CustomAttributeData CustomAttributeData CustomAttributeData CustomAttributeData Class

Definição

Fornece acesso aos dados de atributo personalizado para assemblies, módulos, tipos, membros e parâmetros que são carregados no contexto exclusivo de reflexão.Provides access to custom attribute data for assemblies, modules, types, members and parameters that are loaded into the reflection-only context.

public ref class CustomAttributeData
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
[System.Serializable]
public class CustomAttributeData
type CustomAttributeData = class
Public Class CustomAttributeData
Herança
CustomAttributeDataCustomAttributeDataCustomAttributeDataCustomAttributeData
Atributos

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir define um atributo personalizado com quatro construtores e quatro propriedades.The following example defines a custom attribute with four constructors and four properties. Duas das propriedades são somente leitura e são definidas usando os parâmetros posicionais dos construtores.Two of the properties are read-only, and are set by using the positional parameters of the constructors. As outras duas propriedades são leitura/gravação e só podem ser definidas usando argumentos nomeados.The other two properties are read/write, and can be set only by using named arguments. Uma propriedade posicional é uma matriz de cadeias de caracteres e uma propriedade nomeada é uma matriz de inteiros.One positional property is an array of strings, and one named property is an array of integers.

O atributo é aplicado ao assembly, a um tipo declarado no assembly, para um método do tipo e a um parâmetro do método.The attribute is applied to the assembly, to a type declared in the assembly, to a method of the type, and to a parameter of the method. Construtores diferentes são usados nesses casos.Different constructors are used for these cases. Quando executado, o assembly se carrega no contexto somente de reflexão e exibe informações sobre os atributos personalizados que foram aplicados a ele e para o tipo e os membros que ele contém.When executed, the assembly loads itself into the reflection-only context and displays information about the custom attributes that were applied to it and to the type and members it contains.

O atributo que é aplicado ao tipo demonstra propriedades de matriz, com argumentos posicionais e nomeados.The attribute that is applied to the type demonstrates array properties, with both positional and named arguments.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Collections::ObjectModel;

// An enumeration used by the ExampleAttribute class.
public enum class ExampleKind
{
   FirstKind, SecondKind, ThirdKind, FourthKind
};

// An example attribute. The attribute can be applied to all
// targets, from assemblies to parameters.
//
[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets::All)]
public ref class ExampleAttribute: public Attribute
{
private:
   // Data for properties.
   ExampleKind kindValue;
   String^ noteValue;
   array<String^>^ arrayStrings;
   array<int>^ arrayNumbers;

   // Constructors. 
   void ExampleAttributeInitialize( ExampleKind initKind, array<String^>^ initStrings )
   {
      kindValue = initKind;
      arrayStrings = initStrings;
   }
public:
   ExampleAttribute()
   {
      ExampleAttributeInitialize( ExampleKind::FirstKind, nullptr );
   }
   ExampleAttribute( ExampleKind initKind )
   {
      ExampleAttributeInitialize( initKind, nullptr );
   }
   ExampleAttribute( ExampleKind initKind, array<String^>^ initStrings )
   {
      ExampleAttributeInitialize( initKind, initStrings );
   }

   // Properties. The Note and Numbers properties must be read/write, so they
   // can be used as named parameters.
   //
   property ExampleKind Kind 
   {
      ExampleKind get()
      {
         return kindValue;
      }
   }
   property array<String^>^ Strings
   {
      array<String^>^ get()
      {
         return arrayStrings;
      }
   }
   property String^ Note 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return noteValue;
      }

      void set( String^ value )
      {
         noteValue = value;
      }
   }
   property array<int>^ Numbers
   {
      array<int>^ get()
      {
         return arrayNumbers;
      }

      void set( array<int>^ value )
      {
         arrayNumbers = value;
      }
   }
};

// The example attribute is applied to the assembly.
[assembly:Example(ExampleKind::ThirdKind,Note="This is a note on the assembly.")];

