X509Extension Classe

Definição

Representa uma extensão X509.Represents an X509 extension.

public ref class X509Extension : System::Security::Cryptography::AsnEncodedData
public class X509Extension : System.Security.Cryptography.AsnEncodedData
type X509Extension = class
    inherit AsnEncodedData
Public Class X509Extension
Inherits AsnEncodedData
Herança
X509Extension
Derivado

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir demonstra X509Extension como usar a classe.The following code example demonstrates using the X509Extension class.

#using <System.dll>
#using <system.security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography::X509Certificates;
int main()
{
   try
   {
      X509Store^ store = gcnew X509Store( L"MY",StoreLocation::CurrentUser );
      store->Open( static_cast<OpenFlags>(OpenFlags::ReadOnly | OpenFlags::OpenExistingOnly) );
      X509Certificate2Collection^ collection = dynamic_cast<X509Certificate2Collection^>(store->Certificates);
      for ( int i = 0; i < collection->Count; i++ )
      {
         System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = collection[ i ]->Extensions->GetEnumerator();
         while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
         {
            X509Extension^ extension = safe_cast<X509Extension^>(myEnum->Current);
            Console::WriteLine( L"{0}({1})", extension->Oid->FriendlyName, extension->Oid->Value );
            if ( extension->Oid->FriendlyName == L"Key Usage" )
            {
               X509KeyUsageExtension^ ext = dynamic_cast<X509KeyUsageExtension^>(extension);
               Console::WriteLine( ext->KeyUsages );
            }
            if ( extension->Oid->FriendlyName == L"Basic Constraints" )
            {
               X509BasicConstraintsExtension^ ext = dynamic_cast<X509BasicConstraintsExtension^>(extension);
               Console::WriteLine( ext->CertificateAuthority );
               Console::WriteLine( ext->HasPathLengthConstraint );
               Console::WriteLine( ext->PathLengthConstraint );
            }
            if ( extension->Oid->FriendlyName == L"Subject Key Identifier" )
            {
               X509SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension^ ext = dynamic_cast<X509SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension^>(extension);
               Console::WriteLine( ext->SubjectKeyIdentifier );
            }
            if ( extension->Oid->FriendlyName == L"Enhanced Key Usage" )
            {
               X509EnhancedKeyUsageExtension^ ext = dynamic_cast<X509EnhancedKeyUsageExtension^>(extension);
               OidCollection^ oids = ext->EnhancedKeyUsages;
               System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum1 = oids->GetEnumerator();
               while ( myEnum1->MoveNext() )
               {
                  Oid^ oid = safe_cast<Oid^>(myEnum1->Current);
                  Console::WriteLine( L"{0}({1})", oid->FriendlyName, oid->Value );
               }
            }
         }

      }
      store->Close();
   }
   catch ( CryptographicException^ ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( L"Information could not be written out for this certificate." );
   }

}

using System;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates;

public class CertSelect
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        try
        {
            X509Store store = new X509Store("MY", StoreLocation.CurrentUser);
            store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly | OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly);

            X509Certificate2Collection collection = (X509Certificate2Collection)store.Certificates;
            for (int i = 0; i < collection.Count; i++)
            {
                foreach (X509Extension extension in collection[i].Extensions)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(extension.Oid.FriendlyName + "(" + extension.Oid.Value + ")");
   

                    if (extension.Oid.FriendlyName == "Key Usage")
                    {
                        X509KeyUsageExtension ext = (X509KeyUsageExtension)extension;
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.KeyUsages);
                    }

                    if (extension.Oid.FriendlyName == "Basic Constraints")
                    {
                        X509BasicConstraintsExtension ext = (X509BasicConstraintsExtension)extension;
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.CertificateAuthority);
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.HasPathLengthConstraint);
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.PathLengthConstraint);
                    }

                    if (extension.Oid.FriendlyName == "Subject Key Identifier")
                    {
                        X509SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension ext = (X509SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension)extension;
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.SubjectKeyIdentifier);
                    }

                    if (extension.Oid.FriendlyName == "Enhanced Key Usage")
                    {
                        X509EnhancedKeyUsageExtension ext = (X509EnhancedKeyUsageExtension)extension;
                        OidCollection oids = ext.EnhancedKeyUsages;
                        foreach (Oid oid in oids)
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine(oid.FriendlyName + "(" + oid.Value + ")");
                        }
                    }
                }
            }
            store.Close();
        }
        catch (CryptographicException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.");
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Security.Cryptography.X509Certificates



Module CertSelect

    Sub Main()
        Try
            Dim store As New X509Store("MY", StoreLocation.CurrentUser)
            store.Open(OpenFlags.ReadOnly Or OpenFlags.OpenExistingOnly)

