StringFormat.SetMeasurableCharacterRanges(CharacterRange[]) Метод

Определение

Задает массив структур CharacterRange, представляющих диапазоны знаков, измеряемые с помощью вызова метода MeasureCharacterRanges(String, Font, RectangleF, StringFormat).

public:
 void SetMeasurableCharacterRanges(cli::array <System::Drawing::CharacterRange> ^ ranges);
public void SetMeasurableCharacterRanges (System.Drawing.CharacterRange[] ranges);
member this.SetMeasurableCharacterRanges : System.Drawing.CharacterRange[] -> unit
Public Sub SetMeasurableCharacterRanges (ranges As CharacterRange())

Параметры

ranges
CharacterRange[]

Массив структур CharacterRange, который представляет диапазоны знаков, измеряемые с помощью вызова метода MeasureCharacterRanges(String, Font, RectangleF, StringFormat).

Исключения

Заданы диапазоны 32 символов.

Примеры

В следующем примере используется Windows Forms и требуется PaintEventArgs eпараметр обработчика Paint событий. Код выполняет следующие действия.

  • Задает диапазоны символов объекта StringFormat.

  • Измеряет диапазоны символов для заданной строки и прямоугольника макета.

  • Рисует прямоугольник строки и макета.

  • Рисует области. Каждый Region из них задает область, занятую диапазоном символов. Значения в регионах задаются, когда диапазоны символов измеряются методом MeasureCharacterRanges .

  • Повторяет первые четыре шага, но включает конечные пробелы в измерении каждого диапазона символов.

  • Очищает флаги формата, чтобы конечные пробелы StringFormat не включались в измерение каждого диапазона символов.

  • Повторяет первые четыре шага, но использует другой прямоугольник макета, чтобы продемонстрировать, что прямоугольник макета влияет на измерения диапазонов символов. Размер шрифта также влияет на измерение.

void SetMeasCharRangesExample( PaintEventArgs^ e )
{
   Graphics^ g = e->Graphics;
   SolidBrush^ redBrush = gcnew SolidBrush( Color::FromArgb( 50, 255, 0, 0 ) );

   // Layout rectangles, font, and string format used for displaying string.
   Rectangle layoutRectA = Rectangle(20,20,165,80);
   Rectangle layoutRectB = Rectangle(20,110,165,80);
   Rectangle layoutRectC = Rectangle(20,200,240,80);
   System::Drawing::Font^ tnrFont = gcnew System::Drawing::Font( "Times New Roman",16 );
   StringFormat^ strFormat = gcnew StringFormat;

   // Ranges of character positions within a string.
   array<CharacterRange>^ charRanges = {CharacterRange(3,5),CharacterRange(15,2),CharacterRange(30,15)};

   // Each region specifies the area occupied by the characters within a
   // range of positions. the values are obtained by using a method that
   // measures the character ranges.
   array<System::Drawing::Region^>^charRegions = gcnew array<System::Drawing::Region^>(charRanges->Length);

   // String to be displayed.
   String^ str = "The quick, brown fox easily jumps over the lazy dog.";

   // Set the char ranges for the string format.
   strFormat->SetMeasurableCharacterRanges( charRanges );

   // loop counter (unsigned 8-bit integer)
   Byte i;

   // Measure the char ranges for a given string and layout rectangle. Each
   // area occupied by the characters in a range is stored as a region. Then
   // draw the string and layout rectangle, and paint the regions.
   charRegions = g->MeasureCharacterRanges( str, tnrFont, layoutRectA, strFormat );
   g->DrawString( str, tnrFont, Brushes::Blue, layoutRectA, strFormat );
   g->DrawRectangle( Pens::Black, layoutRectA );

   // Paint the regions.
   for ( i = 0; i < charRegions->Length; i++ )
      g->FillRegion( redBrush, charRegions[ i ] );

