ARCHÆOLOGY" };
      StringComparison[] comparisons = (StringComparison[]) Enum.GetValues(typeof(StringComparison));
      
      foreach (var cultureName in cultureNames) {
         Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture(cultureName);
         Console.WriteLine("Current Culture: {0}", CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Name);
         for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= strings1.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++) {
            foreach (var comparison in comparisons) 
               Console.WriteLine("   {0} = {1} ({2}): {3}", strings1[ctr],
                                 strings2[ctr], comparison, 
                                 String.Equals(strings1[ctr], strings2[ctr], comparison));

            Console.WriteLine();         
         }
         Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//    Current Culture: en-US
//       case = Case (CurrentCulture): False
//       case = Case (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       case = Case (InvariantCulture): False
//       case = Case (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       case = Case (Ordinal): False
//       case = Case (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
//    
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCulture): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCulture): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (Ordinal): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
//    
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (Ordinal): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
//    
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCulture): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCulture): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (Ordinal): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
//    
//    
//    Current Culture: se-SE
//       case = Case (CurrentCulture): False
//       case = Case (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       case = Case (InvariantCulture): False
//       case = Case (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       case = Case (Ordinal): False
//       case = Case (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
//    
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCulture): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (Ordinal): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
//    
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCulture): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (Ordinal): False
//       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
//    
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCulture): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCulture): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (Ordinal): False
//       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
Imports System.Globalization
Imports System.Threading

Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim cultureNames() As String = { "en-US", "se-SE" }
      Dim strings1() As String = { "case",  "encyclopædia",  
                                   "encyclopædia", "Archæology" }
      Dim strings2() As String = { "Case", "encyclopaedia", 
                                   "encyclopedia" , "ARCHÆOLOGY" }
      Dim comparisons() As StringComparison = CType([Enum].GetValues(GetType(StringComparison)),
                                           StringComparison())
      
      For Each cultureName In cultureNames
         Thread.CurrentThread.CurrentCulture = CultureInfo.CreateSpecificCulture(cultureName)
         Console.WriteLine("Current Culture: {0}", CultureInfo.CurrentCulture.Name)
         For ctr As Integer = 0 To strings1.GetUpperBound(0)
            For Each comparison In comparisons
               Console.WriteLine("   {0} = {1} ({2}): {3}", strings1(ctr),
                                 strings2(ctr), comparison, 
                                 String.Equals(strings1(ctr), strings2(ctr), comparison))
            Next
            Console.WriteLine()         
         Next
         Console.WriteLine()
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'    Current Culture: en-US
'       case = Case (CurrentCulture): False
'       case = Case (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       case = Case (InvariantCulture): False
'       case = Case (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       case = Case (Ordinal): False
'       case = Case (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
'    
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCulture): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCulture): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (Ordinal): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
'    
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (Ordinal): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
'    
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCulture): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCulture): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (Ordinal): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
'    
'    
'    Current Culture: se-SE
'       case = Case (CurrentCulture): False
'       case = Case (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       case = Case (InvariantCulture): False
'       case = Case (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       case = Case (Ordinal): False
'       case = Case (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True
'    
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCulture): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (Ordinal): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopaedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
'    
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCulture): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (Ordinal): False
'       encyclopædia = encyclopedia (OrdinalIgnoreCase): False
'    
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCulture): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (CurrentCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCulture): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (InvariantCultureIgnoreCase): True
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (Ordinal): False
'       Archæology = ARCHÆOLOGY (OrdinalIgnoreCase): True

Uwagi

Parametr comparisonType wskazuje, czy porównanie ma korzystać z bieżącej lub niezmiennej kultury, czy ma być uznawany czy ignorowany wielkości liter dwóch porównywanych ciągów lub użyć reguł sortowania programu Word lub porządkowego.The comparisonType parameter indicates whether the comparison should use the current or invariant culture, honor or ignore the case of the two strings being compared, or use word or ordinal sort rules.

