LockRecursionPolicy Enumeração

Definição

Especifica se um bloqueio pode ser inserido várias vezes pelo mesmo thread.Specifies whether a lock can be entered multiple times by the same thread.

public enum class LockRecursionPolicy
public enum LockRecursionPolicy
type LockRecursionPolicy = 
Public Enum LockRecursionPolicy
Herança
LockRecursionPolicy

Campos

NoRecursion 0

Se um thread tentar inserir um bloqueio recursivamente, uma exceção será lançada.If a thread tries to enter a lock recursively, an exception is thrown. Algumas classes podem permitir determinadas recursões quando essa configuração está em vigor.Some classes may allow certain recursions when this setting is in effect.

SupportsRecursion 1

Um thread pode inserir um bloqueio recursivamente.A thread can enter a lock recursively. Algumas classes podem restringir essa funcionalidade.Some classes may restrict this capability.

Exemplos

O exemplo a seguir mostra dois cenários de exceção, um que depende da configuração de LockRecursionPolicy e outro que não faz isso.The following example shows two exception scenarios, one that depends on the LockRecursionPolicy setting and one that does not.

No primeiro cenário, o thread entra no bloqueio no modo de leitura e, em seguida, tenta entrar no modo de leitura recursivamente.In the first scenario, the thread enters the lock in read mode and then tries to enter read mode recursively. Se a ReaderWriterLockSlim for criada usando o construtor sem parâmetros, que define a política de recursão como recursão, uma exceção será lançada.If the ReaderWriterLockSlim is created by using the parameterless constructor, which sets recursion policy to NoRecursion, an exception is thrown. Se SupportsRecursion for usado para criar o ReaderWriterLockSlim, nenhuma exceção será lançada.If SupportsRecursion is used to create the ReaderWriterLockSlim, no exception is thrown.

No segundo cenário, o thread entra no bloqueio no modo de leitura e tenta inserir o bloqueio no modo de gravação.In the second scenario, the thread enters the lock in read mode and then tries to enter the lock in write mode. LockRecursionException é lançada independentemente da política de recursão de bloqueio.LockRecursionException is thrown regardless of the lock recursion policy.

using System;
using System.Threading;

class Example
{
    // By default, the lock recursion policy for a new 
    // ReaderWriterLockSlim does not allow recursion.
    private static ReaderWriterLockSlim rwls = new ReaderWriterLockSlim();
    private static ReaderWriterLockSlim rwlsWithRecursion =
        new ReaderWriterLockSlim(LockRecursionPolicy.SupportsRecursion);

    static void ThreadProc()
    { 
        Console.WriteLine("1. Enter the read lock recursively.");
        ReadRecursive(rwls);
        ReadRecursive(rwlsWithRecursion);

        Console.WriteLine("\n2. Enter the write lock recursively from the read lock.");
        ReadWriteRecursive(rwls);
        ReadWriteRecursive(rwlsWithRecursion);
    } 

    static void ReadRecursive(ReaderWriterLockSlim rwls)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("LockRecursionPolicy.{0}:", rwls.RecursionPolicy);
        rwls.EnterReadLock();

        try {
            rwls.EnterReadLock();
            Console.WriteLine("\nThe read lock was entered recursively.");
            rwls.ExitReadLock();
        }    
        catch (LockRecursionException lre) {
            Console.WriteLine("\n{0}: {1}",
                lre.GetType().Name, lre.Message);
        }

        rwls.ExitReadLock();
    }

    static void ReadWriteRecursive(ReaderWriterLockSlim rwls)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("LockRecursionPolicy.{0}:", rwls.RecursionPolicy);
        rwls.EnterReadLock();

        try {
            rwls.EnterWriteLock();
            Console.WriteLine("\nThe write lock was entered recursively.");
        }
        catch (LockRecursionException lre) {
            Console.WriteLine("\n{0}: {1}", 
                lre.GetType().Name, lre.Message);
        }

        rwls.ExitReadLock();
    }

    static void Main() 
    {
        Thread t = new Thread(ThreadProc);
        t.Start();
        t.Join();
        
