Message.CorrelationId Message.CorrelationId Message.CorrelationId Message.CorrelationId Property

Определение

Получает или задает идентификатор сообщения, используемый подтверждениями, отчетами и ответными сообщениями для ссылки на исходное сообщение.Gets or sets the message identifier used by acknowledgment, report, and response messages to reference the original message.

public:
 property System::String ^ CorrelationId { System::String ^ get(); void set(System::String ^ value); };
[System.Messaging.MessagingDescription("MsgCorrelationId")]
public string CorrelationId { get; set; }
member this.CorrelationId : string with get, set
Public Property CorrelationId As String

Значение свойства

Идентификатор сообщения задается свойством Id исходного сообщения.The message identifier specified by the Id property of the original message. Этот идентификатор корреляции используется службой MSMQ при создании подтверждающего сообщения или сообщения-отчета, а также приложением при создании ответного сообщения.The correlation identifier is used by Message Queuing when it generates an acknowledgment or report message, and by an application when it generates a response message.

Исключения

Очередь сообщений фильтруется, чтобы не учитывать свойство CorrelationId.The message queue is filtered to ignore the CorrelationId property.

Значение параметра CorrelationIdnull.The CorrelationId is null.

Примеры

Следующий пример кода отправляет и получает сообщение, которое содержит порядок в очередь и из нее.The following code example sends and receives a message that contains an order to and from a queue. Он специально запрашивает положительное подтверждение, когда исходное сообщение достигает или извлекается из очереди.It specifically requests a positive acknowledgment when the original message reaches or is retrieved from the queue.

#using <system.dll>
#using <system.messaging.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Messaging;
ref class MyNewQueue
{
public:
   static void CreateQueue( String^ queuePath )
   {
      try
      {
         if (  !MessageQueue::Exists( queuePath ) )
         {
            MessageQueue::Create( queuePath );
         }
         else
         {
            Console::WriteLine(  "{0} already exists.", queuePath );
         }
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

   }

   void SendMessage()
   {
      // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );

      // Create a new message.
      Message^ myMessage = gcnew Message( "Original Message" );
      myMessage->AdministrationQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myAdministrationQueue" );
      myMessage->AcknowledgeType = (AcknowledgeTypes)(AcknowledgeTypes::PositiveReceive | AcknowledgeTypes::PositiveArrival);

      // Send the Order to the queue.
      myQueue->Send( myMessage );
      return;
   }

   String^ ReceiveMessage()
   {
      // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
      MessageQueue^ myQueue = gcnew MessageQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
      myQueue->MessageReadPropertyFilter->CorrelationId = true;
      array<Type^>^p = gcnew array<Type^>(1);
      p[ 0 ] = String::typeid;
      myQueue->Formatter = gcnew XmlMessageFormatter( p );
      String^ returnString = nullptr;
      try
      {
         // Receive and format the message. 
         Message^ myMessage = myQueue->Receive();

         // Display message information.
         Console::WriteLine( "____________________________________________" );
         Console::WriteLine( "Original message information--" );
         Console::WriteLine( "Body: {0}", myMessage->Body );
         Console::WriteLine( "Id: {0}", myMessage->Id );
         Console::WriteLine( "____________________________________________" );
         returnString = myMessage->Id;
      }
      catch ( MessageQueueException^ ) 
      {
         // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
      }
      // Handle invalid serialization format.
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
      }

      // Catch other exceptions as necessary.
      return returnString;
   }

   void ReceiveAcknowledgment( String^ messageId, String^ queuePath )
   {
      bool found = false;
      MessageQueue^ queue = gcnew MessageQueue( queuePath );
      queue->MessageReadPropertyFilter->CorrelationId = true;
      queue->MessageReadPropertyFilter->Acknowledgment = true;
      try
      {
         while ( queue->PeekByCorrelationId( messageId ) != nullptr )
         {
            Message^ myAcknowledgmentMessage = queue->ReceiveByCorrelationId( messageId );

            // Output acknowledgment message information. The correlation Id is identical
            // to the id of the original message.
            Console::WriteLine( "Acknowledgment Message Information--" );
            Console::WriteLine( "Correlation Id: {0}", myAcknowledgmentMessage->CorrelationId );
            Console::WriteLine( "Id: {0}", myAcknowledgmentMessage->Id );
            Console::WriteLine( "Acknowledgment Type: {0}", myAcknowledgmentMessage->Acknowledgment );
            Console::WriteLine( "____________________________________________" );
            found = true;
         }
      }
      catch ( InvalidOperationException^ e ) 
      {
         // This exception would be thrown if there is no (further) acknowledgment message
         // with the specified correlation Id. Only output a message if there are no messages;
         // not if the loop has found at least one.
         if ( found == false )
         {
            Console::WriteLine( e->Message );
         }

         // Handle other causes of invalid operation exception.
      }

   }

};

int main()
{
   // Create a new instance of the class.
   MyNewQueue^ myNewQueue = gcnew MyNewQueue;