Zobacz też

Equals(Object)

Określa, czy to wystąpienie i określony obiekt, który również musi być obiektem String, mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether this instance and a specified object, which must also be a String object, have the same value.

public:
 override bool Equals(System::Object ^ obj);
public override bool Equals (object obj);
override this.Equals : obj -> bool
Public Overrides Function Equals (obj As Object) As Boolean

Parametry

obj
Object

Ciąg, który ma zostać porównany z tym wystąpieniem.The string to compare to this instance.

Zwraca

true, jeśli obj jest String, a jego wartość jest taka sama jak to wystąpienie; w przeciwnym razie false.true if obj is a String and its value is the same as this instance; otherwise, false. Jeśli obj jest null, metoda zwróci false.If obj is null, the method returns false.

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład demonstruje metodę Equals.The following example demonstrates the Equals method.

// Sample for String::Equals(Object)
//            String::Equals(String)
//            String::Equals(String, String)
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
int main()
{
   StringBuilder^ sb = gcnew StringBuilder( "abcd" );
   String^ str1 = "abcd";
   String^ str2 = nullptr;
   Object^ o2 = nullptr;
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( " *  The value of String str1 is '{0}'.", str1 );
   Console::WriteLine( " *  The value of StringBuilder sb is '{0}'.", sb );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "1a) String::Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String." );
   Console::WriteLine( "    Is str1 equal to sb?: {0}", str1->Equals( sb ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "1b) String::Equals(Object). Object is a String." );
   str2 = sb->ToString();
   o2 = str2;
   Console::WriteLine( " *  The value of Object o2 is '{0}'.", o2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "    Is str1 equal to o2?: {0}", str1->Equals( o2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( " 2) String::Equals(String)" );
   Console::WriteLine( " *  The value of String str2 is '{0}'.", str2 );
   Console::WriteLine( "    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", str1->Equals( str2 ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( " 3) String::Equals(String, String)" );
   Console::WriteLine( "    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", String::Equals( str1, str2 ) );
}

/*
This example produces the following results:

 *  The value of String str1 is 'abcd'.
 *  The value of StringBuilder sb is 'abcd'.

1a) String::Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.
    Is str1 equal to sb?: False

1b) String::Equals(Object). Object is a String.
 *  The value of Object o2 is 'abcd'.
    Is str1 equal to o2?: True

 2) String::Equals(String)
 *  The value of String str2 is 'abcd'.
    Is str1 equal to str2?: True

 3) String::Equals(String, String)
    Is str1 equal to str2?: True
*/
// Sample for String.Equals(Object)
//            String.Equals(String)
//            String.Equals(String, String)
using System;
using System.Text;

class Sample {
    public static void Main() {
    StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("abcd");
    String      str1 = "abcd";
    String      str2 = null;
    Object	o2   = null;

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of String str1 is '{0}'.", str1);
    Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of StringBuilder sb is '{0}'.", sb.ToString());

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("1a) String.Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.");
    Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to sb?: {0}", str1.Equals(sb));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine("1b) String.Equals(Object). Object is a String.");
    str2 = sb.ToString();
    o2   = str2;
    Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of Object o2 is '{0}'.", o2);
    Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to o2?: {0}", str1.Equals(o2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine(" 2) String.Equals(String)");
    Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of String str2 is '{0}'.", str2);
    Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", str1.Equals(str2));

    Console.WriteLine();
    Console.WriteLine(" 3) String.Equals(String, String)");
    Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", String.Equals(str1, str2));
    }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

 *  The value of String str1 is 'abcd'.
 *  The value of StringBuilder sb is 'abcd'.

1a) String.Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.
    Is str1 equal to sb?: False

1b) String.Equals(Object). Object is a String.
 *  The value of Object o2 is 'abcd'.
    Is str1 equal to o2?: True

 2) String.Equals(String)
 *  The value of String str2 is 'abcd'.
    Is str1 equal to str2?: True

 3) String.Equals(String, String)
    Is str1 equal to str2?: True
*/
' Sample for String.Equals(Object)
'            String.Equals(String)
'            String.Equals(String, String)
Imports System.Text

