ComboBox.FindStringExact Método

Definição

Localiza o item que corresponde exatamente à cadeia de caracteres especificada.Finds the item that exactly matches the specified string.

Sobrecargas

FindStringExact(String)

Encontra o primeiro item na caixa de combinação que corresponde à cadeia de caracteres especificada.Finds the first item in the combo box that matches the specified string.

FindStringExact(String, Int32)

Localiza o primeiro item após o índice especificado que corresponde a cadeia de caracteres especificada.Finds the first item after the specified index that matches the specified string.

FindStringExact(String)

Encontra o primeiro item na caixa de combinação que corresponde à cadeia de caracteres especificada.Finds the first item in the combo box that matches the specified string.

public:
 int FindStringExact(System::String ^ s);
public int FindStringExact (string s);
member this.FindStringExact : string -> int
Public Function FindStringExact (s As String) As Integer

Parâmetros

s
String

O String a ser pesquisado.The String to search for.

Retornos

Int32

O índice baseado em zero do primeiro item encontrado; retorna -1 se nenhuma correspondência é encontrada, ou 0 se o parâmetro s especifica Empty.The zero-based index of the first item found; returns -1 if no match is found, or 0 if the s parameter specifies Empty.

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir demonstra como inicializar um ComboBox controle definindo as MaxDropDownItems DropDownStyle Propriedades e e usando os FindStringExact métodos para pesquisar o ComboBox .The following code example demonstrates how to initialize a ComboBox control by setting the MaxDropDownItems and DropDownStyle properties and using the FindStringExact methods to search the ComboBox. Ele também mostra o tratamento do SelectedIndexChanged evento.It also shows handling the SelectedIndexChanged event.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System;

public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   Form1() : Form()
   {
      InitializeComboBox();
      InitializeTextBox();
      this->Label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->Label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 24 );
      this->Label1->Name = "Label1";
      this->Label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 32 );
      this->Label1->TabIndex = 1;
      this->Label1->Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
      this->Label1->TextAlign = System::Drawing::ContentAlignment::MiddleRight;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Label1 );
      this->Name = "Form1";
      this->Text = "Form1";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ Label1;

   // Declare and initialize the text box.
internal:
   // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
   // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ TextBox1;

private:
   void InitializeTextBox()
   {
      this->TextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->TextBox1->ScrollBars = ScrollBars::Vertical;
      this->TextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 64, 128 );
      this->TextBox1->Multiline = true;
      this->TextBox1->Name = "TextBox1";
      this->TextBox1->ReadOnly = true;
      this->TextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 184, 120 );
      this->TextBox1->TabIndex = 4;
      this->TextBox1->Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
      this->Controls->Add( this->TextBox1 );
   }

   // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ ComboBox1;

private:
   // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
   // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
   // cover other controls when it expands.
   void InitializeComboBox()
   {
      this->ComboBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
      array<String^>^ employees = {"Hamilton, David","Hensien, Kari",
         "Hammond, Maria","Harris, Keith","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Hanson, Mark","Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya",
         "Harrington, Mark","Harris, Keith","Hartwig, Doris",
         "Harui, Roger","Hassall, Mark","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Harris, Keith",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harrington, Mark","Hedlund, Magnus","Hay, Jeff",
         "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};
      ComboBox1->Items->AddRange( employees );
      this->ComboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 136, 32 );
      this->ComboBox1->IntegralHeight = false;
      this->ComboBox1->MaxDropDownItems = 5;
      this->ComboBox1->DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle::DropDownList;
      this->ComboBox1->Name = "ComboBox1";
      this->ComboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 136, 81 );
      this->ComboBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->Controls->Add( this->ComboBox1 );
      
      // Associate the event-handling method with the 
      // SelectedIndexChanged event.
      this->ComboBox1->SelectedIndexChanged +=
         gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged );
   }

private:
   // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
   // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
   // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
   // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

   // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
   // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
   // of the array, the code throws an exception.
   void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged( Object^ sender,
      System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      ComboBox^ comboBox = (ComboBox^)(sender);
      
      // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
      // the employee's name from the list.
      String^ selectedEmployee = (String^)(ComboBox1->SelectedItem);

      int count = 0;
      int resultIndex = -1;
      
      // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
      // occurrence in the list.
      resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee );
      
      // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
      // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
      // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
      // instead of at the beginning of the list.
      while ( resultIndex != -1 )
      {
         ComboBox1->Items->RemoveAt( resultIndex );
         count += 1;
         resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee,
            resultIndex );
      }

      TextBox1->Text = TextBox1->Text + "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": " +
         count;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1:
    System.Windows.Forms.Form

{
    public Form1() : base()
    {        
        InitializeComboBox();
        InitializeTextBox();
        this.Label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        this.Label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 24);
        this.Label1.Name = "Label1";
        this.Label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
        this.Label1.TabIndex = 1;
        this.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
        this.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Label1);
        this.Name = "Form1";
        this.Text = "Form1";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    internal System.Windows.Forms.Label Label1;


    // Declare and initialize the text box.
    // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

    private void InitializeTextBox()
    {
        this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        this.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical;
        this.TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 128);
        this.TextBox1.Multiline = true;
        this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
        this.TextBox1.ReadOnly = true;
        this.TextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(184, 120);
        this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4;
        this.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
        this.Controls.Add(this.TextBox1);
    }

    // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox ComboBox1;
    
    // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
    // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
    // cover other controls when it expands.
    private void InitializeComboBox()
    {
        this.ComboBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
        string[] employees = new string[]{"Hamilton, David", "Hensien, Kari",
                "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
                "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", 
                "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", 
                "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", 
                "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
                "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", 
                "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas",
                "Harrington, Mark", "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", 
                "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees);
        this.ComboBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(136, 32);
        this.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = false;
        this.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5;
        this.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDownList;
        this.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1";
        this.ComboBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 81);
        this.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.Controls.Add(this.ComboBox1);
        
        // Associate the event-handling method with the 
        // SelectedIndexChanged event.
        this.ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged += 
            new System.EventHandler(ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged);
    }

    // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    // of the array, the code throws an exception.
    private void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, 
        System.EventArgs e)
    {

        ComboBox comboBox = (ComboBox) sender;

        // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        // the employee's name from the list.
        string selectedEmployee = (string) ComboBox1.SelectedItem;

        int count = 0;
        int resultIndex = -1;

        // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        // occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee);

        // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
        // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
        // instead of at the beginning of the list.
        while (resultIndex!=-1)
        {
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex);
            count += 1;
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee, 
                resultIndex);
        }
        // Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text+ "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": "
            + count;
    }
}
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComboBox()
        InitializeTextBox()
        Me.Label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 24)
        Me.Label1.Name = "Label1"
        Me.Label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 32)
        Me.Label1.TabIndex = 1
        Me.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:"
        Me.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Label1)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub

   
    Friend WithEvents Label1 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
    
    
    

    ' Declare and initialize the text box.
    ' This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    ' allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    Friend WithEvents TextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Private Sub InitializeTextBox()
        Me.TextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical
        Me.TextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(64, 128)
        Me.TextBox1.Multiline = True
        Me.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1"
        Me.TextBox1.ReadOnly = True
        Me.TextBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(184, 120)
        Me.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4
        Me.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:"
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.TextBox1)
    End Sub


    ' Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    Friend WithEvents ComboBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox

    ' This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string 
    ' array but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box
    ' doesn't cover other controls when it expands.
    Private Sub InitializeComboBox()
        Me.ComboBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox
        Dim employees() As String = New String() {"Hamilton, David", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", _
            "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", _
            "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", _
            "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", _
            "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas", "Harrington, Mark", _
            "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", "Heidepriem, Brandon D."}

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees)
        Me.ComboBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(136, 32)
        Me.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = False
        Me.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5
        Me.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDown
        Me.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1"
        Me.ComboBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(136, 81)
        Me.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.ComboBox1)
    End Sub



    ' This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    ' It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    ' name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    ' the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    ' CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    ' FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    ' of the array, the code throws an exception.
    Private Sub ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged

        Dim comboBox As comboBox = CType(sender, comboBox)

        ' Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        ' the employee's name from the list.
        Dim selectedEmployee = CType(ComboBox1.SelectedItem, String)

        Dim count As Integer = 0
        Dim resultIndex As Integer = -1

        ' Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        ' occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(ComboBox1.SelectedItem)

        ' Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        ' Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the index of the
        ' current found item so the search starts there instead of 
        ' at the beginning of the list.
        While (resultIndex <> -1)
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex)
            count += 1
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact _
            (selectedEmployee, resultIndex)
        End While

        ' Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text & Microsoft.VisualBasic.vbCrLf _
            & selectedEmployee & ": " & count
    End Sub

End Class

Comentários

The search performed by this method is not case-sensitive. O s parâmetro é uma cadeia de caracteres para comparar com o texto associado aos itens na lista da caixa de combinação.The s parameter is a string to compare against the text associated with the items in the combo box list. A pesquisa procura uma correspondência começando do início do texto, retornando o primeiro item da lista que corresponde à subcadeia de caracteres especificada.The search looks for a match starting from the beginning of the text, returning the first item in the list that matches the specified substring. Em seguida, você pode executar tarefas, como remover o item que contém o texto de pesquisa usando o Remove método ou alterar o texto do item.You can then perform tasks, such as removing the item that contains the search text using the Remove method or changing the item's text. Depois de localizar o texto especificado, se desejar pesquisar outras instâncias do texto no ComboBox , você deverá usar a versão do FindStringExact método que fornece um parâmetro para especificar um índice inicial dentro do ComboBox .Once you have found the specified text, if you want to search for other instances of the text in the ComboBox, you must use the version of the FindStringExact method that provides a parameter for specifying a starting index within the ComboBox. Se você quiser executar a pesquisa parcial de palavras em vez de uma correspondência exata do Word, use o FindString método.If you want to perform partial word search instead of an exact word match, use the FindString method.

FindStringExact(String, Int32)

Localiza o primeiro item após o índice especificado que corresponde a cadeia de caracteres especificada.Finds the first item after the specified index that matches the specified string.

public:
 int FindStringExact(System::String ^ s, int startIndex);
public int FindStringExact (string s, int startIndex);
member this.FindStringExact : string * int -> int
Public Function FindStringExact (s As String, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

Parâmetros

s
String

O String a ser pesquisado.The String to search for.

startIndex
Int32

O índice baseado em zero do item antes do primeiro item a ser pesquisado.The zero-based index of the item before the first item to be searched. Defina como -1 para pesquisar desde o início do controle.Set to -1 to search from the beginning of the control.

Retornos

Int32

O índice baseado em zero do primeiro item encontrado; retorna -1 se nenhuma correspondência é encontrada, ou 0 se o parâmetro s especifica Empty.The zero-based index of the first item found; returns -1 if no match is found, or 0 if the s parameter specifies Empty.

Exceções

O startIndex é menor que -1.The startIndex is less than -1.

- ou --or- O startIndex é igual ao último índice na coleção.The startIndex is equal to the last index in the collection.

Exemplos

O exemplo de código a seguir demonstra como inicializar um ComboBox controle definindo as MaxDropDownItems DropDownStyle Propriedades e e usando os FindStringExact métodos para pesquisar o ComboBox .The following code example demonstrates how to initialize a ComboBox control by setting the MaxDropDownItems and DropDownStyle properties and using the FindStringExact methods to search the ComboBox. Ele também mostra o tratamento do SelectedIndexChanged evento.It also shows handling the SelectedIndexChanged event.

