Math.Log Math.Log Math.Log Math.Log Method

Определение

Возвращает логарифм указанного числа.Returns the logarithm of a specified number.

Перегрузки

Log(Double) Log(Double) Log(Double) Log(Double)

Возвращает натуральный логарифм (с основанием e) указанного числа.Returns the natural (base e) logarithm of a specified number.

Log(Double, Double) Log(Double, Double) Log(Double, Double) Log(Double, Double)

Возвращает логарифм указанного числа в системе счисления с указанным основанием.Returns the logarithm of a specified number in a specified base.

Log(Double) Log(Double) Log(Double) Log(Double)

Возвращает натуральный логарифм (с основанием e) указанного числа.Returns the natural (base e) logarithm of a specified number.

public:
 static double Log(double d);
public static double Log (double d);
static member Log : double -> double
Public Shared Function Log (d As Double) As Double

Параметры

d
Double Double Double Double

Число, логарифм которого требуется найти.The number whose logarithm is to be found.

Возвраты

Одно из значений, перечисленных в следующей таблице.One of the values in the following table.

Параметр dd parameter Возвращаемое значениеReturn value
Положительное числоPositive Натуральный логарифм d, то есть ln d или log e dThe natural logarithm of d; that is, ln d, or log e d
НульZero NegativeInfinity
Отрицательное числоNegative NaN
Равно значению NaNEqual to NaNNaN
Равно значению PositiveInfinityEqual to PositiveInfinityPositiveInfinity

Примеры

В следующем примере показан Log метод.The following example illustrates the Log method.

using System;
public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
      Console.WriteLine("  Evaluate this identity with selected values for X:");
      Console.WriteLine("                              ln(x) = 1 / log[X](B)");
      Console.WriteLine();
          
      double[] XArgs = { 1.2, 4.9, 9.9, 0.1 };
   
      foreach (double argX in XArgs)
      {
         // Find natural log of argX.
         Console.WriteLine("                      Math.Log({0}) = {1:E16}",
                           argX, Math.Log(argX));

         // Evaluate 1 / log[X](e).
         Console.WriteLine("             1.0 / Math.Log(e, {0}) = {1:E16}",
                           argX, 1.0 / Math.Log(Math.E, argX));
         Console.WriteLine();
      }
   }   
}
// This example displays the following output:
//         Evaluate this identity with selected values for X:
//                                     ln(x) = 1 / log[X](B)
//       
//                             Math.Log(1.2) = 1.8232155679395459E-001
//                    1.0 / Math.Log(e, 1.2) = 1.8232155679395459E-001
//       
//                             Math.Log(4.9) = 1.5892352051165810E+000
//                    1.0 / Math.Log(e, 4.9) = 1.5892352051165810E+000
//       
//                             Math.Log(9.9) = 2.2925347571405443E+000
//                    1.0 / Math.Log(e, 9.9) = 2.2925347571405443E+000
//       
//                             Math.Log(0.1) = -2.3025850929940455E+000
//                    1.0 / Math.Log(e, 0.1) = -2.3025850929940455E+000
Module Example
   Sub Main()
      Console.WriteLine( _
         "  Evaluate this identity with selected values for X:")
      Console.WriteLine("                              ln(x) = 1 / log[X](B)")
      Console.WriteLine()
          
      Dim XArgs() As Double = { 1.2, 4.9, 9.9, 0.1 }
   
      For Each argX As Double In XArgs
         ' Find natural log of argX.
         Console.WriteLine("                      Math.Log({0}) = {1:E16}", _
                           argX, Math.Log(argX))

         ' Evaluate 1 / log[X](e).
         Console.WriteLine("             1.0 / Math.Log(e, {0}) = {1:E16}", _
                           argX, 1.0 / Math.Log(Math.E, argX))
         Console.WriteLine()
      Next
   End Sub 
End Module
' This example displays the following output:
'         Evaluate this identity with selected values for X:
'                                     ln(x) = 1 / log[X](B)
'       
'                             Math.Log(1.2) = 1.8232155679395459E-001
'                    1.0 / Math.Log(e, 1.2) = 1.8232155679395459E-001
'       
'                             Math.Log(4.9) = 1.5892352051165810E+000
'                    1.0 / Math.Log(e, 4.9) = 1.5892352051165810E+000
'       
'                             Math.Log(9.9) = 2.2925347571405443E+000
'                    1.0 / Math.Log(e, 9.9) = 2.2925347571405443E+000
'       
'                             Math.Log(0.1) = -2.3025850929940455E+000
'                    1.0 / Math.Log(e, 0.1) = -2.3025850929940455E+000

Комментарии

Значение d параметра указывается как базовое 10.Parameter d is specified as a base 10 number.

