List<T> List<T> List<T> List<T> Constructors

Определение

Перегрузки

List<T>() List<T>() List<T>()

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса List<T>, который является пустым и имеет начальную емкость по умолчанию.Initializes a new instance of the List<T> class that is empty and has the default initial capacity.

List<T>(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Инициализирует новый экземпляр List<T>, который содержит элементы, скопированные из указанной коллекции, и имеет емкость, достаточную для размещения всех скопированных элементов.Initializes a new instance of the List<T> class that contains elements copied from the specified collection and has sufficient capacity to accommodate the number of elements copied.

List<T>(Int32) List<T>(Int32) List<T>(Int32) List<T>(Int32)

Инициализирует новый пустой экземпляр класса List<T> с указанной начальной емкостью.Initializes a new instance of the List<T> class that is empty and has the specified initial capacity.

List<T>() List<T>() List<T>()

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса List<T>, который является пустым и имеет начальную емкость по умолчанию.Initializes a new instance of the List<T> class that is empty and has the default initial capacity.

public:
 List();
public List ();
Public Sub New ()

Примеры

В следующем примере демонстрируется конструктор по умолчанию для List<T> универсального класса.The following example demonstrates the default constructor of the List<T> generic class. Конструктор по умолчанию создает список с емкостью по умолчанию, как показано отображение Capacity свойство.The default constructor creates a list with the default capacity, as demonstrated by displaying the Capacity property.

В примере добавляет, вставка и удаляет элементы, показывающий, как емкость изменяется, так как эти методы используются.The example adds, inserts, and removes items, showing how the capacity changes as these methods are used.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = gcnew List<String^>();

    Console::WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);

    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Amargasaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Mamenchisaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Deinonychus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Compsognathus");

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);
    Console::WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs->Count);

    Console::WriteLine("\nContains(\"Deinonychus\"): {0}",
        dinosaurs->Contains("Deinonychus"));

    Console::WriteLine("\nInsert(2, \"Compsognathus\")");
    dinosaurs->Insert(2, "Compsognathus");

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\ndinosaurs[3]: {0}", dinosaurs[3]);

    Console::WriteLine("\nRemove(\"Compsognathus\")");
    dinosaurs->Remove("Compsognathus");

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    dinosaurs->TrimExcess();
    Console::WriteLine("\nTrimExcess()");
    Console::WriteLine("Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);
    Console::WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs->Count);

    dinosaurs->Clear();
    Console::WriteLine("\nClear()");
    Console::WriteLine("Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);
    Console::WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs->Count);
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 0

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

Capacity: 8
Count: 5

Contains("Deinonychus"): True

Insert(2, "Compsognathus")

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Compsognathus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

dinosaurs[3]: Mamenchisaurus

Remove("Compsognathus")

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

TrimExcess()
Capacity: 5
Count: 5

Clear()
Capacity: 5
Count: 0
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>();

        Console.WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus");
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);
        Console.WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count);

        Console.WriteLine("\nContains(\"Deinonychus\"): {0}",
            dinosaurs.Contains("Deinonychus"));

        Console.WriteLine("\nInsert(2, \"Compsognathus\")");
        dinosaurs.Insert(2, "Compsognathus");

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        // Shows accessing the list using the Item property.
        Console.WriteLine("\ndinosaurs[3]: {0}", dinosaurs[3]);

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemove(\"Compsognathus\")");
        dinosaurs.Remove("Compsognathus");

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string dinosaur in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        dinosaurs.TrimExcess();
        Console.WriteLine("\nTrimExcess()");
        Console.WriteLine("Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);
        Console.WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count);

        dinosaurs.Clear();
        Console.WriteLine("\nClear()");
        Console.WriteLine("Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);
        Console.WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 0

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

Capacity: 8
Count: 5

Contains("Deinonychus"): True

Insert(2, "Compsognathus")

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Compsognathus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

dinosaurs[3]: Mamenchisaurus

Remove("Compsognathus")

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

TrimExcess()
Capacity: 5
Count: 5

Clear()
Capacity: 5
Count: 0
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus")

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)
        Console.WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Contains(""Deinonychus""): {0}", _
            dinosaurs.Contains("Deinonychus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Insert(2, ""Compsognathus"")")
        dinosaurs.Insert(2, "Compsognathus")

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next
        ' Shows how to access the list using the Item property.
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "dinosaurs(3): {0}", dinosaurs(3))
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Remove(""Compsognathus"")")
        dinosaurs.Remove("Compsognathus")

