Exemplos de sintaxe de expressão de consulta: FiltragemQuery Expression Syntax Examples: Filtering

Os exemplos neste tópico demonstram como usar os métodos Where e Where…Contains para consultar o modelo de vendas AdventureWorks usando a sintaxe de expressão de consulta.The examples in this topic demonstrate how to use the Where and Where…Contains methods to query the AdventureWorks Sales Model using query expression syntax. Observação, onde...ContainsNote, Where…Contains Não pode ser usado como parte de uma consulta compilada.cannot be used as a part of a compiled query.

O Modelo de vendas AdventureWorks usado nesses exemplos é criado a partir das tabelas Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader e SalesOrderDetail no banco de dados de exemplo AdventureWorks.The AdventureWorks Sales model used in these examples is built from the Contact, Address, Product, SalesOrderHeader, and SalesOrderDetail tables in the AdventureWorks sample database.

Os exemplos neste tópico usam as seguintes using / Imports instruções:The examples in this topic use the following using/Imports statements:

using System;
using System.Data;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Data.Objects;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Data.EntityClient;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Data.Common;

Option Explicit On
Option Strict On
Imports System.Data.Objects
Imports System.Globalization

WhereWhere

ExemploExample

O exemplo a seguir retorna todos os pedidos online.The following example returns all online orders.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var onlineOrders =
        from order in context.SalesOrderHeaders
        where order.OnlineOrderFlag == true
        select new
        {
            SalesOrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
            OrderDate = order.OrderDate,
            SalesOrderNumber = order.SalesOrderNumber
        };

    foreach (var onlineOrder in onlineOrders)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order date: {1:d} Order number: {2}",
            onlineOrder.SalesOrderID,
            onlineOrder.OrderDate,
            onlineOrder.SalesOrderNumber);
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim onlineOrders = _
        From order In orders _
        Where order.OnlineOrderFlag = True _
        Select New With { _
           .SalesOrderID = order.SalesOrderID, _
           .OrderDate = order.OrderDate, _
           .SalesOrderNumber = order.SalesOrderNumber _
        }

    For Each onlineOrder In onlineOrders
        Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order date: {1:d} Order number: {2}", _
                onlineOrder.SalesOrderID, _
                onlineOrder.OrderDate, _
                onlineOrder.SalesOrderNumber)
    Next
End Using

ExemploExample

O exemplo a seguir retorna os pedidos onde a quantidade é maior que 2 e menor que 6.The following example returns the orders where the order quantity is greater than 2 and less than 6.

int orderQtyMin = 2;
int orderQtyMax = 6;
using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var query =
        from order in context.SalesOrderDetails
        where order.OrderQty > orderQtyMin && order.OrderQty < orderQtyMax
        select new
        {
            SalesOrderID = order.SalesOrderID,
            OrderQty = order.OrderQty
        };

    foreach (var order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order quantity: {1}",
            order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderQty);
    }
}
Dim orderQtyMin = 2
Dim orderQtyMax = 6
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderDetail) = context.SalesOrderDetails

    Dim query = _
        From order In orders _
        Where order.OrderQty > orderQtyMin And order.OrderQty < orderQtyMax _
        Select New With { _
            .SalesOrderID = order.SalesOrderID, _
            .OrderQty = order.OrderQty _
        }

    For Each order In query
        Console.WriteLine("Order ID: {0} Order quantity: {1}", _
                order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderQty)
    Next
End Using

ExemploExample

O exemplo a seguir retorna todos os produtos vermelhos.The following example returns all red colored products.

String color = "Red";
using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var query =
        from product in context.Products
        where product.Color == color
        select new
        {
            Name = product.Name,
            ProductNumber = product.ProductNumber,
            ListPrice = product.ListPrice
        };

    foreach (var product in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", product.Name);
        Console.WriteLine("Product number: {0}", product.ProductNumber);
        Console.WriteLine("List price: ${0}", product.ListPrice);
        Console.WriteLine("");
    }
}
Dim color = "Red"
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim products As ObjectSet(Of Product) = context.Products

    Dim query = _
        From product In products _
        Where product.Color = color _
        Select New With { _
            .Name = product.Name, _
            .ProductNumber = product.ProductNumber, _
            .ListPrice = product.ListPrice _
        }

    For Each product In query
        Console.WriteLine("Name: {0}", product.Name)
        Console.WriteLine("Product number: {0}", product.ProductNumber)
        Console.WriteLine("List price: ${0}", product.ListPrice)
        Console.WriteLine("")
    Next
End Using