Дополнительно

Log(Double, Double) Log(Double, Double) Log(Double, Double) Log(Double, Double)

Возвращает логарифм указанного числа в системе счисления с указанным основанием.Returns the logarithm of a specified number in a specified base.

public:
 static double Log(double a, double newBase);
public static double Log (double a, double newBase);
static member Log : double * double -> double
Public Shared Function Log (a As Double, newBase As Double) As Double

Параметры

a
Double Double Double Double

Число, логарифм которого требуется найти.The number whose logarithm is to be found.

newBase
Double Double Double Double

Основание логарифма.The base of the logarithm.

Возвраты

Одно из значений, перечисленных в следующей таблице.One of the values in the following table. (+бесконечность обозначает PositiveInfinity, -бесконечность обозначает NegativeInfinity, а нечисловое значение обозначает NaN.)(+Infinity denotes PositiveInfinity, -Infinity denotes NegativeInfinity, and NaN denotes NaN.)

anewBase Возвращаемое значениеReturn value
a> 0a> 0 (0 <newBase< 1) -или-(newBase> 1)(0 <newBase< 1) -or-(newBase> 1) lognewBase(a)lognewBase(a)
a< 0a< 0 (любое значение)(any value) NaNNaN
(любое значение)(any value) newBase< 0newBase< 0 NaNNaN
a != 1a != 1 newBase = 0newBase = 0 NaNNaN
a != 1a != 1 newBase = +бесконечностьnewBase = +Infinity NaNNaN
a = NaNa = NaN (любое значение)(any value) NaNNaN
(любое значение)(any value) newBase = не числоnewBase = NaN не числоNaN
(любое значение)(any value) newBase = 1newBase = 1 NaNNaN
a = 0a = 0 0 <newBase< 10 <newBase< 1 +бесконечность+Infinity
a = 0a = 0 newBase> 1newBase> 1 -бесконечность-Infinity
a = +бесконечностьa = +Infinity 0 <newBase< 10 <newBase< 1 -Infinity-Infinity
a = +бесконечностьa = +Infinity newBase> 1newBase> 1 +бесконечность+Infinity
a = 1a = 1 newBase = 0newBase = 0 00
a = 1a = 1 newBase = +бесконечностьnewBase = +Infinity 00

Примеры

В следующем примере используется Log для вычисления определенных логарифмических удостоверений для выбранных значений.The following example uses Log to evaluate certain logarithmic identities for selected values.

// Example for the Math::Log( double ) and Math::Log( double, double ) methods.
using namespace System;

// Evaluate logarithmic identities that are functions of two arguments.
void UseBaseAndArg( double argB, double argX )
{
   
   // Evaluate log(B)[X] == 1 / log(X)[B].
   Console::WriteLine( "\n                     Math::Log({1}, {0}) == {2:E16}"
   "\n               1.0 / Math::Log({0}, {1}) == {3:E16}", argB, argX, Math::Log( argX, argB ), 1.0 / Math::Log( argB, argX ) );
   
   // Evaluate log(B)[X] == ln[X] / ln[B].
   Console::WriteLine( "         Math::Log({1}) / Math::Log({0}) == {2:E16}", argB, argX, Math::Log( argX ) / Math::Log( argB ) );
   
   // Evaluate log(B)[X] == log(B)[e] * ln[X].
   Console::WriteLine( "Math::Log(Math::E, {0}) * Math::Log({1}) == {2:E16}", argB, argX, Math::Log( Math::E, argB ) * Math::Log( argX ) );
}

void main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "This example of Math::Log( double ) and "
   "Math::Log( double, double )\n"
   "generates the following output.\n" );
   Console::WriteLine( "Evaluate these identities with "
   "selected values for X and B (base):" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   log(B)[X] == 1 / log(X)[B]" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   log(B)[X] == ln[X] / ln[B]" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   log(B)[X] == log(B)[e] * ln[X]" );
   UseBaseAndArg( 0.1, 1.2 );
   UseBaseAndArg( 1.2, 4.9 );
   UseBaseAndArg( 4.9, 9.9 );
   UseBaseAndArg( 9.9, 0.1 );
}

/*
This example of Math::Log( double ) and Math::Log( double, double )
generates the following output.