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        dinosaurs.TrimExcess()
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "TrimExcess()")
        Console.WriteLine("Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)
        Console.WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count)

        dinosaurs.Clear()
        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Clear()")
        Console.WriteLine("Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)
        Console.WriteLine("Count: {0}", dinosaurs.Count)
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Capacity: 0
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'Compsognathus
'
'Capacity: 8
'Count: 5
'
'Contains("Deinonychus"): True
'
'Insert(2, "Compsognathus")
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Compsognathus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'Compsognathus
'
'dinosaurs(3): Mamenchisaurus
'
'Remove("Compsognathus")
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'Compsognathus
'
'TrimExcess()
'Capacity: 5
'Count: 5
'
'Clear()
'Capacity: 5
'Count: 0

[<EntryPoint>]
let main argv = 
    // We refer to System.Collections.Generic.List<'T> by its type 
    // abbreviation ResizeArray<'T> to avoid conflict with the List module.    
    // Note: In F# code, F# linked lists are usually preferred over
    // ResizeArray<'T> when an extendable collection is required.
    let dinosaurs = ResizeArray<_>()
 
    // Write out the dinosaurs in the ResizeArray.
    let printDinosaurs() =
        printfn ""
        dinosaurs |> Seq.iter (fun p -> printfn "%O" p) 
 
    
    printfn "\nCapacity: %i" dinosaurs.Capacity
 
    dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
    dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus")
    dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus")
    dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus")
    dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus")
 
    printDinosaurs()
 
    printfn "\nCapacity: %i" dinosaurs.Capacity
    printfn "Count: %i" dinosaurs.Count
 
    printfn "\nContains(\"Deinonychus\"): %b" (dinosaurs.Contains("Deinonychus"))
 
    printfn "\nInsert(2, \"Compsognathus\")"
    dinosaurs.Insert(2, "Compsognathus")
 
    printDinosaurs()
 
    // Shows accessing the list using the Item property.
    printfn "\ndinosaurs[3]: %s" dinosaurs.[3]
 
    printfn "\nRemove(\"Compsognathus\")"
    dinosaurs.Remove("Compsognathus") |> ignore
 
    printDinosaurs()
 
    dinosaurs.TrimExcess()
    printfn "\nTrimExcess()"
    printfn "Capacity: %i" dinosaurs.Capacity
    printfn "Count: %i" dinosaurs.Count
 
    dinosaurs.Clear()
    printfn "\nClear()"
    printfn "Capacity: %i" dinosaurs.Capacity
    printfn "Count: %i" dinosaurs.Count
 
    0 // return an integer exit code
 
    (* This code example produces the following output:
 
Capacity: 0
 
Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus
 
Capacity: 8
Count: 5
 
Contains("Deinonychus"): true
 
Insert(2, "Compsognathus")
 
Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Compsognathus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus
 
dinosaurs[3]: Mamenchisaurus
 
Remove("Compsognathus")
 
Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus
 
TrimExcess()
Capacity: 5
Count: 5
 
Clear()
Capacity: 5
Count: 0
    *)

Комментарии

Емкость List<T> — количество элементов, List<T> может содержать.The capacity of a List<T> is the number of elements that the List<T> can hold. При добавлении элементов к List<T>, емкость автоматически увеличивается, если это требуется перераспределения внутреннего массива.As elements are added to a List<T>, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

Если размер коллекции можно оценить, используя List<T>(Int32) конструктор и указав начальную емкость по избавляет от необходимости выполнять операции изменения размера при добавлении элементов в List<T>.If the size of the collection can be estimated, using the List<T>(Int32) constructor and specifying the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the List<T>.

Емкость можно уменьшить путем вызова TrimExcess метод или задав Capacity свойство явным образом.The capacity can be decreased by calling the TrimExcess method or by setting the Capacity property explicitly. Уменьшении емкости перераспределяет память и копирует все элементы в List<T>.Decreasing the capacity reallocates memory and copies all the elements in the List<T>.

Этот конструктор является операцией o(1).This constructor is an O(1) operation.

List<T>(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>(IEnumerable<T>) List<T>(IEnumerable<T>)

Инициализирует новый экземпляр List<T>, который содержит элементы, скопированные из указанной коллекции, и имеет емкость, достаточную для размещения всех скопированных элементов.Initializes a new instance of the List<T> class that contains elements copied from the specified collection and has sufficient capacity to accommodate the number of elements copied.

public:
 List(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<T> ^ collection);
public List (System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<T> collection);
new System.Collections.Generic.List<'T> : seq<'T> -> System.Collections.Generic.List<'T>
Public Sub New (collection As IEnumerable(Of T))

Параметры

collection
IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T> IEnumerable<T>

Коллекция, элементы которой копируются в новый список.The collection whose elements are copied to the new list.

