SortedList<TKey,TValue>.IDictionary.Add(Object, Object) Método

Definição

Adiciona um elemento com a chave fornecida e o valor para o IDictionary.Adds an element with the provided key and value to the IDictionary.

 virtual void System.Collections.IDictionary.Add(System::Object ^ key, System::Object ^ value) = System::Collections::IDictionary::Add;
void IDictionary.Add (object key, object value);
Sub Add (key As Object, value As Object) Implements IDictionary.Add

Parâmetros

key
Object

O Object a ser usado como chave do elemento a ser adicionado.The Object to use as the key of the element to add.

value
Object

O Object a ser usado como valor do elemento a ser adicionado.The Object to use as the value of the element to add.

Implementações

Exceções

key é null.key is null.

O key é de um tipo que não é atribuível ao tipo de chave TKey do IDictionary.key is of a type that is not assignable to the key type TKey of the IDictionary.

- ou --or- value é de um tipo que não é atribuível ao tipo de valor TValue do IDictionary.value is of a type that is not assignable to the value type TValue of the IDictionary.

- ou --or- Já existe um elemento com a mesma chave no IDictionary.An element with the same key already exists in the IDictionary.

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir mostra como acessar SortedList<TKey,TValue> a classe por System.Collections.IDictionary meio da interface.The following code example shows how to access the SortedList<TKey,TValue> class through the System.Collections.IDictionary interface. O exemplo de código cria uma SortedList<TKey,TValue> cadeia de caracteres vazia com chaves de cadeia IDictionary.Add de caracteres e usa o método para adicionar alguns elementos.The code example creates an empty SortedList<TKey,TValue> of strings with string keys and uses the IDictionary.Add method to add some elements. O exemplo demonstra que o IDictionary.Add método gera um ArgumentException ao tentar adicionar uma chave duplicada ou quando uma chave ou um valor do tipo de dados incorreto é fornecido.The example demonstrates that the IDictionary.Add method throws an ArgumentException when attempting to add a duplicate key, or when a key or value of the wrong data type is supplied.

O exemplo de código demonstra o uso de vários outros membros da System.Collections.IDictionary interface.The code example demonstrates the use of several other members of the System.Collections.IDictionary interface.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create a new sorted list of strings, with string keys,
        // and access it using the IDictionary interface.
        //
        IDictionary openWith = new SortedList<string, string>();

        // Add some elements to the sorted list. There are no 
        // duplicate keys, but some of the values are duplicates.
        // IDictionary.Add throws an exception if incorrect types
        // are supplied for key or value.
        openWith.Add("txt", "notepad.exe");
        openWith.Add("bmp", "paint.exe");
        openWith.Add("dib", "paint.exe");
        openWith.Add("rtf", "wordpad.exe");
        try
        {
            openWith.Add(42, new Example());
        }
        catch (ArgumentException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("An exception was caught for " + 
                "IDictionary.Add. Exception message:\n\t{0}\n",
                ex.Message);
        }

        // The Add method throws an exception if the new key is 
        // already in the sorted list.
        try
        {
            openWith.Add("txt", "winword.exe");
        }
        catch (ArgumentException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("An element with Key = \"txt\" already exists.");
        }

        // The Item property is another name for the indexer, so you 
        // can omit its name when accessing elements. 
        Console.WriteLine("For key = \"rtf\", value = {0}.", 
            openWith["rtf"]);

        // The indexer can be used to change the value associated
        // with a key.
        openWith["rtf"] = "winword.exe";
        Console.WriteLine("For key = \"rtf\", value = {0}.", 
            openWith["rtf"]);

        // If a key does not exist, setting the indexer for that key
        // adds a new key/value pair.
        openWith["doc"] = "winword.exe";

        // The indexer returns null if the key is of the wrong data 
        // type.
        Console.WriteLine("The indexer returns null" 
            + " if the key is of the wrong type:");
        Console.WriteLine("For key = 2, value = {0}.", 
            openWith[2]);

        // The indexer throws an exception when setting a value
        // if the key is of the wrong data type.
        try
        {
            openWith[2] = "This does not get added.";
        }
        catch (ArgumentException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A key of the wrong type was specified" 
                + " when assigning to the indexer.");
        }

        // Unlike the default Item property on the SorteList class
        // itself, IDictionary.Item does not throw an exception
        // if the requested key is not in the sorted list.
        Console.WriteLine("For key = \"tif\", value = {0}.", 
            openWith["tif"]);