// The example attribute is applied to the test class.
//
[Example(ExampleKind::SecondKind, 
         gcnew array<String^> { "String array argument, line 1", 
                        "String array argument, line 2", 
                        "String array argument, line 3" }, 
         Note="This is a note on the class.",
         Numbers = gcnew array<int> { 53, 57, 59 })] 
public ref class Test
{
public:
   // The example attribute is applied to a method, using the
   // parameterless constructor and supplying a named argument.
   // The attribute is also applied to the method parameter.
   //
   [Example(Note="This is a note on a method.")]
   void TestMethod( [Example] Object^ arg ){}

   // Main() gets objects representing the assembly, the test
   // type, the test method, and the method parameter. Custom
   // attribute data is displayed for each of these.
   //
   static void Main()
   {
      Assembly^ assembly = Assembly::ReflectionOnlyLoad( "Source" );
      Type^ t = assembly->GetType( "Test" );
      MethodInfo^ m = t->GetMethod( "TestMethod" );
      array<ParameterInfo^>^p = m->GetParameters();

      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nAttributes for assembly: '{0}'", assembly );
      ShowAttributeData( CustomAttributeData::GetCustomAttributes( assembly ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nAttributes for type: '{0}'", t );
      ShowAttributeData( CustomAttributeData::GetCustomAttributes( t ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nAttributes for member: '{0}'", m );
      ShowAttributeData( CustomAttributeData::GetCustomAttributes( m ) );
      Console::WriteLine( "\r\nAttributes for parameter: '{0}'", p );
      ShowAttributeData( CustomAttributeData::GetCustomAttributes( p[ 0 ] ) );
   }

private:
    static void ShowValueOrArray(CustomAttributeTypedArgument^ cata)
    {
        if (cata->Value->GetType() == ReadOnlyCollection<CustomAttributeTypedArgument>::typeid)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("         Array of '{0}':", cata->ArgumentType);

            for each (CustomAttributeTypedArgument^ cataElement in 
                (ReadOnlyCollection<CustomAttributeTypedArgument>^) cata->Value)
            {
                Console::WriteLine("             Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'",
                    cataElement->ArgumentType, cataElement->Value);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            Console::WriteLine( "         Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'",
               cata->ArgumentType, cata->Value );
        }
    }

   static void ShowAttributeData( IList< CustomAttributeData^ >^ attributes )
   {
      for each ( CustomAttributeData^ cad in attributes )
      {
         Console::WriteLine( "   {0}", cad );
         Console::WriteLine( "      Constructor: '{0}'", cad->Constructor );

         Console::WriteLine( "      Constructor arguments:" );
         for each ( CustomAttributeTypedArgument^ cata in cad->ConstructorArguments )
         {
            ShowValueOrArray(cata);
         }

         Console::WriteLine( "      Named arguments:" );
         for each ( CustomAttributeNamedArgument cana in cad->NamedArguments )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( "         MemberInfo: '{0}'", cana.MemberInfo );
            ShowValueOrArray(cana.TypedValue);
         }
      }
   }
};

int main()
{
   Test::Main();
}

/* This code example produces output similar to the following:

Attributes for assembly: 'source, Version=0.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null'
   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.CompilationRelaxationsAttribute((Int32)8)]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(Int32)'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '8'
      Named arguments:
   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute(WrapNonExceptionThrows = True)]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'Boolean WrapNonExceptionThrows'
         Type: 'System.Boolean'  Value: 'True'
   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)2, Note = "This is a note on the assembly.")]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind)'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '2'
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the assembly.'

Attributes for type: 'Test'
   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)1, new String[3] { "String array argument, line 1", "String array argument, line 2", "String array argument, line 3" }, Note = "This is a note on the class.", Numbers = new Int32[3] { 53, 57, 59 })]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind, System.String[])'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '1'
         Array of 'System.String[]':
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 1'
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 2'
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 3'
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the class.'
         MemberInfo: 'Int32[] Numbers'
         Array of 'System.Int32[]':
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '53'
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '57'
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '59'

Attributes for member: 'Void TestMethod(System.Object)'
   [ExampleAttribute(Note = "This is a note on a method.")]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on a method.'