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim sb As New StringBuilder("abcd")
      Dim str1 As [String] = "abcd"
      Dim str2 As [String] = Nothing
      Dim o2 As [Object] = Nothing
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of String str1 is '{0}'.", str1)
      Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of StringBuilder sb is '{0}'.", sb.ToString())
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("1a) String.Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.")
      Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to sb?: {0}", str1.Equals(sb))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("1b) String.Equals(Object). Object is a String.")
      str2 = sb.ToString()
      o2 = str2
      Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of Object o2 is '{0}'.", o2)
      Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to o2?: {0}", str1.Equals(o2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine(" 2) String.Equals(String)")
      Console.WriteLine(" *  The value of String str2 is '{0}'.", str2)
      Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", str1.Equals(str2))
      
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine(" 3) String.Equals(String, String)")
      Console.WriteLine("    Is str1 equal to str2?: {0}", [String].Equals(str1, str2))
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
' *  The value of String str1 is 'abcd'.
' *  The value of StringBuilder sb is 'abcd'.
'
'1a) String.Equals(Object). Object is a StringBuilder, not a String.
'    Is str1 equal to sb?: False
'
'1b) String.Equals(Object). Object is a String.
' *  The value of Object o2 is 'abcd'.
'    Is str1 equal to o2?: True
'
' 2) String.Equals(String)
' *  The value of String str2 is 'abcd'.
'    Is str1 equal to str2?: True
'
' 3) String.Equals(String, String)
'    Is str1 equal to str2?: True
'

Uwagi

Ta metoda wykonuje porównanie porządkowe (wielkość liter i niewrażliwość na ustawienia kulturowe).This method performs an ordinal (case-sensitive and culture-insensitive) comparison.

Zobacz też

Equals(String)

Określa, czy to wystąpienie i inne określone String obiektu mają tę samą wartość.Determines whether this instance and another specified String object have the same value.

public:
 virtual bool Equals(System::String ^ value);
public:
 bool Equals(System::String ^ value);
public bool Equals (string value);
override this.Equals : string -> bool
Public Function Equals (value As String) As Boolean

Parametry

value
String

Ciąg, który ma zostać porównany z tym wystąpieniem.The string to compare to this instance.

Zwraca

true, jeśli wartość parametru value jest taka sama jak wartość tego wystąpienia; w przeciwnym razie false.true if the value of the value parameter is the same as the value of this instance; otherwise, false. Jeśli value jest null, metoda zwróci false.If value is null, the method returns false.

Implementuje

Przykłady

Poniższy przykład demonstruje metodę Equals.The following example demonstrates the Equals method. Porównuje słowo Case z tytułem "plik" z odpowiednikiem wyrazu, jego odpowiednikiem małymi literami, jego wielką literą i słowem zawierającym małe litery w postaci niewielkiej i (U + 0131) zamiast wielkiej litery I (U + 0069).It compares the title-cased word "File" with an equivalent word, its lowercase equivalent, its uppercase equivalent, and a word that contains LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS I (U+0131) instead of LATIN SMALL LETTER I (U+0069). Ponieważ metoda Equals(String) wykonuje porównanie porządkowe, tylko porównanie z identycznym słowem zwraca true.Because the Equals(String) method performs an ordinal comparison, only the comparison with an identical word returns true.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.OutputEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8;
      string word = "File";
      string[] others = { word.ToLower(), word, word.ToUpper(), "Fıle" };
      foreach (string other in others)
      {
         if (word.Equals(other)) 
            Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", word, other);
         else
            Console.WriteLine("{0} {1} {2}", word, '\u2260', other);
      }        
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       File ≠ file
//       File = File
//       File ≠ FILE
//       File ≠ Fıle
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Console.OutputEncoding = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8
      
      Dim word As String = "File"
      Dim others() As String = { word.ToLower(), word, word.ToUpper(), _
                                 "Fıle" }
      For Each other As String In others
         If word.Equals(other) Then 
            Console.WriteLine("{0} = {1}", word, other)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("{0} {1} {2}", word, ChrW(&H2260), other)
         End If      
      Next        
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       File ≠ file
'       File = File
'       File ≠ FILE
'       File ≠ Fıle

Uwagi

Ta metoda wykonuje porównanie porządkowe (wielkość liter i niewrażliwość na ustawienia kulturowe).This method performs an ordinal (case-sensitive and culture-insensitive) comparison.

Zobacz też

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