BufferedGraphics BufferedGraphics BufferedGraphics BufferedGraphics Class

Definition

Предоставляет графический буфер для двойной буферизации. Provides a graphics buffer for double buffering.

public ref class BufferedGraphics sealed : IDisposable
public sealed class BufferedGraphics : IDisposable
type BufferedGraphics = class
    interface IDisposable
Public NotInheritable Class BufferedGraphics
Implements IDisposable
Inheritance
BufferedGraphicsBufferedGraphicsBufferedGraphicsBufferedGraphics
Implements

Examples

В следующем примере кода показано использование BufferedGraphics для рисования графики с помощью нескольких типов буферизации реализаций.The following code example demonstrates using a BufferedGraphics object to draw graphics using several types of buffering implementations. Щелчок этой формы можно также запускает и останавливает таймер, который инициирует прорисовку обновлений.Clicking the form alternately starts and stops a timer that causes draw updates. Прорисовка обновлений позволяют наблюдать эффект двойной буферизации.The draw updates allow you to observe the effect of double buffering. Щелкните правой кнопкой мыши формы циклическое переключение между следующими режимами рисования:Right-clicking the form cycles through the following drawing modes:

  • Рисование непосредственно к Handle для Form.Drawing directly to the Handle for a Form.

  • Рисование путем переопределения OnPaint с помощью метода OptimizedDoubleBuffer управления стилем.Drawing by overriding the OnPaint method using the OptimizedDoubleBuffer control style.

  • Рисование путем переопределения OnPaint метод для метода формы без использования OptimizedDoubleBuffer управления стилем.Drawing by overriding the OnPaint method for the form method without using the OptimizedDoubleBuffer control style.

В каждом режиме выводится текст, который идентифицирует текущий режим и описывает поведение, возникающее при каждом нажатии кнопки мыши.In each mode, text is drawn that identifies the current mode and describes the behavior that occurs when each mouse button is pressed.

#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::ComponentModel;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;

namespace BufferingExample
{
   public ref class BufferingExample: public Form
   {
   private:
      BufferedGraphicsContext^ context;
      BufferedGraphics^ grafx;
      Byte bufferingMode;
      array<String^>^bufferingModeStrings;
      System::Windows::Forms::Timer^ timer1;
      Byte count;

   public:
      BufferingExample()
         : Form()
      {
         array<String^>^tempStrings = {"Draw to Form without OptimizedDoubleBufferring control style","Draw to Form using OptimizedDoubleBuffering control style","Draw to HDC for form"};
         bufferingModeStrings = tempStrings;

         // Configure the Form for this example.
         this->Text = "User double buffering";
         this->MouseDown += gcnew MouseEventHandler( this, &BufferingExample::MouseDownHandler );
         this->Resize += gcnew EventHandler( this, &BufferingExample::OnResize );
         this->SetStyle( static_cast<ControlStyles>(ControlStyles::AllPaintingInWmPaint | ControlStyles::UserPaint), true );

         // Configure a timer to draw graphics updates.
         timer1 = gcnew System::Windows::Forms::Timer;
         timer1->Interval = 200;
         timer1->Tick += gcnew EventHandler( this, &BufferingExample::OnTimer );
         bufferingMode = 2;
         count = 0;

         // Retrieves the BufferedGraphicsContext for the 
         // current application domain.
         context = BufferedGraphicsManager::Current;

         // Sets the maximum size for the primary graphics buffer
         // of the buffered graphics context for the application
         // domain.  Any allocation requests for a buffer larger 
         // than this will create a temporary buffered graphics 
         // context to host the graphics buffer.
         context->MaximumBuffer = System::Drawing::Size( this->Width + 1, this->Height + 1 );

         // Allocates a graphics buffer the size of this form
         // using the pixel format of the Graphics created by 
         // the Form.CreateGraphics() method, which returns a 
         // Graphics object that matches the pixel format of the form.
         grafx = context->Allocate( this->CreateGraphics(), Rectangle(0,0,this->Width,this->Height) );

