ArraySegment<T> Construtores

Definição

Inicializa uma nova instância da estrutura ArraySegment<T>.Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure.

Sobrecargas

ArraySegment<T>(T[])

Inicializa uma nova instância da estrutura ArraySegment<T> que delimita todos os elementos na matriz especificada.Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits all the elements in the specified array.

ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32)

Inicializa uma nova instância da estrutura ArraySegment<T> que delimita o intervalo especificado dos elementos na matriz especificada.Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits the specified range of the elements in the specified array.

ArraySegment<T>(T[])

Inicializa uma nova instância da estrutura ArraySegment<T> que delimita todos os elementos na matriz especificada.Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits all the elements in the specified array.

public:
 ArraySegment(cli::array <T> ^ array);
public ArraySegment (T[] array);
new ArraySegment<'T> : 'T[] -> ArraySegment<'T>
Public Sub New (array As T())

Parâmetros

array
T[]

A matriz a ser encapsulada.The array to wrap.

Exceções

array é null.array is null.

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir passa uma estrutura ArraySegment<T> a um método.The following code example passes an ArraySegment<T> structure to a method.

using namespace System;


namespace Sample
{
    public ref class SampleArray  
    {
    public:
        static void Work()  
        {

            // Create and initialize a new string array.
            array <String^>^ words = {"The", "quick", "brown",
                "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"};

            // Display the initial contents of the array.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(words);

            // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
            ArraySegment<String^> segment(words);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(segment);

            // Define an array segment that contains the middle five 
            // values of the array.
            ArraySegment<String^> middle(words, 2, 5);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The second array segment"
                " (with the middle five elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);

            // Modify the fourth element of the first array 
            // segment
            segment.Array[3] = "LION";

            // Display the contents of the second array segment 
            // middle. Note that the value of its second element 
            // also changed.
            Console::WriteLine("After the first array segment"
                " is modified,the second array segment"
                " now contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);
            Console::ReadLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(ArraySegment<String^>^ segment)  
        {
            for (int i = segment->Offset; 
                i < (segment->Offset + segment->Count); i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    segment->Array[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^ words) 
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < words->Length; i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    words[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    Sample::SampleArray::Work();
    return 0; 
}


    /* 
    This code produces the following output.

    The original array initially contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : LION
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    */

using System;

public class SamplesArray  {
 
   public static void Main()  {
 
      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog" };
 
      // Display the initial contents of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The original array initially contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegAll = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegAll );

      // Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegMid = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr, 2, 5 );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

      // Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
      myArrSegAll.Array[3] = "LION";

      // Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
      // Note that the value of its second element also changed.
      Console.WriteLine( "After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

   }
 
   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( ArraySegment<String> arrSeg )  {
      for ( int i = arrSeg.Offset; i < (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count); i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The original array initially contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : LION
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

*/

Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"}

        ' Display the initial contents of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("The original array initially contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
        Dim myArrSegAll As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegAll)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
        Dim myArrSegMid As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr, 2, 5)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

        ' Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
        myArrSegAll.Array(3) = "LION"

        ' Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
        ' Note that the value of its second element also changed.
        Console.WriteLine("After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(arrSeg As ArraySegment(Of String))
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = arrSeg.Offset To (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr as String())
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (myArr.Length - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'The original array initially contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'
'After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : LION
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the

Comentários

Esse construtor cria um ArraySegment<T> que delimita todos os elementos de array.This constructor creates an ArraySegment<T> that delimits all the elements of array. Ou seja, a propriedade Offset do ArraySegment<T> é 0 e sua propriedade Count é o comprimento de array.That is, the Offset property of the ArraySegment<T> is 0 and its Count property is the length of array. Para criar um ArraySegment<T> que delimite apenas parte de uma matriz, use o Construtor ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32).To create an ArraySegment<T> that delimits only part of an array, use the ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32) constructor.

A matriz original deve ser unidimensional e deve ter uma indexação baseada em zero.The original array must be one-dimensional and must have zero-based indexing.

Várias instâncias ArraySegment<T> podem se referir à mesma matriz original e podem se sobrepor.Multiple ArraySegment<T> instances can refer to the same original array and can overlap.

Veja também

ArraySegment<T>(T[], Int32, Int32)

Inicializa uma nova instância da estrutura ArraySegment<T> que delimita o intervalo especificado dos elementos na matriz especificada.Initializes a new instance of the ArraySegment<T> structure that delimits the specified range of the elements in the specified array.

public:
 ArraySegment(cli::array <T> ^ array, int offset, int count);
public ArraySegment (T[] array, int offset, int count);
new ArraySegment<'T> : 'T[] * int * int -> ArraySegment<'T>
Public Sub New (array As T(), offset As Integer, count As Integer)

Parâmetros

array
T[]

A matriz que contém o intervalo de elementos a ser delimitado.The array containing the range of elements to delimit.

offset
Int32

O índice baseado em zero do primeiro elemento do intervalo.The zero-based index of the first element in the range.

count
Int32

O número de elementos no intervalo.The number of elements in the range.