        // Contains can be used to test keys before inserting 
        // them.
        if (!openWith.Contains("ht"))
        {
            openWith.Add("ht", "hypertrm.exe");
            Console.WriteLine("Value added for key = \"ht\": {0}", 
                openWith["ht"]);
        }

        // IDictionary.Contains returns false if the wrong data
        // type is supplied.
        Console.WriteLine("openWith.Contains(29.7) returns {0}",
            openWith.Contains(29.7));

        // When you use foreach to enumerate sorted list elements
        // with the IDictionary interface, the elements are retrieved
        // as DictionaryEntry objects instead of KeyValuePair objects.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( DictionaryEntry de in openWith )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", 
                de.Key, de.Value);
        }

        // To get the values alone, use the Values property.
        ICollection icoll = openWith.Values;

        // The elements of the collection are strongly typed
        // with the type that was specified for values,
        // even though the ICollection interface is not strongly
        // typed.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string s in icoll )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Value = {0}", s);
        }

        // To get the keys alone, use the Keys property.
        icoll = openWith.Keys;

        // The elements of the collection are strongly typed
        // with the type that was specified for keys,
        // even though the ICollection interface is not strongly
        // typed.
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string s in icoll )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}", s);
        }

        // Use the Remove method to remove a key/value pair. No
        // exception is thrown if the wrong data type is supplied.
        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(\"dib\")");
        openWith.Remove("dib");

        if (!openWith.Contains("dib"))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Key \"dib\" is not found.");
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

An exception was caught for IDictionary.Add. Exception message:
        The value "42" is not of type "System.String" and cannot be used in this generic collection.
Parameter name: key

An element with Key = "txt" already exists.
For key = "rtf", value = wordpad.exe.
For key = "rtf", value = winword.exe.
The indexer returns null if the key is of the wrong type:
For key = 2, value = .
A key of the wrong type was specified when assigning to the indexer.
For key = "tif", value = .
Value added for key = "ht": hypertrm.exe
openWith.Contains(29.7) returns False

Key = txt, Value = notepad.exe
Key = bmp, Value = paint.exe
Key = dib, Value = paint.exe
Key = rtf, Value = winword.exe
Key = doc, Value = winword.exe
Key = ht, Value = hypertrm.exe

Value = notepad.exe
Value = paint.exe
Value = paint.exe
Value = winword.exe
Value = winword.exe
Value = hypertrm.exe

Key = txt
Key = bmp
Key = dib
Key = rtf
Key = doc
Key = ht

Remove("dib")
Key "dib" is not found.
 */
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example
    
    Public Shared Sub Main() 

        ' Create a new sorted list of strings, with string keys,
        ' and access it using the IDictionary interface.
        '
        Dim openWith As IDictionary = _
            New sortedList(Of String, String)
        
        ' Add some elements to the sorted list. There are no 
        ' duplicate keys, but some of the values are duplicates.
        ' IDictionary.Add throws an exception if incorrect types
        ' are supplied for key or value.
        openWith.Add("txt", "notepad.exe")
        openWith.Add("bmp", "paint.exe")
        openWith.Add("dib", "paint.exe")
        openWith.Add("rtf", "wordpad.exe")
        Try
            openWith.Add(42, New Example())
        Catch ex As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine("An exception was caught for " & _
                "IDictionary.Add. Exception message:" & vbLf _
                & vbTab & ex.Message & vbLf)
        End Try
        
        ' The Add method throws an exception if the new key is 
        ' already in the sorted list.
        Try
            openWith.Add("txt", "winword.exe")
        Catch 
            Console.WriteLine("An element with Key = ""txt"" already exists.")
        End Try

        ' The Item property is the default property, so you 
        ' can omit its name when accessing elements. 
        Console.WriteLine("For key = ""rtf"", value = {0}.", _
            openWith("rtf"))
        
        ' The default Item property can be used to change the value
        ' associated with a key.
        openWith("rtf") = "winword.exe"
        Console.WriteLine("For key = ""rtf"", value = {0}.", _
            openWith("rtf"))
        
        ' If a key does not exist, setting the default Item property
        ' for that key adds a new key/value pair.
        openWith("doc") = "winword.exe"

        ' The default Item property returns Nothing if the key
        ' is of the wrong data type.
        Console.WriteLine("The default Item property returns Nothing" _
            & " if the key is of the wrong type:")
        Console.WriteLine("For key = 2, value = {0}.", _
            openWith(2))