         // Draw the first frame to the buffer.
         DrawToBuffer( grafx->Graphics );
      }

   private:
      void MouseDownHandler( Object^ /*sender*/, MouseEventArgs^ e )
      {
         if ( e->Button == ::MouseButtons::Right )
         {
            // Cycle the buffering mode.
            if ( ++bufferingMode > 2 )
                        bufferingMode = 0;

            // If the previous buffering mode used 
            // the OptimizedDoubleBuffering ControlStyle,
            // disable the control style.
            if ( bufferingMode == 1 )
                        this->SetStyle( ControlStyles::OptimizedDoubleBuffer, true );

            // If the current buffering mode uses
            // the OptimizedDoubleBuffering ControlStyle,
            // enabke the control style.
            if ( bufferingMode == 2 )
                        this->SetStyle( ControlStyles::OptimizedDoubleBuffer, false );

            // Cause the background to be cleared and redraw.
            count = 6;
            DrawToBuffer( grafx->Graphics );
            this->Refresh();
         }
         else
         {
            
            // Toggle whether the redraw timer is active.
            if ( timer1->Enabled )
                        timer1->Stop();
            else
                        timer1->Start();
         }
      }

   private:
      void OnTimer( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
      {
         // Draw randomly positioned ellipses to the buffer.
         DrawToBuffer( grafx->Graphics );

         // If in bufferingMode 2, draw to the form's HDC.
         if ( bufferingMode == 2 )

         // Render the graphics buffer to the form's HDC.
         grafx->Render( Graphics::FromHwnd( this->Handle ) );
         // If in bufferingMode 0 or 1, draw in the paint method.
         else

         // If in bufferingMode 0 or 1, draw in the paint method.
         this->Refresh();
      }

      void OnResize( Object^ /*sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
      {
         // Re-create the graphics buffer for a new window size.
         context->MaximumBuffer = System::Drawing::Size( this->Width + 1, this->Height + 1 );
         if ( grafx != nullptr )
         {
            delete grafx;
            grafx = nullptr;
         }

         grafx = context->Allocate( this->CreateGraphics(), Rectangle(0,0,this->Width,this->Height) );

         // Cause the background to be cleared and redraw.
         count = 6;
         DrawToBuffer( grafx->Graphics );
         this->Refresh();
      }

      void DrawToBuffer( Graphics^ g )
      {
         // Clear the graphics buffer every five updates.
         if ( ++count > 5 )
         {
            count = 0;
            grafx->Graphics->FillRectangle( Brushes::Black, 0, 0, this->Width, this->Height );
         }

         // Draw randomly positioned and colored ellipses.
         Random^ rnd = gcnew Random;
         for ( int i = 0; i < 20; i++ )
         {
            int px = rnd->Next( 20, this->Width - 40 );
            int py = rnd->Next( 20, this->Height - 40 );
            g->DrawEllipse( gcnew Pen( Color::FromArgb( rnd->Next( 0, 255 ), rnd->Next( 0, 255 ), rnd->Next( 0, 255 ) ), 1.0f ), px, py, px + rnd->Next( 0, this->Width - px - 20 ), py + rnd->Next( 0, this->Height - py - 20 ) );
         }

         // Draw information strings.
         g->DrawString( String::Format( "Buffering Mode: {0}", bufferingModeStrings[ bufferingMode ] ), gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Arial",8 ), Brushes::White, 10, 10 );
         g->DrawString( "Right-click to cycle buffering mode", gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Arial",8 ), Brushes::White, 10, 22 );
         g->DrawString( "Left-click to toggle timed display refresh", gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Arial",8 ), Brushes::White, 10, 34 );
      }

   protected:
      virtual void OnPaint( PaintEventArgs^ e ) override
      {
         grafx->Render( e->Graphics );
      }
   };
}