Exceções

array é null.array is null.

offset ou count é menor que 0.offset or count is less than 0.

offset e count não especificam um intervalo válido em array.offset and count do not specify a valid range in array.

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir passa uma estrutura ArraySegment<T> a um método.The following code example passes an ArraySegment<T> structure to a method.

using namespace System;


namespace Sample
{
    public ref class SampleArray  
    {
    public:
        static void Work()  
        {

            // Create and initialize a new string array.
            array <String^>^ words = {"The", "quick", "brown",
                "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"};

            // Display the initial contents of the array.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(words);

            // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
            ArraySegment<String^> segment(words);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The first array segment"
                " (with all the array's elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(segment);

            // Define an array segment that contains the middle five 
            // values of the array.
            ArraySegment<String^> middle(words, 2, 5);
            
            // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
            Console::WriteLine("The second array segment"
                " (with the middle five elements) contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);

            // Modify the fourth element of the first array 
            // segment
            segment.Array[3] = "LION";

            // Display the contents of the second array segment 
            // middle. Note that the value of its second element 
            // also changed.
            Console::WriteLine("After the first array segment"
                " is modified,the second array segment"
                " now contains:");
            PrintIndexAndValues(middle);
            Console::ReadLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(ArraySegment<String^>^ segment)  
        {
            for (int i = segment->Offset; 
                i < (segment->Offset + segment->Count); i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    segment->Array[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }

        static void PrintIndexAndValues(array<String^>^ words) 
        {
            for (int i = 0; i < words->Length; i++)  
            {
                Console::WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i,
                    words[i]);
            }
            Console::WriteLine();
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    Sample::SampleArray::Work();
    return 0; 
}


    /* 
    This code produces the following output.

    The original array initially contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
    [0] : The
    [1] : quick
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the
    [7] : lazy
    [8] : dog

    The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : fox
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
    [2] : brown
    [3] : LION
    [4] : jumps
    [5] : over
    [6] : the

    */

using System;

public class SamplesArray  {
 
   public static void Main()  {
 
      // Create and initialize a new string array.
      String[] myArr = { "The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog" };
 
      // Display the initial contents of the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "The original array initially contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArr );

      // Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegAll = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegAll );

      // Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
      ArraySegment<String> myArrSegMid = new ArraySegment<String>( myArr, 2, 5 );

      // Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
      Console.WriteLine( "The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

      // Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
      myArrSegAll.Array[3] = "LION";

      // Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
      // Note that the value of its second element also changed.
      Console.WriteLine( "After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:" );
      PrintIndexAndValues( myArrSegMid );

   }
 
   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( ArraySegment<String> arrSeg )  {
      for ( int i = arrSeg.Offset; i < (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count); i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndValues( String[] myArr )  {
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr[i] );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The original array initially contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
   [0] : The
   [1] : quick
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the
   [7] : lazy
   [8] : dog

The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : fox
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
   [2] : brown
   [3] : LION
   [4] : jumps
   [5] : over
   [6] : the

*/

Public Class SamplesArray

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Create and initialize a new string array.
        Dim myArr As String() =  {"The", "quick", "brown", "fox", "jumps", "over", "the", "lazy", "dog"}

        ' Display the initial contents of the array.
        Console.WriteLine("The original array initially contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArr)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the entire array.
        Dim myArrSegAll As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegAll)

        ' Define an array segment that contains the middle five values of the array.
        Dim myArrSegMid As New ArraySegment(Of String)(myArr, 2, 5)

        ' Display the contents of the ArraySegment.
        Console.WriteLine("The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

        ' Modify the fourth element of the first array segment myArrSegAll.
        myArrSegAll.Array(3) = "LION"

        ' Display the contents of the second array segment myArrSegMid.
        ' Note that the value of its second element also changed.
        Console.WriteLine("After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:")
        PrintIndexAndValues(myArrSegMid)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(arrSeg As ArraySegment(Of String))
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = arrSeg.Offset To (arrSeg.Offset + arrSeg.Count - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, arrSeg.Array(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndValues(myArr as String())
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To (myArr.Length - 1)
            Console.WriteLine("   [{0}] : {1}", i, myArr(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'The original array initially contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The first array segment (with all the array's elements) contains:
'   [0] : The
'   [1] : quick
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'   [7] : lazy
'   [8] : dog
'
'The second array segment (with the middle five elements) contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : fox
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the
'
'After the first array segment is modified, the second array segment now contains:
'   [2] : brown
'   [3] : LION
'   [4] : jumps
'   [5] : over
'   [6] : the

Comentários

A matriz original deve ser unidimensional e deve ter uma indexação baseada em zero.The original array must be one-dimensional and must have zero-based indexing.

Várias instâncias ArraySegment<T> podem se referir à mesma matriz original e podem se sobrepor.Multiple ArraySegment<T> instances can refer to the same original array and can overlap.

Veja também

Aplica-se a