Evaluate these identities with selected values for X and B (base):
   log(B)[X] == 1 / log(X)[B]
   log(B)[X] == ln[X] / ln[B]
   log(B)[X] == log(B)[e] * ln[X]

                     Math::Log(1.2, 0.1) == -7.9181246047624818E-002
               1.0 / Math::Log(0.1, 1.2) == -7.9181246047624818E-002
         Math::Log(1.2) / Math::Log(0.1) == -7.9181246047624818E-002
Math::Log(Math::E, 0.1) * Math::Log(1.2) == -7.9181246047624804E-002

                     Math::Log(4.9, 1.2) == 8.7166610085093179E+000
               1.0 / Math::Log(1.2, 4.9) == 8.7166610085093161E+000
         Math::Log(4.9) / Math::Log(1.2) == 8.7166610085093179E+000
Math::Log(Math::E, 1.2) * Math::Log(4.9) == 8.7166610085093179E+000

                     Math::Log(9.9, 4.9) == 1.4425396251981288E+000
               1.0 / Math::Log(4.9, 9.9) == 1.4425396251981288E+000
         Math::Log(9.9) / Math::Log(4.9) == 1.4425396251981288E+000
Math::Log(Math::E, 4.9) * Math::Log(9.9) == 1.4425396251981288E+000

                     Math::Log(0.1, 9.9) == -1.0043839404494075E+000
               1.0 / Math::Log(9.9, 0.1) == -1.0043839404494075E+000
         Math::Log(0.1) / Math::Log(9.9) == -1.0043839404494075E+000
Math::Log(Math::E, 9.9) * Math::Log(0.1) == -1.0043839404494077E+000
*/
// Example for the Math.Log( double ) and Math.Log( double, double ) methods.
using System;

class LogDLogDD
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "This example of Math.Log( double ) and " +
            "Math.Log( double, double )\n" +
            "generates the following output.\n" );
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "Evaluate these identities with " +
            "selected values for X and B (base):" );
        Console.WriteLine( "   log(B)[X] == 1 / log(X)[B]" );
        Console.WriteLine( "   log(B)[X] == ln[X] / ln[B]" );
        Console.WriteLine( "   log(B)[X] == log(B)[e] * ln[X]" );

        UseBaseAndArg(0.1, 1.2);
        UseBaseAndArg(1.2, 4.9);
        UseBaseAndArg(4.9, 9.9);
        UseBaseAndArg(9.9, 0.1);
    }

    // Evaluate logarithmic identities that are functions of two arguments.
    static void UseBaseAndArg(double argB, double argX)
    {
        // Evaluate log(B)[X] == 1 / log(X)[B].
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "\n                   Math.Log({1}, {0}) == {2:E16}" + 
            "\n             1.0 / Math.Log({0}, {1}) == {3:E16}", 
            argB, argX, Math.Log(argX, argB),
            1.0 / Math.Log(argB, argX) );

        // Evaluate log(B)[X] == ln[X] / ln[B].
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "        Math.Log({1}) / Math.Log({0}) == {2:E16}",
            argB, argX, Math.Log(argX) / Math.Log(argB) );

        // Evaluate log(B)[X] == log(B)[e] * ln[X].
        Console.WriteLine( 
            "Math.Log(Math.E, {0}) * Math.Log({1}) == {2:E16}", 
            argB, argX, Math.Log(Math.E, argB) * Math.Log(argX) );
    }
}

/*
This example of Math.Log( double ) and Math.Log( double, double )
generates the following output.

Evaluate these identities with selected values for X and B (base):
   log(B)[X] == 1 / log(X)[B]
   log(B)[X] == ln[X] / ln[B]
   log(B)[X] == log(B)[e] * ln[X]

                   Math.Log(1.2, 0.1) == -7.9181246047624818E-002
             1.0 / Math.Log(0.1, 1.2) == -7.9181246047624818E-002
        Math.Log(1.2) / Math.Log(0.1) == -7.9181246047624818E-002
Math.Log(Math.E, 0.1) * Math.Log(1.2) == -7.9181246047624804E-002

                   Math.Log(4.9, 1.2) == 8.7166610085093179E+000
             1.0 / Math.Log(1.2, 4.9) == 8.7166610085093161E+000
        Math.Log(4.9) / Math.Log(1.2) == 8.7166610085093179E+000
Math.Log(Math.E, 1.2) * Math.Log(4.9) == 8.7166610085093179E+000