[STAThread]
int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew BufferingExample::BufferingExample );
}
using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace BufferingExample 
{
    public class BufferingExample : Form
    {
        private BufferedGraphicsContext context;
        private BufferedGraphics grafx;

	private byte bufferingMode;
	private string[] bufferingModeStrings = 
		{ "Draw to Form without OptimizedDoubleBufferring control style",
		  "Draw to Form using OptimizedDoubleBuffering control style",
		  "Draw to HDC for form" };

	private System.Windows.Forms.Timer timer1;
	private byte count;

        public BufferingExample() : base()
        {
            // Configure the Form for this example.
            this.Text = "User double buffering";
            this.MouseDown += new MouseEventHandler(this.MouseDownHandler);
            this.Resize += new EventHandler(this.OnResize);
            this.SetStyle( ControlStyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint | ControlStyles.UserPaint, true );

            // Configure a timer to draw graphics updates.
	    timer1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Timer();
	    timer1.Interval = 200;
	    timer1.Tick += new EventHandler(this.OnTimer);

	    bufferingMode = 2;
	    count = 0;

            // Retrieves the BufferedGraphicsContext for the 
            // current application domain.
            context = BufferedGraphicsManager.Current;

            // Sets the maximum size for the primary graphics buffer
            // of the buffered graphics context for the application
            // domain.  Any allocation requests for a buffer larger 
            // than this will create a temporary buffered graphics 
            // context to host the graphics buffer.
            context.MaximumBuffer = new Size(this.Width+1, this.Height+1);

            // Allocates a graphics buffer the size of this form
            // using the pixel format of the Graphics created by 
            // the Form.CreateGraphics() method, which returns a 
            // Graphics object that matches the pixel format of the form.
            grafx = context.Allocate(this.CreateGraphics(), 
                 new Rectangle( 0, 0, this.Width, this.Height ));

	    // Draw the first frame to the buffer.
	    DrawToBuffer(grafx.Graphics);
        }

	private void MouseDownHandler(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
        {
	    if( e.Button == MouseButtons.Right )
	    {
                 // Cycle the buffering mode.
	         if( ++bufferingMode > 2 )
                     bufferingMode = 0;

                 // If the previous buffering mode used 
                 // the OptimizedDoubleBuffering ControlStyle,
                 // disable the control style.
                 if( bufferingMode == 1 )
                     this.SetStyle( ControlStyles.OptimizedDoubleBuffer, true );

                 // If the current buffering mode uses
                 // the OptimizedDoubleBuffering ControlStyle,
                 // enabke the control style.
                 if( bufferingMode == 2 )
                     this.SetStyle( ControlStyles.OptimizedDoubleBuffer, false );

                 // Cause the background to be cleared and redraw.
                 count = 6;
    	         DrawToBuffer(grafx.Graphics);                 
		 this.Refresh();
	    }
	    else
	    {
                // Toggle whether the redraw timer is active.
		if( timer1.Enabled )
			timer1.Stop();
		else
			timer1.Start(); 
	    }
        }

	private void OnTimer(object sender, EventArgs e)
	{
            // Draw randomly positioned ellipses to the buffer.
	    DrawToBuffer(grafx.Graphics);

            // If in bufferingMode 2, draw to the form's HDC.
	    if( bufferingMode == 2 )            
                    // Render the graphics buffer to the form's HDC.
		    grafx.Render(Graphics.FromHwnd(this.Handle));            
            // If in bufferingMode 0 or 1, draw in the paint method.
	    else
  		    this.Refresh();
	}

        private void OnResize(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
           // Re-create the graphics buffer for a new window size.
           context.MaximumBuffer = new Size(this.Width+1, this.Height+1);
           if( grafx != null )
           {
	       grafx.Dispose();
               grafx = null;               
           }
           grafx = context.Allocate(this.CreateGraphics(), 
               new Rectangle( 0, 0, this.Width, this.Height ));
           
           // Cause the background to be cleared and redraw.
           count = 6;
    	   DrawToBuffer(grafx.Graphics);                 
	   this.Refresh();
        }	

	private void DrawToBuffer(Graphics g)
	{
            // Clear the graphics buffer every five updates.
	    if( ++count > 5 )
            {
                count = 0;                
                grafx.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Black, 0, 0, this.Width, this.Height);
            }

