GC.KeepAlive(Object) Метод

Определение

Ссылается на указанный объект, делая его недоступным для сборщика мусора с момента начала текущей процедуры до вызова этого метода.References the specified object, which makes it ineligible for garbage collection from the start of the current routine to the point where this method is called.

public:
 static void KeepAlive(System::Object ^ obj);
public static void KeepAlive (object obj);
static member KeepAlive : obj -> unit
Public Shared Sub KeepAlive (obj As Object)

Параметры

obj
Object

Объект для ссылки.The object to reference.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода создается объект в начале метода Main и он не ссылается на объект повторно до конца, при вызове метода KeepAlive.The following code example creates an object at the beginning of its Main method and does not refer to the object again until the end, when the KeepAlive method is called. Объект сохраняется в течение 30-секундного срока Main метода, несмотря на вызовы методов Collect и WaitForPendingFinalizers.The object persists for the 30-second duration of the Main method, despite calls to the Collect and WaitForPendingFinalizers methods.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;

// A simple class that exposes two static Win32 functions.
// One is a delegate type and the other is an enumerated type.
public ref class MyWin32
{
public:

   // An enumerated type for the control messages sent to the handler routine.
   enum class CtrlTypes
   {
      CTRL_C_EVENT = 0,
      CTRL_BREAK_EVENT, CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT, CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT = 5,
      CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT
   };

   delegate Boolean HandlerRoutine(    // A delegate type to be used as the Handler Routine for SetConsoleCtrlHandler.
   CtrlTypes CtrlType );

   // Declare the SetConsoleCtrlHandler function as external and receiving a delegate.

   [DllImport("Kernel32")]
   static Boolean SetConsoleCtrlHandler( HandlerRoutine^ Handler, Boolean Add );
};

public ref class MyApp
{
private:

   // A private static handler function in the MyApp class.
   static Boolean Handler( MyWin32::CtrlTypes CtrlType )
   {
      String^ message = "This message should never be seen!";
      
      // A switch to handle the event type.
      switch ( CtrlType )
      {
         case MyWin32::CtrlTypes::CTRL_C_EVENT:
            message = "A CTRL_C_EVENT was raised by the user.";
            break;

         case MyWin32::CtrlTypes::CTRL_BREAK_EVENT:
            message = "A CTRL_BREAK_EVENT was raised by the user.";
            break;

         case MyWin32::CtrlTypes::CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT:
            message = "A CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT was raised by the user.";
            break;

         case MyWin32::CtrlTypes::CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT:
            message = "A CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT was raised by the user.";
            break;

         case MyWin32::CtrlTypes::CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT:
            message = "A CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT was raised by the user.";
            break;
      }
      
      // Use interop to display a message for the type of event.
      Console::WriteLine( message );
      return true;
   }


public:
   static void Test()
   {
      
      // Use interop to set a console control handler.
      MyWin32::HandlerRoutine^ hr = gcnew MyWin32::HandlerRoutine( Handler );
      MyWin32::SetConsoleCtrlHandler( hr, true );
      
      // Give the user some time to raise a few events.
      Console::WriteLine( "Waiting 30 seconds for console ctrl events..." );
      
      // The Object hr is not referred to again.
      // The garbage collector can detect that the object has no
      // more managed references and might clean it up here while
      // the unmanaged SetConsoleCtrlHandler method is still using it.
      // Force a garbage collection to demonstrate how the hr
      // object will be handled.
      GC::Collect();
      GC::WaitForPendingFinalizers();
      GC::Collect();
      Thread::Sleep( 30000 );
      
      // Display a message to the console when the unmanaged method
      // has finished its work.
      Console::WriteLine( "Finished!" );
      
      // Call GC::KeepAlive(hr) at this point to maintain a reference to hr.
      // This will prevent the garbage collector from collecting the
      // object during the execution of the SetConsoleCtrlHandler method.
      GC::KeepAlive( hr );
   }

};

int main()
{
   MyApp::Test();
}

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;

// A simple class that exposes two static Win32 functions.
// One is a delegate type and the other is an enumerated type.
public class MyWin32 
{
    // Declare the SetConsoleCtrlHandler function 
    // as external and receiving a delegate.   
    [DllImport("Kernel32")] 
    public static extern Boolean SetConsoleCtrlHandler(HandlerRoutine Handler, 
        Boolean Add);

    // A delegate type to be used as the handler routine 
    // for SetConsoleCtrlHandler.
    public delegate Boolean HandlerRoutine(CtrlTypes CtrlType);

    // An enumerated type for the control messages 
    // sent to the handler routine.
    public enum CtrlTypes 
    {
        CTRL_C_EVENT = 0,
        CTRL_BREAK_EVENT,
        CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT,   
        CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT = 5,
        CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT
    }
}

public class MyApp 
{
    // A private static handler function in the MyApp class.
    static Boolean Handler(MyWin32.CtrlTypes CtrlType)
    {
        String message = "This message should never be seen!";

        // A switch to handle the event type.
        switch(CtrlType)
        {
            case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_C_EVENT:
                message = "A CTRL_C_EVENT was raised by the user.";
                break;
            case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_BREAK_EVENT:
                message = "A CTRL_BREAK_EVENT was raised by the user.";
                break;
            case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT:   
                message = "A CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT was raised by the user.";
                break;
            case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT:
                message = "A CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT was raised by the user.";
                break;
            case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT:
                message = "A CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT was raised by the user.";
                break;
        }

        // Use interop to display a message for the type of event.
        Console.WriteLine(message);

        return true;
    }

    public static void Main()
    {         

        // Use interop to set a console control handler.
        MyWin32.HandlerRoutine hr = new MyWin32.HandlerRoutine(Handler);
        MyWin32.SetConsoleCtrlHandler(hr, true);

        // Give the user some time to raise a few events.
        Console.WriteLine("Waiting 30 seconds for console ctrl events...");

        // The object hr is not referred to again.
        // The garbage collector can detect that the object has no
        // more managed references and might clean it up here while
        // the unmanaged SetConsoleCtrlHandler method is still using it.      
        
