ProtectedConfigurationProvider Класс

Определение

Базовый класс для создания поставщиков для шифрования и дешифрования данных с защищенной конфигурацией.Is the base class to create providers for encrypting and decrypting protected-configuration data.

public ref class ProtectedConfigurationProvider abstract : System::Configuration::Provider::ProviderBase
public abstract class ProtectedConfigurationProvider : System.Configuration.Provider.ProviderBase
type ProtectedConfigurationProvider = class
    inherit ProviderBase
Public MustInherit Class ProtectedConfigurationProvider
Inherits ProviderBase
Наследование
ProtectedConfigurationProvider
Производный

Примеры

В следующем примере показано, как реализовать пользовательский ProtectedConfigurationProviderинтерфейс.The following example shows how to implement a custom ProtectedConfigurationProvider.

Чтобы настроить этот поставщик, как показано на следующем фрагменте конфигурации, необходимо установить его в глобальном кэше сборок (GAC).To be able to configure this provider, as shown in the next configuration excerpt, you must install it in the Global Assembly Cache (GAC). Дополнительные сведения см. в статье Реализация поставщика защищенной конфигурации .Refer to Implementing a Protected Configuration Provider for more information.

using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.IO;
using System.Text;
using System.Configuration.Provider;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Configuration;

namespace Samples.AspNet
{
    // Shows how to create a custom protected configuration
    // provider.
    public class TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider :
        ProtectedConfigurationProvider
    {

        private TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider des =
            new TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider();

        private string pKeyFilePath;
        private string pName;

        // Gets the path of the file
        // containing the key used to
        // encryption or decryption.
        public string KeyFilePath
        {
            get { return pKeyFilePath; }
        }


        // Gets the provider name.
        public override string Name
        {
            get { return pName; }
        }


        // Performs provider initialization.
        public override void Initialize(string name,
            NameValueCollection config)
        {
            pName = name;
            pKeyFilePath = config["keyContainerName"];
            ReadKey(KeyFilePath);
        }


        // Performs encryption.
        public override XmlNode Encrypt(XmlNode node)
        {
            string encryptedData = EncryptString(node.OuterXml);

            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.LoadXml("<EncryptedData>" +
                encryptedData + "</EncryptedData>");

            return xmlDoc.DocumentElement;
        }

        // Performs decryption.
        public override XmlNode Decrypt(XmlNode encryptedNode)
        {
            string decryptedData =
                DecryptString(encryptedNode.InnerText);

            XmlDocument xmlDoc = new XmlDocument();
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = true;
            xmlDoc.LoadXml(decryptedData);

            return xmlDoc.DocumentElement;
        }

        // Encrypts a configuration section and returns 
        // the encrypted XML as a string.
        private string EncryptString(string encryptValue)
        {
            byte[] valBytes =
                Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(encryptValue);

            ICryptoTransform transform = des.CreateEncryptor();

            MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream();
            CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms,
                transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
            cs.Write(valBytes, 0, valBytes.Length);
            cs.FlushFinalBlock();
            byte[] returnBytes = ms.ToArray();
            cs.Close();

            return Convert.ToBase64String(returnBytes);
        }


        // Decrypts an encrypted configuration section and 
        // returns the unencrypted XML as a string.
        private string DecryptString(string encryptedValue)
        {
            byte[] valBytes =
                Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedValue);

            ICryptoTransform transform = des.CreateDecryptor();

            MemoryStream ms = new MemoryStream();
            CryptoStream cs = new CryptoStream(ms,
                transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write);
            cs.Write(valBytes, 0, valBytes.Length);
            cs.FlushFinalBlock();
            byte[] returnBytes = ms.ToArray();
            cs.Close();

            return Encoding.Unicode.GetString(returnBytes);
        }

        // Generates a new TripleDES key and vector and 
        // writes them to the supplied file path.
        public void CreateKey(string filePath)
        {
            des.GenerateKey();
            des.GenerateIV();

            StreamWriter sw = new StreamWriter(filePath, false);
            sw.WriteLine(ByteToHex(des.Key));
            sw.WriteLine(ByteToHex(des.IV));
            sw.Close();
        }


        // Reads in the TripleDES key and vector from 
        // the supplied file path and sets the Key 
        // and IV properties of the 
        // TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider.
        private void ReadKey(string filePath)
        {
            StreamReader sr = new StreamReader(filePath);
            string keyValue = sr.ReadLine();
            string ivValue = sr.ReadLine();
            des.Key = HexToByte(keyValue);
            des.IV = HexToByte(ivValue);
        }


