GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers Método

Definição

Suspende o thread atual até que o thread que está processando a fila de finalizadores tenha esvaziado essa fila.Suspends the current thread until the thread that is processing the queue of finalizers has emptied that queue.

public:
 static void WaitForPendingFinalizers();
public static void WaitForPendingFinalizers ();
static member WaitForPendingFinalizers : unit -> unit
Public Shared Sub WaitForPendingFinalizers ()

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir demonstra como usar o WaitForPendingFinalizers método para suspender o thread atual até que a finalização de todos os objetos coletados seja concluída.The following example demonstrates how to use the WaitForPendingFinalizers method to suspend the current thread until finalization of all the collected objects is complete.

using namespace System;
ref class MyFinalizeObject
{
private:

   // Make this number very large to cause the finalizer to
   // do more work.
   literal int maxIterations = 10000;
   ~MyFinalizeObject()
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Finalizing a MyFinalizeObject" );
      
      // Do some work.
      for ( int i = 0; i < maxIterations; i++ )
      {
         
         // This method performs no operation on i, but prevents
         // the JIT compiler from optimizing away the code inside
         // the loop.
         GC::KeepAlive( i );

      }
   }

};


// You can increase this number to fill up more memory.
const int numMfos = 1000;

// You can increase this number to cause more
// post-finalization work to be done.
const int maxIterations = 100;
int main()
{
   MyFinalizeObject^ mfo = nullptr;
   
   // Create and release a large number of objects
   // that require finalization.
   for ( int j = 0; j < numMfos; j++ )
   {
      mfo = gcnew MyFinalizeObject;

   }
   
   //Release the last object created in the loop.
   mfo = nullptr;
   
   //Force garbage collection.
   GC::Collect();
   
   // Wait for all finalizers to complete before continuing.
   // Without this call to GC::WaitForPendingFinalizers,
   // the worker loop below might execute at the same time
   // as the finalizers.
   // With this call, the worker loop executes only after
   // all finalizers have been called.
   GC::WaitForPendingFinalizers();
   
   // Worker loop to perform post-finalization code.
   for ( int i = 0; i < maxIterations; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Doing some post-finalize work" );

   }
}

using System;

namespace WaitForPendingFinalizersExample
{
   class MyWaitForPendingFinalizersClass
   {
    // You can increase this number to fill up more memory.
    const int numMfos = 1000;
    // You can increase this number to cause more
    // post-finalization work to be done.
    const int maxIterations = 100;

    static void Main(string[] args)
    {
       MyFinalizeObject mfo = null;

       // Create and release a large number of objects
       // that require finalization.
       for(int j = 0; j < numMfos; j++)
       {
          mfo = new MyFinalizeObject();
       }

       //Release the last object created in the loop.
       mfo = null;

       //Force garbage collection.
       GC.Collect();

       // Wait for all finalizers to complete before continuing.
       // Without this call to GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers,
       // the worker loop below might execute at the same time
       // as the finalizers.
       // With this call, the worker loop executes only after
       // all finalizers have been called.
       GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers();

       // Worker loop to perform post-finalization code.
       for(int i = 0; i < maxIterations; i++)
       {
          Console.WriteLine("Doing some post-finalize work");
       }
    }
   }

   class MyFinalizeObject
   {
    // Make this number very large to cause the finalizer to
    // do more work.
    private const int maxIterations = 10000;

    ~MyFinalizeObject()
    {
       Console.WriteLine("Finalizing a MyFinalizeObject");
            
       // Do some work.
       for(int i = 0; i < maxIterations; i++)
       {
          // This method performs no operation on i, but prevents
          // the JIT compiler from optimizing away the code inside
          // the loop.
          GC.KeepAlive(i);
       }
        }
    }
}
Namespace WaitForPendingFinalizersExample
   Class MyWaitForPendingFinalizersClass
  
    ' You can increase this number to fill up more memory.
      Private Const numMfos As Integer = 1000
      ' You can increase this number to cause more
      ' post-finalization work to be done.
      Private Const maxIterations As Integer = 100
     
      Overloads Shared Sub Main()
         Dim mfo As MyFinalizeObject = Nothing
      
         ' Create and release a large number of objects
         ' that require finalization.
         Dim j As Integer
         For j = 0 To numMfos - 1
            mfo = New MyFinalizeObject()
         Next j
      
         'Release the last object created in the loop.
         mfo = Nothing
      
         'Force garbage collection.
         GC.Collect()
      
         ' Wait for all finalizers to complete before continuing.
         ' Without this call to GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers, 
         ' the worker loop below might execute at the same time 
         ' as the finalizers.
         ' With this call, the worker loop executes only after
         ' all finalizers have been called.
         GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers()
      
         ' Worker loop to perform post-finalization code.
         Dim i As Integer
         For i = 0 To maxIterations - 1
            Console.WriteLine("Doing some post-finalize work")
         Next i
      End Sub
   End Class


   Class MyFinalizeObject
      ' Make this number very large to cause the finalizer to
      ' do more work.
      Private maxIterations As Integer = 10000
      
      Protected Overrides Sub Finalize()
         Console.WriteLine("Finalizing a MyFinalizeObject")
      
         ' Do some work.
         Dim i As Integer
         For i = 0 To maxIterations - 1
            ' This method performs no operation on i, but prevents 
            ' the JIT compiler from optimizing away the code inside 
            ' the loop.
            GC.KeepAlive(i)
         Next i
         MyBase.Finalize()
      End Sub
   End Class
End Namespace

Comentários

Quando o coletor de lixo encontra objetos que podem ser recuperados, ele verifica cada objeto para determinar os requisitos de finalização do objeto.When the garbage collector finds objects that can be reclaimed, it checks each object to determine the object's finalization requirements. Se um objeto implementa um finalizador e não desabilitou a finalização chamando SuppressFinalize , o objeto é colocado em uma lista de objetos que são marcados como prontos para finalização.If an object implements a finalizer and has not disabled finalization by calling SuppressFinalize, the object is placed in a list of objects that are marked as ready for finalization. O coletor de lixo chama os Finalize métodos para os objetos nessa lista e remove as entradas da lista.The garbage collector calls the Finalize methods for the objects in this list and removes the entries from the list. Esse método é bloqueado até que todos os finalizadores tenham sido executados até a conclusão.This method blocks until all finalizers have run to completion.

O thread no qual os finalizadores são executados não é especificado, portanto, não há nenhuma garantia de que esse método será encerrado.The thread on which finalizers are run is unspecified, so there is no guarantee that this method will terminate. No entanto, esse thread pode ser interrompido por outro thread enquanto o WaitForPendingFinalizers método está em andamento.However, this thread can be interrupted by another thread while the WaitForPendingFinalizers method is in progress. Por exemplo, você pode iniciar outro thread que aguarda um período de tempo e, em seguida, interromperá esse thread se esse thread ainda estiver suspenso.For example, you can start another thread that waits for a period of time and then interrupts this thread if this thread is still suspended.

Aplica-se a