        ' The default Item property throws an exception when setting
        ' a value if the key is of the wrong data type.
        Try
            openWith(2) = "This does not get added."
        Catch 
            Console.WriteLine("A key of the wrong type was specified" _
                & " when setting the default Item property.")
        End Try

        ' Unlike the default Item property on the SortedList class
        ' itself, IDictionary.Item does not throw an exception
        ' if the requested key is not in the sorted list.
        Console.WriteLine("For key = ""tif"", value = {0}.", _
            openWith("tif"))

        ' Contains can be used to test keys before inserting 
        ' them.
        If Not openWith.Contains("ht") Then
            openWith.Add("ht", "hypertrm.exe")
            Console.WriteLine("Value added for key = ""ht"": {0}", _
                openWith("ht"))
        End If

        ' IDictionary.Contains returns False if the wrong data 
        ' type is supplied.
        Console.WriteLine("openWith.Contains(29.7) returns {0}", _
            openWith.Contains(29.7))

        ' When you use foreach to enumerate sorted list elements
        ' with the IDictionary interface, the elements are retrieved
        ' as DictionaryEntry objects instead of KeyValuePair objects.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each de As DictionaryEntry In openWith
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}, Value = {1}", _
                de.Key, de.Value)
        Next 

        ' To get the values alone, use the Values property.
        Dim icoll As ICollection = openWith.Values
        
        ' The elements of the collection are strongly typed
        ' with the type that was specified for sorted list values,
        ' even though the ICollection interface is not strongly
        ' typed.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each s As String In  icoll
            Console.WriteLine("Value = {0}", s)
        Next s

        ' To get the keys alone, use the Keys property.
        icoll = openWith.Keys
        
        ' The elements of the collection are strongly typed
        ' with the type that was specified for sorted list keys,
        ' even though the ICollection interface is not strongly
        ' typed.
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each s As String In  icoll
            Console.WriteLine("Key = {0}", s)
        Next s

        ' Use the Remove method to remove a key/value pair. No
        ' exception is thrown if the wrong data type is supplied.
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf + "Remove(""dib"")")
        openWith.Remove("dib")
        
        If Not openWith.Contains("dib") Then
            Console.WriteLine("Key ""dib"" is not found.")
        End If

    End Sub

End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'An exception was caught for IDictionary.Add. Exception message:
'        The value "42" is not of type "System.String" and cannot be used in this generic collection.
'Parameter name: key
'
'An element with Key = "txt" already exists.
'For key = "rtf", value = wordpad.exe.
'For key = "rtf", value = winword.exe.
'The default Item property returns Nothing if the key is of the wrong type:
'For key = 2, value = .
'A key of the wrong type was specified when setting the default Item property.
'For key = "tif", value = .
'Value added for key = "ht": hypertrm.exe
'openWith.Contains(29.7) returns False
'
'Key = txt, Value = notepad.exe
'Key = bmp, Value = paint.exe
'Key = dib, Value = paint.exe
'Key = rtf, Value = winword.exe
'Key = doc, Value = winword.exe
'Key = ht, Value = hypertrm.exe
'
'Value = notepad.exe
'Value = paint.exe
'Value = paint.exe
'Value = winword.exe
'Value = winword.exe
'Value = hypertrm.exe
'
'Key = txt
'Key = bmp
'Key = dib
'Key = rtf
'Key = doc
'Key = ht
'
'Remove("dib")
'Key "dib" is not found.
' 

Comentários

Você também pode usar a Item[Object] propriedade para adicionar novos elementos definindo o valor de uma chave que não existe no dicionário; por exemplo,. myCollection["myNonexistentKey"] = myValueYou can also use the Item[Object] property to add new elements by setting the value of a key that does not exist in the dictionary; for example, myCollection["myNonexistentKey"] = myValue. No entanto, se a chave especificada já existir no dicionário, definir Item[Object] a propriedade substituirá o valor antigo.However, if the specified key already exists in the dictionary, setting the Item[Object] property overwrites the old value. Por outro lado, Add o método não modifica os elementos existentes.In contrast, the Add method does not modify existing elements.

Esse método é uma operação On() para dados não classificados, onde n é Count.This method is an O(n) operation for unsorted data, where n is Count. É uma operação o (log n) se o novo elemento for adicionado ao final da lista.It is an O(log n) operation if the new element is added at the end of the list. Se a inserção causar um redimensionamento, a operaçãonserá o ().If insertion causes a resize, the operation is O(n).

Aplica-se a

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