        // Converts a byte array to a hexadecimal string.
        private string ByteToHex(byte[] byteArray)
        {
            string outString = "";

            foreach (Byte b in byteArray)
                outString += b.ToString("X2");

            return outString;
        }

        // Converts a hexadecimal string to a byte array.
        private byte[] HexToByte(string hexString)
        {
            byte[] returnBytes = new byte[hexString.Length / 2];
            for (int i = 0; i < returnBytes.Length; i++)
                returnBytes[i] =
                    Convert.ToByte(hexString.Substring(i * 2, 2), 16);
            return returnBytes;
        }

    }

}
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Configuration.Provider
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Configuration


' Shows how to create a custom protected configuration
' provider.
Namespace Samples.AspNet

    Public Class TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider
        Inherits ProtectedConfigurationProvider

        Private des _
        As New TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider()

        Private pKeyFilePath As String
        Private pName As String

        ' Gets the path of the file
        ' containing the key used to
        ' encrypt/decrypt.

        Public ReadOnly Property KeyFilePath() As String
            Get
                Return pKeyFilePath
            End Get
        End Property

        ' Gets the provider name.

        Public Overrides ReadOnly Property Name() As String
            Get
                Return pName
            End Get
        End Property


        ' Performs provider initialization.
        Public Overrides Sub Initialize( _
        ByVal name As String, _
        ByVal config As NameValueCollection)
            pName = name
            pKeyFilePath = config("keyContainerName")
            ReadKey(KeyFilePath)
        End Sub


        ' Performs encryption.
        Public Overrides Function Encrypt( _
        ByVal node As XmlNode) As XmlNode
            Dim encryptedData As String = _
            EncryptString(node.OuterXml)

            Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.LoadXml( _
            ("<EncryptedData>" + encryptedData + _
            "</EncryptedData>"))

            Return xmlDoc.DocumentElement
        End Function 'Encrypt

        ' Performs decryption.
        Public Overrides Function Decrypt( _
        ByVal encryptedNode As XmlNode) As XmlNode
            Dim decryptedData As String = _
            DecryptString(encryptedNode.InnerText)

            Dim xmlDoc As New XmlDocument()
            xmlDoc.PreserveWhitespace = True
            xmlDoc.LoadXml(decryptedData)

            Return xmlDoc.DocumentElement
        End Function 'Decrypt



        ' Encrypts a configuration section and returns 
        ' the encrypted XML as a string.
        Private Function EncryptString( _
        ByVal encryptValue As String) As String
            Dim valBytes As Byte() = _
            Encoding.Unicode.GetBytes(encryptValue)

            Dim transform As ICryptoTransform = _
            des.CreateEncryptor()

            Dim ms As New MemoryStream()
            Dim cs As New CryptoStream(ms, _
            transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write)
            cs.Write(valBytes, 0, valBytes.Length)
            cs.FlushFinalBlock()
            Dim returnBytes As Byte() = ms.ToArray()
            cs.Close()

            Return Convert.ToBase64String(returnBytes)
        End Function 'EncryptString



        ' Decrypts an encrypted configuration section and 
        ' returns the unencrypted XML as a string.
        Private Function DecryptString( _
        ByVal encryptedValue As String) As String
            Dim valBytes As Byte() = _
            Convert.FromBase64String(encryptedValue)

            Dim transform As ICryptoTransform = _
            des.CreateDecryptor()

            Dim ms As New MemoryStream()
            Dim cs As New CryptoStream(ms, _
            transform, CryptoStreamMode.Write)
            cs.Write(valBytes, 0, valBytes.Length)
            cs.FlushFinalBlock()
            Dim returnBytes As Byte() = ms.ToArray()
            cs.Close()

            Return Encoding.Unicode.GetString(returnBytes)
        End Function 'DecryptString


        ' Generates a new TripleDES key and vector and 
        ' writes them to the supplied file path.
        Public Sub CreateKey(ByVal filePath As String)
            des.GenerateKey()
            des.GenerateIV()

            Dim sw As New StreamWriter(filePath, False)
            sw.WriteLine(ByteToHex(des.Key))
            sw.WriteLine(ByteToHex(des.IV))
            sw.Close()
        End Sub



