SortedList.ContainsKey(Object) Método

Definição

Determina se um objeto SortedList contém uma chave específica.Determines whether a SortedList object contains a specific key.

public:
 virtual bool ContainsKey(System::Object ^ key);
public virtual bool ContainsKey (object key);
abstract member ContainsKey : obj -> bool
override this.ContainsKey : obj -> bool
Public Overridable Function ContainsKey (key As Object) As Boolean

Parâmetros

key
Object

A chave a ser localizada no objeto SortedList.The key to locate in the SortedList object.

Retornos

true se o objeto SortedList contiver um elemento com o key especificado, caso contrário, false.true if the SortedList object contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

Exceções

key é null.key is null.

O comparador gera uma exceção.The comparer throws an exception.

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir mostra como determinar se um objeto SortedList contém um elemento específico.The following code example shows how to determine whether a SortedList object contains a specific element.

#using <system.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine(  "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine(  "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i, myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
   SortedList^ mySL = gcnew SortedList;
   mySL->Add( 2, "two" );
   mySL->Add( 4, "four" );
   mySL->Add( 1, "one" );
   mySL->Add( 3, "three" );
   mySL->Add( (int^)0, "zero" );
   
   // Displays the values of the SortedList.
   Console::WriteLine(  "The SortedList contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( mySL );
   
   // Searches for a specific key.
   int myKey = 2;
   Console::WriteLine(  "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   myKey = 6;
   Console::WriteLine(  "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   
   // Searches for a specific value.
   String^ myValue = "three";
   Console::WriteLine(  "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   myValue =  "nine";
   Console::WriteLine(  "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
}

/* 
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    0       zero
        [1]:    1       one
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    3       three
        [4]:    4       four

The key "2" is in the SortedList.
The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
The value "three" is in the SortedList.
The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList.
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;

public class SamplesSortedList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
      SortedList mySL = new SortedList();
      mySL.Add( 2, "two" );
      mySL.Add( 4, "four" );
      mySL.Add( 1, "one" );
      mySL.Add( 3, "three" );
      mySL.Add( 0, "zero" );

      // Displays the values of the SortedList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The SortedList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( mySL );

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
      myKey = 6;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, mySL.ContainsKey( myKey ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );

      // Searches for a specific value.
      String myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
      myValue = "nine";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, mySL.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the SortedList" : "NOT in the SortedList" );
   }


   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( SortedList myList )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i, myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i) );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList contains the following values:
    -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
    [0]:    0    zero
    [1]:    1    one
    [2]:    2    two
    [3]:    3    three
    [4]:    4    four

The key "2" is in the SortedList.
The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
The value "three" is in the SortedList.
The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList.
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesSortedList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
        Dim mySL As New SortedList()
        mySL.Add(2, "two")
        mySL.Add(4, "four")
        mySL.Add(1, "one")
        mySL.Add(3, "three")
        mySL.Add(0, "zero")
        
        ' Displays the values of the SortedList.
        Console.WriteLine("The SortedList contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(mySL)
        
        ' Searches for a specific key.
        Dim myKey As Integer = 2
        Dim msg As String
        If mySL.ContainsKey(myKey) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The key ""{0}"" is {1}.", myKey, msg)
        myKey = 6
        If mySL.ContainsKey(myKey) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The key ""{0}"" is {1}.", myKey, msg)        
        ' Searches for a specific value.
        Dim myValue As String = "three"
        If mySL.ContainsValue(myValue) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The value ""{0}"" is {1}.", myValue, msg)
        myValue = "nine"
        If mySL.ContainsValue(myValue) Then
            msg = "in the SortedList"
        Else
            msg = "NOT in the SortedList"
        End If
        Console.WriteLine("The value ""{0}"" is {1}.", myValue, msg)
    End Sub   
    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "-INDEX-" & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "-KEY-" & ControlChars.Tab & "-VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "[{0}]:" & ControlChars.Tab & _
               "{1}" & ControlChars.Tab & "{2}", i, myList.GetKey(i), _
               myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The SortedList contains the following values:
'     -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
'     [0]:    0    zero
'     [1]:    1    one
'     [2]:    2    two
'     [3]:    3    three
'     [4]:    4    four
' 
' The key "2" is in the SortedList.
' The key "6" is NOT in the SortedList.
' The value "three" is in the SortedList.
' The value "nine" is NOT in the SortedList. 

Comentários

Os elementos de um objeto SortedList são classificados pelas chaves de acordo com uma implementação específica de IComparer especificada quando o SortedList é criado ou de acordo com a implementação IComparable fornecida pelas próprias chaves.The elements of a SortedList object are sorted by the keys either according to a specific IComparer implementation specified when the SortedList is created or according to the IComparable implementation provided by the keys themselves.

Esse método se comporta exatamente como o método Contains.This method behaves exactly as the Contains method.

Esse método usa um algoritmo de pesquisa binária; Portanto, esse método é uma operação O(log n), em que n é Count.This method uses a binary search algorithm; therefore, this method is an O(log n) operation, where n is Count.

A partir do .NET Framework 2,0, esse método usa os métodos ' Equals e CompareTo dos objetos da coleção no item para determinar se o item existe.Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. Em versões anteriores do .NET Framework, essa decisão era tomada usando-se os métodos Equals e CompareTo do parâmetro item nos objetos na coleção.In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

Aplica-se a

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