Attributes for parameter: 'System.Object arg'
   [ExampleAttribute()]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
*/
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

// The example attribute is applied to the assembly.
[assembly:Example(ExampleKind.ThirdKind, Note="This is a note on the assembly.")]

// An enumeration used by the ExampleAttribute class.
public enum ExampleKind
{
    FirstKind, 
    SecondKind, 
    ThirdKind, 
    FourthKind
};

// An example attribute. The attribute can be applied to all
// targets, from assemblies to parameters.
//
[AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.All)]
public class ExampleAttribute : Attribute
{
    // Data for properties.
    private ExampleKind kindValue;
    private string noteValue;
    private string[] arrayStrings;
    private int[] arrayNumbers;

    // Constructors. The parameterless constructor (.ctor) calls
    // the constructor that specifies ExampleKind and an array of 
    // strings, and supplies the default values.
    //
    public ExampleAttribute(ExampleKind initKind, string[] initStrings)
    {
        kindValue = initKind;
        arrayStrings = initStrings;
    }
    public ExampleAttribute(ExampleKind initKind) : this(initKind, null) {}
    public ExampleAttribute() : this(ExampleKind.FirstKind, null) {}

    // Properties. The Note and Numbers properties must be read/write, so they
    // can be used as named parameters.
    //
    public ExampleKind Kind { get { return kindValue; }}
    public string[] Strings { get { return arrayStrings; }}
    public string Note    
    {
        get { return noteValue; }
        set { noteValue = value; }
    }
    public int[] Numbers
    {
        get { return arrayNumbers; }
        set { arrayNumbers = value; }
    }
}

// The example attribute is applied to the test class.
//
[Example(ExampleKind.SecondKind, 
         new string[] { "String array argument, line 1", 
                        "String array argument, line 2", 
                        "String array argument, line 3" }, 
         Note="This is a note on the class.",
         Numbers = new int[] { 53, 57, 59 })] 
public class Test
{
    // The example attribute is applied to a method, using the
    // parameterless constructor and supplying a named argument.
    // The attribute is also applied to the method parameter.
    //
    [Example(Note="This is a note on a method.")]
    public void TestMethod([Example] object arg) { }

    // Main() gets objects representing the assembly, the test
    // type, the test method, and the method parameter. Custom
    // attribute data is displayed for each of these.
    //
    public static void Main()
    {
        Assembly asm = Assembly.ReflectionOnlyLoad("Source");
        Type t = asm.GetType("Test");
        MethodInfo m = t.GetMethod("TestMethod");
        ParameterInfo[] p = m.GetParameters();

        Console.WriteLine("\r\nAttributes for assembly: '{0}'", asm);
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(asm));
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nAttributes for type: '{0}'", t);
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(t));
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nAttributes for member: '{0}'", m);
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(m));
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nAttributes for parameter: '{0}'", p);
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(p[0]));
    }

    private static void ShowAttributeData(
        IList<CustomAttributeData> attributes)
    {
        foreach( CustomAttributeData cad in attributes )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("   {0}", cad);
            Console.WriteLine("      Constructor: '{0}'", cad.Constructor);

            Console.WriteLine("      Constructor arguments:");
            foreach( CustomAttributeTypedArgument cata 
                in cad.ConstructorArguments )
            {
                ShowValueOrArray(cata);
            }

            Console.WriteLine("      Named arguments:");
            foreach( CustomAttributeNamedArgument cana 
                in cad.NamedArguments )
            {
                Console.WriteLine("         MemberInfo: '{0}'", 
                    cana.MemberInfo);
                ShowValueOrArray(cana.TypedValue);
            }
        }
    }

    private static void ShowValueOrArray(CustomAttributeTypedArgument cata)
    {
        if (cata.Value.GetType() == typeof(ReadOnlyCollection<CustomAttributeTypedArgument>))
        {
            Console.WriteLine("         Array of '{0}':", cata.ArgumentType);

            foreach (CustomAttributeTypedArgument cataElement in 
                (ReadOnlyCollection<CustomAttributeTypedArgument>) cata.Value)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("             Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'",
                    cataElement.ArgumentType, cataElement.Value);
            }
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine("         Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'", 
                cata.ArgumentType, cata.Value);
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces output similar to the following:

Attributes for assembly: 'source, Version=0.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null'
   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.CompilationRelaxationsAttribute((Int32)8)]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(Int32)'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '8'
      Named arguments:
   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute(WrapNonExceptionThrows = True)]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'Boolean WrapNonExceptionThrows'
         Type: 'System.Boolean'  Value: 'True'
   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)2, Note = "This is a note on the assembly.")]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind)'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '2'
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the assembly.'

Attributes for type: 'Test'
   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)1, new String[3] { "String array argument, line 1", "String array argument, line 2", "String array argument, line 3" }, Note = "This is a note on the class.", Numbers = new Int32[3] { 53, 57, 59 })]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind, System.String[])'
      Constructor arguments:
         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '1'
         Array of 'System.String[]':
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 1'
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 2'
             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 3'
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the class.'
         MemberInfo: 'Int32[] Numbers'
         Array of 'System.Int32[]':
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '53'
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '57'
             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '59'

Attributes for member: 'Void TestMethod(System.Object)'
   [ExampleAttribute(Note = "This is a note on a method.")]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on a method.'

Attributes for parameter: 'System.Object arg'
   [ExampleAttribute()]
      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
      Constructor arguments:
      Named arguments:
*/
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel

' The example attribute is applied to the assembly.
<Assembly:Example(ExampleKind.ThirdKind, Note:="This is a note on the assembly.")>

' An enumeration used by the ExampleAttribute class.
Public Enum ExampleKind
    FirstKind
    SecondKind
    ThirdKind
    FourthKind
End Enum

' An example attribute. The attribute can be applied to all
' targets, from assemblies to parameters.
'
<AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.All)> _
Public Class ExampleAttribute
    Inherits Attribute

    ' Data for properties.
    Private kindValue As ExampleKind
    Private noteValue As String
    Private arrayStrings() As String
    Private arrayNumbers() As Integer

    ' Constructors. The parameterless constructor (.ctor) calls
    ' the constructor that specifies ExampleKind and an array of
    ' strings, and supplies the default values.
    '
    Public Sub New(ByVal initKind As ExampleKind, ByVal initStrings() As String)
        kindValue = initKind
        arrayStrings = initStrings
    End Sub
    Public Sub New(ByVal initKind As ExampleKind)
        Me.New(initKind, Nothing)
    End Sub
    Public Sub New()
        Me.New(ExampleKind.FirstKind, Nothing)
    End Sub

    ' Properties. The Note and Numbers properties must be read/write, so they 
    ' can be used as named parameters.
    '
    Public ReadOnly Property Kind As ExampleKind
        Get
            Return kindValue 
        End Get
    End Property
    Public ReadOnly Property Strings As String()
        Get
            Return arrayStrings 
        End Get
    End Property
    Public Property Note As String
        Get
            Return noteValue 
        End Get
        Set
            noteValue = value
        End Set
    End Property
    Public Property Numbers As Integer()
        Get
            Return arrayNumbers 
        End Get
        Set
            arrayNumbers = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

' The example attribute is applied to the test class.
'
<Example(ExampleKind.SecondKind, _
         New String() { "String array argument, line 1", _
                        "String array argument, line 2", _
                        "String array argument, line 3" }, _
         Note := "This is a note on the class.", _
         Numbers := New Integer() { 53, 57, 59 })> _
Public Class Test
    ' The example attribute is applied to a method, using the
    ' parameterless constructor and supplying a named argument.
    ' The attribute is also applied to the method parameter.
    '
    <Example(Note:="This is a note on a method.")> _
    Public Sub TestMethod(<Example()> ByVal arg As Object)
    End Sub