   // Create new queues.
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myQueue" );
   MyNewQueue::CreateQueue( ".\\myAdministrationQueue" );

   // Send messages to a queue.
   myNewQueue->SendMessage();

   // Receive messages from a queue.
   String^ messageId = myNewQueue->ReceiveMessage();

   // Receive acknowledgment message.
   if ( messageId != nullptr )
   {
      myNewQueue->ReceiveAcknowledgment( messageId, ".\\myAdministrationQueue" );
   }

   return 0;
}
using System;
using System.Messaging;

namespace MyProject
{

    /// <summary>
    /// Provides a container class for the example.
    /// </summary>
    public class MyNewQueue
    {

        //**************************************************
        // Provides an entry point into the application.
        //		 
        // This example sends and receives a message from
        // a queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void Main()
        {
            // Create a new instance of the class.
            MyNewQueue myNewQueue = new MyNewQueue();

            // Create new queues.
            CreateQueue(".\\myQueue");
            CreateQueue(".\\myAdministrationQueue");

            // Send messages to a queue.
            myNewQueue.SendMessage();

            // Receive messages from a queue.
            string messageId = myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage(); 

            // Receive acknowledgment message.
            if(messageId != null)
            {
                myNewQueue.ReceiveAcknowledgment(messageId, ".\\myAdministrationQueue");
            }

            return;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Creates a new queue.
        //**************************************************

        public static void CreateQueue(string queuePath)
        {
            try	
            {
                if(!MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath))
                {
                    MessageQueue.Create(queuePath);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(queuePath + " already exists.");
                }
            }
            catch (MessageQueueException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
        }


        //**************************************************
        // Sends a string message to a queue.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void SendMessage()
        {

            // Connect to a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            // Create a new message.
            Message myMessage = new Message("Original Message"); 

            myMessage.AdministrationQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myAdministrationQueue");
            myMessage.AcknowledgeType = AcknowledgeTypes.PositiveReceive | AcknowledgeTypes.PositiveArrival;

            // Send the Order to the queue.
            myQueue.Send(myMessage);

            return;
        }


        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an Order.
        //**************************************************
        
        public  string ReceiveMessage()
        {
            // Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
            MessageQueue myQueue = new MessageQueue(".\\myQueue");

            myQueue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.CorrelationId = true;


            // Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
            myQueue.Formatter = new XmlMessageFormatter(new Type[]
                {typeof(string)});

            string returnString = null;
            
            try
            {
                // Receive and format the message. 
                Message myMessage =	myQueue.Receive(); 


                // Display message information.
                Console.WriteLine("____________________________________________");
                Console.WriteLine("Original message information--");
                Console.WriteLine("Body: " +myMessage.Body.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine("Id: " + myMessage.Id.ToString());
                Console.WriteLine("____________________________________________");

                returnString =  myMessage.Id;
                
            }
            
            catch (MessageQueueException)
            {
                // Handle Message Queuing exceptions.
            }

            // Handle invalid serialization format.
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
            }
            
            // Catch other exceptions as necessary.

            return returnString;
        }

        //**************************************************
        // Receives a message containing an Order.
        //**************************************************
        
        public void ReceiveAcknowledgment(string messageId, string queuePath)
        {
            bool found = false;
            MessageQueue queue = new MessageQueue(queuePath);
            queue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.CorrelationId = true;
            queue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.Acknowledgment = true;

            try
            {
                while(queue.PeekByCorrelationId(messageId) != null)
                {
                    Message myAcknowledgmentMessage = queue.ReceiveByCorrelationId(messageId);
            
                    // Output acknowledgment message information. The correlation Id is identical
                    // to the id of the original message.
                    Console.WriteLine("Acknowledgment Message Information--");
                    Console.WriteLine("Correlation Id: " + myAcknowledgmentMessage.CorrelationId.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("Id: " + myAcknowledgmentMessage.Id.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("Acknowledgment Type: " + myAcknowledgmentMessage.Acknowledgment.ToString());
                    Console.WriteLine("____________________________________________");

                    found = true;
                }
            }
            catch (InvalidOperationException e)
            { 
                // This exception would be thrown if there is no (further) acknowledgment message
                // with the specified correlation Id. Only output a message if there are no messages;
                // not if the loop has found at least one.
                if(found == false)
                {	
                    Console.WriteLine(e.Message);
                }

                // Handle other causes of invalid operation exception.
            }

        }
    }
}
Imports System.Messaging


' Provides a container class for the example.

Public Class MyNewQueue
   
   

   ' Provides an entry point into the application.       
   ' This example sends and receives a message from
   ' a queue.
      
   Public Shared Sub Main()
         ' Create a new instance of the class.
         Dim myNewQueue As New MyNewQueue()
         
         ' Create new queues.
         CreateQueue(".\myQueue")
         CreateQueue(".\myAdministrationQueue")
         
         ' Send messages to a queue.
         myNewQueue.SendMessage()
         
         ' Receive messages from a queue.
         Dim messageId As String = myNewQueue.ReceiveMessage()
         
         ' Receive acknowledgment message.
         If Not (messageId Is Nothing) Then
            myNewQueue.ReceiveAcknowledgment(messageId, ".\myAdministrationQueue")
         End If
         
         Return
   End Sub
      
      
      ' Creates a new queue.