Исключения

Примеры

В следующем примере демонстрируется List<T> конструктора, а также различные методы List<T> класс, который выступать на диапазоны.The following example demonstrates the List<T> constructor and various methods of the List<T> class that act on ranges. Массив строк создается и передается конструктору, заполнение списка с элементами массива.An array of strings is created and passed to the constructor, populating the list with the elements of the array. Capacity Свойство отображается, чтобы показать, что начальную емкость по точно необходимые для хранения входных элементов.The Capacity property is then displayed, to show that the initial capacity is exactly what is required to hold the input elements.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    array<String^>^ input = { "Brachiosaurus", 
                              "Amargasaurus", 
                              "Mamenchisaurus" };

    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = 
        gcnew List<String^>((IEnumerable<String^>^) input);

    Console::WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nAddRange(dinosaurs)");
    dinosaurs->AddRange(dinosaurs);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nRemoveRange(2, 2)");
    dinosaurs->RemoveRange(2, 2);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    input = gcnew array<String^> { "Tyrannosaurus", 
                                   "Deinonychus", 
                                   "Velociraptor"};

    Console::WriteLine("\nInsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input)");
    dinosaurs->InsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\noutput = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray()");
    array<String^>^ output = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray();
        
    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in output )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 3

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

AddRange(dinosaurs)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

RemoveRange(2, 2)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

InsertRange(3, (IEnumerable<String^>^) input)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
Velociraptor
Mamenchisaurus

output = dinosaurs->GetRange(2, 3)->ToArray()

Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        string[] input = { "Brachiosaurus", 
                           "Amargasaurus", 
                           "Mamenchisaurus" };

        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>(input);

        Console.WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nAddRange(dinosaurs)");
        dinosaurs.AddRange(dinosaurs);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nRemoveRange(2, 2)");
        dinosaurs.RemoveRange(2, 2);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        input = new string[] { "Tyrannosaurus", 
                               "Deinonychus", 
                               "Velociraptor"};

        Console.WriteLine("\nInsertRange(3, input)");
        dinosaurs.InsertRange(3, input);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\noutput = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()");
        string[] output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray();
        
        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in output )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 3

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

AddRange(dinosaurs)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

RemoveRange(2, 2)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus

InsertRange(3, input)

Brachiosaurus
Amargasaurus
Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
Velociraptor
Mamenchisaurus

output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()

Amargasaurus
Tyrannosaurus
Deinonychus
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim input() As String = { "Brachiosaurus", _
                                  "Amargasaurus", _
                                  "Mamenchisaurus" }

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)(input)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "AddRange(dinosaurs)")
        dinosaurs.AddRange(dinosaurs)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "RemoveRange(2, 2)")
        dinosaurs.RemoveRange(2, 2)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        input = New String() { "Tyrannosaurus", _
                               "Deinonychus", _
                               "Velociraptor" }

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "InsertRange(3, input)")
        dinosaurs.InsertRange(3, input)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray")
        Dim output() As String = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray()
        
        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In output
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Capacity: 3
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'AddRange(dinosaurs)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'RemoveRange(2, 2)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'InsertRange(3, input)
'
'Brachiosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Deinonychus
'Velociraptor
'Mamenchisaurus
'
'output = dinosaurs.GetRange(2, 3).ToArray
'
'Amargasaurus
'Tyrannosaurus
'Deinonychus

Комментарии

Элементы копируются на List<T> в том же порядке, они считываются с помощью перечислителя коллекции.The elements are copied onto the List<T> in the same order they are read by the enumerator of the collection.

Этот конструктор является операцией O (n) операции, где n — количество элементов в collection.This constructor is an O(n) operation, where n is the number of elements in collection.

Дополнительно

List<T>(Int32) List<T>(Int32) List<T>(Int32) List<T>(Int32)

Инициализирует новый пустой экземпляр класса List<T> с указанной начальной емкостью.Initializes a new instance of the List<T> class that is empty and has the specified initial capacity.

public:
 List(int capacity);
public List (int capacity);
new System.Collections.Generic.List<'T> : int -> System.Collections.Generic.List<'T>
Public Sub New (capacity As Integer)

Параметры

capacity
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

Число элементов, которые может изначально вместить новый список.The number of elements that the new list can initially store.

