String.IsInterned(String) Método

Definição

Recupera uma referência a um String especificado.

public:
 static System::String ^ IsInterned(System::String ^ str);
public static string? IsInterned (string str);
public static string IsInterned (string str);
static member IsInterned : string -> string
Public Shared Function IsInterned (str As String) As String

Parâmetros

str
String

A cadeia de caracteres para pesquisar no pool interno.

Retornos

String

Uma referência a str se ele estiver no pool interno de Common Language Runtime; caso contrário, null.

Exceções

str é null.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir demonstra que as cadeias de caracteres literais são internadas automaticamente pelo compilador.

// Sample for String::IsInterned(String)
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Runtime::CompilerServices;

// In the .NET Framework 2.0 the following attribute declaration allows you to 
// avoid the use of the interning when you use NGEN.exe to compile an assembly 
// to the native image cache.
[assembly:CompilationRelaxations(CompilationRelaxations::NoStringInterning)];
void Test( int sequence, String^ str )
{
   Console::Write( "{0} The string '", sequence );
   String^ strInterned = String::IsInterned( str );
   if ( strInterned == nullptr )
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}' is not interned.", str );
   else
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}' is interned.", strInterned );
}

int main()
{
   
   // String str1 is known at compile time, and is automatically interned.
   String^ str1 = "abcd";
   
   // Constructed string, str2, is not explicitly or automatically interned.
   String^ str2 = (gcnew StringBuilder)->Append( "wx" )->Append( "yz" )->ToString();
   Console::WriteLine();
   Test( 1, str1 );
   Test( 2, str2 );
}

//This example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

//If you use NGEN.exe to compile the assembly to the native image cache, this
//example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is not interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.
// Sample for String.IsInterned(String)
using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Runtime.CompilerServices;

// In the .NET Framework 2.0 the following attribute declaration allows you to
// avoid the use of the interning when you use NGEN.exe to compile an assembly
// to the native image cache.
[assembly: CompilationRelaxations(CompilationRelaxations.NoStringInterning)]
class Sample
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // String str1 is known at compile time, and is automatically interned.
        String str1 = "abcd";

        // Constructed string, str2, is not explicitly or automatically interned.
        String str2 = new StringBuilder().Append("wx").Append("yz").ToString();
        Console.WriteLine();
        Test(1, str1);
        Test(2, str2);
    }

    public static void Test(int sequence, String str)
    {
        Console.Write("{0}) The string, '", sequence);
        String strInterned = String.IsInterned(str);
        if (strInterned == null)
            Console.WriteLine("{0}', is not interned.", str);
        else
            Console.WriteLine("{0}', is interned.", strInterned);
    }
}

//This example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

//If you use NGEN.exe to compile the assembly to the native image cache, this
//example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is not interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.
// Sample for String.IsInterned(String)
open System
open System.Text
open System.Runtime.CompilerServices

// In the .NET Framework 2.0 the following attribute declaration allows you to
// avoid the use of the interning when you use NGEN.exe to compile an assembly
// to the native image cache.
[<assembly: CompilationRelaxations(CompilationRelaxations.NoStringInterning)>]
do ()

let test sequence str =
    printf $"%d{sequence}) The string, '"
    let strInterned = String.IsInterned str
    if isNull strInterned then
        printfn $"{str}', is not interned."
    else
        printfn $"{strInterned}', is interned."

// String str1 is known at compile time, and is automatically interned.
let str1 = "abcd"

// Constructed string, str2, is not explicitly or automatically interned.
let str2 = StringBuilder().Append("wx").Append("yz").ToString()
printfn ""
test 1 str1
test 2 str2


//This example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

//If you use NGEN.exe to compile the assembly to the native image cache, this
//example produces the following results:

//1) The string, 'abcd', is not interned.
//2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.
' Sample for String.IsInterned(String)
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Runtime.CompilerServices

' In the .NET Framework 2.0 the following attribute declaration allows you to 
' avoid the use of the interning when you use NGEN.exe to compile an assembly 
' to the native image cache.
<Assembly: CompilationRelaxations(CompilationRelaxations.NoStringInterning)> 
Class Sample
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' String str1 is known at compile time, and is automatically interned.
        Dim str1 As [String] = "abcd"