   // Repeat the above steps, but include trailing spaces in the char
   // range measurement by setting the appropriate string format flag.
   strFormat->FormatFlags = StringFormatFlags::MeasureTrailingSpaces;
   charRegions = g->MeasureCharacterRanges( str, tnrFont, layoutRectB, strFormat );
   g->DrawString( str, tnrFont, Brushes::Blue, layoutRectB, strFormat );
   g->DrawRectangle( Pens::Black, layoutRectB );
   for ( i = 0; i < charRegions->Length; i++ )
      g->FillRegion( redBrush, charRegions[ i ] );

   // Clear all the format flags.
   strFormat->FormatFlags = StringFormatFlags(0);

   // Repeat the steps, but use a different layout rectangle. the dimensions
   // of the layout rectangle and the size of the font both affect the
   // character range measurement.
   charRegions = g->MeasureCharacterRanges( str, tnrFont, layoutRectC, strFormat );
   g->DrawString( str, tnrFont, Brushes::Blue, layoutRectC, strFormat );
   g->DrawRectangle( Pens::Black, layoutRectC );

   // Paint the regions.
   for ( i = 0; i < charRegions->Length; i++ )
      g->FillRegion( redBrush, charRegions[ i ] );
}
public void SetMeasCharRangesExample(PaintEventArgs e)
{
    Graphics     g = e.Graphics;
    SolidBrush   redBrush = new SolidBrush(Color.FromArgb(50, 255, 0, 0));
             
    // Layout rectangles, font, and string format used for displaying string.
    Rectangle    layoutRectA = new Rectangle(20, 20, 165, 80);
    Rectangle    layoutRectB = new Rectangle(20, 110, 165, 80);
    Rectangle    layoutRectC = new Rectangle(20, 200, 240, 80);
    Font         tnrFont = new Font("Times New Roman", 16);
    StringFormat strFormat = new StringFormat();
             
    // Ranges of character positions within a string.
    CharacterRange[] charRanges = { new CharacterRange(3, 5),
        new CharacterRange(15, 2), new CharacterRange(30, 15)};
             
    // Each region specifies the area occupied by the characters within a
    // range of positions. the values are obtained by using a method that
    // measures the character ranges.
    Region[]     charRegions = new Region[charRanges.Length];
             
    // String to be displayed.
    string  str =
        "The quick, brown fox easily jumps over the lazy dog.";
             
    // Set the char ranges for the string format.
    strFormat.SetMeasurableCharacterRanges(charRanges);
   
    // loop counter (unsigned 8-bit integer)
    byte  i;    
   
    // Measure the char ranges for a given string and layout rectangle. Each
    // area occupied by the characters in a range is stored as a region. Then
    // draw the string and layout rectangle, and paint the regions.
    charRegions = g.MeasureCharacterRanges(str, tnrFont,
        layoutRectA, strFormat);
   g.DrawString(str, tnrFont, Brushes.Blue, layoutRectA, strFormat);
    g.DrawRectangle(Pens.Black, layoutRectA);
     
    // Paint the regions.
    for (i = 0; i < charRegions.Length; i++)
        g.FillRegion(redBrush, charRegions[i]);   

    // Repeat the above steps, but include trailing spaces in the char
    // range measurement by setting the appropriate string format flag.
    strFormat.FormatFlags = StringFormatFlags.MeasureTrailingSpaces;
    charRegions = g.MeasureCharacterRanges(str, tnrFont,
        layoutRectB, strFormat);
    g.DrawString(str, tnrFont, Brushes.Blue, layoutRectB, strFormat);
    g.DrawRectangle(Pens.Black, layoutRectB);

    for (i = 0; i < charRegions.Length; i++)
        g.FillRegion(redBrush, charRegions[i]);   
   
    // Clear all the format flags.
    strFormat.FormatFlags = 0;                   
 
