Classes e Espaços de Nomes do Configuration Manager WMI para os Relatórios do Configuration Manager

 

Aplica-se a: System Center 2012 Configuration Manager, System Center 2012 Configuration Manager SP1, System Center 2012 R2 Configuration Manager

Quando o Gestor de configuração é instalado, são criados vários espaços de nomes Windows Management Instrumentation (WMI) e, consoante o espaço de nomes, podem ser criadas centenas de classes para cada um. Além disso, cada site poderá ter classes que outros sites poderão não ter, consoante as definições específicas do site, do inventário que é registado, entre outros.

Espaços de Nomes WMI Criados pelo Configuration Manager

Os seguintes espaços de nomes WMI são criados pelo Gestor de configuração:

  • root\ccm

    • root\ccm\CCMPasswordSettings

    • root\ccm\CIModels

    • root\ccm\CIStateStore

    • root\ccm\CIStore

    • root\ccm\CITasks

    • root\ccm\ClientSDK

    • root\ccm\ContentTransferManager

    • root\ccm\DataTransferService

    • root\ccm\dcm

    • root\ccm\DCMAgent

    • root\ccm\evaltest

    • root\ccm\Events

    • root\ccm\InvAgt

    • root\ccm\LocationServices

    • root\ccm\Messaging

    • root\ccm\NetworkConfig

    • root\ccm\PeerDPAgent

    • root\ccm\Policy

    • root\ccm\PowerManagementAgent

    • root\ccm\RebootManagement

    • root\ccm\ScanAgent

    • root\ccm\Scheduler

    • root\ccm\SMSNapAgent

    • root\ccm\SoftMgmtAgent

    • root\ccm\SoftwareMeteringAgent

    • root\ccm\SoftwareUpdates

    • root\ccm\StateMsg

    • root\ccm\VulnerabilityAssessment

    • root\ccm\XmlStore

    • root\cimv2\sms

    • root\smsdm

    • root\sms

    • root\sms\site_<código do site>

Como Obter Classes e Espaços de Nomes do Configuration Manager WMI ao utilizar o Visual Basic Script

Uma forma fácil de listar as classes relacionadas com o Gestor de configuração que foram criadas no seu site é executar um script do Microsoft Visual Basic. O script seguinte irá analisar todas as classes em cada espaço de nomes WMI listado acima e exportar os resultados para um ficheiro de texto.

Para executar o script para analisar as classes e os espaços de nomes WMI

  1. Copie o seguinte código para o Bloco de Notas:

      '======================================================================================= 
      ' 
      ' NAME: WMIScan.vbs 
      ' 
      ' AUTHOR: Dougeby , Microsoft Corporation 
      ' DATE  : 10/24/2013 (Revised for System Center 2012 Configuration Manager by Rob Stack) 
      ' 
      ' COMMENT: Script to scan Configuration Manager WMI classes. 
      ' 
      '======================================================================================= 
    
      Dim SearchChar 
      Dim TotChar 
      Dim RightChar 
      Dim ClassName 
      Dim Computer 
      Dim strComputer 
      Dim strUser 
      Dim strPassword 
      Dim strSiteCode 
      Dim strNameSpace 
      Dim strFolder 
      Dim strFile 
      Dim strLogFile 
      Dim strFullFile 
      Dim strFullLogFile 
      Dim isError 
    
      Const ForWriting = 2 
      Const ForAppending = 8 
      Const adOpenStatic = 3 
      Const adLockOptimistic = 3 
      Const adUseClient = 3 
    
      set colNamedArguments=wscript.Arguments.Named 
      If colNamedArguments.Exists("Sitecode") Then 
        strSiteCode = colNamedArguments.Item("Sitecode") 
      Else 
        WScript.Echo "Invalid Command Line Arguments" & vbCrLf & _ 
          vbCrLf & "Usage: WMIScan.vbs /Sitecode:<sitecode> " & _ 
          "/Computer:<computername>" & vbCrLf & vbCrLf & _ 
          "Example1: WMIScan.vbs /Sitecode:PS1" & vbCrLf & _ 
          "Example2: WMIScan.vbs /Sitecode:PS1 /Computer:Computer1" 
        WScript.Quit(1) 
      End If 
      If colNamedArguments.Exists("Computer") Then 
        strComputer = colNamedArguments.Item("Computer") 
      Else strComputer = "." 
      End If 
    
      'Define the values for files and folders. 
      strFolder = "c:\WMIScan" 
      strFile = "WMIScan.txt" 
      strLogFile = "WMIScan.log" 
      strFullFile = strFolder & "\" & strFile 
      strFullLogFile = strFolder & "\" & strLogFile 
      isError = 0 
    
      'List of Configuration Manager namespaces are put into an array. 
      arrNameSpaces = Array("root\ccm","root\ccm\CCMPasswordSettings","root\ccm\CIModels",_
      "root\ccm\CIStateStore","root\ccm\CIStore","root\ccm\CITasks",_
      "root\ccm\ClientSDK","root\ccm\ContentTransferManager","root\ccm\DataTransferService",_
      "root\ccm\dcm","root\ccm\DCMAgent","root\ccm\evaltest",_
      "root\ccm\Events","root\ccm\InvAgt","root\ccm\LocationServices",_
      "root\ccm\Messaging","root\ccm\NetworkConfig","root\ccm\PeerDPAgent",_
      "root\ccm\Policy","root\ccm\PowerManagementAgent","root\ccm\RebootManagement",_
      "root\ccm\ScanAgent","root\ccm\Scheduler","root\ccm\SMSNapAgent",_
      "root\ccm\SoftMgmtAgent","root\ccm\SoftwareMeteringAgent","root\ccm\SoftwareUpdates",_
      "root\ccm\StateMsg","root\ccm\VulnerabilityAssessment","root\ccm\XmlStore",_
      "root\cimv2\sms","root\smsdm","root\sms",_
      "root\sms\site_"& strSiteCode)
    
