OleDbTransaction.Rollback Метод

Определение

Откатывает транзакцию из состояния ожидания.Rolls back a transaction from a pending state.

public:
 override void Rollback();
public:
 virtual void Rollback();
public override void Rollback ();
public void Rollback ();
override this.Rollback : unit -> unit
abstract member Rollback : unit -> unit
override this.Rollback : unit -> unit
Public Overrides Sub Rollback ()
Public Sub Rollback ()

Реализации

Исключения

Ошибка при попытке фиксации транзакции.An error occurred while trying to commit the transaction.

Транзакция уже зафиксирована, или выполнен откат.The transaction has already been committed or rolled back.

-или--or-

Соединение закрыто.The connection is broken.

Примеры

В следующем примере создается OleDbConnection и OleDbTransaction.The following example creates an OleDbConnection and an OleDbTransaction. В нем также показано, как использовать методы BeginTransaction, Commitи Rollback.It also demonstrates how to use the BeginTransaction, a Commit, and Rollback methods.

public void ExecuteTransaction(string connectionString)
{
    using (OleDbConnection connection =
               new OleDbConnection(connectionString))
    {
        OleDbCommand command = new OleDbCommand();
        OleDbTransaction transaction = null;

        // Set the Connection to the new OleDbConnection.
        command.Connection = connection;

        // Open the connection and execute the transaction.
        try
        {
            connection.Open();

            // Start a local transaction
            transaction = connection.BeginTransaction();

            // Assign transaction object for a pending local transaction.
            command.Connection = connection;
            command.Transaction = transaction;

            // Execute the commands.
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();
            command.CommandText =
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')";
            command.ExecuteNonQuery();

            // Commit the transaction.
            transaction.Commit();
            Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.");
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);
            try
            {
                // Attempt to roll back the transaction.
                transaction.Rollback();
            }
            catch
            {
                // Do nothing here; transaction is not active.
            }
        }
        // The connection is automatically closed when the
        // code exits the using block.
    }
}
Public Sub ExecuteTransaction(ByVal connectionString As String)

    Using connection As New OleDbConnection(connectionString)
        Dim command As New OleDbCommand()
        Dim transaction As OleDbTransaction

        ' Set the Connection to the new OleDbConnection.
        command.Connection = connection

        ' Open the connection and execute the transaction.
        Try
            connection.Open()

            ' Start a local transaction.
            transaction = connection.BeginTransaction()

            ' Assign transaction object for a pending local transaction.
            command.Connection = connection
            command.Transaction = transaction

            ' Execute the commands.
            command.CommandText = _
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (100, 'Description')"
            command.ExecuteNonQuery()
            command.CommandText = _
                "Insert into Region (RegionID, RegionDescription) VALUES (101, 'Description')"
            command.ExecuteNonQuery()

            ' Commit the transaction.
            transaction.Commit()
            Console.WriteLine("Both records are written to database.")

        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(ex.Message)
            ' Try to rollback the transaction
            Try
                    transaction.Rollback()

            Catch
                ' Do nothing here; transaction is not active.
            End Try
        End Try
        ' The connection is automatically closed when the
        ' code exits the Using block.
    End Using
End Sub

Комментарии

Откат транзакции можно выполнить только из состояния ожидания (после вызова BeginTransaction, но до вызова Commit).The transaction can only be rolled back from a pending state (after BeginTransaction has been called, but before Commit is called). Транзакция будет отменена в случае ее удаления до вызова Commit или Rollback.The transaction will be rolled back in the event it is disposed before Commit or Rollback is called.

Применяется к

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