        ' Reads in the TripleDES key and vector from 
        ' the supplied file path and sets the Key 
        ' and IV properties of the 
        ' TripleDESCryptoServiceProvider.
        Private Sub ReadKey(ByVal filePath As String)
            Dim sr As New StreamReader(filePath)
            Dim keyValue As String = sr.ReadLine()
            Dim ivValue As String = sr.ReadLine()
            des.Key = HexToByte(keyValue)
            des.IV = HexToByte(ivValue)
        End Sub



        ' Converts a byte array to a hexadecimal string.
        Private Function ByteToHex( _
        ByVal byteArray() As Byte) As String
            Dim outString As String = ""

            Dim b As [Byte]
            For Each b In byteArray
                outString += b.ToString("X2")
            Next b
            Return outString
        End Function 'ByteToHex


        ' Converts a hexadecimal string to a byte array.
        Private Function HexToByte(ByVal hexString As String) As Byte()
            Dim returnBytes(hexString.Length / 2) As Byte
            Dim i As Integer
            For i = 0 To returnBytes.Length - 1
                returnBytes(i) = _
                Convert.ToByte(hexString.Substring(i * 2, 2), 16)
            Next i
            Return returnBytes
        End Function 'HexToByte
    End Class

End Namespace

В следующем примере показано, как использовать предыдущий пользовательский ProtectedConfigurationProvider.The following example shows how to use the previous custom ProtectedConfigurationProvider.

using System;
using System.Configuration;
using Samples.AspNet.Configuration;

namespace Samples.AspNet.Configuration
{

    // Show how to use a custom protected configuration
    // provider.
    public class TestingProtectedConfigurationProvider
    {

        // Protect the connectionStrings section.
        private static void ProtectConfiguration()
        {

            // Get the application configuration file.
            System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                    ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                    ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

            // Define the provider name.
            string provider =
                "TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider";

            // Get the section to protect.
            ConfigurationSection connStrings =
                config.ConnectionStrings;

            if (connStrings != null)
            {
                if (!connStrings.SectionInformation.IsProtected)
                {
                    if (!connStrings.ElementInformation.IsLocked)
                    {
                        // Protect the section.
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.ProtectSection(provider);

                        connStrings.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                        config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);

                        Console.WriteLine("Section {0} is now protected by {1}",
                            connStrings.SectionInformation.Name,
                            connStrings.SectionInformation.ProtectionProvider.Name);

                    }
                    else
                        Console.WriteLine(
                             "Can't protect, section {0} is locked",
                             connStrings.SectionInformation.Name);
                }
                else
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "Section {0} is already protected by {1}",
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.Name,
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.ProtectionProvider.Name);

            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine("Can't get the section {0}",
                    connStrings.SectionInformation.Name);

        }

        // Unprotect the connectionStrings section.
        private static void UnProtectConfiguration()
        {

            // Get the application configuration file.
            System.Configuration.Configuration config =
                    ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration(
                    ConfigurationUserLevel.None);

            // Get the section to unprotect.
            ConfigurationSection connStrings =
                config.ConnectionStrings;

            if (connStrings != null)
            {
                if (connStrings.SectionInformation.IsProtected)
                {
                    if (!connStrings.ElementInformation.IsLocked)
                    {
                        // Unprotect the section.
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.UnprotectSection();

                        connStrings.SectionInformation.ForceSave = true;
                        config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full);

                        Console.WriteLine("Section {0} is now unprotected.",
                            connStrings.SectionInformation.Name);

                    }
                    else
                        Console.WriteLine(
                             "Can't unprotect, section {0} is locked",
                             connStrings.SectionInformation.Name);
                }
                else
                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "Section {0} is already unprotected.",
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.Name);

            }
            else
                Console.WriteLine("Can't get the section {0}",
                    connStrings.SectionInformation.Name);

        }


        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {

            string selection = string.Empty;

            if (args.Length == 0)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(
                    "Select createkey, protect or unprotect");
                return;
            }

            selection = args[0].ToLower();

            switch (selection)
            {

                // Create the key to use during 
                // encryption/decryption.
                case "createkey":
                    string keyContainer = 
                        "pcKey.txt";

                    // Instantiate the custom provider.
                    TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider 
                        provider =
                        new TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider();

                    // Create the encryption/decryption key.
                    provider.CreateKey(keyContainer);

                    Console.WriteLine(
                        "New TripleDES key created in {0}",
                        keyContainer);
                    break;

                case "protect":
                    ProtectConfiguration();
                    break;

                case "unprotect":
                    UnProtectConfiguration();
                    break;

                default:
                    Console.WriteLine("Unknown selection");
                    break;
            }

            Console.Read();

        }


    }

}
Imports System.Configuration

Namespace Samples.AspNet
    ' Show how to use a custom protected configuration
    ' provider.