      'Creates the folder and files for the scan output and log file. 
      Set objFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject") 
    
      'Does strFolder Folder exist? If not, it's created. 
      If Not objFSO.FolderExists(strFolder) then 
        Set objFolder = objFSO.CreateFolder(strFolder) 
      End If 
    
      'Creates the WMIScan.txt and WMIScan.log files. 
      Set objFile = objFSO.CreateTextFile(strFullFile) 
      Set objLogFile = objFSO.CreateTextFile(strFullLogFile) 
      objFile.close 
      objLogFile.close 
    
      'Opens the WMIScan.log file in write mode. 
      Set objFSO = CreateObject("Scripting.FileSystemObject") 
      Set objLogFile = objFSO.OpenTextFile(strFullLogFile, ForWriting) 
      objLogFile.WriteLine "********************************************" 
      objLogFile.WriteLine " WMIScan Tool Executed - " & Now() 
      objLogFile.WriteLine "********************************************" 
    
      'Opens the WMIScan.txt file in write mode. 
      Set objFile = objFSO.OpenTextFile(strFullFile, ForWriting) 
      objLogFile.WriteLine "--------------------------------------------" 
      Computer = strComputer 
      If Computer = "." Then Computer = "Local System" 
      objLogFile.WriteLine " Scanning WMI Namespaces On " & Computer 
      objLogFile.WriteLine "--------------------------------------------" 
    
      WScript.echo "Starting WMI scan on " & Computer 
    
      'Create a collection of Namespaces from the array, and 
      ' call the EnumNameSpaces subroutine to do the scan. 
      For Each strNameSpace In arrNameSpaces 
         Call EnumNameSpaces(strNameSpace, strComputer) 
      Next 
      objLogFile.WriteLine "---------------------------------------------" 
      objLogFile.WriteLine " Done scanning WMI Namespaces on " & Computer 
      objLogFile.WriteLine "---------------------------------------------" 
    
      'Close the WMISscan.txt file. 
      objFile.close 
    
      If isError = 1 Then 
        WScript.Echo "WMI Scan has Completed with Errors!" & vbCrLf & _ 
        "Check the " & strLogFile & " file for more details." & vbCrLf & _ 
        vbCrLf & strFile & " & " & strLogFile & " have been written to "_ 
        & strFolder & "." 
      Else 
        WScript.Echo "WMI Scan has Completed without any Errors!" & _ 
        vbCrLf & vbCrLf & strFile & " & " & strLogFile & _ 
        " have been written to " & strFolder & "." 
      End If   
    
      '*************************************************************** 
      '***   Subroutine to do the classes scan on the namespace.   *** 
      '*************************************************************** 
      Sub EnumNameSpaces(strNameSpace, strComputer) 
        Set objSWbemLocator = CreateObject("WbemScripting.SWbemLocator") 
        On Error Resume next 
        Set objSWbemServices= objSWbemLocator.ConnectServer (strComputer,_ 
          strNameSpace) 
        objLogFile.Write "Connecting to the \\" & strComputer & "\" &_ 
          strNameSpace & " WMI NameSpace...." 
        If Err.number = 0 Then  
          objLogFile.WriteLine "Success!!" 
          objLogFile.Write "  Scanning for Classes in "&strNameSpace _ 
            & "..." 
    
          'Create a collection of all the subclasses of the namespace. 
          Set colClasses = objSWbemServices.SubclassesOf() 
    
          'Scan all WMI classes, and write them to the scan1.txt file. 
          objFile.WriteBlanklines(1) 
          objFile.WriteLine "\\" & strComputer & "\" & strNameSpace 
    
          For Each objClass In colClasses 
            SearchChar = instr(objClass.Path_.Path, ":") 
            TotChar = len(objClass.Path_.Path) 
            RightChar = TotChar - SearchChar 
            ClassName = right(objClass.Path_.Path,RightChar) 
            objFile.WriteLine "   " & ClassName 
          Next 
          objLogFile.WriteLine "Success!!" 
        ElseIf Err.Number = -2147024891 Then 
          objLogFile.WriteLine "Error " & Err.Number & _ 
            "! Connection to "& strComputer & " Failed!" 
          isError = 1 
        Elseif Err.Number = -2147217394 Then 
          objLogFile.WriteLine "Error " & Err.Number & "!! Namespace "&_ 
            strNameSpace & " NOT Found!!" 
          isError = 1   
        Else 
          objLogFile.WriteLine "Error " & Err.Number & "!!" 
        isError = 1 
        End If 
    
      End Sub
    
  2. Crie uma pasta denominada C:\WMIScan.

  3. Guarde o script como WMIScan.vbs na pasta C:\WMIScan.

  4. Abra uma janela de Linha de Comandos.

  5. Escreva C:\WMIScan\WMIScan.vbs /sitecode:ABC e prima Enter. Certifique-se de que substitui ABC pelo código do site adequado.

    Nota

    A linha de comando acima assume que o script é executado a partir de um servidor do site do Gestor de configuração. Para ligar ao WMI num servidor do site remoto, utilize o argumento /computer:

O script cria um ficheiro de texto (na pasta C:\WMIScan) com todas as classes WMI em cada espaço de nomes WMI para o Gestor de configuração quando executado num servidor do site primário do Gestor de configuração. É também criado um ficheiro de registo com todos os espaços de nomes analisados e que indica se a análise foi efetuada com êxito. Tenha em atenção que alguns espaços de nomes não estarão presentes em alguns servidores do site, dependendo das opções que foram configuradas.