Como: substituir a serialização XML de SOAP codificadaHow to: Override Encoded SOAP XML Serialization

O processo para substituir a serialização XML de objetos, como mensagens SOAP é semelhante ao processo para substituir a serialização XML padrão.The process for overriding XML serialization of objects as SOAP messages is similar to the process for overriding standard XML serialization. Para obter informações sobre como substituir a serialização de XML padrão, consulte como: Especifique um nome de elemento alternativo para um Stream do XML.For information about overriding standard XML serialization, see How to: Specify an Alternate Element Name for an XML Stream.

Para substituir a serialização XML de objetos como mensagens SOAPTo override serialization of objects as SOAP messages

  1. Crie uma instância da classe SoapAttributeOverrides.Create an instance of the SoapAttributeOverrides class.

  2. Crie um SoapAttributes para cada membro de classe que está sendo serializado.Create a SoapAttributes for each class member that is being serialized.

  3. Crie uma instância de um ou mais atributos que afetam a serialização XML, conforme for apropriado, para o membro que está sendo serializado.Create an instance of one or more of the attributes that affect XML serialization, as appropriate, to the member being serialized. Para obter mais informações, consulte "Atributos que controlam a serialização SOAP codificada".For more information, see "Attributes That Control Encoded SOAP Serialization".

  4. Consulte a propriedade apropriada de SoapAttributes para o atributo criado na etapa 3.Set the appropriate property of SoapAttributes to the attribute created in step 3.

  5. Adicione SoapAttributes a SoapAttributeOverrides.Add SoapAttributes to SoapAttributeOverrides.

  6. Crie um XmlTypeMapping usando o SoapAttributeOverrides.Create an XmlTypeMapping using the SoapAttributeOverrides. Use o método SoapReflectionImporter.ImportTypeMapping.Use the SoapReflectionImporter.ImportTypeMapping method.

  7. Crie um XmlSerializer usando XmlTypeMapping.Create an XmlSerializer using XmlTypeMapping.

  8. Serialize ou desserialize o objeto.Serialize or deserialize the object.

ExemploExample

O exemplo de código a seguir serializa um arquivo de duas maneiras: primeiro, sem substituir o comportamento da classe XmlSerializer e, segundo, substituindo o comportamento.The following code example serializes a file in two ways: first, without overriding the XmlSerializer class's behavior, and second, by overriding the behavior. O exemple contém uma classe denominada Group com vários membros.The example contains a class named Group with several members. Vários atributos, como o SoapElementAttribute, foram aplicados aos membros da classe.Various attributes, such as the SoapElementAttribute, have been applied to class members. Quando a classe é serializada com o método SerializeOriginal, os atributos controlam o conteúdo da mensagem SOAP.When the class is serialized with the SerializeOriginal method, the attributes control the SOAP message content. Quando o método SerializeOverride é chamado, o comportamento do XmlSerializer é substituído criando vários atributos e definindo as propriedades de um SoapAttributes para esses atributos (conforme for apropriado).When the SerializeOverride method is called, the behavior of the XmlSerializer is overridden by creating various attributes and setting the properties of a SoapAttributes to those attributes (as appropriate).

using System;
using System.IO;
using System.Xml;
using System.Xml.Serialization;
using System.Xml.Schema;

public class Group
{
    [SoapAttribute (Namespace = "http://www.cpandl.com")]
    public string GroupName;

    [SoapAttribute(DataType = "base64Binary")]
    public Byte [] GroupNumber;

    [SoapAttribute(DataType = "date", AttributeName = "CreationDate")]
    public DateTime Today;
    [SoapElement(DataType = "nonNegativeInteger", ElementName = "PosInt")]
    public string PositiveInt;
    // This is ignored when serialized unless it is overridden.
    [SoapIgnore]
    public bool IgnoreThis;

    public GroupType Grouptype;

    [SoapInclude(typeof(Car))]
    public Vehicle myCar(string licNumber)
    {
        Vehicle v;
        if(licNumber == "")
            {
                v = new Car();
            v.licenseNumber = "!!!!!!";
        }
        else
        {
            v = new Car();
            v.licenseNumber = licNumber;
        }
        return v;
    }
}

public abstract class Vehicle
{
    public string licenseNumber;
    public DateTime makeDate;
}

public class Car: Vehicle
{
}

public enum GroupType
{
    // These enums can be overridden.
    small,
    large
}

public class Run
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        Run test = new Run();
        test.SerializeOriginal("SoapOriginal.xml");
        test.SerializeOverride("SoapOverrides.xml");
        test.DeserializeOriginal("SoapOriginal.xml");
        test.DeserializeOverride("SoapOverrides.xml");

    }
    public void SerializeOriginal(string filename)
    {
        // Creates an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
        XmlTypeMapping myMapping =
        (new SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping(
        typeof(Group)));
        XmlSerializer mySerializer =
        new XmlSerializer(myMapping);

        // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
        TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

        // Creates an instance of the class that will be serialized.
        Group myGroup = new Group();