    Public Class TestingProtectedConfigurationProvider


        ' Protect the connectionStrings section.
        Private Shared Sub ProtectConfiguration()

            ' Get the application configuration file.
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            ' Define the provider name.
            Dim provider As String = _
            "TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider"

            ' Get the section to protect.
            Dim connStrings _
            As ConfigurationSection = config.ConnectionStrings

            If Not (connStrings Is Nothing) Then
                If Not connStrings.SectionInformation.IsProtected Then
                    If Not connStrings.ElementInformation.IsLocked Then
                        ' Protect the section.
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.ProtectSection( _
                        provider)

                        connStrings.SectionInformation.ForceSave = True
                        config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full)

                        Console.WriteLine( _
                        "Section {0} is now protected by {1}", _
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.Name, _
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.ProtectionProvider.Name)

                    Else
                        Console.WriteLine( _
                        "Can't protect, section {0} is locked", _
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.Name)
                    End If
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                    "Section {0} is already protected by {1}", _
                    connStrings.SectionInformation.Name, _
                    connStrings.SectionInformation.ProtectionProvider.Name)
                End If

            Else
                Console.WriteLine( _
                "Can't get the section {0}", _
                connStrings.SectionInformation.Name)
            End If
        End Sub


        ' Unprotect the connectionStrings section.
        Private Shared Sub UnProtectConfiguration()

            ' Get the application configuration file.
            Dim config _
            As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
            ConfigurationManager.OpenExeConfiguration( _
            ConfigurationUserLevel.None)

            ' Get the section to unprotect.
            Dim connStrings _
            As ConfigurationSection = config.ConnectionStrings

            If Not (connStrings Is Nothing) Then
                If connStrings.SectionInformation.IsProtected Then
                    If Not connStrings.ElementInformation.IsLocked Then
                        ' Unprotect the section.
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.UnprotectSection()

                        connStrings.SectionInformation.ForceSave = True
                        config.Save(ConfigurationSaveMode.Full)

                        Console.WriteLine( _
                        "Section {0} is now unprotected.", _
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.Name)

                    Else
                        Console.WriteLine( _
                        "Can't unprotect, section {0} is locked", _
                        connStrings.SectionInformation.Name)
                    End If
                Else
                    Console.WriteLine( _
                    "Section {0} is already unprotected.", _
                    connStrings.SectionInformation.Name)
                End If

            Else
                Console.WriteLine( _
                "Can't get the section {0}", _
                connStrings.SectionInformation.Name)
            End If
        End Sub



        Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)

            Dim selection As String = String.Empty

            If args.Length = 0 Then
                Console.WriteLine( _
                "Select createkey, protect or unprotect")
                Return
            End If

            selection = args(0).ToLower()

            Select Case selection

                ' Create the key to use during 
                ' encryption/decryption.
                Case "createkey"
                    Dim keyContainer As String = "pcKey.txt"

                    ' Instantiate the custom provider.
                    Dim provider _
                    As New TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider()

                    ' Create the encryption/decryption key.
                    provider.CreateKey(keyContainer)

                    Console.WriteLine( _
                    "New TripleDES key created in {0}", _
                    keyContainer)

                Case "protect"
                    ProtectConfiguration()

                Case "unprotect"
                    UnProtectConfiguration()

                Case Else
                    Console.WriteLine("Unknown selection")
            End Select

            Console.Read()
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

Ниже приведен фрагмент файла конфигурации, который используется в приведенных выше примерах.The following is an excerpt of the configuration file used by the above examples.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>  
<configuration>  
  
  <configProtectedData >  
    <providers>  
      <clear />  
      <add keyContainerName="pcKey.txt"   
        name="TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider"  
type="Samples.Aspnet.TripleDESProtectedConfigurationProvider, protectedconfigurationproviderlib, Version=1.0.0.0, Culture=neutral, PublicKeyToken=79e01ae0f5cfc66f, processorArchitecture=MSIL" />  
    </providers>  
  