#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System;

public ref class Form1: public System::Windows::Forms::Form
{
public:
   Form1() : Form()
   {
      InitializeComboBox();
      InitializeTextBox();
      this->Label1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Label;
      this->SuspendLayout();
      this->Label1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 8, 24 );
      this->Label1->Name = "Label1";
      this->Label1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 120, 32 );
      this->Label1->TabIndex = 1;
      this->Label1->Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
      this->Label1->TextAlign = System::Drawing::ContentAlignment::MiddleRight;
      this->ClientSize = System::Drawing::Size( 292, 266 );
      this->Controls->Add( this->Label1 );
      this->Name = "Form1";
      this->Text = "Form1";
      this->ResumeLayout( false );
   }

internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::Label ^ Label1;

   // Declare and initialize the text box.
internal:
   // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
   // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
   System::Windows::Forms::TextBox^ TextBox1;

private:
   void InitializeTextBox()
   {
      this->TextBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::TextBox;
      this->TextBox1->ScrollBars = ScrollBars::Vertical;
      this->TextBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 64, 128 );
      this->TextBox1->Multiline = true;
      this->TextBox1->Name = "TextBox1";
      this->TextBox1->ReadOnly = true;
      this->TextBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 184, 120 );
      this->TextBox1->TabIndex = 4;
      this->TextBox1->Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
      this->Controls->Add( this->TextBox1 );
   }

   // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
internal:
   System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox^ ComboBox1;

private:
   // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
   // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
   // cover other controls when it expands.
   void InitializeComboBox()
   {
      this->ComboBox1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::ComboBox;
      array<String^>^ employees = {"Hamilton, David","Hensien, Kari",
         "Hammond, Maria","Harris, Keith","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Hanson, Mark","Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya",
         "Harrington, Mark","Harris, Keith","Hartwig, Doris",
         "Harui, Roger","Hassall, Mark","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya","Henshaw, Jeff D.",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Harris, Keith",
         "Henshaw, Jeff D.","Hensien, Kari","Hasselberg, Jonas",
         "Harrington, Mark","Hedlund, Magnus","Hay, Jeff",
         "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};
      ComboBox1->Items->AddRange( employees );
      this->ComboBox1->Location = System::Drawing::Point( 136, 32 );
      this->ComboBox1->IntegralHeight = false;
      this->ComboBox1->MaxDropDownItems = 5;
      this->ComboBox1->DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle::DropDownList;
      this->ComboBox1->Name = "ComboBox1";
      this->ComboBox1->Size = System::Drawing::Size( 136, 81 );
      this->ComboBox1->TabIndex = 0;
      this->Controls->Add( this->ComboBox1 );
      
      // Associate the event-handling method with the 
      // SelectedIndexChanged event.
      this->ComboBox1->SelectedIndexChanged +=
         gcnew System::EventHandler( this, &Form1::ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged );
   }

private:
   // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
   // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
   // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
   // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

   // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
   // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
   // of the array, the code throws an exception.
   void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged( Object^ sender,
      System::EventArgs^ e )
   {
      ComboBox^ comboBox = (ComboBox^)(sender);
      
      // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
      // the employee's name from the list.
      String^ selectedEmployee = (String^)(ComboBox1->SelectedItem);

      int count = 0;
      int resultIndex = -1;
      
      // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
      // occurrence in the list.
      resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee );
      
      // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
      // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
      // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
      // instead of at the beginning of the list.
      while ( resultIndex != -1 )
      {
         ComboBox1->Items->RemoveAt( resultIndex );
         count += 1;
         resultIndex = ComboBox1->FindStringExact( selectedEmployee,
            resultIndex );
      }

      TextBox1->Text = TextBox1->Text + "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": " +
         count;
   }
};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew Form1 );
}
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1:
    System.Windows.Forms.Form

{
    public Form1() : base()
    {        
        InitializeComboBox();
        InitializeTextBox();
        this.Label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        this.Label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(8, 24);
        this.Label1.Name = "Label1";
        this.Label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(120, 32);
        this.Label1.TabIndex = 1;
        this.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:";
        this.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight;
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 266);
        this.Controls.Add(this.Label1);
        this.Name = "Form1";
        this.Text = "Form1";
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
    }

    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }

    internal System.Windows.Forms.Label Label1;


