ArrayList.RemoveAt(Int32) Метод

Определение

Удаляет элемент по указанному индексу из коллекции ArrayList.Removes the element at the specified index of the ArrayList.

public:
 virtual void RemoveAt(int index);
public virtual void RemoveAt (int index);
abstract member RemoveAt : int -> unit
override this.RemoveAt : int -> unit
Public Overridable Sub RemoveAt (index As Integer)

Параметры

index
Int32

Индекс (с нуля) элемента, который требуется удалить.The zero-based index of the element to remove.

Реализации

Исключения

Значение параметра index меньше нуля.index is less than zero.

-или--or- Значение параметра index больше или равно значению свойства Count.index is equal to or greater than Count.

Объект ArrayList доступен только для чтения.The ArrayList is read-only.

- или --or- ArrayList имеет фиксированный размер.The ArrayList has a fixed size.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода показано, как удалить элементы из ArrayList.The following code example shows how to remove elements from the ArrayList.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
   ArrayList^ myAL = gcnew ArrayList;
   myAL->Add( "The" );
   myAL->Add( "quick" );
   myAL->Add( "brown" );
   myAL->Add( "fox" );
   myAL->Add( "jumps" );
   myAL->Add( "over" );
   myAL->Add( "the" );
   myAL->Add( "lazy" );
   myAL->Add( "dog" );
   
   // Displays the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes the element containing "lazy".
   myAL->Remove( "lazy" );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes the element at index 5.
   myAL->RemoveAt( 5 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
   
   // Removes three elements starting at index 4.
   myAL->RemoveRange( 4, 3 );
   
   // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
   Console::WriteLine( "After removing three elements starting at index 4:" );
   PrintValues( myAL );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myList )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myList->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "   {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The ArrayList initially contains the following:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
 After removing "lazy":
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
 After removing the element at index 5:
    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
 After removing three elements starting at index 4:
    The   quick   brown   fox
 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesArrayList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
      ArrayList myAL = new ArrayList();
      myAL.Add( "The" );
      myAL.Add( "quick" );
      myAL.Add( "brown" );
      myAL.Add( "fox" );
      myAL.Add( "jumps" );
      myAL.Add( "over" );
      myAL.Add( "the" );
      myAL.Add( "lazy" );
      myAL.Add( "dog" );

      // Displays the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The ArrayList initially contains the following:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes the element containing "lazy".
      myAL.Remove( "lazy" );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing \"lazy\":" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes the element at index 5.
      myAL.RemoveAt( 5 );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing the element at index 5:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );

      // Removes three elements starting at index 4.
      myAL.RemoveRange( 4, 3 );

      // Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
      Console.WriteLine( "After removing three elements starting at index 4:" );
      PrintValues( myAL );
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myList )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myList )
         Console.Write( "   {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

The ArrayList initially contains the following:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
After removing "lazy":
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
After removing the element at index 5:
   The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
After removing three elements starting at index 4:
   The   quick   brown   fox
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesArrayList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new ArrayList.
        Dim myAL As New ArrayList()
        myAL.Add("The")
        myAL.Add("quick")
        myAL.Add("brown")
        myAL.Add("fox")
        myAL.Add("jumps")
        myAL.Add("over")
        myAL.Add("the")
        myAL.Add("lazy")
        myAL.Add("dog")
        
        ' Displays the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("The ArrayList initially contains the following:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes the element containing "lazy".
        myAL.Remove("lazy")
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing ""lazy"":")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes the element at index 5.
        myAL.RemoveAt(5)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing the element at index 5:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
        
        ' Removes three elements starting at index 4.
        myAL.RemoveRange(4, 3)
        
        ' Displays the current state of the ArrayList.
        Console.WriteLine("After removing three elements starting at index 4:")
        PrintValues(myAL)
    End Sub
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myList As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myList
            Console.Write("   {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The ArrayList initially contains the following:
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   lazy   dog
' After removing "lazy":
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   over   the   dog
' After removing the element at index 5:
'    The   quick   brown   fox   jumps   the   dog
' After removing three elements starting at index 4:
'    The   quick   brown   fox

Комментарии

После удаления элемента размер коллекции корректируется, а значение свойства Count уменьшается на единицу.After the element is removed, the size of the collection is adjusted and the value of the Count property is decreased by one.

В коллекциях с непрерывным набором элементов, таких как списки, элементы, следующие за удаленным элементом, перемещаются вверх, занимая освободившуюся позицию.In collections of contiguous elements, such as lists, the elements that follow the removed element move up to occupy the vacated spot. Если коллекция индексируется, индексы перемещенных элементов также обновляются.If the collection is indexed, the indexes of the elements that are moved are also updated. Такое поведение не реализуется в коллекциях, в которых элементы логически сгруппированы, например в хэш-таблицах.This behavior does not apply to collections where elements are conceptually grouped into buckets, such as a hash table.

Этот метод является операцией O(n), где nCount.This method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

Применяется к

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