            // Draw randomly positioned and colored ellipses.
	    Random rnd = new Random();
	    for( int i=0; i<20; i++ )
	    {
		int px = rnd.Next(20,this.Width-40);
		int py = rnd.Next(20,this.Height-40);
		g.DrawEllipse(new Pen(Color.FromArgb(rnd.Next(0, 255), rnd.Next(0,255), rnd.Next(0,255)), 1), 
			px, py, px+rnd.Next(0, this.Width-px-20), py+rnd.Next(0, this.Height-py-20)); 	    			
	    }

            // Draw information strings.
	    g.DrawString("Buffering Mode: "+bufferingModeStrings[bufferingMode], new Font("Arial", 8), Brushes.White, 10, 10);
            g.DrawString("Right-click to cycle buffering mode", new Font("Arial", 8), Brushes.White, 10, 22);
            g.DrawString("Left-click to toggle timed display refresh", new Font("Arial", 8), Brushes.White, 10, 34);
	}

	protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
        {            
	    grafx.Render(e.Graphics);
	}

        [STAThread]
        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
	    Application.Run(new BufferingExample());
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class BufferingExample
    Inherits Form
    Private context As BufferedGraphicsContext
    Private grafx As BufferedGraphics
    
    Private bufferingMode As Byte
    Private bufferingModeStrings As String() = _
        {"Draw to Form without OptimizedDoubleBufferring control style", _
         "Draw to Form using OptimizedDoubleBuffering control style", _
         "Draw to HDC for form"}
    
    Private timer1 As System.Windows.Forms.Timer
    Private count As Byte    
    
    Public Sub New()
        ' Configure the Form for this example.
        Me.Text = "User double buffering"
        AddHandler Me.MouseDown, AddressOf Me.MouseDownHandler
        AddHandler Me.Resize, AddressOf Me.ResizeHandler
        Me.SetStyle(ControlStyles.AllPaintingInWmPaint Or ControlStyles.UserPaint, True)
        
        ' Configure a timer to draw graphics updates.
        timer1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Timer()
        timer1.Interval = 200
        AddHandler timer1.Tick, AddressOf Me.OnTimer
        
        bufferingMode = 2
        count = 0
        
        ' Retrieves the BufferedGraphicsContext for the 
        ' current application domain.
        context = BufferedGraphicsManager.Current
        
        ' Sets the maximum size for the primary graphics buffer
        ' of the buffered graphics context for the application
        ' domain.  Any allocation requests for a buffer larger 
        ' than this will create a temporary buffered graphics 
        ' context to host the graphics buffer.
        context.MaximumBuffer = New Size(Me.Width + 1, Me.Height + 1)
        
        ' Allocates a graphics buffer the size of this form
        ' using the pixel format of the Graphics created by 
        ' the Form.CreateGraphics() method, which returns a 
        ' Graphics object that matches the pixel format of the form.
        grafx = context.Allocate(Me.CreateGraphics(), _
            New Rectangle(0, 0, Me.Width, Me.Height))
        
        ' Draw the first frame to the buffer.
        DrawToBuffer(grafx.Graphics)
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub MouseDownHandler(sender As Object, e As MouseEventArgs)
        If e.Button = MouseButtons.Right Then
            ' Cycle the buffering mode.
            bufferingMode = bufferingMode+1
            If bufferingMode > 2 Then
                bufferingMode = 0
            End If 
            ' If the previous buffering mode used 
            ' the OptimizedDoubleBuffering ControlStyle,
            ' disable the control style.
            If bufferingMode = 1 Then
                Me.SetStyle(ControlStyles.OptimizedDoubleBuffer, True)
            End If 
            ' If the current buffering mode uses
            ' the OptimizedDoubleBuffering ControlStyle,
            ' enabke the control style.
            If bufferingMode = 2 Then
                Me.SetStyle(ControlStyles.OptimizedDoubleBuffer, False)
            End If 
            ' Cause the background to be cleared and redraw.
            count = 6
            DrawToBuffer(grafx.Graphics)
            Me.Refresh()
        Else
            ' Toggle whether the redraw timer is active.
            If timer1.Enabled Then
                timer1.Stop()
            Else
                timer1.Start()
            End If
        End If
    End Sub
     
