MethodBuilder.DefineGenericParameters(String[]) Метод

Определение

Задает количество параметров универсального типа для текущего метода, указывает их имена и возвращает массив объектов GenericTypeParameterBuilder, которые можно использовать для определения их ограничений.Sets the number of generic type parameters for the current method, specifies their names, and returns an array of GenericTypeParameterBuilder objects that can be used to define their constraints.

public:
 cli::array <System::Reflection::Emit::GenericTypeParameterBuilder ^> ^ DefineGenericParameters(... cli::array <System::String ^> ^ names);
public:
 cli::array <System::Reflection::Emit::GenericTypeParameterBuilder ^> ^ DefineGenericParameters(cli::array <System::String ^> ^ names);
public System.Reflection.Emit.GenericTypeParameterBuilder[] DefineGenericParameters (params string[] names);
public System.Reflection.Emit.GenericTypeParameterBuilder[] DefineGenericParameters (string[] names);
member this.DefineGenericParameters : string[] -> System.Reflection.Emit.GenericTypeParameterBuilder[]
Public Function DefineGenericParameters (ParamArray names As String()) As GenericTypeParameterBuilder()
Public Function DefineGenericParameters (names As String()) As GenericTypeParameterBuilder()

Параметры

names
String[]

Массив строк, представляющих имена параметров универсального типа.An array of strings that represent the names of the generic type parameters.

Возвращаемое значение

GenericTypeParameterBuilder[]

Массив объектов GenericTypeParameterBuilder, представляющих параметры типа универсального метода.An array of GenericTypeParameterBuilder objects representing the type parameters of the generic method.

Исключения

Для этого метода уже были определены параметры универсального типа.Generic type parameters have already been defined for this method.

-или--or- Метод уже завершен.The method has been completed already.

-или--or- Метод SetImplementationFlags(MethodImplAttributes) был вызван для текущего метода.The SetImplementationFlags(MethodImplAttributes) method has been called for the current method.

names имеет значение null.names is null.

-или--or- Элемент names имеет значение null.An element of names is null.

names является пустым массивом.names is an empty array.

Примеры

В следующем примере кода создается динамический тип, DemoType который содержит динамический универсальный метод DemoMethod .The following code example creates a dynamic type, DemoType, which contains the dynamic generic method DemoMethod. Этот метод имеет два параметра универсального типа, один из которых используется как параметр, а другой — как тип возвращаемого значения.This method has two generic type parameters, one of which is used as a parameter, and the other as the return type.

При выполнении этого кода динамическая сборка сохраняется как DemoGenericMethod1.dll и может быть проанализирована с помощью Ildasm.exe (дизассемблера IL).When the code is executed, the dynamic assembly is saved as DemoGenericMethod1.dll, and can be examined using the Ildasm.exe (IL Disassembler).

Примечание

В этом примере кода создается простой текст метода, который просто возвращает пустую ссылку.This code example generates a simple method body that merely returns a null reference. Пример кода с более полностью разработанным телом метода, который создает и использует универсальные типы, см. в разделе как определить универсальный метод с порождением отражения.For a code example with a more fully developed method body that creates and uses generic types, see How to: Define a Generic Method with Reflection Emit.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;

public ref class GenericReflectionSample
{
};

int main()
{
    // Creating a dynamic assembly requires an AssemblyName
    // object, and the current application domain.
    //
    AssemblyName^ asmName =
        gcnew AssemblyName("EmittedAssembly");
    AppDomain^ domain = AppDomain::CurrentDomain;
    AssemblyBuilder^ sampleAssemblyBuilder =
        domain->DefineDynamicAssembly(asmName,
        AssemblyBuilderAccess::RunAndSave);

    // Define the module that contains the code. For an
    // assembly with one module, the module name is the
    // assembly name plus a file extension.
    ModuleBuilder^ sampleModuleBuilder =
        sampleAssemblyBuilder->DefineDynamicModule(asmName->Name,
        asmName->Name + ".dll");

    TypeBuilder^ sampleTypeBuilder =
        sampleModuleBuilder->DefineType("SampleType",
        TypeAttributes::Public | TypeAttributes::Abstract);

    // Define a Shared, Public method with standard calling
    // conventions. Do not specify the parameter types or the
    // return type, because type parameters will be used for
    // those types, and the type parameters have not been
    // defined yet.
    MethodBuilder^ sampleMethodBuilder =
        sampleTypeBuilder->DefineMethod("SampleMethod",
        MethodAttributes::Public | MethodAttributes::Static);

    // Defining generic parameters for the method makes it a
    // generic method. By convention, type parameters are
    // single alphabetic characters. T and U are used here.
    //
    array<String^>^ genericTypeNames = {"T", "U"};
    array<GenericTypeParameterBuilder^>^ genericTypes =
        sampleMethodBuilder->DefineGenericParameters(
        genericTypeNames);