        // Dispose of ReaderWriterLockSlim objects' unmanaged resources.
        if (rwls != null) rwls.Dispose();
        if (rwlsWithRecursion != null) rwlsWithRecursion.Dispose();
    } 
} 
// This example displays output similar to the following:
//    1. Enter the read lock recursively.
//    LockRecursionPolicy.NoRecursion:
//    
//    LockRecursionException: Recursive read lock acquisitions not allowed in this mode.
//    LockRecursionPolicy.SupportsRecursion:
//    
//    The read lock was entered recursively.
//    
//    2. Enter the write lock recursively from the read lock.
//    LockRecursionPolicy.NoRecursion:
//    
//    LockRecursionException: Write lock may not be acquired with read lock held. This pattern i
//    s prone to deadlocks. Please ensure that read locks are released before taking a write loc
//    k. If an upgrade is necessary, use an upgrade lock in place of the read lock.
//    LockRecursionPolicy.SupportsRecursion:
//    
//    LockRecursionException: Write lock may not be acquired with read lock held. This pattern i
//    s prone to deadlocks. Please ensure that read locks are released before taking a write loc
//    k. If an upgrade is necessary, use an upgrade lock in place of the read lock.
Imports System.Threading

Class Example
    ' By default, the lock recursion policy for a new 
    ' ReaderWriterLockSlim does not allow recursion.
    Private Shared rwls As New ReaderWriterLockSlim()
    Private Shared rwlsWithRecursion _
        As New ReaderWriterLockSlim(LockRecursionPolicy.SupportsRecursion)
    
    Shared Sub ThreadProc() 
        
        Console.WriteLine("1. Enter the read lock recursively.")
        ReadRecursive(rwls)
        ReadRecursive(rwlsWithRecursion)
    
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & _
            "2. Enter the write lock recursively from the read lock.")
        ReadWriteRecursive(rwls)
        ReadWriteRecursive(rwlsWithRecursion)

    End Sub 

    Shared Sub ReadRecursive(ByVal rwls As ReaderWriterLockSlim)

        Console.WriteLine("LockRecursionPolicy.{0}:", rwls.RecursionPolicy)
        rwls.EnterReadLock()
        
        Try
            rwls.EnterReadLock()
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab & _
                "The read lock was entered recursively.")
            rwls.ExitReadLock()
        Catch lre As LockRecursionException
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab & "{0}: {1}", _
                lre.GetType().Name, lre.Message)
        End Try

        rwls.ExitReadLock()
    End Sub

    Shared Sub ReadWriteRecursive(ByVal rwls As ReaderWriterLockSlim)

        Console.WriteLine("LockRecursionPolicy.{0}:", rwls.RecursionPolicy)
        rwls.EnterReadLock()

        Try
            rwls.EnterWriteLock()
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab & _
                "The write lock was entered recursively.")
        Catch lre As LockRecursionException
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab & "{0}: {1}", _
                lre.GetType().Name, lre.Message)
        End Try

        rwls.ExitReadLock()
    End Sub
    
    Shared Sub Main() 

        Dim t As New Thread(AddressOf ThreadProc)
        t.Start()
        t.Join()

        ' Dispose of ReaderWriterLockSlim objects' unmanaged resources.
        If rwls IsNot Nothing Then rwls.Dispose()
        If rwlsWithRecursion IsNot Nothing Then _
           rwlsWithRecursion.Dispose()
    End Sub 
End Class 

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'1. Enter the read lock recursively.
'LockRecursionPolicy.NoRecursion:
'        LockRecursionException: Recursive read lock acquisitions not allowed in this mode.
'LockRecursionPolicy.SupportsRecursion:
'        The read lock was entered recursively.
'
'2. Enter the write lock recursively from the read lock.
'LockRecursionPolicy.NoRecursion:
'        LockRecursionException: Write lock may not be acquired with read lock held. This pattern is prone to deadlocks. Consider using the upgrade lock.
'LockRecursionPolicy.SupportsRecursion:
'        LockRecursionException: Write lock may not be acquired with read lock held. This pattern is prone to deadlocks. Consider using the upgrade lock.
' 

Comentários

A política de recursão padrão depende do tipo de bloqueio.The default recursion policy depends on the type of lock. Para a política padrão e o comportamento preciso de recursão de bloqueio para qualquer tipo de bloqueio específico, consulte a documentação do tipo.For the default policy and the precise behavior of lock recursion for any given lock type, see the documentation for the type. Por exemplo, a classe ReaderWriterLockSlim não permite que um thread Insira o bloqueio no modo de gravação se ele já tiver inserido o bloqueio no modo de leitura, independentemente da configuração de política de bloqueio, a fim de reduzir a chance de deadlocks.For example, the ReaderWriterLockSlim class does not allow a thread to enter the lock in write mode if it already entered the lock in read mode, regardless of the lock policy setting, in order to reduce the chance of deadlocks.

Atualmente, apenas um bloqueio usa essa enumeração:Currently only one lock uses this enumeration:

Aplica-se a