   Public Shared Sub CreateQueue(queuePath As String)
         Try
            If Not MessageQueue.Exists(queuePath) Then
               MessageQueue.Create(queuePath)
            Else
               Console.WriteLine((queuePath + " already exists."))
            End If
         Catch e As MessageQueueException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
   End Sub
       
      
      
 
      ' Sends a string message to a queue.
 
   Public Sub SendMessage()
         
         ' Connect to a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         ' Create a new message.
         Dim myMessage As New Message("Original Message")
         
         myMessage.AdministrationQueue = New MessageQueue(".\myAdministrationQueue")
         myMessage.AcknowledgeType = AcknowledgeTypes.PositiveReceive Or AcknowledgeTypes.PositiveArrival
         
         ' Send the Order to the queue.
         myQueue.Send(myMessage)
         
         Return
   End Sub
      
      
      
 
      ' Receives a message containing an Order.
 
   Public Function ReceiveMessage() As String
         ' Connect to the a queue on the local computer.
         Dim myQueue As New MessageQueue(".\myQueue")
         
         myQueue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.CorrelationId = True
         
         
         ' Set the formatter to indicate body contains an Order.
         myQueue.Formatter = New XmlMessageFormatter(New Type() {GetType(String)})
         
         Dim returnString As String = Nothing
         
         Try
            ' Receive and format the message. 
            Dim myMessage As Message = myQueue.Receive()
            
            
            ' Display message information.
            Console.WriteLine("____________________________________________")
            Console.WriteLine("Original message information--")
            Console.WriteLine(("Body: " + myMessage.Body.ToString()))
            Console.WriteLine(("Id: " + myMessage.Id.ToString()))
            Console.WriteLine("____________________________________________")
            
            returnString = myMessage.Id
         
         
                  
         ' Handle invalid serialization format.
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
         End Try
         
         ' Catch other exceptions as necessary.
         Return returnString
   End Function 'ReceiveMessage
      
      
 
      ' Receives a message containing an Order.
 
   Public Sub ReceiveAcknowledgment(messageId As String, queuePath As String)
         Dim found As Boolean = False
         Dim queue As New MessageQueue(queuePath)
         queue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.CorrelationId = True
         queue.MessageReadPropertyFilter.Acknowledgment = True
         
         Try
            While Not (queue.PeekByCorrelationId(messageId) Is Nothing)
               Dim myAcknowledgmentMessage As Message = queue.ReceiveByCorrelationId(messageId)
               
               ' Output acknowledgment message information. The correlation Id is identical
               ' to the id of the original message.
               Console.WriteLine("Acknowledgment Message Information--")
               Console.WriteLine(("Correlation Id: " + myAcknowledgmentMessage.CorrelationId.ToString()))
               Console.WriteLine(("Id: " + myAcknowledgmentMessage.Id.ToString()))
               Console.WriteLine(("Acknowledgment Type: " + myAcknowledgmentMessage.Acknowledgment.ToString()))
               Console.WriteLine("____________________________________________")
               
               found = True
            End While
         Catch e As InvalidOperationException
            ' This exception would be thrown if there is no (further) acknowledgment message
            ' with the specified correlation Id. Only output a message if there are no messages;
            ' not if the loop has found at least one.
            If found = False Then
               Console.WriteLine(e.Message)
            End If
         End Try 
   End Sub
 End Class

Комментарии

Когда очередь сообщений создает подтверждение или сообщение отчета, оно использует свойство идентификатора корреляции для указания идентификатора сообщения исходного сообщения.When Message Queuing generates an acknowledgment or report message, it uses the correlation identifier property to specify the message identifier of the original message. Таким образом, код корреляции связывает отчет или подтверждение с исходным сообщением.In this manner, the correlation identifier ties the report or acknowledgment message to the original message.

Затем отправляющее приложение может сопоставить подтверждение или отчет с исходным сообщением, используя CorrelationId свойство для задания Id свойства исходного сообщения.The sending application can then match the acknowledgment or report with the original message by using the CorrelationId property to identify the original message's Id property.

Приложения соединителя также должны устанавливать CorrelationId в качестве свойства подтверждения и сообщения отчета идентификатор исходного сообщения.Connector applications also must set the CorrelationId property of the acknowledgment and report messages to the message identifier of the original message.

Когда приложение отправляет ответное сообщение в отправляющее приложение, можно задать CorrelationId для свойства ответного сообщения идентификатор исходного сообщения.When your application sends a response message to the sending application, you can set the CorrelationId property of the response message to the message identifier of the original message. Затем отправляющее приложение может сопоставить ответное сообщение с отправленным сообщением.The sending application can then match your response message to the message that was sent.

Применяется к

Дополнительно