    // Use the IsGenericMethod property to find out if a
    // dynamic method is generic, and IsGenericMethodDefinition
    // to find out if it defines a generic method.
    Console::WriteLine("Is SampleMethod generic? {0}",
        sampleMethodBuilder->IsGenericMethod);
    Console::WriteLine(
        "Is SampleMethod a generic method definition? {0}",
        sampleMethodBuilder->IsGenericMethodDefinition);

    // Set parameter types for the method. The method takes
    // one parameter, and its type is specified by the first
    // type parameter, T.
    array<Type^>^ parameterTypes = {genericTypes[0]};
    sampleMethodBuilder->SetParameters(parameterTypes);

    // Set the return type for the method. The return type is
    // specified by the second type parameter, U.
    sampleMethodBuilder->SetReturnType(genericTypes[1]);

    // Generate a code body for the method. The method doesn't
    // do anything except return null.
    //
    ILGenerator^ ilgen = sampleMethodBuilder->GetILGenerator();
    ilgen->Emit(OpCodes::Ldnull);
    ilgen->Emit(OpCodes::Ret);

    // Complete the type.
    Type^ sampleType = sampleTypeBuilder->CreateType();

    // To bind types to a dynamic generic method, you must
    // first call the GetMethod method on the completed type.
    // You can then define an array of types, and bind them
    // to the method.
    MethodInfo^ sampleMethodInfo = sampleType->GetMethod("SampleMethod");
    array<Type^>^ boundParameters =
        {String::typeid, GenericReflectionSample::typeid};
    MethodInfo^ boundMethodInfo =
        sampleMethodInfo->MakeGenericMethod(boundParameters);
    // Display a string representing the bound method.
    Console::WriteLine(boundMethodInfo);

    // Save the assembly, so it can be examined with Ildasm.exe.
    sampleAssemblyBuilder->Save(asmName->Name + ".dll");
}

/* This code example produces the following output:
Is SampleMethod generic? True
Is SampleMethod a generic method definition? True
GenericReflectionSample SampleMethod[String,GenericReflectionSample](System.String)
*/
using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

class DemoMethodBuilder
{

    public static void Main()
    {
        // Creating a dynamic assembly requires an AssemblyName
        // object, and the current application domain.
        //
        AssemblyName asmName =
            new AssemblyName("DemoMethodBuilder1");
        AppDomain domain = AppDomain.CurrentDomain;
        AssemblyBuilder demoAssembly =
            domain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
                asmName,
                AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave
            );

        // Define the module that contains the code. For an
        // assembly with one module, the module name is the
        // assembly name plus a file extension.
        ModuleBuilder demoModule =
            demoAssembly.DefineDynamicModule(
                asmName.Name,
                asmName.Name + ".dll"
            );

        TypeBuilder demoType = demoModule.DefineType(
            "DemoType",
            TypeAttributes.Public | TypeAttributes.Abstract
        );

        // Define a Shared, Public method with standard calling
        // conventions. Do not specify the parameter types or the
        // return type, because type parameters will be used for
        // those types, and the type parameters have not been
        // defined yet.
        MethodBuilder demoMethod = demoType.DefineMethod(
            "DemoMethod",
            MethodAttributes.Public | MethodAttributes.Static
        );

        // Defining generic parameters for the method makes it a
        // generic method. By convention, type parameters are
        // single alphabetic characters. T and U are used here.
        //
        string[] typeParamNames = {"T", "U"};
        GenericTypeParameterBuilder[] typeParameters =
            demoMethod.DefineGenericParameters(typeParamNames);

        // The second type parameter is constrained to be a
        // reference type.
        typeParameters[1].SetGenericParameterAttributes(
            GenericParameterAttributes.ReferenceTypeConstraint);

        // Use the IsGenericMethod property to find out if a
        // dynamic method is generic, and IsGenericMethodDefinition
        // to find out if it defines a generic method.
        Console.WriteLine("Is DemoMethod generic? {0}",
            demoMethod.IsGenericMethod);
        Console.WriteLine("Is DemoMethod a generic method definition? {0}",
            demoMethod.IsGenericMethodDefinition);

        // Set parameter types for the method. The method takes
        // one parameter, and its type is specified by the first
        // type parameter, T.
        Type[] parms = {typeParameters[0]};
        demoMethod.SetParameters(parms);

        // Set the return type for the method. The return type is
        // specified by the second type parameter, U.
        demoMethod.SetReturnType(typeParameters[1]);

        // Generate a code body for the method. The method doesn't
        // do anything except return null.
        //
        ILGenerator ilgen = demoMethod.GetILGenerator();
        ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Ldnull);
        ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

        // Complete the type.
        Type dt = demoType.CreateType();

        // To bind types to a dynamic generic method, you must
        // first call the GetMethod method on the completed type.
        // You can then define an array of types, and bind them
        // to the method.
        MethodInfo m = dt.GetMethod("DemoMethod");
        Type[] typeArgs = {typeof(string), typeof(DemoMethodBuilder)};
        MethodInfo bound = m.MakeGenericMethod(typeArgs);
        // Display a string representing the bound method.
        Console.WriteLine(bound);