        // Force a garbage collection to demonstrate how the hr
        // object will be handled.
        GC.Collect();
        GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers();
        GC.Collect();
        
        Thread.Sleep(30000);

        // Display a message to the console when the unmanaged method
        // has finished its work.
        Console.WriteLine("Finished!");

        // Call GC.KeepAlive(hr) at this point to maintain a reference to hr. 
        // This will prevent the garbage collector from collecting the 
        // object during the execution of the SetConsoleCtrlHandler method.
        GC.KeepAlive(hr);   
        Console.Read();
    }
}
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices

' A simple class that exposes two static Win32 functions.
' One is a delegate type and the other is an enumerated type.

Public Class MyWin32

   ' Declare the SetConsoleCtrlHandler function as external 
   ' and receiving a delegate.   
   <DllImport("Kernel32")> _
   Public Shared Function SetConsoleCtrlHandler(ByVal Handler As HandlerRoutine, _
         ByVal Add As Boolean) As Boolean
   End Function


   ' A delegate type to be used as the handler routine 
   ' for SetConsoleCtrlHandler.
   Delegate Function HandlerRoutine(ByVal CtrlType As CtrlTypes) As [Boolean]

   ' An enumerated type for the control messages 
   ' sent to the handler routine.

   Public Enum CtrlTypes
      CTRL_C_EVENT = 0
      CTRL_BREAK_EVENT
      CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT
      CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT = 5
      CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT
   End Enum
End Class

Public Class MyApp

   ' A private static handler function in the MyApp class.
   Shared Function Handler(ByVal CtrlType As MyWin32.CtrlTypes) As [Boolean]
      Dim message As [String] = "This message should never be seen!"

      ' A select case to handle the event type.
      Select Case CtrlType
         Case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_C_EVENT
            message = "A CTRL_C_EVENT was raised by the user."
         Case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_BREAK_EVENT
            message = "A CTRL_BREAK_EVENT was raised by the user."
         Case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT
            message = "A CTRL_CLOSE_EVENT was raised by the user."
         Case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT
            message = "A CTRL_LOGOFF_EVENT was raised by the user."
         Case MyWin32.CtrlTypes.CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT
            message = "A CTRL_SHUTDOWN_EVENT was raised by the user."
      End Select

      ' Use interop to display a message for the type of event.
      Console.WriteLine(message)

      Return True
   End Function


   Public Shared Sub Main()
      ' Use interop to set a console control handler.
      Dim hr As New MyWin32.HandlerRoutine(AddressOf Handler)
      MyWin32.SetConsoleCtrlHandler(hr, True)

      ' Give the user some time to raise a few events.
      Console.WriteLine("Waiting 30 seconds for console ctrl events...")

      ' The object hr is not referred to again.
      ' The garbage collector can detect that the object has no
      ' more managed references and might clean it up here while
      ' the unmanaged SetConsoleCtrlHandler method is still using it.      
      ' Force a garbage collection to demonstrate how the hr
      ' object will be handled.
      GC.Collect()
      GC.WaitForPendingFinalizers()
      GC.Collect()

      Thread.Sleep(30000)

      ' Display a message to the console when the unmanaged method
      ' has finished its work.
      Console.WriteLine("Finished!")

      ' Call GC.KeepAlive(hr) at this point to maintain a reference to hr. 
      ' This will prevent the garbage collector from collecting the 
      ' object during the execution of the SetConsoleCtrlHandler method.
      GC.KeepAlive(hr)
      Console.Read()
   End Sub
End Class

Комментарии

Цель метода KeepAlive заключается в обеспечении существования ссылки на объект, который может быть преждевременно освобожден сборщиком мусора.The purpose of the KeepAlive method is to ensure the existence of a reference to an object that is at risk of being prematurely reclaimed by the garbage collector. Типичный сценарий, в котором это может произойти, заключается в отсутствии ссылок на объект в управляемом коде или данных, но объект по-прежнему используется в неуправляемом коде, например в API-интерфейсах Windows, неуправляемых библиотеках DLL или методах, использующих COM.A common scenario where this might happen is when there are no references to the object in managed code or data, but the object is still in use in unmanaged code such as Windows APIs, unmanaged DLLs, or methods using COM.

Этот метод ссылается на параметр obj, что делает этот объект недоступным для сборки мусора от начала подпрограммы до точки в порядке выполнения, где вызывается этот метод.This method references the obj parameter, making that object ineligible for garbage collection from the start of the routine to the point, in execution order, where this method is called. Код этого метода в конце, а не в начале диапазона инструкций, где obj должны быть доступны.Code this method at the end, not the beginning, of the range of instructions where obj must be available.

Метод KeepAlive не выполняет никаких операций и не создает побочных эффектов, кроме расширения времени существования объекта, переданного в качестве параметра.The KeepAlive method performs no operation and produces no side effects other than extending the lifetime of the object passed in as a parameter.

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