ExemploExample

O exemplo a seguir usa o método Where para localizar os pedidos que foram feitos depois de 1° de dezembro de 2003 e, em seguida, usa a propriedade de navegação order.SalesOrderDetail para obter os detalhes de cada pedido.The following example uses the Where method to find orders that were made after December 1, 2003, and then uses the order.SalesOrderDetail navigation property to get the details for each order.

using (AdventureWorksEntities context = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    IQueryable<SalesOrderHeader> query =
        from order in context.SalesOrderHeaders
        where order.OrderDate >= new DateTime(2003, 12, 1)
        select order;


    Console.WriteLine("Orders that were made after December 1, 2003:");
    foreach (SalesOrderHeader order in query)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("OrderID {0} Order date: {1:d} ",
            order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderDate);
        foreach (SalesOrderDetail orderDetail in order.SalesOrderDetails)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("  Product ID: {0} Unit Price {1}",
                orderDetail.ProductID, orderDetail.UnitPrice);
        }
    }
}
Using context As New AdventureWorksEntities
    Dim orders As ObjectSet(Of SalesOrderHeader) = context.SalesOrderHeaders

    Dim query = _
        From order In orders _
        Where order.OrderDate >= New DateTime(2003, 12, 1) _
        Select order

    Console.WriteLine("Orders that were made after December 1, 2003:")
    For Each order In query
        Console.WriteLine("OrderID {0} Order date: {1:d} ", _
                order.SalesOrderID, order.OrderDate)
        For Each orderDetail In order.SalesOrderDetails
            Console.WriteLine("  Product ID: {0} Unit Price {1}", _
                orderDetail.ProductID, orderDetail.UnitPrice)
        Next
    Next
End Using

Where…ContainsWhere…Contains

ExemploExample

O exemplo a seguir usa uma matriz como parte de uma cláusula Where…Contains para localizar todos os produtos que têm um ProductModelID que coincide com um valor na matriz.The following example uses an array as part of a Where…Contains clause to find all products that have a ProductModelID that matches a value in the array.

using (AdventureWorksEntities AWEntities = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    int?[] productModelIds = {19, 26, 118};
    var products = from p in AWEntities.Products
                   where productModelIds.Contains(p.ProductModelID)
                   select p;
    foreach (var product in products)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", product.ProductModelID, product.ProductID);
    }
}
Using AWEntities As New AdventureWorksEntities()
    Dim productModelIds As System.Nullable(Of Integer)() = {19, 26, 118}
    Dim products = From p In AWEntities.Products _
        Where productModelIds.Contains(p.ProductModelID) _
        Select p
    For Each product In products
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}", product.ProductModelID, product.ProductID)
    Next
End Using

Observação

Como parte do predicado em uma cláusula Where…Contains, você pode usar um Array, List<T> ou uma coleção de qualquer tipo que implemente a interface de IEnumerable<T>.As part of the predicate in a Where…Contains clause, you can use an Array, a List<T>, or a collection of any type that implements the IEnumerable<T> interface. Você também pode declarar e inicializar uma coleção em uma consulta LINQ to Entities.You can also declare and initialize a collection within a LINQ to Entities query. Consulte o próximo exemplo para obter mais informações.See the next example for more information.

ExemploExample

O exemplo a seguir declara e inicializa matrizes em uma cláusula Where…Contains para localizar todos os produtos que têm um ProductModelID ou Size que coincidem com valores na matriz.The following example declares and initializes arrays in a Where…Contains clause to find all products that have a ProductModelID or Size that match values in the arrays.

using (AdventureWorksEntities AWEntities = new AdventureWorksEntities())
{
    var products = from p in AWEntities.Products
                   where (new int?[] { 19, 26, 18 }).Contains(p.ProductModelID) ||
                         (new string[] { "L", "XL" }).Contains(p.Size)
                   select p;
    foreach (var product in products)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", product.ProductID, 
                                           product.ProductModelID, 
                                           product.Size);
    }
}
Using AWEntities As New AdventureWorksEntities()
    Dim products = From p In AWEntities.Products _
        Where (New System.Nullable(Of Integer)() {19, 26, 18}).Contains(p.ProductModelID) _
        OrElse (New String() {"L", "XL"}).Contains(p.Size) _
        Select p
    For Each product In products
        Console.WriteLine("{0}: {1}, {2}", product.ProductID, _
                                           product.ProductModelID, _
                                           product.Size)
    Next
End Using

Consulte tambémSee also