        ' Constructed string, str2, is not explicitly or automatically interned.
        Dim str2 As [String] = New StringBuilder().Append("wx").Append("yz").ToString()
        Console.WriteLine()
        Test(1, str1)
        Test(2, str2)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub Test(ByVal sequence As Integer, ByVal str As [String])
        Console.Write("{0}) The string, '", sequence)
        Dim strInterned As [String] = [String].IsInterned(str)
        If strInterned Is Nothing Then
            Console.WriteLine("{0}', is not interned.", str)
        Else
            Console.WriteLine("{0}', is interned.", strInterned)
        End If
    End Sub
End Class

'This example produces the following results:

'1) The string, 'abcd', is interned.
'2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

'If you use NGEN.exe to compile the assembly to the native image cache, this
'example produces the following results:

'1) The string, 'abcd', is not interned.
'2) The string, 'wxyz', is not interned.

Comentários

O common language runtime mantém automaticamente uma tabela, chamada pool de estagiários, que contém uma única instância de cada constante de cadeia de caracteres literal exclusiva declarada em um programa, bem como qualquer instância exclusiva de String você adicionar programaticamente chamando o Intern método.

O pool de estagiários conserva o armazenamento de cadeia de caracteres. Se você atribuir uma constante de cadeia de caracteres literal a várias variáveis, cada variável será definida para fazer referência à mesma constante no pool de estagiários em vez de referenciar várias instâncias diferentes que String têm valores idênticos.

Este método pesquisa str no pool de estagiários. Se str já tiver sido internada, uma referência a essa instância será retornada; caso contrário, null será retornada.

Compare esse método com o Intern método.

Esse método não retorna um valor booliano. Se você chamar o método porque deseja um valor booliano que indique se uma cadeia de caracteres específica está internada, você pode usar código como o seguinte.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      string str1 = "a";
      string str2 = str1 + "b";
      string str3 = str2 + "c";
      string[] strings = { "value", "part1" + "_" + "part2", str3, 
                           String.Empty, null };
      foreach (var value in strings) {
         if (value == null) continue;
         
         bool interned = String.IsInterned(value) != null;
         if (interned)
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is in the string intern pool.", 
                              value);
         else
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is not in the string intern pool.",
                              value);                      
      }
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       'value' is in the string intern pool.
//       'part1_part2' is in the string intern pool.
//       'abc' is not in the string intern pool.
//       '' is in the string intern pool.
open System

let str1 = "a"
let str2 = str1 + "b"
let str3 = str2 + "c"
let strings = 
    [| "value"; "part1" + "_" + "part2"; str3
       String.Empty; null |]
for value in strings do
    if value <> null then
        let interned = String.IsInterned(value) <> null
        if interned then
            printfn $"'{value}' is in the string intern pool."
        else
            printfn $"'{value}' is not in the string intern pool."
// The example displays the following output:
//       'value' is in the string intern pool.
//       'part1_part2' is in the string intern pool.
//       'abc' is not in the string intern pool.
//       '' is in the string intern pool.
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
      Dim str1 As String = "a"
      Dim str2 As String = str1 + "b"
      Dim str3 As String = str2 + "c"
      Dim strings() As String = { "value", "part1" + "_" + "part2", str3, 
                                  String.Empty, Nothing }
      For Each value In strings
         If value Is Nothing Then Continue For
         
         Dim interned As Boolean = (String.IsInterned(value) IsNot Nothing)
         If interned Then
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is in the string intern pool.", 
                              value)
         Else
            Console.WriteLine("'{0}' is not in the string intern pool.",
                              value)                      
         End If
      Next
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       'value' is in the string intern pool.
'       'part1_part2' is in the string intern pool.
'       'abc' is not in the string intern pool.
'       '' is in the string intern pool.

Observação

Você pode substituir o uso do pool de estagiários ao usar Ngen.exe (Gerador de Imagem Nativa) para instalar um assembly no cache de imagens nativas em um computador local. Para obter mais informações, consulte Considerações de desempenho na seção Comentários para a Intern propriedade.

Aplica-se a

Confira também