    // Declare and initialize the text box.
    // This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    // allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    internal System.Windows.Forms.TextBox TextBox1;

    private void InitializeTextBox()
    {
        this.TextBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.TextBox();
        this.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical;
        this.TextBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(64, 128);
        this.TextBox1.Multiline = true;
        this.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1";
        this.TextBox1.ReadOnly = true;
        this.TextBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(184, 120);
        this.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4;
        this.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:";
        this.Controls.Add(this.TextBox1);
    }

    // Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    internal System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox ComboBox1;
    
    // This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string array
    // but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box doesn't 
    // cover other controls when it expands.
    private void InitializeComboBox()
    {
        this.ComboBox1 = new System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox();
        string[] employees = new string[]{"Hamilton, David", "Hensien, Kari",
                "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
                "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", 
                "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", 
                "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", 
                "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", 
                "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", 
                "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas",
                "Harrington, Mark", "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", 
                "Heidepriem, Brandon D."};

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees);
        this.ComboBox1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(136, 32);
        this.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = false;
        this.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5;
        this.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDownList;
        this.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1";
        this.ComboBox1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(136, 81);
        this.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0;
        this.Controls.Add(this.ComboBox1);
        
        // Associate the event-handling method with the 
        // SelectedIndexChanged event.
        this.ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged += 
            new System.EventHandler(ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged);
    }

    // This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    // It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    // name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    // the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    // CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    // FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    // of the array, the code throws an exception.
    private void ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(object sender, 
        System.EventArgs e)
    {

        ComboBox comboBox = (ComboBox) sender;

        // Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        // the employee's name from the list.
        string selectedEmployee = (string) ComboBox1.SelectedItem;

        int count = 0;
        int resultIndex = -1;

        // Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        // occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee);

        // Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        // Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the 
        // index of the current found item so the search starts there 
        // instead of at the beginning of the list.
        while (resultIndex!=-1)
        {
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex);
            count += 1;
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(selectedEmployee, 
                resultIndex);
        }
        // Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text+ "\r\n" + selectedEmployee + ": "
            + count;
    }
}
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        InitializeComboBox()
        InitializeTextBox()
        Me.Label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        Me.Label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(8, 24)
        Me.Label1.Name = "Label1"
        Me.Label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(120, 32)
        Me.Label1.TabIndex = 1
        Me.Label1.Text = "Use drop-down to choose a name:"
        Me.Label1.TextAlign = System.Drawing.ContentAlignment.MiddleRight
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 266)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.Label1)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)
    End Sub

    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1)
    End Sub

   
    Friend WithEvents Label1 As System.Windows.Forms.Label
    
    
    

    ' Declare and initialize the text box.
    ' This text box text will be update programmatically. The user is not 
    ' allowed to update it, so the ReadOnly property is set to true.
    Friend WithEvents TextBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.TextBox

    Private Sub InitializeTextBox()
        Me.TextBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.TextBox
        Me.TextBox1.ScrollBars = ScrollBars.Vertical
        Me.TextBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(64, 128)
        Me.TextBox1.Multiline = True
        Me.TextBox1.Name = "TextBox1"
        Me.TextBox1.ReadOnly = True
        Me.TextBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(184, 120)
        Me.TextBox1.TabIndex = 4
        Me.TextBox1.Text = "Employee and Number of Awards:"
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.TextBox1)
    End Sub


    ' Declare comboBox1 as a ComboBox.
    Friend WithEvents ComboBox1 As System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox

    ' This method initializes the combo box, adding a large string 
    ' array but limiting the drop-down size to six rows so the combo box
    ' doesn't cover other controls when it expands.
    Private Sub InitializeComboBox()
        Me.ComboBox1 = New System.Windows.Forms.ComboBox
        Dim employees() As String = New String() {"Hamilton, David", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hammond, Maria", "Harris, Keith", _
            "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Hanson, Mark", "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", _
            "Harrington, Mark", "Harris, Keith", "Hartwig, Doris", _
            "Harui, Roger", "Hassall, Mark", "Hasselberg, Jonas", _
            "Harnpadoungsataya, Sariya", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Harris, Keith", "Henshaw, Jeff D.", _
            "Hensien, Kari", "Hasselberg, Jonas", "Harrington, Mark", _
            "Hedlund, Magnus", "Hay, Jeff", "Heidepriem, Brandon D."}