    ' Sub Main gets objects representing the assembly, the test
    ' type, the test method, and the method parameter. Custom
    ' attribute data is displayed for each of these.
    '
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim asm As [Assembly] = Assembly.ReflectionOnlyLoad("source")
        Dim t As Type = asm.GetType("Test")
        Dim m As MethodInfo = t.GetMethod("TestMethod")
        Dim p() As ParameterInfo = m.GetParameters()

        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Attributes for assembly: '{0}'", asm)
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(asm))
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Attributes for type: '{0}'", t)
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(t))
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Attributes for member: '{0}'", m)
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(m))
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Attributes for parameter: '{0}'", p)
        ShowAttributeData(CustomAttributeData.GetCustomAttributes(p(0)))
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub ShowAttributeData( _
        ByVal attributes As IList(Of CustomAttributeData))

        For Each cad As CustomAttributeData _
            In CType(attributes, IEnumerable(Of CustomAttributeData))

            Console.WriteLine("   {0}", cad)
            Console.WriteLine("      Constructor: '{0}'", cad.Constructor)

            Console.WriteLine("      Constructor arguments:")
            For Each cata As CustomAttributeTypedArgument _
                In CType(cad.ConstructorArguments, IEnumerable(Of CustomAttributeTypedArgument))

                ShowValueOrArray(cata)
            Next

            Console.WriteLine("      Named arguments:")
            For Each cana As CustomAttributeNamedArgument _
                In CType(cad.NamedArguments, IEnumerable(Of CustomAttributeNamedArgument))

                Console.WriteLine("         MemberInfo: '{0}'", _
                    cana.MemberInfo)
                ShowValueOrArray(cana.TypedValue)
            Next
        Next
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub ShowValueOrArray(ByVal cata As CustomAttributeTypedArgument)
        If cata.Value.GetType() Is GetType(ReadOnlyCollection(Of CustomAttributeTypedArgument)) Then
            Console.WriteLine("         Array of '{0}':", cata.ArgumentType)

            For Each cataElement As CustomAttributeTypedArgument In cata.Value
                Console.WriteLine("             Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'", _
                    cataElement.ArgumentType, cataElement.Value)
            Next
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("         Type: '{0}'  Value: '{1}'", _
                cata.ArgumentType, cata.Value)
        End If       
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Attributes for assembly: 'source, Version=0.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=null'
'   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.CompilationRelaxationsAttribute((Int32)8)]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(Int32)'
'      Constructor arguments:
'         Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '8'
'      Named arguments:
'   [System.Runtime.CompilerServices.RuntimeCompatibilityAttribute(WrapNonExceptionThrows = True)]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
'      Constructor arguments:
'      Named arguments:
'         MemberInfo: 'Boolean WrapNonExceptionThrows'
'         Type: 'System.Boolean'  Value: 'True'
'   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)2, Note = "This is a note on the assembly.")]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind)'
'      Constructor arguments:
'         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '2'
'      Named arguments:
'         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
'         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the assembly.'
'
'Attributes for type: 'Test'
'   [ExampleAttribute((ExampleKind)1, new String[3] { "String array argument, line 1", "String array argument, line 2", "String array argument, line 3" }, Note = "This is a note on the class.", Numbers = new Int32[3] { 53, 57, 59 })]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor(ExampleKind, System.String[])'
'      Constructor arguments:
'         Type: 'ExampleKind'  Value: '1'
'         Array of 'System.String[]':
'             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 1'
'             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 2'
'             Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'String array argument, line 3'
'      Named arguments:
'         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
'         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on the class.'
'         MemberInfo: 'Int32[] Numbers'
'         Array of 'System.Int32[]':
'             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '53'
'             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '57'
'             Type: 'System.Int32'  Value: '59'
'
'Attributes for member: 'Void TestMethod(System.Object)'
'   [ExampleAttribute(Note = "This is a note on a method.")]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
'      Constructor arguments:
'      Named arguments:
'         MemberInfo: 'System.String Note'
'         Type: 'System.String'  Value: 'This is a note on a method.'
'
'Attributes for parameter: 'System.Object arg'
'   [ExampleAttribute()]
'      Constructor: 'Void .ctor()'
'      Constructor arguments:
'      Named arguments:

Comentários

O código que está sendo examinado no contexto somente de reflexão não pode ser executado, portanto nem sempre é possível examinar atributos personalizados criando instâncias deles e, em seguida, examinando suas propriedades, usando Attribute.GetCustomAttributesmétodos MemberInfo.GetCustomAttributescomo, e assim por diante .Code that is being examined in the reflection-only context cannot be executed, so it is not always possible to examine custom attributes by creating instances of them and then examining their properties, using methods like Attribute.GetCustomAttributes, MemberInfo.GetCustomAttributes, and so on. Se o código para o tipo de atributo em si for carregado no contexto somente de reflexão, ele não poderá ser executado.If the code for the attribute type itself is loaded into the reflection-only context, it cannot be executed.

A CustomAttributeData classe permite o exame de atributos personalizados no contexto somente de reflexão, fornecendo uma abstração para atributos.The CustomAttributeData class allows examination of custom attributes in the reflection-only context by providing an abstraction for attributes. Os membros dessa classe podem ser usados para obter os argumentos posicionais e os argumentos nomeados do atributo.The members of this class can be used to obtain the positional arguments and named arguments of the attribute. Use a ConstructorArguments propriedade para obter uma lista de CustomAttributeTypedArgument estruturas que representam os argumentos posicionais e use a NamedArguments propriedade para obter uma lista de CustomAttributeNamedArgument estruturas que representam os argumentos nomeados.Use the ConstructorArguments property to get a list of CustomAttributeTypedArgument structures that represent the positional arguments, and use the NamedArguments property to get a list of CustomAttributeNamedArgument structures that represent the named arguments.

Observação

A CustomAttributeNamedArgument estrutura fornece apenas informações sobre a propriedade de atributo usada para obter e definir o valor do argumento.The CustomAttributeNamedArgument structure only provides information about the attribute property used to get and set the argument value. Para obter o tipo e o valor do argumento, use a CustomAttributeNamedArgument.TypedValue propriedade para obter uma CustomAttributeTypedArgument estrutura.To obtain the type and value of the argument, use the CustomAttributeNamedArgument.TypedValue property to obtain a CustomAttributeTypedArgument structure.

Quando você tem uma CustomAttributeTypedArgument estrutura para um argumento, seja nomeada ou posicional, use a CustomAttributeTypedArgument.ArgumentType propriedade para obter o tipo e a CustomAttributeTypedArgument.Value propriedade para obter o valor.When you have a CustomAttributeTypedArgument structure for an argument, whether named or positional, use the CustomAttributeTypedArgument.ArgumentType property to get the type and the CustomAttributeTypedArgument.Value property to get the value.

Observação

Para um argumento de matriz, CustomAttributeTypedArgument.Value a propriedade retorna um ReadOnlyCollection<T> genérico CustomAttributeTypedArgument de objetos.For an array argument, the CustomAttributeTypedArgument.Value property returns a generic ReadOnlyCollection<T> of CustomAttributeTypedArgument objects. Cada CustomAttributeTypedArgument objeto na coleção representa o elemento correspondente da matriz.Each CustomAttributeTypedArgument object in the collection represents the corresponding element of the array.

