Array.Resize<T>(T[], Int32) Método

Definição

Altera o número de elementos de uma matriz unidimensional para o novo tamanho especificado.Changes the number of elements of a one-dimensional array to the specified new size.

public:
generic <typename T>
 static void Resize(cli::array <T> ^ % array, int newSize);
public static void Resize<T> (ref T[] array, int newSize);
public static void Resize<T> (ref T[]? array, int newSize);
static member Resize : T[] * int -> unit
Public Shared Sub Resize(Of T) (ByRef array As T(), newSize As Integer)

Parâmetros de tipo

T

O tipo dos elementos da matriz.The type of the elements of the array.

Parâmetros

array
T[]

A matriz unidimensional baseada em zero a ser redimensionada, ou null para criar uma nova matriz com o tamanho especificado.The one-dimensional, zero-based array to resize, or null to create a new array with the specified size.

newSize
Int32

O tamanho da nova matriz.The size of the new array.

Exceções

newSize é menor que zero.newSize is less than zero.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir mostra como o redimensionamento afeta a matriz.The following example shows how resizing affects the array.

using namespace System;
static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^myArr)
{
    for(int i = 0; i < myArr->Length; i++)
    {
       Console::WriteLine(L"   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i]);
    }
    Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
    // Create and initialize a new string array.
    array<String^>^myArr = {L"The", L"quick", L"brown", L"fox",
        L"jumps", L"over", L"the", L"lazy", L"dog"};
   
    // Display the values of the array.
    Console::WriteLine( 
        L"The string array initially contains the following values:");
    PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);
   
    // Resize the array to a bigger size (five elements larger).
    Array::Resize(myArr, myArr->Length + 5);
   
    // Display the values of the array.
    Console::WriteLine(L"After resizing to a larger size, ");
    Console::WriteLine(L"the string array contains the following values:");
    PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);
   
    // Resize the array to a smaller size (four elements).
    Array::Resize(myArr, 4);
   
    // Display the values of the array.
    Console::WriteLine(L"After resizing to a smaller size, ");
    Console::WriteLine(L"the string array contains the following values:");
    PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);
    return 1;
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

The string array initially contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

After resizing to a larger size, 
the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog
   [9] :
   [10] :
   [11] :
   [12] :
   [13] :

After resizing to a smaller size, 
the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

*/
using System;

public class SamplesArray
{
    public static void Main()  {

        // Create and initialize a new string array.
        String[] myArr = {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps",
            "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"};

        // Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine(
            "The string array initially contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);

        // Resize the array to a bigger size (five elements larger).
        Array.Resize(ref myArr, myArr.Length + 5);

        // Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After resizing to a larger size, ");
        Console.WriteLine("the string array contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);

        // Resize the array to a smaller size (four elements).
        Array.Resize(ref myArr, 4);

        // Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After resizing to a smaller size, ");
        Console.WriteLine("the string array contains the following values:");
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr);
    }

    public static void PrintIndexAndValues(String[] myArr)  {
        for(int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i]);
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

The string array initially contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

After resizing to a larger size,
the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog
   [9] :
   [10] :
   [11] :
   [12] :
   [13] :

After resizing to a smaller size,
the string array contains the following values:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox

*/
Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", _
            "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"}

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "The string array initially contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Resize the array to a bigger size (five elements larger).
        Array.Resize(myArr, myArr.Length + 5)

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After resizing to a larger size, ")
        Console.WriteLine("the string array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Resize the array to a smaller size (four elements).
        Array.Resize(myArr, 4)

        ' Display the values of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("After resizing to a smaller size, ")
        Console.WriteLine("the string array contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr() As String)
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myArr.Length - 1
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class

'This code produces the following output.
'
'The string array initially contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'After resizing to a larger size, 
'the string array contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'   [9] :
'   [10] :
'   [11] :
'   [12] :
'   [13] :
'
'After resizing to a smaller size, 
'the string array contains the following values:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox

Comentários

Esse método aloca uma nova matriz com o tamanho especificado, copia os elementos da matriz antiga para o novo e, em seguida, substitui a matriz antiga por uma nova.This method allocates a new array with the specified size, copies elements from the old array to the new one, and then replaces the old array with the new one. array deve ser uma matriz unidimensional.array must be a one-dimensional array.

Se array for null , esse método criará uma nova matriz com o tamanho especificado.If array is null, this method creates a new array with the specified size.