                   Math.Log(9.9, 4.9) == 1.4425396251981288E+000
             1.0 / Math.Log(4.9, 9.9) == 1.4425396251981288E+000
        Math.Log(9.9) / Math.Log(4.9) == 1.4425396251981288E+000
Math.Log(Math.E, 4.9) * Math.Log(9.9) == 1.4425396251981288E+000

                   Math.Log(0.1, 9.9) == -1.0043839404494075E+000
             1.0 / Math.Log(9.9, 0.1) == -1.0043839404494075E+000
        Math.Log(0.1) / Math.Log(9.9) == -1.0043839404494075E+000
Math.Log(Math.E, 9.9) * Math.Log(0.1) == -1.0043839404494077E+000
*/
' Example for the Math.Log( Double ) and Math.Log( Double, Double ) methods.
Module LogDLogDD
   
    Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "This example of Math.Log( Double ) and " + _
            "Math.Log( Double, Double )" & vbCrLf & _
            "generates the following output." & vbCrLf)
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "Evaluate these identities with selected " & _
            "values for X and B (base):")
        Console.WriteLine("   log(B)[X] = 1 / log(X)[B]")
        Console.WriteLine("   log(B)[X] = ln[X] / ln[B]")
        Console.WriteLine("   log(B)[X] = log(B)[e] * ln[X]")
          
        UseBaseAndArg(0.1, 1.2)
        UseBaseAndArg(1.2, 4.9)
        UseBaseAndArg(4.9, 9.9)
        UseBaseAndArg(9.9, 0.1)
    End Sub 'Main
       
    ' Evaluate logarithmic identities that are functions of two arguments.
    Sub UseBaseAndArg(argB As Double, argX As Double)

        ' Evaluate log(B)[X] = 1 / log(X)[B].
        Console.WriteLine( _
            vbCrLf & "                   Math.Log({1}, {0}) = {2:E16}" + _
            vbCrLf & "             1.0 / Math.Log({0}, {1}) = {3:E16}", _
            argB, argX, Math.Log(argX, argB), _
            1.0 / Math.Log(argB, argX))
          
        ' Evaluate log(B)[X] = ln[X] / ln[B].
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "        Math.Log({1}) / Math.Log({0}) = {2:E16}", _
            argB, argX, Math.Log(argX) / Math.Log(argB))
          
        ' Evaluate log(B)[X] = log(B)[e] * ln[X].
        Console.WriteLine( _
            "Math.Log(Math.E, {0}) * Math.Log({1}) = {2:E16}", _
            argB, argX, Math.Log(Math.E, argB) * Math.Log(argX))

    End Sub 'UseBaseAndArg
End Module 'LogDLogDD

' This example of Math.Log( Double ) and Math.Log( Double, Double )
' generates the following output.
' 
' Evaluate these identities with selected values for X and B (base):
'    log(B)[X] = 1 / log(X)[B]
'    log(B)[X] = ln[X] / ln[B]
'    log(B)[X] = log(B)[e] * ln[X]
' 
'                    Math.Log(1.2, 0.1) = -7.9181246047624818E-002
'              1.0 / Math.Log(0.1, 1.2) = -7.9181246047624818E-002
'         Math.Log(1.2) / Math.Log(0.1) = -7.9181246047624818E-002
' Math.Log(Math.E, 0.1) * Math.Log(1.2) = -7.9181246047624804E-002
' 
'                    Math.Log(4.9, 1.2) = 8.7166610085093179E+000
'              1.0 / Math.Log(1.2, 4.9) = 8.7166610085093161E+000
'         Math.Log(4.9) / Math.Log(1.2) = 8.7166610085093179E+000
' Math.Log(Math.E, 1.2) * Math.Log(4.9) = 8.7166610085093179E+000
' 
'                    Math.Log(9.9, 4.9) = 1.4425396251981288E+000
'              1.0 / Math.Log(4.9, 9.9) = 1.4425396251981288E+000
'         Math.Log(9.9) / Math.Log(4.9) = 1.4425396251981288E+000
' Math.Log(Math.E, 4.9) * Math.Log(9.9) = 1.4425396251981288E+000
' 
'                    Math.Log(0.1, 9.9) = -1.0043839404494075E+000
'              1.0 / Math.Log(9.9, 0.1) = -1.0043839404494075E+000
'         Math.Log(0.1) / Math.Log(9.9) = -1.0043839404494075E+000
' Math.Log(Math.E, 9.9) * Math.Log(0.1) = -1.0043839404494077E+000

Применяется к