CustomAttributeDatapode ser usado no contexto de execução, bem como no contexto somente de reflexão.CustomAttributeData can be used in the execution context as well as in the reflection-only context. Por exemplo, você pode querer evitar carregar o assembly que contém o código para um atributo personalizado.For example, you might want to avoid loading the assembly that contains the code for a custom attribute. O uso CustomAttributeData da classe é diferente do uso de Attribute.GetCustomAttributesmétodos como:Using the CustomAttributeData class is different from using methods like Attribute.GetCustomAttributes:

  • As propriedades e os métodos CustomAttributeData de fornecem apenas os valores que foram especificados para a instância de atributo, não a semântica do construtor.The properties and methods of CustomAttributeData only provide you with the values that were specified for the attribute instance, not the semantics of the constructor. Por exemplo, um argumento de cadeia de caracteres de um atributo pode ser convertido internamente em alguma outra representação e retornado em um formato canônico; ou uma propriedade pode ter efeitos colaterais quando o código de atributo real é executado.For example, a string argument of an attribute might be converted internally to some other representation, and returned in a canonical form; or a property might have side effects when the actual attribute code is executed.

  • As propriedades e os métodos CustomAttributeData de não permitem que você recupere os atributos personalizados herdados das classes base.The properties and methods of CustomAttributeData do not allow you to retrieve the custom attributes inherited from base classes.

Para criar instâncias CustomAttributeData da classe, use os static métodos deShared fábrica (em GetCustomAttributes Visual Basic).To create instances of the CustomAttributeData class, use the static (Shared in Visual Basic) GetCustomAttributes factory methods.

Construtores

CustomAttributeData() CustomAttributeData() CustomAttributeData() CustomAttributeData()

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe CustomAttributeData.Initializes a new instance of the CustomAttributeData class.

Propriedades

AttributeType AttributeType AttributeType AttributeType

Obtém o tipo do atributo.Gets the type of the attribute.

Constructor Constructor Constructor Constructor

Obtém um objeto ConstructorInfo que representa o construtor que teria inicializado o atributo personalizado.Gets a ConstructorInfo object that represents the constructor that would have initialized the custom attribute.

ConstructorArguments ConstructorArguments ConstructorArguments ConstructorArguments

Obtém a lista de argumentos posicionais especificados para a instância de atributo representada pelo objeto CustomAttributeData.Gets the list of positional arguments specified for the attribute instance represented by the CustomAttributeData object.

NamedArguments NamedArguments NamedArguments NamedArguments

Obtém a lista de argumentos nomeados especificados para a instância de atributo representada pelo objeto CustomAttributeData.Gets the list of named arguments specified for the attribute instance represented by the CustomAttributeData object.

Métodos

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Retorna um valor que indica se essa instância é igual a um objeto especificado.Returns a value that indicates whether this instance is equal to a specified object.

GetCustomAttributes(Assembly) GetCustomAttributes(Assembly) GetCustomAttributes(Assembly) GetCustomAttributes(Assembly)

Retorna uma lista de objetos CustomAttributeData que representam os dados sobre os atributos que foram aplicados ao assembly de destino.Returns a list of CustomAttributeData objects representing data about the attributes that have been applied to the target assembly.

GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo) GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo) GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo) GetCustomAttributes(MemberInfo)

Retorna uma lista de objetos CustomAttributeData que representam dados sobre os atributos que foram aplicados ao membro de destino.Returns a list of CustomAttributeData objects representing data about the attributes that have been applied to the target member.

GetCustomAttributes(Module) GetCustomAttributes(Module) GetCustomAttributes(Module) GetCustomAttributes(Module)

Retorna uma lista de objetos CustomAttributeData que representam dados sobre os atributos que foram aplicados ao módulo de destino.Returns a list of CustomAttributeData objects representing data about the attributes that have been applied to the target module.

GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo) GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo) GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo) GetCustomAttributes(ParameterInfo)

Retorna uma lista de objetos CustomAttributeData que representam os dados sobre os atributos que foram aplicados ao parâmetro de destino.Returns a list of CustomAttributeData objects representing data about the attributes that have been applied to the target parameter.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Serve como uma função de hash para um tipo específico.Serves as a hash function for a particular type.

GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Obtém o Type da instância atual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Cria uma cópia superficial do Object atual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Retorna uma representação de cadeia de caracteres do atributo personalizado.Returns a string representation of the custom attribute.

Aplica-se a

Veja também