        // Save the assembly, so it can be examined with Ildasm.exe.
        demoAssembly.Save(asmName.Name + ".dll");
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:
Is DemoMethod generic? True
Is DemoMethod a generic method definition? True
DemoMethodBuilder DemoMethod[String,DemoMethodBuilder](System.String)
*/
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

Class DemoMethodBuilder
   
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Creating a dynamic assembly requires an AssemblyName
        ' object, and the current application domain.
        '
        Dim asmName As New AssemblyName("DemoMethodBuilder1")
        Dim domain As AppDomain = AppDomain.CurrentDomain
        Dim demoAssembly As AssemblyBuilder = _
            domain.DefineDynamicAssembly(asmName, _
                AssemblyBuilderAccess.RunAndSave)

        ' Define the module that contains the code. For an 
        ' assembly with one module, the module name is the 
        ' assembly name plus a file extension.
        Dim demoModule As ModuleBuilder = _
            demoAssembly.DefineDynamicModule( _
                asmName.Name, _
                asmName.Name & ".dll")
      
        Dim demoType As TypeBuilder = demoModule.DefineType( _
            "DemoType", _
            TypeAttributes.Public Or TypeAttributes.Abstract)

        ' Define a Shared, Public method with standard calling
        ' conventions. Do not specify the parameter types or the
        ' return type, because type parameters will be used for 
        ' those types, and the type parameters have not been
        ' defined yet.
        Dim demoMethod As MethodBuilder = _
            demoType.DefineMethod("DemoMethod", _
                MethodAttributes.Public Or MethodAttributes.Static)

        ' Defining generic parameters for the method makes it a
        ' generic method. By convention, type parameters are 
        ' single alphabetic characters. T and U are used here.
        '
        Dim typeParamNames() As String = {"T", "U"}
        Dim typeParameters() As GenericTypeParameterBuilder = _
            demoMethod.DefineGenericParameters(typeParamNames)

        ' The second type parameter is constrained to be a 
        ' reference type.
        typeParameters(1).SetGenericParameterAttributes( _
            GenericParameterAttributes.ReferenceTypeConstraint)

        ' Use the IsGenericMethod property to find out if a
        ' dynamic method is generic, and IsGenericMethodDefinition
        ' to find out if it defines a generic method.
        Console.WriteLine("Is DemoMethod generic? {0}", _
            demoMethod.IsGenericMethod)
        Console.WriteLine("Is DemoMethod a generic method definition? {0}", _
            demoMethod.IsGenericMethodDefinition)

        ' Set parameter types for the method. The method takes
        ' one parameter, and its type is specified by the first
        ' type parameter, T.
        Dim params() As Type = {typeParameters(0)}
        demoMethod.SetParameters(params)

        ' Set the return type for the method. The return type is
        ' specified by the second type parameter, U.
        demoMethod.SetReturnType(typeParameters(1))

        ' Generate a code body for the method. The method doesn't
        ' do anything except return Nothing.
        '
        Dim ilgen As ILGenerator = demoMethod.GetILGenerator()
        ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Ldnull)
        ilgen.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)

        ' Complete the type.
        Dim dt As Type = demoType.CreateType()

        ' To bind types to a dynamic generic method, you must 
        ' first call the GetMethod method on the completed type.
        ' You can then define an array of types, and bind them
        ' to the method.
        Dim m As MethodInfo = dt.GetMethod("DemoMethod")
        Dim typeArgs() As Type = _
            {GetType(String), GetType(DemoMethodBuilder)}
        Dim bound As MethodInfo = m.MakeGenericMethod(typeArgs)
        ' Display a string representing the bound method.
        Console.WriteLine(bound)

        ' Save the assembly, so it can be examined with Ildasm.exe.
        demoAssembly.Save(asmName.Name & ".dll")
    End Sub  
End Class 

' This code example produces the following output:
'Is DemoMethod generic? True
'Is DemoMethod a generic method definition? True
'DemoMethodBuilder DemoMethod[String,DemoMethodBuilder](System.String)

Комментарии

Вызов DefineGenericParameters метода делает текущий универсальный метод универсальным.Calling the DefineGenericParameters method makes the current method generic. Отменить это изменение невозможно.There is no way to undo this change. Вызов этого метода во второй раз вызывает исключение InvalidOperationException .Calling this method a second time causes an InvalidOperationException.

Параметры типа универсального метода можно получить позже с помощью GetGenericArguments метода.The type parameters of the generic method can be retrieved later by using the GetGenericArguments method.

По соглашению имя параметра типа является одной прописной буквой.By convention, a type parameter name is a single uppercase letter.

Дополнительные сведения см. в разделах MethodBase.IsGenericMethod и MethodInfo.GetGenericMethodDefinition.For more information, see MethodBase.IsGenericMethod and MethodInfo.GetGenericMethodDefinition. Сведения об универсальных типах см. в разделе Type.IsGenericType .For information on generic types, see Type.IsGenericType.

Применяется к

См. также раздел