  </configProtectedData >  
  
  <connectionStrings>  
    <add name="NorthwindConnectionString"   
      connectionString="Data Source=webnetue2;Initial Catalog=Northwind;User ID=aspnet_test;Password=test"  
providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" />  
  </connectionStrings>  
  
</configuration>  

Комментарии

Вы можете зашифровать разделы файла конфигурации, чтобы защитить конфиденциальную информацию, используемую приложением.You can encrypt sections of a configuration file to protect sensitive information used by your application. Это повышает безопасность, усложняя несанкционированный доступ, даже если злоумышленник получает доступ к файлу конфигурации.This improves security by making it difficult for unauthorized access even if an attacker gains access to your configuration file.

.NET Framework включает два поставщика защищенной конфигурации, которые можно использовать для шифрования разделов файла конфигурации.The .NET Framework includes two protected configuration providers that can be used to encrypt sections of a configuration file. RsaProtectedConfigurationProvider КлассRSACryptoServiceProvider использует для шифрования разделов конфигурации.The RsaProtectedConfigurationProvider class uses the RSACryptoServiceProvider to encrypt configuration sections. DpapiProtectedConfigurationProvider Класс использует API защиты данных Windows (DPAPI) для шифрования разделов конфигурации.The DpapiProtectedConfigurationProvider class uses the Windows Data Protection API (DPAPI) to encrypt configuration sections.

Может потребоваться шифрование конфиденциальной информации с помощью алгоритма, отличного от поставщиков RSA или DPAPI.You might have a requirement to encrypt sensitive information using an algorithm other than the RSA or DPAPI providers. В этом случае можно создать собственный настраиваемый поставщик защищенной конфигурации.In this case, you can build your own custom protected-configuration provider. ProtectedConfigurationProvider Является абстрактным базовым классом, который необходимо наследовать от, чтобы создать собственный поставщик защищенной конфигурации.The ProtectedConfigurationProvider is an abstract base class that you must inherit from to create your own protected-configuration provider.

Независимо от того, используется ли стандартный или пользовательский поставщик, необходимо убедиться, что он настроен с помощью add элемента providers в разделе configProtectedData раздела конфигурации.Whether you use a standard or a custom provider, you must ensure that it is configured with the add element in the providers section of the configProtectedData configuration section. (См. Следующий пример).(See next example.)

Дополнительные сведения см. в разделе Реализация поставщика защищенной конфигурации.For details, see Implementing a Protected Configuration Provider.

Примечание

Когда ASP.NET встречает зашифрованные данные конфигурации, он выполняет дешифрование прозрачно с помощью настроенного поставщика.When ASP.NET encounters encrypted configuration data, it performs decryption transparently using the configured provider. Никаких действий на стороне не требуется, кроме обязательной настройки требуемого поставщика.No action is required on your side other than making sure that you configure the required provider.

Конструкторы

ProtectedConfigurationProvider()

Инициализирует новый экземпляр класса ProtectedConfigurationProvider значениями по умолчанию.Initializes a new instance of the ProtectedConfigurationProvider class using default settings.

Свойства

Description

Возвращает краткое, понятное описание, подходящее для отображения в инструментах администрирования или других пользовательских интерфейсах (UI).Gets a brief, friendly description suitable for display in administrative tools or other user interfaces (UIs).

(Унаследовано от ProviderBase)
Name

Возвращает понятное имя, используемое для ссылки на поставщика во время конфигурирования.Gets the friendly name used to refer to the provider during configuration.

(Унаследовано от ProviderBase)

Методы

Decrypt(XmlNode)

Расшифровывает объект XmlNode переданный из файла конфигурации.Decrypts the passed XmlNode object from a configuration file.

Encrypt(XmlNode)

Шифрует объект XmlNode, переданный из файла конфигурации.Encrypts the passed XmlNode object from a configuration file.

Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли указанный объект текущему объекту.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetHashCode()

Служит в качестве хэш-функции по умолчанию.Serves as the default hash function.

(Унаследовано от Object)
GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Унаследовано от Object)
Initialize(String, NameValueCollection)

Инициализирует построитель конфигураций.Initializes the configuration builder.

(Унаследовано от ProviderBase)
MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Унаследовано от Object)
ToString()

Возвращает строку, представляющую текущий объект.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Унаследовано от Object)

Применяется к

Дополнительно