Se newSize for maior que o Length da matriz antiga, uma nova matriz será alocada e todos os elementos serão copiados da matriz antiga para a nova.If newSize is greater than the Length of the old array, a new array is allocated and all the elements are copied from the old array to the new one. Se newSize for menor do que o Length da matriz antiga, uma nova matriz será alocada e os elementos serão copiados da matriz antiga para a nova até que o novo seja preenchido; o restante dos elementos na matriz antiga serão ignorados.If newSize is less than the Length of the old array, a new array is allocated and elements are copied from the old array to the new one until the new one is filled; the rest of the elements in the old array are ignored. Se newSize for igual ao Length da matriz antiga, esse método não fará nada.If newSize is equal to the Length of the old array, this method does nothing.

Este método é uma operação O(n), em que n é newSize.This method is an O(n) operation, where n is newSize.

O Resize método redimensiona apenas uma matriz unidimensional.The Resize method resizes a one-dimensional array only. A Array classe não inclui um método para redimensionar matrizes multidimensionais.The Array class does not include a method for resizing multi-dimensional arrays. Para fazer isso, você deve fornecer seu próprio código ou chamar um método de finalidade especial em uma biblioteca de terceiros.To do this, you must either provide your own code or call a special-purpose method in a third-party library. O código a seguir ilustra uma implementação possível para um método que redimensiona uma matriz de n dimensões.The following code illustrates one possible implementation for a method that resizes an array of n dimensions.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      int[,] arr = new int[10,2];
      for (int n1 = 0; n1 <= arr.GetUpperBound(0); n1++) {
         arr[n1, 0] = n1;
         arr[n1, 1] = n1 * 2;
      }

      // Make a 2-D array larger in the first dimension.
      arr = (int[,]) ResizeArray(arr, new int[] { 12, 2} );
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= arr.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++)
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", ctr, arr[ctr, 0], arr[ctr, 1]);
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Make a 2-D array smaller in the first dimension.
      arr = (int[,]) ResizeArray(arr, new int[] { 2, 2} );
      for (int ctr = 0; ctr <= arr.GetUpperBound(0); ctr++)
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", ctr, arr[ctr, 0], arr[ctr, 1]);
   }

   private static Array ResizeArray(Array arr, int[] newSizes)
   {
      if (newSizes.Length != arr.Rank)
         throw new ArgumentException("arr must have the same number of dimensions " +
                                     "as there are elements in newSizes", "newSizes");

      var temp = Array.CreateInstance(arr.GetType().GetElementType(), newSizes);
      int length = arr.Length <= temp.Length ? arr.Length : temp.Length;
      Array.ConstrainedCopy(arr, 0, temp, 0, length);
      return temp;
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       0: 0, 0
//       1: 1, 2
//       2: 2, 4
//       3: 3, 6
//       4: 4, 8
//       5: 5, 10
//       6: 6, 12
//       7: 7, 14
//       8: 8, 16
//       9: 9, 18
//       10: 0, 0
//       11: 0, 0
//
//       0: 0, 0
//       1: 1, 2
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim arr(9, 1) As Integer
      For n1 As Integer = 0 To arr.GetUpperBound(0)
         arr(n1, 0) = n1
         arr(n1, 1) = n1 * 2
      Next 

      ' Make a 2-D array larger in the first dimension.
      arr = CType(ResizeArray(arr, { 12, 2} ), Integer(,))
      For ctr = 0 To arr.GetUpperBound(0)
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", ctr, arr(ctr, 0), arr(ctr, 1))
      Next
      Console.WriteLine()
      
      ' Make a 2-D array smaller in the first dimension.
      arr = CType(ResizeArray(arr, { 2, 2} ), Integer(,))
      For ctr = 0 To arr.GetUpperBound(0)
         Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", ctr, arr(ctr, 0), arr(ctr, 1))
      Next
   End Sub

   Private Function ResizeArray(arr As Array, newSizes() As Integer) As Array
      If newSizes.Length <> arr.Rank Then
         Throw New ArgumentException("arr must have the same number of dimensions " +
                                     "as there are elements in newSizes", "newSizes") 
      End If 

      Dim temp As Array = Array.CreateInstance(arr.GetType().GetElementType(), newSizes)
      Dim length As Integer = If(arr.Length <= temp.Length, arr.Length, temp.Length )
      Array.ConstrainedCopy(arr, 0, temp, 0, length)
      Return temp
   End Function
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       0: 0, 0
'       1: 1, 2
'       2: 2, 4
'       3: 3, 6
'       4: 4, 8
'       5: 5, 10
'       6: 6, 12
'       7: 7, 14
'       8: 8, 16
'       9: 9, 18
'       10: 0, 0
'       11: 0, 0
'       
'       0: 0, 0
'       1: 1, 2

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