    Private Sub OnTimer(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
        ' Draw randomly positioned ellipses to the buffer.
        DrawToBuffer(grafx.Graphics)
        
        ' If in bufferingMode 2, draw to the form's HDC.
        If bufferingMode = 2 Then
            ' Render the graphics buffer to the form's HDC.
            grafx.Render(Graphics.FromHwnd(Me.Handle))
        ' If in bufferingMode 0 or 1, draw in the paint method.
        Else
            Me.Refresh()
        End If
    End Sub
     
    Private Sub ResizeHandler(sender As Object, e As EventArgs)
        ' Re-create the graphics buffer for a new window size.
        context.MaximumBuffer = New Size(Me.Width + 1, Me.Height + 1)
        If (grafx IsNot Nothing) Then
            grafx.Dispose()
            grafx = Nothing
        End If
        grafx = context.Allocate(Me.CreateGraphics(), New Rectangle(0, 0, Me.Width, Me.Height))
        
        ' Cause the background to be cleared and redraw.
        count = 6
        DrawToBuffer(grafx.Graphics)
        Me.Refresh()
    End Sub    
    
    Private Sub DrawToBuffer(g As Graphics)
        ' Clear the graphics buffer every five updates.
        count = count+1
        If count > 5 Then
            count = 0
            grafx.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Black, 0, 0, Me.Width, Me.Height)
        End If
        
        ' Draw randomly positioned and colored ellipses.
        Dim rnd As New Random()
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To 21
            Dim px As Integer = rnd.Next(20, Me.Width - 40)
            Dim py As Integer = rnd.Next(20, Me.Height - 40)
            g.DrawEllipse(New Pen(Color.FromArgb(rnd.Next(0, 255), rnd.Next(0, 255), _
                rnd.Next(0, 255)), 1), px, py, px + rnd.Next(0, Me.Width - px - 20), _
                py + rnd.Next(0, Me.Height - py - 20))
        Next i
        
        ' Draw information strings.
        g.DrawString("Buffering Mode: " + bufferingModeStrings(bufferingMode), _
            New Font("Arial", 8), Brushes.White, 10, 10)
        g.DrawString("Right-click to cycle buffering mode", New Font("Arial", 8), _
            Brushes.White, 10, 22)
        g.DrawString("Left-click to toggle timed display refresh", _
            New Font("Arial", 8), Brushes.White, 10, 34)
    End Sub    
    
    Protected Overrides Sub OnPaint(e As PaintEventArgs)
        grafx.Render(e.Graphics)
    End Sub   
    
    <STAThread()>  _
    Public Shared Sub Main(args() As String)
        Application.Run(New BufferingExample())
    End Sub

End Class

Remarks

BufferedGraphics Класс позволяет реализовать пользовательские двойную буферизацию для рисунков.The BufferedGraphics class allows you to implement custom double buffering for your graphics. Он предоставляет оболочку для графический буфер, а также методы, которые можно использовать для записи в буфер и отображения его содержимого на устройство вывода.It provides a wrapper for a graphics buffer, along with methods that you can use to write to the buffer and render its contents to an output device.

Графики, использование двойной буферизации можно сократить или устранить мерцание, вызываемое перерисовкой поверхность отображения.Graphics that use double buffering can reduce or eliminate flicker that is caused by redrawing a display surface. При использовании двойной буферизации, обновленные графика сначала прорисовывается в буфер в памяти, а содержимое этого буфера быстро затем записывается в некоторые или все отображаемую поверхность.When you use double buffering, updated graphics are first drawn to a buffer in memory, and the contents of this buffer are then quickly written to some or all of the displayed surface. Эта относительно короткая перезапись отображаемой графики обычно уменьшает или исключает мерцание, которая иногда возникает при обновлении графики.This relatively brief overwrite of the displayed graphics typically reduces or eliminates the flicker that sometimes occurs when graphics are updated.