    // Repeat the steps, but use a different layout rectangle. the dimensions
    // of the layout rectangle and the size of the font both affect the
    // character range measurement.
    charRegions = g.MeasureCharacterRanges(str, tnrFont,
        layoutRectC, strFormat);
    g.DrawString(str, tnrFont, Brushes.Blue, layoutRectC, strFormat);
    g.DrawRectangle(Pens.Black, layoutRectC);
    
    // Paint the regions.
    for (i = 0; i < charRegions.Length; i++)
        g.FillRegion(redBrush, charRegions[i]);   
}
Public Sub SetMeasCharRangesExample(ByVal e As PaintEventArgs)
    Dim g As Graphics = e.Graphics
    Dim redBrush As New SolidBrush(Color.FromArgb(50, 255, 0, 0))

    ' Layout rectangles, font, and string format used for
    ' displaying string.
    Dim layoutRectA As New Rectangle(20, 20, 165, 80)
    Dim layoutRectB As New Rectangle(20, 110, 165, 80)
    Dim layoutRectC As New Rectangle(20, 200, 240, 80)
    Dim tnrFont As New Font("Times New Roman", 16)
    Dim strFormat As New StringFormat

    ' Ranges of character positions within a string.
    Dim charRanges As CharacterRange() = {New CharacterRange(3, 5), _
    New CharacterRange(15, 2), New CharacterRange(30, 15)}

    ' Each region specifies the area occupied by the characters within
    ' a range of positions. The values are obtained by using a method
    ' that measures the character ranges.
    Dim charRegions(charRanges.Length) As [Region]

    ' String to be displayed.
    Dim str As String = _
    "The quick, brown fox easily jumps over the lazy dog."

    ' Set the char ranges for the string format.
    strFormat.SetMeasurableCharacterRanges(charRanges)

    ' Loop counter (unsigned 8-bit integer).
    Dim i As Byte


    ' Measure the char ranges for a given string and layout rectangle.
    ' Each area occupied by the characters in a range is stored as a
    ' region. then draw the string and layout rectangle and paint the
    ' regions.
    charRegions = g.MeasureCharacterRanges(str, tnrFont, _
    RectangleF.op_Implicit(layoutRectA), strFormat)
    g.DrawString(str, tnrFont, Brushes.Blue, _
    RectangleF.op_Implicit(layoutRectA), strFormat)
    g.DrawRectangle(Pens.Black, layoutRectA)

    ' Paint the regions.
    For i = 0 To charRegions.Length - 1
        g.FillRegion(redBrush, charRegions(i))
    Next i

    ' Repeat the above steps, but include trailing spaces in the char
    ' range measurement by setting the appropriate string format flag.
    strFormat.FormatFlags = StringFormatFlags.MeasureTrailingSpaces
    charRegions = g.MeasureCharacterRanges(str, tnrFont, _
    RectangleF.op_Implicit(layoutRectB), strFormat)
    g.DrawString(str, tnrFont, Brushes.Blue, _
    RectangleF.op_Implicit(layoutRectB), strFormat)
    g.DrawRectangle(Pens.Black, layoutRectB)

    ' Paint the regions.
    For i = 0 To charRegions.Length - 1
        g.FillRegion(redBrush, charRegions(i))
    Next i

    ' Clear all the format flags.
    strFormat.FormatFlags = 0

    ' Repeat the steps, but use a different layout rectangle. The
    ' dimensions of the layout rectangle and the size of the font both
    ' affect the character range measurement.
    charRegions = g.MeasureCharacterRanges(str, tnrFont, _
    RectangleF.op_Implicit(layoutRectC), strFormat)
    g.DrawString(str, tnrFont, Brushes.Blue, _
    RectangleF.op_Implicit(layoutRectC), strFormat)
    g.DrawRectangle(Pens.Black, layoutRectC)

    ' Paint the regions.
    For i = 0 To charRegions.Length - 1
        g.FillRegion(redBrush, charRegions(i))
    Next i
End Sub

Комментарии

Установка более 32 диапазонов символов запрещена и приведет к возникновению System.OverflowExceptionошибки.

Применяется к