Исключения

Значение параметра capacity меньше 0.capacity is less than 0.

Примеры

В следующем примере демонстрируется List<T>(Int32) конструктор.The following example demonstrates the List<T>(Int32) constructor. Объект List<T> строк с емкостью 4 создается, поскольку известно точно 4 ultimate размер списка.A List<T> of strings with a capacity of 4 is created, because the ultimate size of the list is known to be exactly 4. Список заполняется четыре строки, и создается копия только для чтения с помощью AsReadOnly метод.The list is populated with four strings, and a read-only copy is created by using the AsReadOnly method.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;

void main()
{
    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = gcnew List<String^>(4);

    Console::WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs->Capacity);

    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Amargasaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Mamenchisaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Deinonychus");

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in dinosaurs)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nIList<String^>^ roDinosaurs = dinosaurs->AsReadOnly()");
    IList<String^>^ roDinosaurs = dinosaurs->AsReadOnly();

    Console::WriteLine("\nElements in the read-only IList:");
    for each(String^ dinosaur in roDinosaurs)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\ndinosaurs[2] = \"Coelophysis\"");
    dinosaurs[2] = "Coelophysis";

    Console::WriteLine("\nElements in the read-only IList:");
    for each(String^ dinosaur in roDinosaurs)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 4

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus

IList<String^>^ roDinosaurs = dinosaurs->AsReadOnly()

Elements in the read-only IList:
Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus

dinosaurs[2] = "Coelophysis"

Elements in the read-only IList:
Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Coelophysis
Deinonychus
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>(4);

        Console.WriteLine("\nCapacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity);

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus");

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach(string s in dinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(s);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nIList<string> roDinosaurs = dinosaurs.AsReadOnly()");
        IList<string> roDinosaurs = dinosaurs.AsReadOnly();

        Console.WriteLine("\nElements in the read-only IList:");
        foreach(string dinosaur in roDinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\ndinosaurs[2] = \"Coelophysis\"");
        dinosaurs[2] = "Coelophysis";

        Console.WriteLine("\nElements in the read-only IList:");
        foreach(string dinosaur in roDinosaurs)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Capacity: 4

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus

IList<string> roDinosaurs = dinosaurs.AsReadOnly()

Elements in the read-only IList:
Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Mamenchisaurus
Deinonychus

dinosaurs[2] = "Coelophysis"

Elements in the read-only IList:
Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Coelophysis
Deinonychus
 */
Imports System
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)(4)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Capacity: {0}", dinosaurs.Capacity)

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Mamenchisaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus")

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "Dim roDinosaurs As IList(Of String) = dinosaurs.AsReadOnly")
        Dim roDinosaurs As IList(Of String) = dinosaurs.AsReadOnly

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Elements in the read-only IList:")
        For Each dinosaur As String In roDinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "dinosaurs(2) = ""Coelophysis""")
        dinosaurs(2) = "Coelophysis"

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Elements in the read-only IList:")
        For Each dinosaur As String In roDinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Capacity: 4
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'
'Dim roDinosaurs As IList(Of String) = dinosaurs.AsReadOnly
'
'Elements in the read-only IList:
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Mamenchisaurus
'Deinonychus
'
'dinosaurs(2) = "Coelophysis"
'
'Elements in the read-only IList:
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Coelophysis
'Deinonychus

Комментарии

Емкость List<T> — количество элементов, List<T> может содержать.The capacity of a List<T> is the number of elements that the List<T> can hold. При добавлении элементов к List<T>, емкость автоматически увеличивается, если это требуется перераспределения внутреннего массива.As elements are added to a List<T>, the capacity is automatically increased as required by reallocating the internal array.

Если размер коллекции можно оценить, указав начальную емкость по избавляет от необходимости выполнять операции изменения размера при добавлении элементов в List<T>.If the size of the collection can be estimated, specifying the initial capacity eliminates the need to perform a number of resizing operations while adding elements to the List<T>.

Емкость можно уменьшить путем вызова TrimExcess метод или задав Capacity свойство явным образом.The capacity can be decreased by calling the TrimExcess method or by setting the Capacity property explicitly. Уменьшении емкости перераспределяет память и копирует все элементы в List<T>.Decreasing the capacity reallocates memory and copies all the elements in the List<T>.

Этот конструктор является операцией O (n) операции, где n является capacity.This constructor is an O(n) operation, where n is capacity.

Дополнительно

Применяется к