        // Sets the object properties.
        myGroup.GroupName = ".NET";

        Byte [] hexByte = new Byte[2]{Convert.ToByte(100),
        Convert.ToByte(50)};
        myGroup.GroupNumber = hexByte;

        DateTime myDate = new DateTime(2002,5,2);
        myGroup.Today = myDate;

        myGroup.PositiveInt= "10000";
        myGroup.IgnoreThis=true;
        myGroup.Grouptype= GroupType.small;
        Car thisCar =(Car)  myGroup.myCar("1234566");

        // Prints the license number just to prove the car was created.
        Console.WriteLine("License#: " + thisCar.licenseNumber + "\n");

        // Serializes the class and closes the TextWriter.
        mySerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
        writer.Close();
    }

    public void SerializeOverride(string filename)
    {
        // Creates an instance of the XmlSerializer class
        // that overrides the serialization.
        XmlSerializer overRideSerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();

        // Writing the file requires a TextWriter.
        TextWriter writer = new StreamWriter(filename);

        // Creates an instance of the class that will be serialized.
        Group myGroup = new Group();

        // Sets the object properties.
        myGroup.GroupName = ".NET";

        Byte [] hexByte = new Byte[2]{Convert.ToByte(100),
        Convert.ToByte(50)};
        myGroup.GroupNumber = hexByte;

        DateTime myDate = new DateTime(2002,5,2);
        myGroup.Today = myDate;

        myGroup.PositiveInt= "10000";
        myGroup.IgnoreThis=true;
        myGroup.Grouptype= GroupType.small;
        Car thisCar =(Car)  myGroup.myCar("1234566");

        // Serializes the class and closes the TextWriter.
        overRideSerializer.Serialize(writer, myGroup);
         writer.Close();
    }

    public void DeserializeOriginal(string filename)
    {
        // Creates an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
        XmlTypeMapping myMapping =
        (new SoapReflectionImporter().ImportTypeMapping(
        typeof(Group)));
        XmlSerializer mySerializer =
        new XmlSerializer(myMapping);

        TextReader reader = new StreamReader(filename);

        // Deserializes and casts the object.
        Group myGroup;
        myGroup = (Group) mySerializer.Deserialize(reader);

        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupName);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupNumber[0]);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupNumber[1]);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.Today);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.PositiveInt);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.IgnoreThis);
        Console.WriteLine();
    }

    public void DeserializeOverride(string filename)
    {
        // Creates an instance of the XmlSerializer class.
        XmlSerializer overRideSerializer = CreateOverrideSerializer();
        // Reading the file requires a TextReader.
        TextReader reader = new StreamReader(filename);

        // Deserializes and casts the object.
        Group myGroup;
        myGroup = (Group) overRideSerializer.Deserialize(reader);

        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupName);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupNumber[0]);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.GroupNumber[1]);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.Today);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.PositiveInt);
        Console.WriteLine(myGroup.IgnoreThis);
    }

    private XmlSerializer CreateOverrideSerializer()
    {
        SoapAttributeOverrides mySoapAttributeOverrides =
        new SoapAttributeOverrides();
        SoapAttributes soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();

        SoapElementAttribute mySoapElement = new SoapElementAttribute();
        mySoapElement.ElementName = "xxxx";
        soapAtts.SoapElement = mySoapElement;
        mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(Group), "PositiveInt",
        soapAtts);

        // Overrides the IgnoreThis property.
        SoapIgnoreAttribute myIgnore = new SoapIgnoreAttribute();
        soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();
        soapAtts.SoapIgnore = false;
        mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(Group), "IgnoreThis",
        soapAtts);

        // Overrides the GroupType enumeration.
        soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();
        SoapEnumAttribute xSoapEnum = new SoapEnumAttribute();
        xSoapEnum.Name = "Over1000";
        soapAtts.SoapEnum = xSoapEnum;

        // Adds the SoapAttributes to the
        // mySoapAttributeOverrides.
        mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(GroupType), "large",
        soapAtts);

        // Creates a second enumeration and adds it.
        soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();
        xSoapEnum = new SoapEnumAttribute();
        xSoapEnum.Name = "ZeroTo1000";
        soapAtts.SoapEnum = xSoapEnum;
        mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(GroupType), "small",
        soapAtts);

        // Overrides the Group type.
        soapAtts = new SoapAttributes();
        SoapTypeAttribute soapType = new SoapTypeAttribute();
        soapType.TypeName = "Team";
        soapAtts.SoapType = soapType;
        mySoapAttributeOverrides.Add(typeof(Group),soapAtts);

        // Creates an XmlTypeMapping that is used to create an instance
        // of the XmlSerializer class. Then returns the XmlSerializer.
        XmlTypeMapping myMapping = (new SoapReflectionImporter(
        mySoapAttributeOverrides)).ImportTypeMapping(typeof(Group));

        XmlSerializer ser = new XmlSerializer(myMapping);
        return ser;
    }
}

Consulte tambémSee also