            Dim collection As X509Certificate2Collection = CType(store.Certificates, X509Certificate2Collection)
            For i As Integer = 0 To collection.Count - 1
                Dim extension As X509Extension
                For Each extension In collection(i).Extensions
                    Console.WriteLine(extension.Oid.FriendlyName + "(" + extension.Oid.Value + ")")


                    If extension.Oid.FriendlyName = "Key Usage" Then
                        Dim ext As X509KeyUsageExtension = CType(extension, X509KeyUsageExtension)
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.KeyUsages)
                    End If

                    If extension.Oid.FriendlyName = "Basic Constraints" Then
                        Dim ext As X509BasicConstraintsExtension = CType(extension, X509BasicConstraintsExtension)
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.CertificateAuthority)
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.HasPathLengthConstraint)
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.PathLengthConstraint)
                    End If

                    If extension.Oid.FriendlyName = "Subject Key Identifier" Then
                        Dim ext As X509SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension = CType(extension, X509SubjectKeyIdentifierExtension)
                        Console.WriteLine(ext.SubjectKeyIdentifier)
                    End If

                    If extension.Oid.FriendlyName = "Enhanced Key Usage" Then
                        Dim ext As X509EnhancedKeyUsageExtension = CType(extension, X509EnhancedKeyUsageExtension)
                        Dim oids As OidCollection = ext.EnhancedKeyUsages
                        Dim oid As Oid
                        For Each oid In oids
                            Console.WriteLine(oid.FriendlyName + "(" + oid.Value + ")")
                        Next oid
                    End If
                Next extension
            Next i
            store.Close()
        Catch
            Console.WriteLine("Information could not be written out for this certificate.")
        End Try

    End Sub
End Module

Comentários

As extensões X509 são propriedades dinâmicas e estendidas que podem ser adicionadas a um certificado X509 e alteradas.X509 extensions are dynamic, extended properties that can be added to an X509 certificate and changed. A X509Extension classe pode ser usada para criar extensões associadas a um certificado, mas que não fazem parte de um certificado, conforme emitido por uma autoridade de certificação (CA).The X509Extension class can be used to create extensions that are associated with a certificate but are not part of a certificate as issued by a certification authority (CA).

Em sua forma mais básica, uma extensão X509 tem um OID (identificador de objeto), um valor booliano que descreve se a extensão é considerada crítica ou não e dados codificados por ASN.In its most basic form, an X509 extension has an object identifier (OID), a Boolean value describing whether the extension is considered critical or not, and ASN-encoded data. Extensões personalizadas podem ser registradas em CryptoConfig um arquivo.Custom extensions can be registered in a CryptoConfig file.

A estrutura The.NET inclui implementações de várias extensões X509 comuns:The.NET Framework includes implementations of several common X509 extensions:

Construtores

X509Extension()

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe X509Extension.Initializes a new instance of the X509Extension class.

X509Extension(AsnEncodedData, Boolean)

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe X509Extension.Initializes a new instance of the X509Extension class.

X509Extension(Oid, Byte[], Boolean)

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe X509Extension.Initializes a new instance of the X509Extension class.

X509Extension(String, Byte[], Boolean)

Inicializa uma nova instância da classe X509Extension.Initializes a new instance of the X509Extension class.

Propriedades

Critical

Obtém um valor booliano que indica se a extensão é crítica.Gets a Boolean value indicating whether the extension is critical.

Oid

Obtém ou define o valor Oid para um objeto AsnEncodedData.Gets or sets the Oid value for an AsnEncodedData object.

(Herdado de AsnEncodedData)
RawData

Obtém ou define os dados codificados em ASN.1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One) representados em uma matriz de bytes.Gets or sets the Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)-encoded data represented in a byte array.

(Herdado de AsnEncodedData)

Métodos

CopyFrom(AsnEncodedData)

Copia as propriedades de extensão do objeto AsnEncodedData especificado.Copies the extension properties of the specified AsnEncodedData object.

Equals(Object)

Determina se o objeto especificado é igual ao objeto atual.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Herdado de Object)
Format(Boolean)

Retorna uma versão formatada dos dados codificados em ASN.1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One) como uma cadeia de caracteres.Returns a formatted version of the Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)-encoded data as a string.

(Herdado de AsnEncodedData)
GetHashCode()

Serve como a função de hash padrão.Serves as the default hash function.

(Herdado de Object)
GetType()

Obtém o Type da instância atual.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Herdado de Object)
MemberwiseClone()

Cria uma cópia superficial do Object atual.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Herdado de Object)
ToString()

Retorna uma cadeia de caracteres que representa o objeto atual.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Herdado de Object)

Aplica-se a