Примечание

Самый простой способ использования двойной буферизации — присвоить OptimizedDoubleBuffer управления флагом стиля в элемент управления с помощью SetStyle метод.The simplest way to use double buffering is to set the OptimizedDoubleBuffer control style flag on a control using the SetStyle method. Параметр OptimizedDoubleBuffer флаг для элемента управления перенаправляет все рисования в элементе управления через графический буфер по умолчанию, не требуя никакого дополнительного кода.Setting the OptimizedDoubleBuffer flag for a control redirects all painting for the control through a default graphics buffer, without requiring any additional code. Этот флаг установлен true по умолчанию.This flag is set to true by default.

BufferedGraphics Класс не имеет открытого конструктора и должна быть создана с BufferedGraphicsContext для домена приложения с помощью его Allocate метод.The BufferedGraphics class has no public constructor and must be created by the BufferedGraphicsContext for an application domain using its Allocate method. Вы можете получить BufferedGraphicsContext для текущего домена приложения из статического BufferedGraphicsManager.Current свойство.You can retrieve the BufferedGraphicsContext for the current application domain from the static BufferedGraphicsManager.Current property.

Graphics Свойство может использоваться для рисования в графическом буфере.The Graphics property can be used for drawing to the graphics buffer. Это свойство предоставляет доступ к Graphics объект, который рисует в графический буфер, выделенный для данного BufferedGraphics объекта.This property provides access to the Graphics object that draws to the graphics buffer allocated for this BufferedGraphics object.

Render Указан метод с нет аргументов-рисует содержимое графического буфера в область, когда буфер был выделен.The Render method with no arguments draws the contents of the graphics buffer to the surface specified when the buffer was allocated. Другие перегрузки Render метода позволяют указать Graphics объекта или IntPtr объект, который указывает на контекст устройства, на котором будет размещено содержимое графического буфера.Other overloads of the Render method allow you to specify a Graphics object or an IntPtr object that points to a device context to which to draw the contents of the graphics buffer.

Дополнительные сведения о рисовании двойная буферизация графики, см. в разделе двойная буферизация графики.For more information about drawing double-buffered graphics, see Double Buffered Graphics.

Properties

Graphics Graphics Graphics Graphics

Возвращает объект Graphics, выводящий данные в графический буфер. Gets a Graphics object that outputs to the graphics buffer.

Methods

Dispose() Dispose() Dispose() Dispose()

Освобождает все ресурсы, используемые объектом BufferedGraphics. Releases all resources used by the BufferedGraphics object.

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Определяет, равен ли заданный объект текущему объекту. Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
Finalize() Finalize() Finalize() Finalize()

Позволяет объекту попытаться освободить ресурсы и выполнить другие операции очистки, перед тем как он будет уничтожен во время сборки мусора. Allows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection.

GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Служит хэш-функцией по умолчанию. Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Возвращает объект Type для текущего экземпляра. Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Создает неполную копию текущего объекта Object. Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
Render() Render() Render() Render()

Записывает содержимое графического буфера в устройство по умолчанию. Writes the contents of the graphics buffer to the default device.

Render(Graphics) Render(Graphics) Render(Graphics) Render(Graphics)

Записывает содержимое графического буфера в заданный объект Graphics. Writes the contents of the graphics buffer to the specified Graphics object.

Render(IntPtr) Render(IntPtr) Render(IntPtr) Render(IntPtr)

Записывает содержимое графического буфера в контекст устройства, связанный с заданным дескриптором IntPtr. Writes the contents of the graphics buffer to the device context associated with the specified IntPtr handle.

ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Возвращает строку, представляющую текущий объект. Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Applies to

Thread Safety

Класс BufferedGraphics не является потокобезопасным. The BufferedGraphics class is not thread safe. При доступе к графический буфер из разных потоков, очень важно использовать механизм управления доступом к потоку для предотвращения конфликтов. When accessing a graphics buffer from separate threads, it is important to use a thread-access control mechanism to prevent conflicts.

See Also