Stack.Pop Método

Definição

Remove e retorna o objeto na parte superior do Stack.Removes and returns the object at the top of the Stack.

public:
 virtual System::Object ^ Pop();
public virtual object Pop ();
abstract member Pop : unit -> obj
override this.Pop : unit -> obj
Public Overridable Function Pop () As Object

Retornos

O Object foi removido da parte superior do Stack.The Object removed from the top of the Stack.

Exceções

O Stack está vazio.The Stack is empty.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir mostra como adicionar elementos ao Stack, remover elementos do Stack ou exibir o elemento na parte superior do Stack.The following example shows how to add elements to the Stack, remove elements from the Stack, or view the element at the top of the Stack.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myCollection, char mySeparator );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Stack.
   Stack^ myStack = gcnew Stack;
   myStack->Push( "The" );
   myStack->Push( "quick" );
   myStack->Push( "brown" );
   myStack->Push( "fox" );
   
   // Displays the Stack.
   Console::Write( "Stack values:" );
   PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
   
   // Removes an element from the Stack.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Pop)\t\t{0}", myStack->Pop() );
   
   // Displays the Stack.
   Console::Write( "Stack values:" );
   PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
   
   // Removes another element from the Stack.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Pop)\t\t{0}", myStack->Pop() );
   
   // Displays the Stack.
   Console::Write( "Stack values:" );
   PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
   
   // Views the first element in the Stack but does not remove it.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Peek)\t\t{0}", myStack->Peek() );
   
   // Displays the Stack.
   Console::Write( "Stack values:" );
   PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myCollection, char mySeparator )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myCollection->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 Stack values:    fox    brown    quick    The
 (Pop)        fox
 Stack values:    brown    quick    The
 (Pop)        brown
 Stack values:    quick    The
 (Peek)        quick
 Stack values:    quick    The
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesStack  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new Stack.
      Stack myStack = new Stack();
      myStack.Push( "The" );
      myStack.Push( "quick" );
      myStack.Push( "brown" );
      myStack.Push( "fox" );

      // Displays the Stack.
      Console.Write( "Stack values:" );
      PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );

      // Removes an element from the Stack.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Pop)\t\t{0}", myStack.Pop() );

      // Displays the Stack.
      Console.Write( "Stack values:" );
      PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );

      // Removes another element from the Stack.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Pop)\t\t{0}", myStack.Pop() );

      // Displays the Stack.
      Console.Write( "Stack values:" );
      PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );

      // Views the first element in the Stack but does not remove it.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Peek)\t\t{0}", myStack.Peek() );

      // Displays the Stack.
      Console.Write( "Stack values:" );
      PrintValues( myStack, '\t' );
   }


   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myCollection, char mySeparator )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myCollection )
         Console.Write( "{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

Stack values:    fox    brown    quick    The
(Pop)        fox
Stack values:    brown    quick    The
(Pop)        brown
Stack values:    quick    The
(Peek)        quick
Stack values:    quick    The
*/ 

Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesStack    

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Creates and initializes a new Stack.
        Dim myStack As New Stack()
        myStack.Push("The")
        myStack.Push("quick")
        myStack.Push("brown")
        myStack.Push("fox")

        ' Displays the Stack.
        Console.Write("Stack values:")
        PrintValues(myStack, ControlChars.Tab)

        ' Removes an element from the Stack.
        Console.WriteLine("(Pop)" & ControlChars.Tab & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "{0}", myStack.Pop())

        ' Displays the Stack.
        Console.Write("Stack values:")
        PrintValues(myStack, ControlChars.Tab)

        ' Removes another element from the Stack.
        Console.WriteLine("(Pop)" & ControlChars.Tab & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "{0}", myStack.Pop())

        ' Displays the Stack.
        Console.Write("Stack values:")
        PrintValues(myStack, ControlChars.Tab)

        ' Views the first element in the Stack but does not remove it.
        Console.WriteLine("(Peek)" & ControlChars.Tab & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "{0}", myStack.Peek())

        ' Displays the Stack.
        Console.Write("Stack values:")
        PrintValues(myStack, ControlChars.Tab)

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myCollection As IEnumerable, mySeparator As Char)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myCollection
            Console.Write("{0}{1}", mySeparator, obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' Stack values:    fox    brown    quick    The
' (Pop)        fox
' Stack values:    brown    quick    The
' (Pop)        brown
' Stack values:    quick    The
' (Peek)        quick
' Stack values:    quick    The

Comentários

Esse método é semelhante ao método Peek, mas Peek não modifica o Stack.This method is similar to the Peek method, but Peek does not modify the Stack.

null pode ser enviado por push para o Stack como um espaço reservado, se necessário.null can be pushed onto the Stack as a placeholder, if needed. Para distinguir entre um valor nulo e o fim da pilha, verifique a propriedade Count ou Capture o InvalidOperationException, que é gerado quando o Stack está vazio.To distinguish between a null value and the end of the stack, check the Count property or catch the InvalidOperationException, which is thrown when the Stack is empty.

Esse método é uma operação O(1).This method is an O(1) operation.

Aplica-se a

Veja também