        ComboBox1.Items.AddRange(employees)
        Me.ComboBox1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(136, 32)
        Me.ComboBox1.IntegralHeight = False
        Me.ComboBox1.MaxDropDownItems = 5
        Me.ComboBox1.DropDownStyle = ComboBoxStyle.DropDown
        Me.ComboBox1.Name = "ComboBox1"
        Me.ComboBox1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(136, 81)
        Me.ComboBox1.TabIndex = 0
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.ComboBox1)
    End Sub



    ' This method is called when the user changes his or her selection.
    ' It searches for all occurrences of the selected employee's
    ' name in the Items array and adds the employee's name and 
    ' the number of occurrences to TextBox1.Text.

    ' CAUTION   This code exposes a known bug: If the index passed to the 
    ' FindStringExact(searchString, index) method is the last index 
    ' of the array, the code throws an exception.
    Private Sub ComboBox1_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles ComboBox1.SelectedIndexChanged

        Dim comboBox As comboBox = CType(sender, comboBox)

        ' Save the selected employee's name, because we will remove
        ' the employee's name from the list.
        Dim selectedEmployee = CType(ComboBox1.SelectedItem, String)

        Dim count As Integer = 0
        Dim resultIndex As Integer = -1

        ' Call the FindStringExact method to find the first 
        ' occurrence in the list.
        resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact(ComboBox1.SelectedItem)

        ' Remove the name as it is found, and increment the found count. 
        ' Then call the FindStringExact method again, passing in the index of the
        ' current found item so the search starts there instead of 
        ' at the beginning of the list.
        While (resultIndex <> -1)
            ComboBox1.Items.RemoveAt(resultIndex)
            count += 1
            resultIndex = ComboBox1.FindStringExact _
            (selectedEmployee, resultIndex)
        End While

        ' Update the text in Textbox1.
        TextBox1.Text = TextBox1.Text & Microsoft.VisualBasic.vbCrLf _
            & selectedEmployee & ": " & count
    End Sub

End Class

Comentários

The search performed by this method is not case-sensitive. O s parâmetro é uma cadeia de caracteres para comparar com o texto associado aos itens na lista da caixa de combinação.The s parameter is a string to compare against the text associated with the items in the combo box list. A pesquisa procura uma correspondência começando do início do texto, retornando o primeiro item da lista que corresponde à subcadeia de caracteres especificada.The search looks for a match starting from the beginning of the text, returning the first item in the list that matches the specified substring. Em seguida, você pode executar tarefas, como remover o item que contém o texto de pesquisa usando o Remove método ou alterar o texto do item.You can then perform tasks, such as removing the item that contains the search text using the Remove method or changing the item's text. Esse método é normalmente usado depois que uma chamada é feita usando a versão desse método que não especifica um índice inicial.This method is typically used after a call has been made using the version of this method that does not specify a starting index. Depois que um item inicial for encontrado na lista, esse método será usado normalmente para localizar mais instâncias do texto de pesquisa, especificando a posição do índice no startIndex parâmetro do item após a primeira instância encontrada do texto de pesquisa.Once an initial item has been found in the list, this method is typically used to find further instances of the search text by specifying the index position in the startIndex parameter of the item after the first found instance of the search text. Se você quiser executar a pesquisa parcial de palavras em vez de uma correspondência exata do Word, use o FindString método.If you want to perform partial word search instead of an exact word match, use the FindString method.

A pesquisa executada por esse método é circular.The search performed by this method is circular. Embora a pesquisa comece no próximo índice após o startIndex parâmetro, a pesquisa será reiniciada em 0 quando o final da coleção for atingido.Although the search starts at the next index after the startIndex parameter, the search restarts at 0 when the end of the collection is reached. No entanto, observe que, se o startIndex parâmetro em si for igual ao último índice na coleção, uma exceção será lançada.However, note that if the startIndex parameter itself is equal to the last index in the collection, an exception is thrown.

Aplica-se a